REGULATIONS
Vol. 29 Iss. 26 - August 26, 2013

TITLE 1. ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SERVICES
Proposed Regulation

Title of Regulation: 1VAC30-46. Accreditation for Commercial Environmental Laboratories (amending 1VAC30-46-10, 1VAC30-46-30 through 1VAC30-46-150, 1VAC30-46-200, 1VAC30-46-210; adding 1VAC30-46-15, 1VAC30-46-95, 1VAC30-46-220).

Statutory Authority: § 2.2-1105 of the Code of Virginia.

Public Hearing Information: No public hearings are scheduled.

Public Comment Deadline: October 25, 2013.

Agency Contact: Rhonda Bishton, Regulatory Coordinator, Department of General Services, 1100 Bank Street, Suite 420, Richmond, VA 23219, telephone (804) 786-3311, FAX (804) 371-8305, or email rhonda.bishton@dgs.virginia.gov.

Basis: Section 2.2-1102 A 1 of the Code of Virginia authorizes the Department of General Services to prescribe regulations necessary or incidental to the performance of the department's duties or execution of powers conferred by the Code of Virginia.

Section 2.2-1105 A of the Code of Virginia authorizes the Division of Consolidated Laboratory Services (DCLS) to establish and conduct a program for the certification of laboratories conducting any tests, analyses, measurements, or monitoring required pursuant to Chapter 13 (§ 10.1-1300 et seq.) of Title 10.1 of the Code of Virginia (regarding air pollution control), the Virginia Waste Management Act (§ 10.1-1400 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), or the State Water Control Law (§ 62.1-44.2 et seq. of the Code of Virginia). Section 2.2-1105 C of the Code of Virginia authorizes DCLS to establish a fee system to pay for the costs of the certification program.

The promulgating entity for this regulation is the Division of Consolidated Laboratory Services of the Department of General Services (DGS).

Purpose: Environmental laboratories are required by § 2.2-1105 of the Code of Virginia to be accredited before submitting data to the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) under Virginia's air, water, and waste laws and regulations. This statutory requirement is carried out by DCLS under the regulatory requirements of 1VAC30-45 (Certification for Noncommercial Environmental Laboratories) and 1VAC30-46 (Accreditation for Commercial Environmental Laboratories).

DCLS accredits commercial laboratories (1VAC30-46) using the national environmental laboratory accreditation standards developed by The NELAC Institute (TNI). The TNI program standards are the only national standards developed for the accreditation of environmental laboratories. TNI periodically revises its standards to improve them and to provide the most up-to-date information available for the accreditation of environmental laboratories. DCLS currently accredits commercial environmental laboratories using the 2003 NELAC Standards. TNI replaced these standards with the 2009 standards and published the new standards in July 2010. To maintain its status as a TNI accreditation body and to continue to accredit commercial environmental laboratories under the TNI program, DCLS must incorporate the 2009 TNI Standards into 1VAC30-46.

Accrediting commercial environmental laboratories to a single set of standards has several benefits. Accreditation promotes continuous quality improvement. Accreditation gives confidence that work is performed properly and to a known standard. Under the accreditation program, assurance is provided that all environmental laboratories meet the same proficiency testing and quality assurance and quality control standards. Meeting these standards ensures that the laboratories have the ability to produce environmental test data of known quality and defensibility for levels of pollutants in environmental samples. The limits set by DEQ for air, water, and waste pollutants help protect the environment and public health. Laboratory measurements of environmental samples determine compliance with Virginia's environmental laws and therefore are the key to providing protection of public health and welfare. Accrediting laboratories to one standard reduces the uncertainties associated with decisions made by the regulatory agencies that affect the protection of human health and the environment.

Failure to update the regulation to the TNI 2009 standard may jeopardize the Virginia commercial laboratories' accreditation. In order to maintain accreditation in TNI, laboratories must adhere to the current standard. TNI-accredited Virginia commercial laboratories can easily obtain secondary accreditation in other states that utilize the TNI program to accredit laboratories. Failure to update the regulation to the TNI 2009 standard will jeopardize this commercial option for these laboratories.

Current fees charged under the program are insufficient to support the program as required by § 2.2-1105 C of the Code of Virginia. The current fees are inadequate for three reasons. First, the fees were set initially using an estimate of the number of laboratories to be accredited that was too high. Second, the program fees were established in 2004 and do not account for inflation in the intervening years. Third, the fee structure does not take into account the variety and amount of testing done by the laboratories that DCLS accredits.

The original estimate of laboratories that would be covered by the program was based on limited information provided by DEQ and other sources. Using this information, DCLS estimated the number of in-house and commercial laboratories that were serving DEQ permit holders. This estimate proved to be too high and the resulting fees, based on these estimates, are too low. The revised fees are based on the number of laboratories currently accredited under the program.

The current fee provisions do not include a factor for inflation. The fees were proposed in 2004 in regulations that did not become final until 2009. The cost of living has increased by approximately 20% since 2004. The revised fees have been adjusted to account for this increase in the cost of living. The revised fee provisions also include a provision to allow DCLS to adjust the fees annually for changes in the cost of living.

The current fee provisions do not take into account the range of testing and the variety of testing done by the accredited laboratories. This results in fees that do not mirror the scope of the laboratory testing. The work performed by DCLS to accredit a laboratory is directly related to the number of test methods performed and the number of matrices tested by the laboratory. The revised fee structure accounts for these differences. The revised fees are adjusted in proportion to the number of test methods a laboratory performs and for the number of matrices tested.

The agency has gained operational experience through accrediting laboratories since January 2009. The proposed action revises the procedures used to accredit the laboratories, eliminating provisions that no longer apply and revising some provisions to make the program more efficient. This includes the addition of procedures to suspend laboratory accreditation. Suspension is a benefit to the laboratory that may otherwise have its accreditation withdrawn.

Substance: The proposed action requires laboratories accredited under this chapter to meet the 2009 TNI Standards instead of the 2003 NELAC Standards. The 2009 TNI Standards are incorporated by reference into Part II of the regulation. Provisions from the 2003 NELAC Standards that are currently included in Part I of 1VAC30-46 (General Provisions) have been revised or dropped entirely to meet the 2009 TNI Standards. This includes the definitions in 1VAC30-46-40.

The proposed action revises the definition of "environmental analysis" to include two exceptions that DCLS has previously made through guidance in consultation with DEQ.

The proposed action deletes the procedures pertinent to the initial accreditation period. The initial accreditation period was established in 1VAC30-46 as the period of January 1, 2009, to January 1, 2012. During this time, DCLS accredited environmental laboratories for the first time. Because DCLS has completed the initial accreditation of commercial environmental laboratories, these provisions no longer apply.

The proposed action deletes the renewal procedure that required laboratories to file an application for renewal every other year. Renewal can be efficiently done without an additional application process.

The proposed action adds 1VAC30-46-95. This section sets out the procedures used to suspend laboratory accreditation in part or in total. Suspension provides the laboratory an opportunity to correct a problem that would ordinarily cause the agency to withdraw accreditation from the laboratory. DCLS also may provide extra time under these provisions for a lab to correct deficiencies before suspension occurs.

The proposed action revises the procedures to deny or withdraw accreditation. The notification procedures are revised to be more explicit. The proposed action revises the provisions on the appeal process. The provisions are simplified, referring only to the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

The proposed action replaces the current fee system with one that reflects the current costs of accrediting commercial environmental laboratories. The revised fees account for inflation since 2004. Revised 1VAC30-46-150 charges fees that represent more closely the cost of accrediting each laboratory. These fees take into account the number of test methods and the number of matrices for which the laboratory seeks or maintains accreditation. The agency accreditation workload is directly proportional to the number of methods and matrices to be accredited.

The proposed action adds provisions on applications for primary accreditation from out-of-state laboratories. The current regulation does not address these applications adequately.

Issues: There are two primary advantages to the public associated with this proposed action. The first advantage to the public is the maintenance of up-to-date standards governing the accreditation of commercial environmental laboratories. The 2009 TNI Standards are the most current version of these national accreditation standards for environmental laboratories and improve the 2003 NELAC Standards currently used by DCLS to accredit these laboratories. Accrediting environmental laboratories benefits the public because it ensures that the laboratories can produce environmental data of known quality and defensibility. DEQ uses these environmental data to determine compliance with environmental standards that protect the public health and welfare. The second advantage is for DEQ permit holders who contract with the commercial laboratories to analyze environmental samples. The permit holders are assured of the quality of the laboratories' analyses. There are no disadvantages to the public.

There are three primary reasons this action is necessary for DCLS and the Commonwealth. First, TNI requires accreditation bodies to use the latest TNI standards to accredit environmental laboratories. This proposed action is necessary for DCLS to meet that requirement. Second, the revisions to 1VAC30-46 reduce the program's administrative requirements and make it more efficient. Third, DCLS will be able to charge fees that cover the cost of the accreditation program. There are no disadvantages to the agency or Commonwealth.

There are also advantages for the environmental laboratories accredited under 1VAC30-46. By meeting the 2009 TNI Standards, the laboratories will continue to be recognized as TNI-accredited laboratories. This enables the Virginia commercial laboratories to quickly obtain secondary accreditation from other TNI-approved accreditation bodies so that they can provide laboratory services as accredited laboratories in these other states.

The primary disadvantage of the proposed action for the affected laboratories is the increase in fees. The fee structure is revised to more closely charge for the actual cost to the agency. The fees are increased generally and will be charged annually rather than every other year.

Department of Planning and Budget's Economic Impact Analysis:

Summary of the Proposed Amendments to Regulation. The Department of General Services (DGS) proposes to replace the 2003 NELAC1 Institute (TNI) standards used to accredit commercial environmental laboratories with the more up-to-date 2009 TNI standards. Additionally, the Department proposes to: 1) increase fees, 2) tie future fees to inflation, 3) no longer require that accredited laboratories reapply for accreditation by filling out an application for renewal of accreditation every other year, 4) eliminate obsolete language, and 5) amend other text for clarity.

Result of Analysis. The benefits likely exceed the costs for one or more proposed changes. There is insufficient data to accurately compare the magnitude of the benefits versus the costs for other changes.

Estimated Economic Impact. Environmental laboratories are required by 2.2-1105 of the Code of Virginia to be accredited before submitting data to the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) under Virginia's air, water, and waste laws and regulations. This statutory requirement is carried out by DGS under the regulatory requirements of 1 VAC 30-45 (noncommercial laboratories) and 1 VAC 30-46 (commercial laboratories).

DGS accredits commercial laboratories (1VAC30-46) using the national environmental laboratory accreditation standards developed by TNI. The TNI program standards are the only national standards developed for the accreditation of environmental laboratories. TNI periodically revises their standards to improve them and to provide the most up-to-date information available for the accreditation of environmental laboratories. DGS currently accredits commercial environmental laboratories using the 2003 NELAC Standards. TNI replaced these standards with the 2009 and published the new standards in July 2010. To maintain its status as a TNI accreditation body and to continue to accredit commercial environmental laboratories under the TNI program, DGS must incorporate the 2009 TNI Standards into 1VAC30-46.

Accrediting commercial environmental laboratories to a single set of standards has several benefits. Accreditation promotes continuous quality improvement. Accreditation gives confidence that work is performed properly and to a known standard. Under the accreditation program, assurance is provided that all environmental laboratories meet the same proficiency testing and quality assurance and quality control standards. Meeting these standards ensures that the laboratories have the ability to produce environmental test data of known quality and defensibility for levels of pollutants in environmental samples. The limits set by DEQ for air, water, and waste pollutants help protect our environment and public health. Laboratory measurements of environmental samples determine compliance with Virginia's environmental laws and therefore are the key to providing protection of public health and welfare. Accrediting laboratories to one standard reduces the uncertainties associated with decisions made by the regulatory agencies that affect the protection of human health and the environment.

Failure to update the regulation to the TNI 2009 standard may jeopardize the Virginia commercial laboratories' accreditation status for work in other states. In order to maintain accreditation in TNI, laboratories must adhere to the current standard. TNI-accredited Virginia commercial laboratories can easily obtain secondary accreditation in other states that utilize the TNI program to accredit laboratories. Failure to update the regulation to the TNI 2009 standard will jeopardize this commercial option for these laboratories. Thus, DGS's proposal to update the regulation to the TNI 2009 standard should create a net benefit.

According to DGS, the current fees charged under the program are insufficient to support the program as required by § 2.2-1105 C of the Code of Virginia. The current fees have been inadequate for three reasons. First the fees were set initially using an estimate of the number of laboratories to be accredited that was too high. Second the program fees were established in 2004 and have not accounted for inflation in the intervening years. Third the fee structure does not take into account the variety and amount of testing done by the laboratories DGS accredits.

DGS states that the original estimate of laboratories that would be covered by the program was based on limited information provided by DEQ and other sources. Using this information, DGS estimated the number of in-house and commercial laboratories that were serving DEQ permit holders. This estimate proved to be too high and the resulting fees, based on these estimates, are too low. The proposed fees are based on the number of laboratories currently accredited under the program.

The current fee provisions do not include a factor for inflation. The fees were proposed in 2004 in regulations that did not become final until 2009. From calendar year 2004 to calendar 2011 the most commonly used measure of the cost of living (Consumer Price Index - All Urban Consumers) rose by 19.1 percent. Prices have continued to rise in 2012.

The current fee provisions do not take into account the range of testing and the variety of testing done by the accredited laboratories. This results in fees that do not mirror the scope of the laboratory testing. The work performed by DGS to accredit a laboratory is directly related to the number of test methods performed and the number of matrices tested by the laboratory. The revised fee structure accounts for these differences. The revised fees are adjusted in proportion to the number of test methods a laboratory performs and for the number of matrices tested.

DGS proposes to increase fees to account for the three sources of higher costs per lab mentioned above. Failing another source of funding for DGS accreditation program, the higher fees do appear to be necessary. Looking for increased efficiency of operations, which if found, could potentially reduce the extent of the proposed fee increases is beyond the scope of this analysis.

The department projects the following range of fee increases for currently accredited laboratories: 1) Thirty-seven percent will see a fee increase of 7-59%. Most are Virginia labs. 2) Thirty-four percent will see a fee increase of 60-98%. All are located out-of-state with one exception. 3) Twenty-six percent will see a fee increase of 100-194%. All are located out-of-state with the exception of six Virginia labs. 4) Three percent will see a fee increase of over 200%. These are out-of-state labs.

DGS also proposes to have fees automatically adjust annually based on changes in the Consumer Price Index. When an agency just passes on whatever their costs increases are in the form of higher fees to the regulated community, the agency has limited incentive to spend dollars efficiently. On the other hand, when revenue is not tied to how they spend their dollars, i.e. with future fees based on CPI, then the agency has the incentive get more for the dollars they will have. For example, say it is moderately more convenient to get supplies from supplier X than from supplier Y, but it costs more. When whatever costs may be are passed on to the regulated community, then the agency will likely go for convenience. If the fees are not directly tied to costs, i.e. with the CPI fee change method, then the agency has more incentive to get the most for the dollars they spend since inefficient spending will not increase revenue.

Additionally, DGS proposes to eliminate the renewal procedure that requires laboratories to file an application for renewal every other year. Renewal can be efficiently done without an additional application process. The department estimates that this will save laboratory staff approximately half a day of effort. Eliminating unnecessary administrative work clearly creates a net benefit.

Businesses and Entities Affected. The proposed amendments affect 118 laboratories currently accredited under 1VAC30-46 (as of 6/23/12). Four are local government laboratories, one is a federal laboratory, three are laboratories owned by industrial companies, and 110 are commercial laboratories.

The three industrial labs are part of large industrial companies. Sixty-five of the 110 commercial labs (59%) can be classified as small businesses. Forty-five commercial labs (41%) are considerably larger and are representative of the largest environmental laboratories in the U.S, including 12 of the top 20 revenue producing commercial environmental labs in the U.S. DGS accredits multiple locations of these laboratories.

Eighty-one labs (69%) are located out-of-state. Of these, 32 are small businesses, one is an industrial lab, and the remaining 48 are large labs. Thirty-seven labs (31%) are located in Virginia. Of these, 25 are small businesses, five are government labs, two are industrial company labs, and the remaining five are large labs. Three of these are individual locations for large laboratory concerns.

Localities Particularly Affected. The proposed amendments do not disproportionately affect particular localities.

Projected Impact on Employment. The proposed amendments are unlikely to significantly affect employment.

Effects on the Use and Value of Private Property. Looked at in isolation, the proposed increased fees will have a slight negative impact on the value of commercial environmental labs. If we assume that the fee increases are necessary to maintain the accreditation program, then that would not likely be the case.

Small Businesses: Costs and Other Effects. The proposed increased fees will have a slight negative impact on the value of commercial environmental labs.

Small Businesses: Alternative Method that Minimizes Adverse Impact. If we assume that there is no alternative funding method for the accreditation program, then there is no apparent alternative method that will reduce the impact of the fee increases on the small commercial labs.

Real Estate Development Costs. The proposed amendments are unlikely to significantly affect real estate development costs.

Legal Mandate. The Department of Planning and Budget (DPB) has analyzed the economic impact of this proposed regulation in accordance with § 2.2-4007.04 of the Administrative Process Act and Executive Order Number 14 (10). Section 2.2-4007.04 requires that such economic impact analyses include, but need not be limited to, the projected number of businesses or other entities to whom the regulation would apply, the identity of any localities and types of businesses or other entities particularly affected, the projected number of persons and employment positions to be affected, the projected costs to affected businesses or entities to implement or comply with the regulation, and the impact on the use and value of private property. Further, if the proposed regulation has adverse effect on small businesses, § 2.2-4007.04 requires that such economic impact analyses include (i) an identification and estimate of the number of small businesses subject to the regulation; (ii) the projected reporting, recordkeeping, and other administrative costs required for small businesses to comply with the regulation, including the type of professional skills necessary for preparing required reports and other documents; (iii) a statement of the probable effect of the regulation on affected small businesses; and (iv) a description of any less intrusive or less costly alternative methods of achieving the purpose of the regulation. The analysis presented above represents DPB's best estimate of these economic impacts.

_____________________________

1 NELAC: National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference

Agency's Response to Economic Impact Analysis: The agency has reviewed the economic impact analysis prepared by the Department of Planning and Budget and has no comment.

Summary:

The proposed regulatory action (i) replaces the 2003 National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) Standards used to accredit commercial environmental laboratories with the 2009 The NELAC Institute (TNI) Standards; (ii) restructures and increases fees, (iii) ties future fees to inflation, (iv) revises the process used to accredit laboratories, eliminating requirements relating to the initial accreditation period and streamlining the process to renew accreditation; (v) adds a provision on suspension of accreditation; and (vi) eliminates obsolete language and amends text for clarity.

Part I
General Provisions

1VAC30-46-10. Purpose.

Section 2.2-1105 of the Code of Virginia directs the Division of Consolidated Laboratory Services to establish a program to certify environmental laboratories that perform tests, analyses, measurements or monitoring required pursuant to the Commonwealth's air, waste and water laws and regulations. This chapter sets out the required standards and the process by which owners of commercial environmental laboratories may obtain certification for their laboratories. Certification is referred to as accreditation in this chapter. Commercial environmental laboratories are accredited under the standards of the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) as approved in 2003. In addition, this chapter sets out the process that NELAP-accredited environmental laboratories must use to receive accreditation in Virginia. 1VAC30-45 covers noncommercial environmental laboratories.

1VAC30-46-15. Standards for accreditation transition.

A. Commercial environmental laboratories are accredited under the standards of the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC), now The NELAC Institute (TNI).

B. DCLS shall accredit commercial environmental laboratories under the 2003 NELAC Standards through June 30, 2014, as specified by the provisions of this chapter that became effective on January 1, 2009.

C. DCLS shall accredit commercial environmental laboratories under the 2009 TNI Standards beginning on July 1, 2014, as specified by the provisions of this chapter effective on (insert effective date).

1VAC30-46-30. Applicability.

A. General applicability. This chapter applies to the following:

1. Any owner of a commercial environmental laboratory.

2. Any owner of an environmental laboratory holding NELAP TNI accreditation from a primary accrediting authority accreditation body who wishes to apply for reciprocal secondary accreditation under 1VAC30-46-140.

B. DGS-DCLS.

1. NELAP-accredited laboratory. DGS-DCLS shall meet the requirements of this chapter through review and accreditation by a NELAP-accredited federal or state accrediting authority. This process shall be completed before January 1, 2012.

2. Primary accrediting authority. DGS-DCLS shall meet the requirements of the NELAC standards to become the primary accrediting authority for the Commonwealth of Virginia. This review and approval by a NELAP accrediting team shall be completed no later than January 1, 2010.

B. Acquiring primary TNI accreditation through this chapter.

1. A commercial environmental laboratory located in Virginia shall obtain primary TNI accreditation in Virginia as long as the fields of accreditation for which the laboratory seeks accreditation are offered by DCLS.

2. DLCS shall not provide primary TNI accreditation for environmental laboratories located in other states that offer TNI accreditation.

C. Voluntary accreditation. Any owner of an a noncommercial environmental laboratory may apply for accreditation under this chapter.

D. Environmental laboratories required to obtain drinking water certification under 1VAC30-40. Drinking water laboratory certification. Any owner of an environmental laboratory An owner of a laboratory who must meet the requirements of 1VAC30-40 pertaining to drinking water laboratory certification and either 1VAC30-45 or this chapter may meet those requirements by obtaining accreditation under this chapter.

1VAC30-46-40. Definitions.

A. The definitions contained in the 2003 National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) standards, Chapter 1, Appendix A – Glossary, the 2009 TNI Standards are incorporated by reference into this section. Some of the these definitions from this glossary are included in this section because the terms are used throughout this chapter. Where a term is defined in this section, the term shall have no other meaning, even if it is defined differently in the Code of Virginia or another regulation of the Virginia Administrative Code. Unless specifically defined in this section, the terms used in this chapter shall have the meanings commonly ascribed to them by recognized authorities.

B. The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Acceptance criteria" means specified limits placed on characteristics of an item, process, or service defined in requirement documents.

"Accreditation" means the process by which an agency or organization evaluates and recognizes a laboratory as meeting certain predetermined qualifications or standards, thereby accrediting the laboratory. "Accreditation" is the term used as a substitute for the term "certification" under this chapter.

"Accreditation body" or "AB" means the authoritative body that performs accreditation.

"Accrediting authority" means the territorial, state, or federal agency having responsibility and accountability for environmental laboratory accreditation and which grants accreditation.

"Acceptance criteria" means specified limits placed on characteristics of an item, process, or service defined in requirement documents.

"Algae" means simple single-celled, colonial, or multicelled, mostly aquatic plants, containing chlorophyll and lacking roots, stems and leaves that are either suspended in water (phytoplankton) or attached to rocks and other substrates (periphyton).

"Analyte" means the substance or physical property to be determined in samples examined.

"Analytical method" means a technical procedure for providing analysis of a sample, defined by a body such as the Environmental Protection Agency or the American Society for Testing and Materials, that may not include the sample preparation method.

"Assessment" means the evaluation process used to measure or establish the performance, effectiveness, and conformance of an organization and its systems or both to defined criteria (i.e., the standards and requirements of laboratory accreditation).

"Assessor" means the person who performs on-site assessments of laboratories' capability and capacity for meeting the requirements under this chapter by examining the records and other physical evidence for each one of the tests for which accreditation has been requested assigned by DCLS to perform, alone or as part of an assessment team, an assessment of an environmental laboratory.

"Authority" means, in the context of a governmental body or local government, an authority created under the provisions of the Virginia Water and Waste Authorities Act, Chapter 51 (§ 15.2-5100 et seq.) of Title 15.2 of the Code of Virginia.

"Benthic macroinvertebrates" means bottom dwelling animals without backbones that live at least part of their life cycles within or upon available substrates within a body of water.

"Commercial environmental laboratory" means an environmental laboratory where environmental analysis is performed for another person.

"Corrective action" means the action taken to eliminate the causes of an existing nonconformity, defect or other undesirable situation in order to prevent recurrence.

"DGS-DCLS" "DCLS" means the Division of Consolidated Laboratory Services of the Department of General Services.

"Environmental analysis" or "environmental analyses" means any test, analysis, measurement, or monitoring used for the purposes of the Virginia Air Pollution Control Law, the Virginia Waste Management Act or the State Water Control Law (§ 10.1-1300 et seq., § 10.1-1400 et seq., and § 62.1-44.2 et seq., respectively, of the Code of Virginia). For the purposes of these regulations, any test, analysis, measurement, or monitoring required pursuant to the regulations promulgated under these three laws, or by any permit or order issued under the authority of any of these laws or regulations is "used for the purposes" of these laws. The term shall not include the following:

1. Sampling of water, solid and chemical materials, biological tissue, or air and emissions.

2. Field testing and measurement of water, solid and chemical materials, biological tissue, or air and emissions, except when performed in an environmental laboratory rather than at the site where the sample was taken.

3. Taxonomic identification of samples for which there is no national accreditation standard such as algae, benthic macroinvertebrates, macrophytes, vertebrates and zooplankton.

4. Protocols used pursuant to § 10.1-104.2 of the Code of Virginia to determine soil fertility, animal manure nutrient content, or plant tissue nutrient uptake for the purposes of nutrient management.

5. Geochemical and permeability testing for solid waste compliance.

6. Materials specification for air quality compliance when product certifications specify the data required by an air permit such as fuel type, Btu content, sulfur content, or volatile organic chemical (VOC) content.

"Environmental laboratory" or "laboratory" means a facility or a defined area within a facility where environmental analysis is performed. A structure built solely to shelter field personnel and equipment from inclement weather shall not be considered an environmental laboratory.

"Establishment date" means the date set for the accreditation program under this chapter and the certification program under 1VAC30-45 to be established.

"Establishment of accreditation program" or "established program" means that DGS-DCLS DCLS has completed the initial accreditation of environmental laboratories covered by this chapter and the initial certification of environmental laboratories covered by 1VAC30-45.

"Facility" means something that is built or installed to serve a particular function.

"Field of accreditation" means an approach to accrediting laboratories by those matrix, technology/method, and analyte/analyte group analyte combinations for which DCLS offers accreditation.

"Field of accreditation matrix" means the following when accrediting a laboratory:

1. Drinking water. Any aqueous sample that has been designated a potable or potential potable water source.

2. Nonpotable water. Any aqueous sample excluded from the definition of drinking water matrix. Includes surface water, groundwater, effluents, water treatment chemicals, and TCLP or other extracts.

3. Solid and chemical materials. Includes soils, sediments, sludges, products and byproducts of an industrial process that results in a matrix not previously defined.

4. Biological tissue. Any sample of a biological origin such as fish tissue, shellfish, or plant material. Such samples shall be grouped according to origin, i.e., by species.

5. Air and emissions. Whole gas or vapor samples including those contained in flexible or rigid wall containers and the extracted concentrated analytes of interest from a gas or vapor that are collected with a sorbent tube, impinger solution, filter or other device.

"Field of proficiency testing" or "FoPT" means an approach to offer proficiency testing by analytes for which a laboratory is required to successfully analyze a PT sample in order to obtain or maintain accreditation, collectively defined as: matrix, technology/method, and analyte/analyte group analyte.

"Field testing and measurement" means any of the following:

1. Any test for parameters under 40 CFR Part 136 for which the holding time indicated for the sample requires immediate analysis; or

2. Any test defined as a field test in federal regulation.

The following is a limited list of currently recognized field tests or measures that is not intended to be inclusive: continuous emissions monitoring; on-line monitoring; flow monitoring; tests for pH, residual chlorine, temperature and dissolved oxygen; and field analysis for soil gas.

"Finding" means a conclusion reached during an on-site assessment that identifies a condition having a significant effect on an item or activity. An assessment finding is normally a deficiency and is normally accompanied by specific examples of the observed condition an assessment conclusion referenced to a laboratory accreditation standard and supported by objective evidence that identifies a deviation from a laboratory accreditation standard requirement.

"Governmental body" means any department, agency, bureau, authority, or district of the United States government, of the government of the Commonwealth of Virginia, or of any local government within the Commonwealth of Virginia.

"Holding time" (or maximum allowable holding time)" means the maximum time that a sample may be held prior to analysis and still be considered valid or not compromised can elapse between two specified activities.

"Initial accreditation period" means the period during which DGS-DCLS is accepting and processing applications for the first time under this chapter as specified in 1VAC30-46-70.

"Legal entity" means an entity, other than a natural person, who has sufficient existence in legal contemplation that it can function legally, be sued or sue and make decisions through agents as in the case of corporations.

"Local government" means a municipality (city or town), county, sanitation district, or authority.

"Macrophytes" means any aquatic or terrestrial plant species that can be identified and observed with the eye, unaided by magnification.

"Matrix" means the component or substrate that contains the analyte of interest of a test sample.

"National accreditation database" means the publicly accessible database listing the accreditation status of all laboratories participating in NELAP.

"National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC)" means a voluntary organization of state and federal environmental officials and interest groups with the primary purpose to establish mutually acceptable standards for accrediting environmental laboratories. A subset of NELAP.

"National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP)" means the overall National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program of which NELAC is a part.

"Noncommercial environmental laboratory" means either of the following:

1. An environmental laboratory where environmental analysis is performed solely for the owner of the laboratory.

2. An environmental laboratory where the only performance of environmental analysis for another person is one of the following:

a. Environmental analysis performed by an environmental laboratory owned by a local government for an owner of a small wastewater treatment system treating domestic sewage at a flow rate of less than or equal to 1,000 gallons per day.

b. Environmental analysis performed by an environmental laboratory operated by a corporation as part of a general contract issued by a local government to operate and maintain a wastewater treatment system or a waterworks.

c. Environmental analysis performed by an environmental laboratory owned by a corporation as part of the prequalification process or to confirm the identity or characteristics of material supplied by a potential or existing customer or generator as required by a hazardous waste management permit under 9VAC20-60.

d. Environmental analysis performed by an environmental laboratory owned by a Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW) for an industrial source of wastewater under a permit issued by the POTW to the industrial source as part of the requirements of a pretreatment program under Part VII (9VAC25-31-730 et seq.) of 9VAC25-31.

e. Environmental analysis performed by an environmental laboratory owned by a county authority for any municipality within the county's geographic jurisdiction when the environmental analysis pertains solely to the purpose for which the authority was created.

f. Environmental analysis performed by an environmental laboratory owned by an authority or a sanitation district for any participating local government of the authority or sanitation district when the environmental analysis pertains solely to the purpose for which the authority or sanitation district was created.

"Owner" means any person who owns, operates, leases or controls an environmental laboratory.

"Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, company, business, trust, joint venture or other legal entity.

"Physical," for the purposes of fee test categories, means the tests to determine the physical properties of a sample. Tests for solids, turbidity and color are examples of physical tests.

"Pretreatment requirements" means any requirements arising under Part VII (9VAC25-31-730 et seq.) of 9VAC25-31 including the duty to allow or carry out inspections, entry or monitoring activities; any rules, regulations, or orders issued by the owner of a POTW; or any reporting requirements imposed by the owner of a POTW or by the regulations of the State Water Control Board. Pretreatment requirements do not include the requirements of a national pretreatment standard.

"Primary accrediting authority accreditation body" or "primary AB" means the agency or department designated at the territory, state or federal level as the recognized authority with the responsibility and accountability for granting NELAC accreditation to a specific laboratory for a specific field of accreditation accreditation body responsible for assessing a laboratory's total quality system, on-site assessment, and PT performance tracking for fields of accreditation.

"Proficiency test or testing (PT)" "Proficiency test," "proficiency testing," or "PT" means evaluating a laboratory's performance under controlled conditions relative to a given set of criteria through analysis of unknown samples provided by an external source.

"Proficiency test (PT) sample" or "PT sample" means a sample, the composition of which is unknown to both the analyst and the laboratory, and is provided to test whether the analyst or laboratory or both laboratory can produce analytical results within specified acceptance criteria.

"Proficiency testing (PT) program" or "PT program" means the aggregate of providing rigorously controlled and standardized environmental samples to a laboratory for analysis, reporting of results, statistical evaluation of the results and the collective demographics and results summary of all participating laboratories.

"Publicly Owned Treatment Works" or "POTW" (POTW)" means a treatment works as defined by § 212 of the CWA, which is owned by a state or municipality (as defined by § 502(4) of the CWA). This definition includes any devices and systems used in the storage, treatment, recycling, and reclamation of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature. It also includes sewers, pipes, and other conveyances only if they convey wastewater to a POTW treatment plant. The term also means the municipality as defined in § 502(4) of the CWA, which has jurisdiction over the indirect discharges to and the discharges from such a treatment works.

"Quality assurance" or "QA" means an integrated system of management activities involving planning, quality control, quality implementation, assessment, reporting, and quality improvement to ensure that a product process, item, or service meets defined standards of quality with a stated level of confidence is of the type and quality needed and expected by the client.

"Quality assurance officer" means the person who has responsibility for the quality system and its implementation. Where staffing is limited, the quality assurance officer may also be the technical director manager.

"Quality control" or "QC" means the (i) overall system of technical activities whose purpose is to measure and control the quality of a product or service so that it meets the needs of users that measures the attributes and performance of a process, item, or service against defined standards to verify that they meet the stated requirements established by the customer; (ii) operational techniques and activities that are used to fulfill requirements for quality; and (iii) system of activities and checks used to ensure that measurement systems are maintained within prescribed limits, providing protection against "out of control" conditions and ensuring that the results are of acceptable quality.

"Quality manual" means a document stating the management policies, objectives, principles, organizational structure and authority, responsibilities, accountability, and implementation of an agency, organization, or laboratory, to ensure the quality of its product and the utility of its product to its users.

"Quality system" means a structured and documented management system describing the policies, objectives, principles, organizational authority, responsibilities, accountability, and implementation plan of an organization for ensuring quality in its work processes, products (items), and services. The quality system provides the framework for planning, implementing, and assessing work performed by the organization and for carrying out required quality assurance and quality control activities.

"Quality system matrix," for purposes of batch and quality control requirements, means the following:

1. Aqueous. Any aqueous sample excluded from the definition of drinking water matrix or saline/estuarine source. Includes surface water, groundwater, effluents, and TCLP or other extracts.

2. Drinking water. Any aqueous sample that has been designated a potable or potential potable water source.

3. Saline/estuarine. Any aqueous sample from an ocean or estuary, or other salt water source such as the Great Salt Lake.

4. Non-aqueous liquid. Any organic liquid with less than 15% settleable solids.

5. Biological tissue. Any sample of a biological origin such as fish tissue, shellfish, or plant material. Such samples shall be grouped according to origin.

6. Solids. Includes soils, sediments, sludges and other matrices with more than 15% settleable solids.

7. Chemical waste. A product or byproduct of an industrial process that results in a matrix not previously defined.

8. Air and emissions. Whole gas or vapor samples including those contained in flexible or rigid wall containers and the extracted concentrated analytes of interest from a gas or vapor that are collected with a sorbent tube, impinger solution, filter or other device.

1. Air and emissions. Whole gas or vapor samples, including those contained in flexible or rigid wall containers and the extracted concentrated analytes of interest from a gas or vapor that are collected with a sorbent tube, impinger solution, filter, or other device.

2. Aqueous. Any aqueous sample excluded from the definition of drinking water matrix or saline/estuarine source. Includes surface water, groundwater, effluents, and TCLP or other extracts.

3. Biological tissue. Any sample of a biological origin such as fish tissue, shellfish, or plant material. Such samples shall be grouped according to origin.

4. Chemical waste. A product or byproduct of an industrial process that results in a matrix not previously defined.

5. Drinking water. Any aqueous sample that has been designated a potable or potential potable water source.

6. Non-aqueous liquid. Any organic liquid with less than 15% settleable solids.

7. Saline/estuarine. Any aqueous sample from an ocean or estuary, or other salt water source such as the Great Salt Lake.

8. Solids. Includes soils, sediments, sludges, and other matrices with more than 15% settleable solids.

"Recognition" means the mutual agreement of two or more accrediting authorities to accept each other's findings regarding the ability of environmental laboratories to meet NELAC standards.

"Responsible official" means one of the following, as appropriate:

1. If the laboratory is owned or operated by a private corporation, "responsible official" means (i) a president, secretary, treasurer, or a vice-president of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy-making or decision-making functions for the corporation or (ii) the manager of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities employing more than 250 persons or having gross annual sales or expenditures exceeding $25 million (in second-quarter 1980 dollars), if authority to sign documents has been assigned or delegated in accordance with corporate procedures.

2. If the laboratory is owned or operated by a partnership, association, or a sole proprietor, "responsible official" means a general partner, officer of the association, or the proprietor, respectively.

3. If the laboratory is owned or operated by a governmental body, "responsible official" means a director or highest official appointed or designated to oversee the operation and performance of the activities of the governmental laboratory.

4. Any person designated as the responsible official by an individual described in subdivision 1, 2 or 3 of this definition provided the designation is in writing, the designation specifies an individual or position with responsibility for the overall operation of the laboratory, and the designation is submitted to DGS-DCLS DCLS.

"Sampling" means the act of collection for the purpose of analysis.

"Sanitation district" means a sanitation district created under the provisions of Chapters 3 (§ 21-141 et seq.) through 5 (§ 21-291 et seq.) of Title 21 of the Code of Virginia.

"Secondary accreditation body" or "secondary AB" means the accreditation body that grants TNI accreditation to laboratories based on their accreditation by a TNI-recognized primary accreditation body.

"Sewage" means the water-carried human wastes from residences, buildings, industrial establishments or other places together with such industrial wastes and underground, surface, storm, or other water as may be present.

"Standard operating procedure" or "SOP" (SOP)" means a written document which details the method of an operation, analysis or action whose techniques and procedures are thoroughly prescribed and which is accepted that details the method for an operation, analysis, or action with thoroughly prescribed techniques and steps. An SOP is officially approved as the method for performing certain routine or repetitive tasks.

"TCLP" or "toxicity characteristic leachate procedure" means Test Method 1311 in "Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods," EPA Publication SW-846, as incorporated by reference in 40 CFR 260.11. This method is used to determine whether a solid waste exhibits the characteristic of toxicity (see 40 CFR 261.24).

"Technical director manager (however named)" means the person who has overall responsibility for the technical operation of the environmental laboratory and who exercises actual day-to-day supervision of laboratory operation for the appropriate fields of testing and reporting of results. The title of this person may include but is not limited to laboratory director, technical director manager, laboratory supervisor, or laboratory manager.

"Technology" means a specific arrangement of analytical instruments, detection systems, or preparation techniques, or any combination of these elements.

"Test" means a technical operation that consists of the determination of one or more characteristics or performance of a given product, material, equipment, organism, physical phenomenon, process or service according to a specified procedure.

"Test, analysis, measurement or monitoring required pursuant to the Virginia Air Pollution Control Law" means any method of analysis required by the Virginia Air Pollution Control Law (§ 10.1-1300 et seq. of the Code of Virginia); by the regulations promulgated under this law (9VAC5), including any method of analysis listed either in the definition of "reference method" in 9VAC5-10-20, or listed or adopted by reference in 9VAC5; or by any permit or order issued under and in accordance with this law and these regulations.

"Test, analysis, measurement or monitoring required pursuant to the Virginia Waste Management Act" means any method of analysis required by the Virginia Waste Management Act (§ 10.1-1400 et seq. of the Code of Virginia); by the regulations promulgated under this law (9VAC20), including any method of analysis listed or adopted by reference in 9VAC20; or by any permit or order issued under and in accordance with this law and these regulations.

"Test, analysis, measurement or monitoring required pursuant to the Virginia Water Control Law" means any method of analysis required by the Virginia Water Control Law (§ 62.1-44.2 et seq. of the Code of Virginia); by the regulations promulgated under this law (9VAC25), including any method of analysis listed or adopted by reference in 9VAC25; or by any permit or order issued under and in accordance with this law and these regulations.

"Test method" means an adoption of a scientific technique for performing a specific measurement, as documented in a laboratory standard operating procedure or as published by a recognized authority.

"The NELAC Institute (TNI)" or "TNI" means the organization whose standards environmental laboratories must meet to be accredited in Virginia.

"TNI standards" means the 2009 Standards for Environmental Laboratories and Accreditation Bodies approved by TNI.

"U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA or EPA)" means the federal government agency with responsibility for protecting, safeguarding and improving the natural environment (i.e., air, water and land) upon which human life depends.

"Virginia Air Pollution Control Law" means Chapter 13 (§ 10.1-1300 et seq.) of Title 10.1 of the Code of Virginia which that is titled "Air Pollution Control Board."

"Virginia Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program" or "VELAP" means the program DCLS operates to accredit environmental laboratories under this chapter.

"Wastewater" means liquid and water-carried industrial wastes and domestic sewage from residential dwellings, commercial buildings, industrial and manufacturing facilities, and institutions.

"Waterworks" means each system of structures and appliances used in connection with the collection, storage, purification, and treatment of water for drinking or domestic use and the distribution thereof to the public, except distribution piping.

"Zooplankton" means microscopic animals that float freely with voluntary movement in a body of water.

1VAC30-46-50. Scope of accreditation.

A. Commercial environmental laboratories shall be accredited based on the general laboratory standards set out in Part II (1VAC30-46-200 et seq.) of this chapter and on the specific test methods or analysis, monitoring or measurement required by Virginia Air Pollution Control Law (§ 10.1-1300 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), Virginia Waste Management Act 10.1-1400 et seq. of the Code of Virginia) or Virginia Water Control Law 62.1-44.2 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), the regulations promulgated under these laws, and by permits and orders issued under and in accordance with these laws and regulations.

B. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall review alternative test methods and procedures for accreditation when these are proposed by the applicant laboratory. The provisions of 1VAC30-46-70 E and 1VAC30-46-90 B govern alternative test methods and procedures.

C. Accreditation shall be granted for one or more fields of accreditation, including the matrix, the technology and methods used by the commercial environmental laboratory, and the individual analytes or analyte groups determined by the particular method.

1VAC30-46-60. General: accreditation requirements.

A. Components of accreditation. The components of accreditation include review of personnel qualifications, on-site assessment, proficiency testing and quality assurance and quality control standards. The criteria for these components, specified in Part II (1VAC30-46-200 et seq.) of this chapter, shall be fulfilled for accreditation.

B. Individual laboratory sites and mobile laboratories.

1. Individual laboratory sites are subject to the same application process, assessments, and other requirements as environmental laboratories. Any remote laboratory sites are considered separate sites and subject to separate on-site assessments.

2. Laboratories located at the same physical location shall be considered an individual laboratory site if these laboratories are owned by the same person, and have the same technical director manager and quality system.

3. Laboratories located at separate, noncontiguous physical locations may request to be considered as an individual laboratory site if these laboratories are owned by the same person and have the same laboratory manager and quality system.

4. 3. A mobile laboratory, which is configured with equipment to perform environmental analyses, whether associated with a fixed-based laboratory or not, is considered an environmental laboratory and shall require separate accreditation. This accreditation shall remain with the mobile laboratory and be site independent. Moving the configured mobile laboratory to a different site shall not require a new or separate accreditation. Before performing analyses at each new site, the laboratory shall ensure that instruments and equipment have been checked for performance and have been calibrated.

1VAC30-46-70. Process to apply and obtain accreditation.

A. Duty to apply. All owners of (i) commercial environmental laboratories and (ii) NELAP-accredited TNI-accredited commercial environmental laboratories applying for reciprocal secondary accreditation shall apply for accreditation as specified by the provisions of this section.

B. Timely initial applications.

1. Owners of commercial environmental laboratories applying for accreditation under this chapter for the first time shall submit an application to DGS-DCLS no later than July 1, 2009.

2. Owners of commercial environmental laboratories that come into existence after January 1, 2009, shall submit an initial application to DGS-DCLS no later than 180 calendar days prior to initiating the provision of environmental laboratory services.

3. Owners of NELAP-accredited environmental laboratories.

a. During the initial accreditation period, NELAP- accredited environmental laboratories shall submit an application to DGS-DCLS no later than July 1, 2009.

b. After the program is established, NELAP-accredited environmental laboratories shall submit an application to DGS-DCLS no later than 180 calendar days prior to initiating the provision of environmental laboratory services in Virginia.

C. Timely renewal applications.

1. Every two years from the date of initial accreditation, laboratories accredited under this chapter shall submit an application for renewal of accreditation as required by subsection F of this section, including the fees required by 1VAC30-46-150. During this biannual renewal DGS-DCLS shall perform an on-site assessment in addition to a review of the laboratory's application package.

2. Every other year, DGS-DCLS shall renew accreditation for the accredited laboratory provided the laboratory does all of the following:

a. Maintains compliance with this chapter.

b. Attests to this compliance by signing the Certificate of Compliance provided under subdivision F 3 of this section.

c. Reports acceptable proficiency test values for the Fields of Accreditation for which the laboratory held accreditation during the previous year.

The laboratory shall submit the application information required by subdivisions F 1 (except for the quality manual) and F 3 of this section.

3. Renewal application due dates.

a. The owner of either an (i) accredited commercial environmental laboratory or (ii) environmental laboratory holding reciprocal accreditation shall submit an application for renewal of accreditation under subdivision C 1 of this section at least 90 calendar days prior to expiration of accreditation.

b. The owner of either an (i) accredited commercial environmental laboratory or (ii) environmental laboratory holding reciprocal accreditation shall submit an application for renewal of accreditation under subdivision C 2 of this section at least 30 calendar days prior to expiration of accreditation.

B. Initial applications. Owners of commercial environmental laboratories applying for accreditation under this chapter for the first time shall submit an application to DCLS as specified under subsection F of this section.

C. Renewal and reassessment.

1. DCLS shall renew accreditation annually for the accredited laboratory provided the laboratory does the following:

a. Maintains compliance with this chapter.

b. Attests to this compliance by signing the certificate of compliance provided under subdivision F 3 of this section.

c. Reports acceptable proficiency test values as required by 1VAC30-46-210 B.

d. Pays the fee required by 1VAC30-46-150.

2. DCLS shall reassess the accredited environmental laboratory during an on-site assessment as required by 1VAC30-46-220.

D. Responsibilities of the owner and operator when the laboratory is owned by one person and operated by another person.

1. When an environmental laboratory is owned by one person but is operated by another person, the operator may submit the application for the owner.

2. If the operator fails to submit the application, the owner is not relieved of his responsibility to apply for accreditation.

3. While DGS-DCLS DCLS may notify environmental laboratories of the date their applications are due, failure of DGS-DCLS DCLS to notify does not relieve the owner of his obligation to apply under this chapter.

E. Submission of applications for modifications to accreditation. An owner of an accredited environmental laboratory shall follow the process set out in 1VAC30-46-90 B to add a new matrix technology/method, an analyte or, analyte group, modify a test method or institute use of a method or technology not in the laboratory's standard operating procedures, including alternative test methods or procedures to modify the laboratory's scope of accreditation.

F. Contents of application.

1. Applications shall include but not be limited to the following information and documents:

a. Legal name of laboratory;

b. Name of owner of laboratory;

c. Name of operator of laboratory, if different than owner;

d. Street address and description of location of laboratory;

e. Mailing address of laboratory, if different from street address;

f. Address of owner, if different from laboratory address;

g. Name, address, telephone number, facsimile number and e-mail, as applicable, of responsible official;

h. Name, address, telephone number, facsimile number and e-mail, as applicable, of technical director manager;

i. Name, address, telephone number, facsimile number and e-mail, as applicable, of designated quality assurance officer;

j. Name, title and telephone number of laboratory contact person;

k. Laboratory type (e.g., commercial, public wastewater system, mobile);

l. Laboratory hours of operation;

m. Fields of accreditation for which the laboratory is seeking accreditation;

n. Methods employed, including analytes;

o. n. The results of the three most recent proficiency test studies two successful unique TNI-compliant PT studies for each accreditation field of proficiency testing as required by 1VAC30-46-210 B (for primary accreditation only);

p. o. Quality assurance manual (for primary accreditation only);

q. Lab identification number (for renewal only) p. Copy of the primary certificate of accreditation for secondary accreditation applications; and

r. q. For mobile laboratories, a unique vehicle identification number, such as a manufacturer's vehicle identification number (VIN #), serial number, or license number.

2. Fee. The application shall include payment of the fee as specified in 1VAC30-46-150.

3. Certification of compliance.

a. The application shall include a "Certification of Compliance" statement signed and dated by (i) the quality assurance officer, and a (ii) the responsible official or the technical director manager, or both.

b. The certification of compliance shall state: "The applicant understands and acknowledges that the laboratory is required to be continually in compliance with the Virginia environmental laboratory accreditation program regulation (1VAC30 Chapter 46) and is subject to the provisions of 1VAC30-46-100 in the event of noncompliance. Specifically the applicant:

(1) Shall commit to fulfill continually the requirements for accreditation set by DCLS for the areas where accreditation is sought or granted.

(2) When requested, shall afford such accommodation and cooperation as is necessary to enable DCLS to verify fulfillment of requirements for accreditation. This applies to all premises where laboratory services take place.

(3) Shall provide access to information, documents, and records as necessary for the assessment and maintenance of the accreditation.

(4) Shall provide access to those documents that provide insight into the level of independence and impartiality of the laboratory from its related bodies, where applicable.

(5) Shall arrange the witnessing of laboratory services when requested by DCLS.

(6) Shall claim accreditation only with respect to the scope for which it has been granted accreditation.

(7) Shall pay fees as shall be determined by the accreditation body.

I certify under penalty of law that this document and all attachments were prepared under my direction or supervision in accordance with a system designed to assure that qualified personnel properly gather and evaluate the information submitted. Based on my inquiry of the person or persons who manage the laboratory or those persons directly responsible for gathering and evaluating the information, the information submitted is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, true, accurate and complete. Submitting false information or data shall result in denial or withdrawal of accreditation. I further certify that I am authorized to sign this application."

G. Completeness determination.

1. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall determine whether an application is complete and notify the laboratory of the result of such determination. During the initial accreditation period, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall provide this notice within 90 calendar days of its receipt of the initial application. Following the initial accreditation period, DGS-DCLS shall provide this notice as follows:

a. Within 60 calendar days of DGS-DCLS' receipt of a laboratory's initial application.

b. Within 30 calendar days of DGS-DCLS' receipt of a laboratory's renewal application under subdivision C 1 of this section.

c. Within 15 calendar days of DGS-DCLS' receipt of a laboratory's renewal application under subdivision C 2 of this section.

2. An initial application or an application for renewal under subdivision C 1 of this section shall be determined complete if it contains all the information required pursuant to subsection F of this section and is sufficient to evaluate the laboratory prior to the on-site assessment. DGS-DCLS shall consider an application for renewal under subdivision C 2 of this section to be complete if it contains the information required under subdivision C 2 of this section. Designating an application complete does not preclude DGS-DCLS DCLS from requesting or accepting additional information.

3. If DGS-DCLS DCLS determines that an application is incomplete, DGS-DCLS's the DCLS notification of such determination shall explain why the application is incomplete and specify the additional information needed to make the application complete.

4. Except during the initial accreditation period, if If DCLS makes no determination is made within 60 within 90 calendar days of DGS-DCLS's its receipt of either (i) the application or (ii) additional information, in the case of an application determined to be incomplete, the application shall be determined to be complete. During the initial accreditation period, the time period shall be 90 calendar days.

5. If the laboratory has not submitted the required additional information within 90 days of receiving a notice from DGS-DCLS DCLS requesting additional information, DGS-DCLS DCLS may return the incomplete application and inform the laboratory that the application cannot be processed. The laboratory may then submit a new application.

H. Grant of interim accreditation pending final determination on application.

1. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall grant interim accreditation status to laboratories applying initially or for renewal under subdivision C 1 of this section under the following conditions:

a. The laboratory's application is determined to be complete;

b. The laboratory has satisfied all the requirements for accreditation, including all requests for additional information, with the exception of on-site assessment; and

c. DGS-DCLS DCLS is unable to schedule the on-site assessment within 90 120 days of its determination that the application is complete (for initial applications) or before the laboratory's accreditation expires (for renewal applications under subdivision C 1 of this section).

2. DGS-DCLS shall grant interim accreditation status to a laboratory renewing its accreditation under subdivision C 2 of this section during its review of the renewal application if the owner has submitted a complete application as required under subdivision C 2 of this section.

3. 2. A laboratory with interim accreditation status shall have the same rights and status as a laboratory that has been granted accreditation by DGS-DCLS DCLS.

4. 3. Interim accreditation status shall not exceed 12 months.

I. On-site assessment.

1. An on-site assessment shall be performed and the follow-up and reporting procedures for such assessments shall be completed in accordance with Part II (1VAC30-46-200 et seq.) of this chapter 1VAC30-46-220 prior to issuance of a final determination on accreditation.

2. Alternative on-site assessment option. If DGS-DCLS is unable to schedule an on-site assessment under the conditions of subdivision H 1 c of this section, the owner of the applicant laboratory may use third-party on-site assessors instead of DGS-DCLS on-site assessors under the following conditions:

a. The third-party on-site assessors are on a DGS-DCLS-approved list of NELAC-trained on-site assessors; and

b. The owner of the applicant laboratory agrees to pay the third-party on-site assessors.

J. Final determination on accreditation.

1. Upon completion of the accreditation review process and corrective action, if any, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall grant accreditation in accordance with subsection K of this section or deny accreditation in accordance with subsection L of this section.

2. Except during the initial accreditation period, DGS-DCLS shall complete action on a laboratory's application within nine months from the time a completed application is received from the laboratory.

3. During the initial accreditation period, DGS-DCLS shall notify applicants of their interim accreditation status under subsection H of this section only after all applications have been reviewed and are determined to be complete.

4. During the final approval process of the initial accreditation period, DGS-DCLS shall notify applicants of their final accreditation status only after all timely and complete applications have been reviewed, all on-site assessments have been completed, and accreditation status has been determined for all applicant laboratories.

5. During the final approval process, DGS-DCLS shall release on-site assessment reports to applicants at the time that applicants are notified of their final accreditation status.

K. Grant of accreditation.

1. When a laboratory meets the requirements specified for receiving accreditation, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall issue a certificate to the laboratory. The certificate shall be sent to the technical director manager, and the responsible official shall be notified.

2. The director of DGS-DCLS DCLS or his designee shall sign the certificate. The certificate shall be transmitted as a sealed and dated document.

3. The certificate shall include the following information:

a. Name of owner of laboratory;

b. Name of operator of laboratory, if different from owner;

c. Name of responsible official;

d. Address and location of laboratory;

e. Laboratory identification number;

f. Fields of accreditation (matrix, technology/method and analyte/analyte group) analyte) for which accreditation is granted;

g. Any addenda or attachments; and

h. Issuance date and expiration date.

4. National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP) TNI-accreditation status.

a. Laboratories accredited under this chapter are accredited under the standards of the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference TNI.

b. The certificate of accreditation shall contain the NELAP TNI insignia.

c. Accredited laboratories shall comply with the provisions of 1VAC30-46-130 with regard to the use of these certificates and their status as NELAP-accredited TNI-accredited laboratories.

5. The laboratory shall post the most recent certificate of accreditation and any addenda to the certificate issued by DGS-DCLS DCLS in a prominent place in the laboratory facility.

6. Accreditation shall expire one year after the date on which accreditation is granted.

L. Denial of accreditation.

1. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall deny accreditation to an environmental laboratory in total if the laboratory is found to be falsifying any data or providing false information to support accreditation.

2. Denial of accreditation in total or in part.

a. DGS-DCLS DCLS may deny accreditation to an environmental laboratory in total or in part if the laboratory fails to do any of the following:

(1) Pay the required fees;

(2) Employ laboratory staff to meet the personnel qualifications as required by Part II (1VAC30-46-200 et seq.) of this chapter 1VAC30-46-210 A;

(3) Successfully analyze and report proficiency testing samples as required by Part II of this chapter 1VAC30-46-210 B;

(4) Submit a corrective action report plan in accordance with Part II of this chapter 1VAC30-46-220 in response to a deficiency report from the on-site assessment team within the required 30 calendar days;

(5) Implement the corrective actions detailed in the corrective action report plan within the time frame specified by DGS-DCLS DCLS;

(6) Pass required on-site assessment as specified in Part II of this chapter 1VAC30-46-220; or

(7) Implement a quality system as defined in Part II of this chapter 1VAC30-46-210 C.

b. DGS-DCLS DCLS may deny accreditation to an environmental laboratory in total or in part if the laboratory's application is not determined to be complete within 90 days following notification of incompleteness because the laboratory is delinquent in submitting information required by DGS-DCLS DCLS in accordance with this chapter.

c. DGS-DCLS DCLS may deny accreditation to an environmental laboratory in total or in part if the DGS-DCLS DCLS on-site assessment team is unable to carry out the on-site assessment pursuant to 1VAC30-46-210 B 1VAC30-46-220 because a representative of the environmental laboratory denied the team entry during the laboratory's normal business hours that it specified in the laboratory application.

3. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall follow the process specified in 1VAC30-46-110 when denying accreditation to an environmental laboratory.

M. Reapplication following denial of accreditation.

1. Upon denial of accreditation, the laboratory shall wait six months before reapplying for accreditation.

2. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall not waive application fees for a laboratory reapplying for accreditation.

1VAC30-46-80. Maintaining accreditation.

A. Accreditation remains in effect until withdrawn by DGS-DCLS DCLS, withdrawn voluntarily at the written request of the accredited laboratory, or expiration of the accreditation period. To maintain accreditation, the accredited laboratory shall comply with the elements listed in this section and in 1VAC30-46-90.

B. Quality systems. A laboratory seeking to maintain accreditation under this regulation shall assure consistency and promote the use of quality assurance and quality control procedures. Part II (1VAC30-46-200 et seq.) of this chapter 1VAC30-46-210 C specifies the quality assurance and quality control requirements that shall be met to maintain accreditation. The laboratory shall establish and maintain a quality system based on the these required elements contained in Part II.

C. Proficiency tests. Laboratories seeking to maintain accreditation under this regulation shall perform proficiency tests as required under Part II (1VAC30-46-200 et seq.) of this chapter 1VAC30-46-210 B.

D. Recordkeeping and retention. All laboratory records associated with accreditation parameters shall be kept as provided by the requirements for records under Part II (1VAC30-46-200 et seq.) of this chapter. These records shall be maintained for a minimum of five years unless designated for a longer period by another regulation or authority. All such records shall be available to DGS-DCLS DCLS upon request.

1VAC30-46-90. Notifications and changes to accreditation elements and status.

A. Changes to key accreditation criteria. The accredited laboratory shall notify DGS-DCLS DCLS in writing of any changes in key accreditation criteria within 30 calendar days of the change. Key accreditation criteria are laboratory ownership (including legal, commercial, or organizational status), location, resources and premises, key personnel (including top management), and major instrumentation, and quality system policies.

B. Changes to scope of accreditation.

1. DGS-DCLS DCLS may approve a laboratory's application to add a new matrix, technology, analyte, or test method to a laboratory's scope of accreditation or otherwise modify the laboratory's scope of accreditation by performing a data review.

2. To apply, the owner of the accredited laboratory shall submit the following to DGS-DCLS DCLS:

a. A letter written request signed by the owner that briefly summarizes the addition to be made to the laboratory's scope of accreditation.

b. Pertinent information demonstrating the laboratory's capability to perform the additional matrix, technology/method, or analyte/analyte group analyte, such as proficiency testing performance and quality control performance.

c. A written standard operating procedure covering the new matrix, technology/method, or analyte/analyte group analyte.

3. DGS-DCLS DCLS may approve a laboratory's application for modification to its scope of accreditation by performing a review of the application materials submitted, without an on-site assessment. The addition of a new technology or test method requiring the use of specific equipment may require an on-site assessment. Other reviews of performance and documentation may be carried out by DGS-DCLS DCLS, depending on the modification for which the laboratory applies.

4. Within 90 calendar days of the receipt of the application from the accredited environmental laboratory, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall review and determine whether the proposed modification may be approved.

5. If the proposed modification to the laboratory's scope of accreditation is approved, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall amend the laboratory's certificate of accreditation.

6. DCLS shall not send the amended certificate of accreditation to the laboratory until DCLS receives the payment of the fee required under 1VAC30-46-150 F 1.

C. Change of ownership or location of laboratory.

1. The accredited laboratory shall submit a written notification to DGS-DCLS DCLS of the change of ownership or location of the laboratory within 30 calendar days of the change. This requirement applies only to fixed-based and not pertaining to change of location does not apply to mobile laboratories.

2. Accreditation may be transferred when the legal status or ownership of a accredited laboratory changes as long as the transfer does not affect the laboratory's personnel, equipment, or organization.

3. If the laboratory's personnel, equipment, or organization are affected by the change of legal status or ownership, DGS-DCLS DCLS may require reaccreditation or reapplication in any or all of the categories for which the laboratory is accredited.

4. DGS-DCLS DCLS may require an on-site assessment depending on the nature of the change of legal status or ownership. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall determine the elements of any on-site assessment required.

5. When there is a change in ownership, the new owner of the accredited laboratory shall assure historical traceability of the laboratory accreditation numbers.

6. 5. When there is a change in ownership, the new owner of the accredited laboratory shall keep for a minimum of five years all records and analyses performed by the previous owner under his scope of accreditation for a period of five years pertaining to accreditation. These records and analyses are subject to inspection by DGS-DCLS DCLS during this five-year period. This provision applies regardless of change of ownership, accountability or liability.

D. Voluntary withdrawal. Any environmental laboratory owner who wishes to withdraw the laboratory from its accreditation status or from being accredited, in total or in part, shall submit written notification to DGS-DCLS no later than 30 calendar days before the end of the laboratory's accreditation term DCLS. Within 30 calendar days, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall provide the laboratory with a written notice of withdrawal.

1VAC30-46-95. Suspension of accreditation.

A. Before withdrawing accreditation, DCLS may suspend accreditation from an environmental laboratory in total or in part to allow the laboratory time to correct the reason for which DCLS may withdraw accreditation. Suspension is limited to the reasons listed in subsection B of this section.

B. DCLS may suspend accreditation from an environmental laboratory in part or in total when the laboratory has failed to do any of the following:

1. Participate in the proficiency testing program as required by 1VAC30-46-210 B.

2. Complete proficiency testing studies and maintain a history of at least two successful proficiency testing studies for each accredited field of testing out of the three most recent proficiency testing studies as defined in 1VAC30-46-210 B.

3. Maintain a quality system as defined in 1VAC30-46-210 C.

4. Employ staff that meets the personnel qualifications of 1VAC30-46-210 A.

5. Notify DCLS of any changes in key accreditation criteria as set forth in 1VAC30-46-90.

C. Process to suspend accreditation.

1. When DCLS determines that cause exists to suspend a laboratory, the agency shall send notification to the responsible official and the technical manager stating the agency's determination that the laboratory has failed to meet the 1VAC30-46 standards for one or more of the reasons listed in subsection B of this section. DCLS shall send the notification by certified mail.

2. In its notice, DCLS shall request the laboratory to notify DCLS in writing if the laboratory believes the agency is incorrect in its determination.

3. The notification shall state that the laboratory is required to take corrective action whenever a failure occurs and to document the corrective action. The notification shall require the laboratory to provide DCLS with documentation of the corrective action taken with regard to its failure to meet a standard under this chapter.

4. The notification shall state what the laboratory is required to do to restore its accreditation status and the time allowed to do so.

5. The environmental laboratory may proceed to correct the deficiencies for which DCLS has suspended the laboratory's accreditation.

6. Alternatively the laboratory may state in writing that DCLS is incorrect in its determination regarding suspension, giving specific reasons why the laboratory believes DCLS should not suspend accreditation.

7. With the exception of subdivision B 4 of this section, DCLS may allow the laboratory up to 60 days to correct the problem for which it may have its accreditation suspended.

8. DCLS shall set a date for suspension that follows the period provided under subdivision B 7 of this section to restore accreditation.

9. If the laboratory does not correct its deficiencies within the time period allowed, DCLS shall suspend a laboratory in part or in total.

10. DCLS shall notify the laboratory by letter of its suspension status. DCLS shall send the notification by certified mail. DCLS shall also notify the pertinent Virginia state agency of the laboratory's suspension status.

11. The laboratory may provide information demonstrating why suspension is not warranted in accordance with the standard referenced in the initial DCLS notification. If such information is not provided prior to the suspension date, the laboratory accepts the DCLS decision to suspend.

12. The laboratory has the right to due process as set forth in 1VAC30-46-110.

D. Responsibilities of the environmental laboratory and DCLS when accreditation has been suspended.

1. The term of suspension shall be limited to six months or the period of accreditation whichever is longer.

2. The environmental laboratory shall not continue to analyze samples or report analysis for the fields of accreditation for which DCLS has suspended accreditation.

3. The environmental laboratory shall retain accreditation for the fields of accreditation, methods, and analytes where it continues to meet the requirements of this chapter.

4. The laboratory's suspended accreditation status shall change to accredited when the laboratory demonstrates to DCLS that the laboratory has corrected the deficiency or deficiencies for which its accreditation was suspended.

5. An environmental laboratory with suspended accreditation shall not have to reapply for accreditation if the cause or causes for suspension are corrected within the term of suspension.

6. If the laboratory fails to correct the causes of suspension within the term of suspension, DCLS shall withdraw the laboratory's accreditation in total or in part.

1VAC30-46-100.Withdrawal of accreditation.

A. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall withdraw accreditation from an environmental laboratory in total if the laboratory is found to be falsifying any data or providing false information to support certification: accreditation.

B. DGS-DCLS DCLS may withdraw accreditation from an environmental laboratory in part or in total when the laboratory has failed to do any of the following:

1. Participate in the proficiency testing program as required by 1VAC30-46-210 C 1VAC30-46-210 B.

2. Complete proficiency testing studies and maintain a history of at least two successful proficiency testing studies for each affected accredited field of testing out of the three most recent proficiency testing studies as defined in 1VAC30-46-210 C 1VAC30-46-210 B.

3. Maintain a quality system as defined in 1VAC30-46-210 D 1VAC30-46-210 C.

4. Employ staff that meet meets the personnel qualifications of 1VAC30-46-210 A.

5. Submit an acceptable corrective action report plan after two opportunities as specified in 1VAC30-46-210 B 1VAC30-46-220.

6. Implement corrective action specified in the laboratory's corrective action report plan as set out under 1VAC30-46-210 B 1VAC30-46-220.

7. Notify DGS-DCLS DCLS of any changes in key accreditation criteria as set forth in 1VAC30-46-90.

8. Use correct and authorized references to the laboratory's accreditation status or that of DGS-DCLS DCLS in the laboratory's documentation and advertising as set forth in 1VAC30-46-130.

9. Allow a DCLS assessment team entry during normal business hours to conduct an on-site assessment required by 1VAC30-46-220.

10. Pay required fees specified in 1VAC30-46-150.

C. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall follow the process specified in 1VAC30-46-110 when withdrawing accreditation from an environmental laboratory.

D. Responsibilities of the environmental laboratory and DGS-DCLS DCLS when accreditation has been withdrawn.

1. Laboratories that lose their accreditation in full shall return their certificate to DGS-DCLS DCLS.

2. If a laboratory loses accreditation in part, an addendum to the certificate shall be issued by DGS-DCLS DCLS shall issue a revised certificate to the laboratory.

3. The laboratory shall discontinue the use of all materials that contain either a reference to the environmental laboratory's past accreditation status or that display the NELAC/NELAP TNI logo. These materials may include catalogs, advertising, business solicitations, proposals, quotations, laboratory analytical results reports, or other materials.

4. The environmental laboratory shall not continue to analyze samples or report analyses for the fields of accreditation for which DCLS has withdrawn accreditation.

E. After correcting the reason or cause for the withdrawal of accreditation under 1VAC30-46-100 A or B, the laboratory owner may reapply for accreditation under 1VAC30-46-70 B and E.

1VAC30-46-110. Procedures to deny or withdraw accreditation, to withdraw accreditation, and appeal procedures.

A. Notification.

1. If DGS-DCLS believes it has grounds DCLS determines that cause exists to deny accreditation to or withdraw accreditation from an environmental laboratory, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall notify the environmental laboratory in writing of its intent to hold an informal fact finding under § 2.2-4019 of the Code of Virginia in order to make a decision on the denial of accreditation or withdrawal of accreditation determination. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall send this notification by certified mail to the responsible official and provide a copy to the technical director manager of the environmental laboratory. The notice of informal fact finding shall provide a detailed explanation of the basis for the notice.

2. For denial of accreditation, the notice shall state that the laboratory has failed to meet the standards in 1VAC30-46 and shall specify one or more of the reasons for denial of accreditation under 1VAC30-46-70 L, providing a detailed explanation of the basis for the denial of accreditation.

3. For withdrawal of accreditation, the notice shall state that the laboratory has failed to meet the standards in 1VAC30-46 and shall specify one or more of the reasons for withdrawal of accreditation under 1VAC30-46-100 A or B, providing a detailed explanation of the basis for the withdrawal of accreditation.

4. In its notice, DCLS shall request the laboratory to notify DCLS in writing if the laboratory believes the agency is incorrect in its determination.

5. If the laboratory believes DCLS to be incorrect in its determination, the laboratory shall provide DCLS with a detailed written demonstration of why DCLS should not deny or withdraw accreditation.

B. Following the informal fact finding held pursuant to § 2.2-4019 of the Code of Virginia, the director shall render a decision regarding accreditation, and shall send this notification by certified mail to the responsible official and provide a copy to the technical director of the environmental laboratory. If the director's decision is adverse to the environmental laboratory, the responsible official may appeal this decision in accordance with § 2.2-4026 of the Code of Virginia and Part 2A of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia.

C. The provisions of this section do not preclude informal discussions between DGS-DCLS and any environmental laboratory that has been notified of a possible denial or withdrawal of accreditation. These informal discussions to resolve the concerns that prompted the notice shall be held prior to the informal fact finding proceeding.

B. An environmental laboratory may appeal a final decision by DCLS to deny or withdraw accreditation pursuant to the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

D. C. The accreditation status of an environmental laboratory appealing withdrawal of accreditation shall not change pending the final decision of the appeals filed under the Virginia Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia) and Part 2A of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia.

1VAC30-46-120. National accreditation database. Information about accredited environmental laboratories.

DGS-DCLS shall provide to NELAP the following information about environmental laboratories accredited under this chapter: (i) technical director's name; (ii) ownership and location of laboratory and any changes; (iii) key accreditation criteria and any changes; (iv) interim, as well as final, accreditation status; and (v) on-site assessment reports. DCLS shall make available to the public information identifying the environmental laboratories that it has accredited under this chapter.

1VAC30-46-130. Use of accreditation status by environmental laboratories accredited under this chapter.

A. The owner of an environmental laboratory accredited under this chapter shall not misrepresent the laboratory's fields of accreditation or its accreditation status on any document. This includes laboratory reports, catalogs, advertising, business solicitations, proposals, quotations or other materials.

B. Environmental laboratories accredited under this chapter shall comply with all of the following:

1. Post or display their most recent accreditation certificate or their fields of accreditation in a prominent place in the laboratory facility.

2. Make accurate statements concerning their fields of accreditation and accreditation status.

3. Accompany DGS-DCLS's DCLS's name or the NELAC/NELAP TNI logo or both with at least the phrase "NELAP-accredited" "TNI-accredited" and the laboratory's identification number or other identifier when DGS-DCLS's DCLS's name is used on general literature such as catalogs, advertising, business solicitations, proposals, quotations, laboratory analytical reports or other materials.

4. Not use their accreditation certificate, their accreditation status or the NELAC/NELAP TNI logo to imply endorsement by DGS-DCLS DCLS.

C. The owners of laboratories accredited under this chapter who choose to (i) use DGS-DCLS's DCLS's name; (ii) make reference to its NELAP TNI accreditation status; or (iii) use the NELAC/NELAP TNI logo in any catalogs, advertising, business solicitations, proposals, quotations, laboratory analytical reports or other materials, shall comply with both of the following:

1. Distinguish between proposed testing for which the laboratory is accredited and the proposed testing for which the laboratory is not accredited.

2. Include the laboratory's identification number or other identifier.

1VAC30-46-140. Reciprocal Secondary accreditation.

A. DGS-DCLS, when recognized by NELAP as a primary accrediting authority, DCLS may grant reciprocal secondary accreditation to an environmental laboratory that holds a current accreditation from another NELAP-recognized TNI-recognized primary accrediting authority accreditation body.

B. The owner of a NELAP-accredited TNI-accredited environmental laboratory that seeks accreditation under this chapter shall apply as specified in 1VAC30-46-70 with the exception of 1VAC30-46-70 F 1 n and o.

C. The owner of the applicant laboratory shall pay the fee required by 1VAC30-46-150.

D. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall not require a NELAP-accredited TNI-accredited environmental laboratory that seeks accreditation under this section to meet any additional proficiency testing, quality assurance, or on-site assessment requirements for the fields of accreditation for which the laboratory holds primary NELAP TNI accreditation.

E. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall consider only the current certificate of accreditation issued by the NELAP-recognized TNI-recognized primary accrediting authority accreditation body.

F. DGS-DCLS shall do the following: 1. Grant reciprocal DCLS shall grant secondary accreditation for only the fields of accreditation offered under this chapter for which the laboratory holds current primary NELAP TNI accreditation.

2. Except during the initial accreditation period, grant reciprocal accreditation and issue certificates to an applicant laboratory within 30 calendar days of receipt of the laboratory's application.

G. Potential nonconformance issues.

1. If DGS-DCLS notes any potential nonconformance with the NELAC standards by a laboratory during the initial application process for reciprocal accreditation or for a laboratory that already has been granted NELAP accreditation through reciprocal accreditation, DGS-DCLS shall immediately notify, in writing, the applicable NELAP-recognized primary accrediting authority and the laboratory. The notification shall cite the applicable sections within the NELAC standards for which nonconformance by the laboratory has been noted.

2. If the alleged nonconformance is noted during the initial application process for reciprocal accreditation, final action on the application for reciprocal accreditation shall not be taken until the alleged nonconformance issue has been resolved.

3. If the alleged nonconformance is noted after reciprocal accreditation has been granted, the laboratory shall maintain its current accreditation status until the alleged nonconformance issue has been resolved.

4. If DGS-DCLS does not believe the primary accrediting authority has taken timely and appropriate action on the potential nonconformance, DGS-DCLS shall notify the NELAP director of its concerns.

1VAC30-46-150. Fees.

A. General.

1. Fees shall be submitted Environmental laboratories shall pay a fee with all applications, including reapplications, for accreditation and all renewal applications for accreditation under 1VAC30-46-70 C 1. Applications shall not be designated as complete until the fee is received by DGS-DCLS. DCLS shall not designate an application as complete until it receives payment of the fee.

2. Fees shall be nonrefundable. Each accredited environmental laboratory shall pay an annual fee to maintain its accreditation. DCLS shall send an invoice to the accredited environmental laboratory.

3. An environmental laboratory applying for reciprocal secondary accreditation under this chapter 1VAC30-46-140 shall pay the same fee as other laboratories subject to this chapter.

4. Fees shall be nonrefundable.

B. Fee computation.

1. The fee shall be the total of the base fee and the test category fees.

2. The test category fees cover categories for the test methods to be accredited as specified in the laboratory's application.

3. If the total of the base fee and the test category fees is more than the maximum fee, the laboratory shall pay the maximum fee.

1. Fees shall be applied on an annual basis.

2. Environmental laboratories shall pay the total of the base fee and the test category fees set out in subsections C and D of this section for the first 12 months following (insert the effective date of this chapter).

3. Environmental laboratories shall pay the total of the base fee and the test category fees required by subsections C and D of this section as adjusted by the method set out in subsection E of this section beginning the second 12 months following (insert the effective date of this chapter) and for each of the 12-month periods that follow.

C. Base fee. The base fee shall be $1,700.

1. DCLS determines the base fee for a laboratory by taking into account both the total number of methods and the total number of field of accreditation matrices for which the laboratory would be accredited.

2. DCLS shall charge the base fees set out in Table 1. The base fee for a laboratory is located by first finding the row for the total number of methods to be accredited and then finding the box on that row located in the column headed by the total number of matrices to be accredited. For example, DCLS charges a base fee of $1300 to a laboratory performing a total of eight methods for one matrix.

TABLE 1: BASE FEES

Number of Methods

One Matrix

Two Matrices

Three Matrices

Four or more Matrices

1-9

$1300

$1430

$1575

$1730

10-29

$1400

$1575

$1750

$1950

30-99

$1550

$1825

$2150

$2550

100-149

$1650

$1980

$2375

$2850

150+

$1800

$2250

$2825

$3525

D. Maximum fee. The maximum fee shall be $5,200.

E. D. Test category fees.

1. The test category fees cover the types of testing for which a laboratory may be accredited as specified in the laboratory's application or as accredited at the time of annual billing.

1. 2. Fees shall be charged for each category of tests to be accredited.

3. Fees shall be charged for the total number of field of accreditation matrices to be accredited under the specific test category. For example, if a laboratory is performing inorganic chemistry for both nonpotable water and solid and chemical matrices, the fee for this test category would be found in the column for two matrices.

2. 4. The fee for each category includes one or more analytical methods unless otherwise specified. With the exception of the test categories labeled oxygen demand and physical, test categories related to test methods for water are defined by 40 CFR 136.3.

5. Test category fees. DCLS shall charge the test category fees set out in Table 2. The test category fees for a laboratory are located by first finding the row with the total number of test methods for the test category to be accredited. The fee to be charged for the test category will be found on that row in the column headed by the total number of matrices to be accredited. A laboratory performing four test methods for bacteriology in both nonpotable and drinking water (two matrices) would be charged a test category fee of $330.

3. Fees.

TEST CATEGORY

FEE

Oxygen demand (BOD or COD)

$375

Bacteriology

$375

Inorganic chemistry, fewer than four methods

$375

Inorganic chemistry, four or more methods

$750

Chemistry metals, one - two methods

$450

Chemistry metals, more than two methods

$1,000

Organic chemistry, fewer than four methods

$600

Organic chemistry, four or more methods

$1,200

Aquatic toxicity, acute methods only

$400

Aquatic toxicity, acute and chronic methods

$700

Radiochemical

$1,000

Physical

$375

TABLE 2: TEST CATEGORY FEES

Fees by Number of Matrices

Test Category

One

Two

Three or More

Aquatic toxicity, acute methods only

$400

N/A

N/A

Aquatic toxicity, acute and chronic methods

$600

N/A

N/A

Oxygen demand

$225

$335

$435

Bacteriology, 1-3 total methods

$175

$265

$345

Bacteriology, 4 or more total methods

$220

$330

$430

Physical, 1-5 total methods

$175

$265

$345

Physical, 6-10 total methods

$220

$330

$430

Physical, 11 or more total methods

$275

$415

$540

Inorganic chemistry, 1-10 total methods

$250

$375

$490

Inorganic chemistry, 11-20 total methods

$315

$475

$620

Inorganic chemistry, 21-49 total methods

$394

$590

$767

Inorganic chemistry, 50 or more total methods

$492

$740

$962

Chemistry metals, 1-5 total methods

$325

$490

$637

Chemistry metals, 6-20 total methods

$410

$615

$800

Chemistry metals, 21 or more total methods

$512

$770

$1000

Organic chemistry, 1-5 total methods

$400

$600

$780

Organic chemistry, 6-20 total methods

$500

$750

$975

Organic chemistry, 21-40 total methods

$625

$940

$1222

Organic chemistry, 41 or more total methods

$780

$1170

$1520

Radiochemical, 1-10 total methods

$600

$900

$1170

Radiochemical, 11 or more total methods

$725

$1090

$1420

Asbestos

$725

$1090

$1420

6. Fee examples. Three examples are provided.

a. Example 1:

Base Fee

One matrix and four test methods

$1300

Test Category Fees

One Matrix

Nonpotable Water

Bacteriology (2 methods)

$175

Nonpotable Water

Oxygen demand (1 method)

$225

Nonpotable Water

Physical (1 method)

$175

TOTAL

$1875

b. Example 2:

Base Fee

One matrix and 15 test methods

$1400

Test Category Fees

One Matrix

Nonpotable Water

Bacteriology (2 methods)

$175

Nonpotable Water

Inorganic chemistry (9 methods)

$250

Nonpotable Water

Metals (2 methods)

$325

Nonpotable Water

Oxygen demand (1 method)

$225

Nonpotable Water

Physical (1 method)

$175

TOTAL

$2550

c. Example 3:

Base Fee

Two matrices and 27 test methods

$1575

Test Category Fees

One Matrix

Nonpotable Water

Bacteriology (4 methods)

$220

Nonpotable Water

Oxygen demand (1 method)

$225

Solid and Chemical Materials

Metals (1 method)

$325

Two Matrices

Nonpotable Water and Solid and Chemical Materials

Inorganic chemistry (13 methods)

$475

Nonpotable Water and Solid and Chemical Materials

Physical (7 methods)

$330

TOTAL

$3150

E. Calculation of fees - fees beginning (insert the 13th month following the effective date of this chapter).

1. DCLS shall revise the base fee and test category fee tables after the first 12 months following (insert the effective date of this chapter) and every 12-month period thereafter.

2. DCLS shall increase or decrease the fees set out in the base fee and the test category fee tables using the Consumer Price Index-Urban (CPI-U) percentage change, average-average for the previous calendar year. (The CPI-U for all urban consumers is published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Examples of the CPI-U average-average are -0.04%, +1.6%, and +3.2% for 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. DCLS would determine the fees in the tables for 2012, for example, by increasing each fee by 3.2%, the CPI-U average-average percentage change for 2011.)

3. DCLS shall revise each previous year's tables so that the revisions will be cumulative, reflecting the changes in the CPI-U over time.

4. DCLS shall round the revised fees to the nearest dollar.

5. DCLS shall publish the revised base fee and test category fee tables annually on its VELAP website.

F. Additional fees. Additional fees shall be charged to laboratories applying for the following: (i) modification to scope of accreditation under 1VAC30-46-90 B, (ii) transfer of ownership under 1VAC30-46-90 C, (iii) request that multiple, noncontiguous laboratory sites be considered as one site under 1VAC30-46-60 B 3, or (iv) (iii) petition for a variance under 1VAC30-46-160.

1. For any accredited environmental laboratory that applies to modify its scope of accreditation as specified under 1VAC30-46-90 B, DGS-DCLS DCLS shall assess a fee determined by the method in subsection G of this section.

2. Under 1VAC30-46-90 C, DGS-DCLS DCLS may charge a transfer fee to a certified laboratory that transfers ownership. A fee shall be charged if DGS-DCLS DCLS (i) needs to review documentation sent by the laboratory about the transfer of ownership or (ii) determines that an on-site assessment is necessary to evaluate the effect of the transfer of ownership. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall assess a fee determined by the method in subsection G of this section. If DGS-DCLS determines that a fee should be charged, the fee shall be a minimum of $100 and a maximum of $1,000. If, under 1VAC30-46-90 C, DGS-DCLS DCLS determines that the change of ownership or location of laboratory requires reaccreditation of or reapplication by the laboratory, the laboratory shall pay the application fee required under this section.

3. Under 1VAC30-46-60 B 3, the owner of multiple non-contiguous laboratories may request that DGS-DCLS consider these laboratories to be one site. If, as a result of the request being granted, DGS-DCLS needs to perform multiple on-site assessments, DGS-DCLS shall charge a fee for the additional on-site assessments. The fee shall be the sum of reasonable travel costs and labor charges for the additional on-site assessments. The labor charges will be determined following the method in subsection G of this section.

4. 3. Under 1VAC30-46-160, any person regulated by this chapter may petition the director to grant a variance from any requirement of this chapter. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall charge a fee for the time needed to review the petition, including any on-site assessment required. The fee shall be determined by the method specified in subsection G of this section.

G. Fee Additional fees determination.

1. The fee shall be the sum of the total hourly charges for all reviewers plus any on-site review costs incurred.

2. An hourly charge per reviewer shall be determined by (i) obtaining a yearly cost by multiplying the reviewer's annual salary by 1.35 (accounts for overhead such as taxes and insurance) and then (ii) dividing the yearly cost by 1,642 (number of annual hours established by Fiscal Services, DGS, for billing purposes).

3. The charge per reviewer shall be determined by multiplying the number of hours expended in the review by the reviewer's hourly charge.

4. If an on-site review is required, travel time and on-site review time shall be charged at the same hourly charge per reviewer, and any travel expenses shall be added.

H. Out-of-state laboratories – travel costs applying for primary accreditation.

1. The owner of an environmental laboratory located in another state who applies for primary accreditation under this chapter shall also pay a fee equal to the surcharge of $5000 plus the labor costs of the on-site assessment and reasonable travel costs associated with conducting an on-site assessment at the laboratory. Reasonable travel costs include transportation, lodging, per diem, and telephone and duplication charges. These charges shall be in addition to the fees charged under subdivision A 1 and subsections B through E of this section.

2. Once the laboratory is accredited, DCLS shall charge the annual fee specified in subdivision A 2 and subsections B through E of this section, the labor costs for the on-site assessment, and reasonable travel costs associated with conducting the on-site assessment.

I. DGS-DCLS DCLS shall derive the travel costs charged under subsections G and H of this section from the Commonwealth of Virginia reimbursement allowances and rates for lodging, per diem, and mileage.

Part II
Standards

1VAC30-46-200. Incorporation of NELAC standards by reference of TNI standards.

A. The 2003 National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) standards approved June 5, 2003, as specified in 1VAC30-46-210 are incorporated by reference into this chapter.

B. Laboratories applying for accreditation and accredited under this chapter shall comply with the 2003 NELAC standards incorporated by reference into 1VAC30-46-210.

C. The requirements of Chapter 4 of the 2003 NELAC standards, Accreditation Process, are incorporated by reference into this chapter unless the requirements are (i) already addressed in this chapter, (ii) superseded by Virginia law, or (iii) incorporated by reference into 1VAC30-46-210.

A. The following TNI standards are incorporated by reference into this chapter: The Standards for Environmental Laboratories and Accreditation Bodies, 2009 (The NELAC Institute (TNI)), Volume 1: Management and Technical Requirements for Laboratories Performing Environmental Analysis, and Volume 2: General Requirements for Accreditation Bodies Accrediting Environmental Laboratories, except for section 6.6 of Module 3 concerning confidential business information.

B. Environmental laboratories applying for accreditation and accredited under this chapter shall comply with the TNI standards incorporated by reference into subsection A of this section. For convenience these standards are specified by accreditation component in 1VAC30-46-210 and 1VAC30-46-220.

C. The TNI standards are organized by volume and module.

1. Volume 1 - Management and Technical Requirements for Laboratories Performing Environmental Analysis includes the following modules:

a. Proficiency Testing.

b. Quality Systems General Requirements.

c. Quality Systems for Asbestos Testing.

d. Quality Systems for Chemical Testing.

e. Quality Systems for Microbiological Testing.

f. Quality Systems for Radiochemical Testing.

g. Quality Systems for Toxicity Testing.

2. Volume 2 - General Requirements for Accreditation Bodies Accrediting Environmental Laboratories includes the following modules:

a. General Requirements.

b. Proficiency Testing.

c. On-Site Assessment.

1VAC30-46-210. Standards for accreditation.

A. Standards for personnel qualifications. The standards for personnel qualifications are the following provisions of the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) standards as incorporated by reference into this part: Chapter 4, Accreditation Process, specifically, Components of Accreditation and Personnel Qualifications (4.1.1) and Chapter 5, Quality Systems, specifically, Technical Requirements - Personnel (5.5.2).

B. Standards for on-site assessment. The standards for on-site assessment are the following provisions of the NELAC standards as incorporated by reference into this part.

1. Chapter 3, On-site Assessment with one exception. Subsection 3.4.5, Confidential Business Information (CBI) Considerations, shall not be incorporated by reference into this part.

2. Chapter 4, Accreditation Process, specifically, On-site Assessments and Corrective Action Reports in Response to On-site Assessment (4.1.2 and 4.1.3).

C. Standards for proficiency testing. The standards for proficiency testing are the following provisions of the NELAC standards as incorporated by reference into this part.

1. Chapter 2, Proficiency Testing, specifically, Introduction, Scope, and Applicability; Major PT Groups and Their Responsibilities; Laboratory Enrollment in Proficiency Testing Programs; Requirements for Laboratory Testing of PT Study Samples; and PT Criteria for Laboratory Accreditation (2.1, 2.2, 2.4 through 2.7).

2. Chapter 4, Accreditation Process, specifically, Proficiency Testing Samples (4.1.4).

D. Standards for quality systems.

1. The standards for quality systems are the following provisions of the NELAC standards as incorporated by reference into this part: (i) Chapter 4, specifically, Accountability for Analytical Standards and (ii) Chapter 5, Quality Systems.

2. Quality systems - scope. Chapter 5 of the NELAC standards sets out the scope of quality systems requirements. These provisions provide an overview to major aspects of the accreditation process and are set out below for emphasis:

a. Chapter 5 includes all quality assurance policies and quality control procedures that shall be delineated in a quality manual and followed to ensure and document the quality of the analytical data. Laboratories seeking accreditation shall assure implementation of all quality assurance policies and the essential applicable quality control procedures specified in this chapter. The quality assurance policies, which establish essential quality control procedures, are applicable to environmental laboratories regardless of size and complexity.

b. The intent of Chapter 5 is to provide sufficient detail concerning quality management requirements so that DGS-DCLS can evaluate environmental laboratories consistently and uniformly.

c. Chapter 5 sets out the general requirements that a laboratory has to successfully demonstrate to be recognized as competent to carry out specific environmental tests.

d. If more stringent standards or requirements are included in a mandated test method or by regulation, the laboratory shall demonstrate that such requirements are met. If it is not clear which standards or requirements are more stringent, the standard or requirement from the method or regulation is to be followed.

A. Standards for personnel. The standards for personnel are found in Section 5.2 of Volume 1, Module 2 of the TNI standards.

B. Standards for proficiency testing.

1. The standards for proficiency testing are found in (i) Module 1 and (ii) section 4.11 of Module 2 of Volume 1 of the TNI standards.

2. Additional requirements from Volume 2, Module 2 of the TNI standards.

a. A laboratory shall perform two proficiency test studies each calendar year for each FoPT. These proficiency testing studies shall be performed at least five months apart and no longer than seven months apart within the calendar year.

b. The following proficiency testing studies shall not apply when meeting the requirements of subdivision 2 a of this subsection:

(1) Studies used for corrective action to reestablish successful history in order to maintain accreditation; and

(2) Studies used to reinstate accreditation after DCLS suspends accreditation.

c. DCLS shall consider a laboratory's analytical result for a FoPT not acceptable for the following reasons:

(1) When the laboratory does not report the results within the time frames specified in Volume 1, Module 1 of the TNI standards.

(2) When the laboratory makes any reporting error or omission that results in a nonspecific match between the analytical result for the FoPT and any criterion that identifies the laboratory or the field of accreditation for which the PT sample was analyzed for the purpose of initial or continued accreditation.

d. If DCLS requests a corrective action plan from a laboratory, the laboratory shall provide the plan within 30 calendar days of the request.

e. A laboratory may withdraw from a study for any FoPT on or before the close date of the study. Withdrawing from a study shall not exempt the laboratory from meeting the semiannual analysis requirements necessary for continued accreditation.

C. Standards for quality systems.

1. General requirements for all environmental laboratories are found in Volume 1, Module 2 of the TNI standards.

2. Requirements for the specific types of testing that may be performed by an individual environmental laboratory are found in Volume 1, Modules 3 through 7 of the TNI standards.

3. Drinking water laboratories obtaining certification under this chapter shall meet the reporting requirements set out in 1VAC30-40 for compliance with 12VAC5-590-530 and 12VAC5-590-540.

1VAC30-46-220. On-site assessment.

A. The standards for on-site assessment are found in Volume 2, Module 3 of the TNI standards. The requirements specific to environmental laboratories are set out in this section.

B. DCLS shall conduct a comprehensive on-site assessment of an environmental laboratory prior to granting final primary accreditation to the laboratory.

C. Frequency of on-site assessment.

1. DCLS shall reassess each accredited laboratory every two years starting from the date of the previous assessment plus or minus six months.

2. Other on-site assessments.

a. If DCLS identified a deficiency on a previous on-site assessment, the agency may conduct a follow-up on-site assessment.

b. DCLS may conduct an on-site assessment under the following circumstances:

(1) A laboratory applies to modify its scope of accreditation;

(2) A transfer of ownership occurs that affects personnel, equipment, or the laboratory facilities; or

(3) A laboratory applies for an exemption or a variance.

c. Any other change occurring in a laboratory's operations that might reasonably be expected to alter or impair analytical capability and quality may trigger an on-site assessment.

D. Announced and unannounced on-site assessments. DCLS, at its discretion, may conduct either announced or unannounced on-site assessments. Advance notice of an assessment shall not be necessary.

E. Preparation for the on-site assessment.

1. Prior to the actual site visit, DCLS may request in writing from a laboratory those records required to be maintained by this chapter.

2. DCLS may opt not to proceed with an on-site assessment based on nonconformities found during document and record review.

F. Areas to be assessed.

1. DCLS shall assess the laboratory against the standards incorporated by reference and specified in 1VAC30-46-200 and 1VAC30-46-210.

2. The laboratory shall ensure that its quality manual, analytical methods, quality control data, proficiency test data, laboratory SOPs, and all records needed to verify compliance with the standards specified in 1VAC30-46-200 and 1VAC30-46-210 are available for review during the on-site assessment.

G. National security considerations.

1. Assessments at facilities owned or operated by federal agencies or contractors may require security clearances, appropriate badging, or a security briefing before the assessment begins.

2. The laboratory shall notify DCLS in writing of any information that is controlled for national security reasons and cannot be released to the public.

H. Arrival, admittance, and opening conference.

1. Arrival. DCLS and the laboratory shall agree to the date and schedule for announced on-site assessments.

2. Admittance of assessment personnel. A laboratory's refusal to admit the assessment personnel for an on-site assessment shall result in an automatic failure of the laboratory to receive accreditation or loss of an existing accreditation by the laboratory, unless there are extenuating circumstances that are accepted and documented by DCLS.

3. Health and safety. Under no circumstance, and especially as a precondition to gain access to a laboratory, shall assessment personnel be required or even allowed to sign any waiver of responsibility on the part of the laboratory for injuries incurred during an assessment.

4. Opening conference. An opening conference shall be conducted and shall address the following topics:

a. The purpose of the assessment;

b. The identification of assessment personnel;

c. The test methods that will be examined;

d. Any pertinent records and procedures to be examined during the assessment and the names of the individuals in the laboratory responsible for providing assessment personnel with such records;

e. The roles and responsibilities of laboratory staff and managers;

f. Any special safety procedures that the laboratory may think necessary for the protection of assessment personnel;

g. The standards and criteria that will be used in judging the adequacy of the laboratory operation;

h. Confirmation of the tentative time for the exit conference; and

i. Discussion of any questions the laboratory may have about the assessment process.

I. On-site laboratory records review and collection.

1. Records shall be reviewed by assessment personnel for accuracy, completeness, and the use of proper methodology for each analyte and test method to be evaluated.

2. Records required to be maintained pursuant to this chapter shall be examined as part of an assessment for accreditation.

J. Observations of and interviews with laboratory personnel.

1. As an element of the assessment process, the assessment team shall evaluate an analysis regimen by requesting that the analyst normally conducting the procedure give a step-by-step description of exactly what is done and what equipment and supplies are needed to complete the regimen. Any deficiencies shall be noted and discussed with the analyst. In addition, the deficiencies shall be discussed in the closing conference.

2. Assessment personnel may conduct interviews with appropriate laboratory personnel.

3. Calculations, data transfers, calibration procedures, quality control and quality assurance practices, adherence to test methods, and report preparation shall be assessed for the complete scope of accreditation with appropriate laboratory analysts.

K. Closing conference.

1. Assessment personnel shall meet with representatives of the laboratory following the assessment for a closing conference.

2. During the closing conference, assessment personnel shall inform the laboratory of the preliminary findings and the basis for such findings. The laboratory shall have an opportunity to provide further explanation or clarification relevant to the preliminary findings. If the laboratory objects to the preliminary findings during the closing conference, all objections shall be documented by the assessment personnel and included in the final report to DCLS.

3. Additional problem areas may be identified in the final report.

L. Follow-up and reporting procedures.

1. DCLS shall provide an on-site assessment report to the laboratory documenting any deficiencies found by DCLS within 30 calendar days of the last day of the on-site assessment.

2. When deficiencies are identified in the assessment report, the laboratory shall have 30 calendar days from the date of its receipt of the on-site assessment report to provide a corrective action plan to DCLS.

3. The laboratory's corrective action plan shall include the following:

a. Any objections that the laboratory has with regard to the on-site assessment report;

b. The action that the laboratory proposes to correct each deficiency identified in the assessment report;

c. The time period required to accomplish the corrective action; and

d. Documentation of corrective action that the laboratory has already completed at the time the corrective action plan is submitted.

4. If the corrective action plan, or a portion of the plan, is determined to be unacceptable to remedy the deficiency, DCLS shall provide written notification to the responsible official and technical manager of the laboratory, including a detailed explanation of the basis for such determination. Following receipt of such notification, the laboratory shall have an additional 30 calendar days to submit a revised corrective action plan acceptable to DCLS.

5. DCLS may withdraw accreditation from a laboratory under 1VAC30-46-100 B 5 if DCLS finds the second revised corrective action plan to be unacceptable.

6. The laboratory shall submit documentation to DCLS that the corrective action set out in its plan has been completed within the time period specified in the plan.

7. DCLS, under 1VAC30-46-100 B 6, may withdraw accreditation from a laboratory if the laboratory fails to implement the corrective actions set out in its corrective action plan.

8. DCLS shall grant final accreditation as specified in 1VAC30-46-70 K upon successful completion of any required corrective action following the on-site assessment.

NOTICE: The following forms used in administering the regulation were filed by the agency. The forms are not being published; however, online users of this issue of the Virginia Register of Regulations may click on the name of a form with a hyperlink to access it. The forms are also available from the agency contact or may be viewed at the Office of the Registrar of Regulations, General Assembly Building, 2nd Floor, Richmond, Virginia 23219.

FORMS (1VAC30-46)

Application for Certification of Environmental Laboratories, DGS‑21‑156 (eff. 1/09).

Application for Accreditation under 1VAC30-46 - must be obtained from program staff at Lab_Cert@dgs.virginia.gov.

Laboratory Management Qualifications, DGS-21-179 (eff. 2/09)

Applicant Laboratory Certification of Compliance, DGS-21-180 (eff. 8/12)

VELAP Request for Change of Scope - Request Authorization, DGS-21-185 (eff. 7/13)

Corrective Action (CA) Form, DGS-35-192 (rev. 4/13)

On-site Assessment Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Form, DGS-35-196 (eff. 5/13)

Sample - On-site Assessment Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Form, DGS-35-196 (eff. 5/13)

Fee Payment Form for Virginia Laboratory Certification Programs, DGS-35-232 (rev. 1/11)

Documentation Requested by VELAP Prior to Laboratory On-site Assessment, DGS-35-233 (rev. 3/13)

Demonstration of Capability Certification Statement, DGS-35-234 (eff. 4/10)

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (1VAC30-46)

2003 National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) Standards, EPA/600/R-04/003, Approved at Ninth NELAC Annual Meeting, June 5, 2003.

The Standards for Environmental Laboratories and Accreditation Bodies, 2009, The NELAC Institute (TNI), P.O. Box 2439, Weatherford, TX 76086; www.nelac-institute.org:

Volume 1: Management and Technical Requirements for Laboratories Performing Environmental Analysis (EL-V1-2009)

Volume 2: General Requirements for Accreditation Bodies Accrediting Environmental Laboratories (EL-V2-2009)

VA.R. Doc. No. R12-3067; Filed July 30, 2013, 3:13 p.m.
TITLE 6. CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CORRECTIONS
DEPARTMENT (BOARD) OF JUVENILE JUSTICE
Final Regulation

Title of Regulation: 6VAC35-20. Regulations Governing the Monitoring, Approval, and Certification of Juvenile Justice Programs and Facilities (amending 6VAC35-20-10, 6VAC35-20-30, 6VAC35-20-35, 6VAC35-20-37, 6VAC35-20-50, 6VAC35-20-60, 6VAC35-20-69, 6VAC35-20-75, 6VAC35-20-80, 6VAC35-20-90, 6VAC35-20-92, 6VAC35-20-93, 6VAC35-20-94, 6VAC35-20-100, 6VAC35-20-110, 6VAC35-20-120, 6VAC35-20-150; adding 6VAC35-20-36, 6VAC35-20-36.1, 6VAC35-20-61, 6VAC35-20-85, 6VAC35-20-91, 6VAC35-20-115, 6VAC35-20-200, 6VAC35-20-210, 6VAC35-20-220, 6VAC35-20-230, 6VAC35-20-240; repealing 6VAC35-20-63, 6VAC35-20-65, 6VAC35-20-67).

Statutory Authority: §§ 16.1-233 and 66-10 of the Code of Virginia.

Effective Date: September 25, 2013.

Agency Contact: Barbara Peterson-Wilson, Regulatory Coordinator, Department of Juvenile Justice, 600 East Main Street, 20th Floor, Richmond, VA 23219, telephone (804) 588-3902, FAX (804) 371-6490, or email barbara.peterson-wilson@djj.virginia.gov.

Summary:

Amendments include (i) separating the requirements for the certification of court service units and facilities and the auditing of VJCCCA programs and offices on youth; (ii) making the director or designee responsible for issuing certifications, with oversight by the board, when a program or facility is found in noncompliance with applicable regulatory requirements; (iii) reducing the number of required onsite monitoring visits from two (one announced, one unannounced) to one scheduled per year; (iv) adding a requirement for court service units and facilities to perform self-audits; (v) clarifying pre-audit, audit, and post-audit procedures, including setting specific time frames; (vi) incorporating the requirements for corrective action plans and certification audit reports by including some requirements from the existing procedures and practices; (vii) setting specific criteria and parameters regarding issuance of certificates depending on level, duration, and frequency of noncompliance; (viii) adding a requirement for the program's or facility's supervisory or governing authority to be provided with notice of the certification action; (ix) incorporating the parameters for the board's review of programs and facilities found in noncompliance; (x) reworking the section regarding actions following decertification to track statutory authority; and (xi) removing the outdated list of "mandatory standards."

The substantive changes to the regulation since publication of the proposed stage are related to notice of the certification determination date and certification action when there is a noncompliance notice. These changes include:

1. The program or facility administrator shall be provided notice of the right to appear 10 business days prior to the director's or designee's consideration of the audit report and final certification determination.

2. When a facility is less than 100% compliant with all regulatory requirements and the certification unit provides a subsequent status report prior to the certification action that identifies 100% compliance with all regulatory requirements, the director or designee shall certify the facility for a specific period of time up to three years.

3. When a facility is (i) less than 100% compliant with all critical regulatory requirements or (ii) less than 90% compliant with all noncritical regulatory requirements and the certification unit provides a subsequent status report prior to the certification action that identifies 100% compliance with all critical regulatory requirements and at least 90% compliance with all noncritical regulatory requirements, the director or designee shall certify the facility for a specific period of time up to three years.

4. If the certification unit provides a subsequent status report and there is still a finding of less than 100% compliance with all critical regulatory requirements or less than 90% compliance with all noncritical regulatory requirements and there is an acceptable corrective action plan, the certification shall be continued for up to a year with the requirement that a status report be completed for review prior to extending the certification period.

5. If the status report results find 100% compliance with all critical regulatory requirements and 90% or greater compliance on noncritical regulatory requirements, the director or designee shall certify the facility for a specific period of time up to three years.

6. If the status report results find the program or facility continues to fail to meet compliance requirements, the program or facility shall be placed on probation for a period of up to a year.

7. If there is not an acceptable corrective action plan or there is a health, welfare, or safety violation, or both, the program and facility shall be placed on probation for up to a year or decertified.

8. Programs and facilities in probationary status shall have a status report completed prior to the expiration of the probationary period and (i) if the status report results find the program meets compliance requirements, the facility or program shall be certified for up to three years or (ii) if the status report results find the program fails to meet compliance requirements, the facility or program shall be decertified.

9. Additionally, the director or designee has the authority to make certification decisions outside of the regulatory requirements under certain circumstances.

Summary of Public Comments and Agency's Response: No public comments were received by the promulgating agency.

CHAPTER 20
REGULATIONS REGULATION GOVERNING THE MONITORING, APPROVAL, AND CERTIFICATION OF JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS AND FACILITIES

Part I
Definitions and General Provisions

6VAC35-20-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Administrative probation" means the status granted to a program or facility in an emergency situation at the discretion of the director pending the next regularly scheduled board meeting.

"Administrative review" means the audit of the administrative records of a local jurisdiction or governing commission. The administrative review involves only a review of documentation housed at a central office.

"Appeal of a finding of noncompliance" means the action taken by a unit, facility or program administrator after an a certification audit when there is disagreement with a team finding of noncompliance with an individual regulatory requirement.

"Audit team leader" means the person designated by the director or designee to organize and facilitate the certification audit or the audit of a VJCCCA program or office on youth.

"Board" means the Virginia Board of Juvenile Justice.

"Certification" or "certified" means the board's formal finding that a program meets (i) all mandatory standards; (ii) an acceptable percentage of all other standards as indicated in the chart at 6VAC35-20-100; and (iii) the requirements of applicable board policies; and or facility is consequently approved to operate for a specific period of time as provided for in 6VAC35-20-100.

"Certification action" means the department's decision to issue or deny certification or to decertify a program or facility as provided for in 6VAC35-20-100 or the board's decision to take action pursuant to 6VAC35-20-115.

"Certification audit" means an on-site visit by the process by which designated personnel to assess a program's or facility's compliance with applicable board standards and policies regulatory requirements, which includes an on-site visit, the results of which are reported to the board for in a certification audit report for certification action as provided for in 6VAC35-20-100. All facilities and court service units regulated by the board shall be subject to certification audits.

"Certification audit report" or "audit report" means the official report of certification audit findings prepared for review by the board by the audit team leader as provided for in 6VAC35-20-90.

"Certification status" means the type of certification approved by the board for issued to a given program or facility, including which includes the period of time specified in the certificate, during which the program or facility is approved to operate and must maintain its standards compliance levels and have acceptable plans of action compliance with its regulatory requirements and any corrective action plan.

"Certified" means that the board has approved a program to operate under the conditions set out in 6VAC35-20-100.

"Compliance" means meeting the requirements of a standard or an applicable board policy.

"Compliance documentation" means specific documents or information including records, reports, observations, and verbal responses to establish or confirm compliance with a regulatory requirement by a program or facility.

"Conditional certification" means a temporary certification status issued to a new or newly opened facility as provided for in 6VAC35-20-100.

"Corrective action plan" means a written document that, in accordance with 6VAC35-20-91, states what has been or will be done to bring all deficiencies into compliance with regulatory requirements.

"Critical regulatory requirements" means those regulatory requirements for programs or facilities, as defined by the board, that must be maintained at 100% compliance. Critical regulatory requirements were previously termed "mandatory standards."

"Decertified" means that a previously certified program does not meet the requirements to be certified and is no longer approved to operate a status imposed in accordance with 6VAC35-20-120 when it is determined that a program or facility has not met an acceptable percentage of compliance with its regulatory requirements as provided for in 6VAC35-20-85.

"Deficiency" and "noncompliance" means that the program or facility (i) does not meet, or has not demonstrated that it meets, the requirements of a board standard or policy regulatory requirements or (ii) does not comply with the Virginia Juvenile Community Crime Control Act local plan approved by the board.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Juvenile Justice.

"Director" means the Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice.

"Life, health, "Health, welfare, or safety violation" means any action or omission that results in noncompliance with a board standard or policy and causes an immediate and potentially serious substantial threat to the life, health, welfare, or safety of the youth juveniles or staff in juvenile residential programs facilities.

"Juvenile residential facility" or "facility" means a publicly or privately operated facility or placement where 24 hour-per-day care is provided to residents who are separated from their legal guardians and that is certified pursuant to this chapter. As used in this regulation, the term includes juvenile group homes and halfway houses, juvenile secure detention centers, and juvenile correctional centers.

"Mandatory standards" means those standards of performance for programs as defined by the board which must be maintained in 100% compliance at all times.

"Monitoring review" means a review by designated department personnel assessing the program's or facility's compliance with regulatory requirements. A monitoring review may be conducted via electronic means and does not require on-site examination of the program or facility. A monitoring review may be done in conjunction with a program's or facility's self-audit, which is provided for in 6VAC35-20-61.

"Monitoring visit" means an on-site review evaluation and inspection by designated personnel to assess a program's or facility's compliance with board-approved standards, policies and, when applicable, Virginia Juvenile Community Crime Control Act local plan regulatory requirements.

"Newly opened facility" means both (i) a facility that is newly constructed and or (ii) an existing facility that is being placed in service as a juvenile residential program facility.

"Office on Youth" means nonresidential programs funded via the Virginia Delinquency Prevention and Youth Development Act (Chapter 3 (§ 66-26 et seq.) of Title 66 of the Code of Virginia).

[ "Preliminary summary suspension order" means an order issued by the director as provided in 6VAC35-20-37 taking immediate action against a program or facility when there is a known substantial health, welfare, or safety threat. This order is issued summarily prior to review by the board and is subject to due process protections after issuance. ]

"Plan of action" means a written document that explicitly states what has been or will be done to bring all deficiencies into compliance with board standards and policies.

"Probation" "Probationary certification" means the temporary status granted to a program by the board or facility to provide a period of time in which to come into demonstrate compliance with standards regulatory requirements.

"Program" means a juvenile residential facility, court service unit, or a nonresidential service subject to standards or policies of the board applicable regulatory requirements. For the purpose of this regulation, VJCCCA programs and offices on youth are not included in this definition.

"Program or facility administrator" means the staff member individual responsible for the operation operations of a program, or facility or institution subject to regulatory requirements.

"Random sampling" means a system for selecting programs for monitoring visits, by which all programs in a given category have a similar likelihood of being selected for a visit, but which may not result in any given program receiving a monitoring visit during any given period of time.

"Regulatory requirement" means a provision of a regulation promulgated by the board to which a program or facility must adhere. A section, subsection, or subdivision of a regulation may include multiple regulatory requirements as provided for in 6VAC35-20-85.

"Substantial compliance" means that the program meets all applicable mandatory standards and at least 90% of all other applicable standards.

[ "Status report" means a report that summarizes a review of the areas on which there was a finding of noncompliance and states the program's or facility's compliance standing indicated through the review. For a status report, the regulatory requirements are monitored at the same level of compliance as assessed in the certification audit. ]

"Summary suspension order" means an order issued by the director in accordance with § 66-24 of the Code of Virginia and 6VAC35-20-37 temporarily suspending a program's or facility's certification.

"Systemic deficiency" means that deficiencies have been found in three or more separate but related standards and have been cited by certification personnel as indicating that a program may have significant problems in a given area such as recordkeeping, training, health services, social services, security, etc.

"Unresolved life, health or safety violation" means a life, health or safety violation that is not corrected in an approved corrective plan of action or that has recurred after the life, health or safety violation was noted during an interim monitoring visit.

"Variance" means a board action that relieves a program or facility from having to meet a specific standard regulatory requirement or develop a corrective action plan of action for that standard, either permanently or regulatory requirement for a determined period of time, when (i) waiving these requirements will not result in a threat to the life, health or safety of juveniles or staff; (ii) enforcement will create an undue hardship; (iii) the standard is not specifically required by statute or by the regulations of another government agency; (iv) the standard is not designated as mandatory by the board; and (v) juveniles' care or services would not be adversely affected.

"VJCCCA program" means a nonresidential program established under the Virginia Juvenile Community Crime Control Act (Article 12.1 (§ 16.1-309.2 et seq.) of Chapter 11 of Title 16.1 of the Code of Virginia).

"VJCCCA program or office on youth audit" means the on-site visit by designated department personnel to assess a program funded through the Virginia Juvenile Community Crime Control Act (Article 12.1 (§ 16.1-309.2 et seq.) of Chapter 11 of Title 16.1 of the Code of Virginia) or the Virginia Delinquency Prevention and Youth Development Act (Chapter 3 (§ 66-26 et seq.) of Title 66 of the Code of Virginia) for compliance with the regulatory requirements as provided for in 6VAC35-150 (Regulation for Nonresidential Services) and 6VAC35-60 (Minimum Standards for Virginia Delinquency Prevention and Youth Development Act Grant Programs), as applicable.

"VJCCCA program or office on youth audit report" means an official report of a VJCCCA program or office on youth audit.

"Waiver" means a formal statement from the department temporarily excusing a program or facility from meeting a nonmandatory standard noncritical regulatory requirement pending board action on a formal variance request.

"Written" means the required information is communicated in writing. Such writing may be available in either hard copy or electronic form.

6VAC35-20-30. Purpose.

This regulation prescribes how, in accordance with Code of Virginia §§ 16.1-234, 16.1-309.1, 16.1-249, 16.1-309.9 B, 16.1-309.10, 16.1-349, and 66-10, 66-24, and 66-25.1:3 of the Code of Virginia, (i) the Board and Department of Juvenile Justice department will monitor and approve and audit juvenile residential facilities, programs, VJCCCA programs, and offices on youth; (ii) the department will certify residential facilities and nonresidential programs state-operated and local court service units that are part of the Commonwealth's juvenile justice system; and (iii) the board will review certification audit reports of programs and facilities found in noncompliance with applicable regulatory requirements.

6VAC35-20-35. Guidance documents.

To help programs and facilities meet all regulatory and policy requirements, the department shall prepare guidance documents compiling all standards and policies regulatory requirements applicable to each type of program or facility subject to this chapter and stating how compliance will be assessed. The guidance documents [ will shall ] serve as the basis for monitoring visits, monitoring reviews, certification audits, and the board's certification action and VJCCCA program or offices on youth audits. [ The guidance documents shall be posted on the department's website at http://www.djj.virginia.gov. ]

6VAC35-20-36. Program or facility relationship to regulatory authority.

A. The program or facility shall submit or make available to the audit team leader such reports and information required to establish compliance with applicable regulatory requirements. Documentation supporting compliance with regulatory requirements shall be retained by the program or facility from the date of the previous certification audit or VJCCCA program or office on youth audit.

B. The program or facility administrator shall notify the director or designee within five business days of any significant change in administrative structure or newly hired chief administrative officer or program or facility administrator or director.

C. The program or facility administrator shall, [ as required ] in [ the applicable guidance documents as prescribed in 6VAC35-20-35 accordance with the process established by the department ], notify the director or designee of the following:

1. Any serious incidents affecting the health, welfare, or safety of citizens, individuals under the supervision of the department, or staff;

2. Lawsuits against or settlements relating to the health, welfare, safety, or human rights of residents; and

3. Any criminal charges or reports of suspected child abuse or neglect against staff relating to the health, welfare, safety, or human rights of residents.

6VAC35-20-36.1. Department response to reports of health, welfare, or safety violations.

[ A. ] Whenever the department becomes aware of a health, welfare, or safety violation, the department shall take immediate action to correct the situation if not already done by the program or facility. The department's actions may include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Reporting the situation to child protective services, the Virginia State Police or the law-enforcement agency with jurisdiction, or other enforcement authorities, as applicable and appropriate; or

2. Taking any action authorized in 6VAC35-20-37 for violations in a juvenile residential facility.

[ B. The department shall report 3. Reporting ] to the board no later than its next regularly scheduled meeting (i) the nature and scope of the health, welfare, or safety violation and (ii) the action taken by the department or the program or facility to correct the violation.

6VAC35-20-37. Director's authority to take immediate administrative action.

A. Nothing in this regulation shall be construed to limit the director's authority to take immediate administrative action in accordance with law whenever (i) evidence is found of any life, health, welfare, or safety violation or (ii) a program or facility is not in substantial compliance with board-approved standards, policies, regulatory requirements or local plan for the Virginia Juvenile Community Crime Control Act programs requirements. Such administrative action may include, but is not limited to (a) withholding funds; (b) removing juveniles from the program or facility; or (c) placing the program or facility on administrative probation probationary certification status for up to six months pending certification action review by the board pursuant to 6VAC35-20-115; or (d) summarily suspending the certificate pursuant to subsection B of this section. In taking such action, the department shall notify the program or facility administrator, the administrative entity that to which the program or facility reports to, and the board, in writing, of the reason for the administrative action and the action the program or facility must take to correct the situation violation.

B. In accordance with subsection A of this section and pursuant to the provisions set forth in § 66-24 of the Code of Virginia, the director may issue a preliminary summary order of suspension order of the license or certificate of any group home or the juvenile residential facility so regulated by the department. board as follows:

1. Conditions A preliminary [ order of summary ] suspension [ order ] may be issued when conditions or practices existing exist in the home or facility posing that pose an immediate and substantial threat to the health, welfare, or safety, and welfare of the residents include including, but not limited to, the following:

a. Violations of any provision of applicable laws or applicable regulations made pursuant to such laws;

b. Permitting, aiding, or abetting the commission of any illegal act in the regulated home or facility;

c. Engaging in conduct or practices that are in violation of statutes related to abuse or neglect of children;

d. Deviating significantly from the program or services for which a license or certificate was issued without obtaining prior written approval from the regulatory authority or failing to correct such deviations within the specified time; or

e. Engaging in a willful action or gross negligence that jeopardizes the care or protection of the resident.

2. The director shall immediately upon issuance of the preliminary summary suspension order and without delay notify the licensee or certificate holder verbally and by in writing via (i) facsimile, (ii) electronic mail, or (iii) hand delivery of the issuance of the preliminary order of suspension and the opportunity for a hearing before the director or his designee within three working business days of the issuance of the preliminary summary order of suspension order. The chair of the board must be notified immediately when the director issues a preliminary summary suspension order. In accordance with 6VAC35-20-36.1, the director shall report the action taken to the board no later than its regularly scheduled meeting.

a. The licensee or certificate holder may decline the opportunity for an appeal to the director or his designee.

b. Whenever an appeal is requested and a criminal charge is also filed against the appellant involving the same conduct, the appeal process shall be stayed until the criminal prosecution is completed. During such stay, the licensee's or certificate holder's right of access to the records of the department regarding the matter being appealed shall also be stayed. Once the criminal prosecution in court has been completed, the department shall advise the appellant in writing of his right to resume his appeal within the timeframes time frames provided by law and regulation.

3. The licensee or certificate holder may appear before the director or his designee by personal appearance or by telephone. Any documents filed may be transmitted by facsimile and the facsimile and any signatures thereon shall serve, for all purposes, as an original document.

a. Upon request, the department shall provide the appellant a summary of the information used in making its determination. Information prohibited from being disclosed by state or federal law or regulation shall not be released. In the case of any information being withheld, the licensee or certificate holder shall be advised of the general nature of the information and the reasons, of privacy or otherwise, that it is being withheld.

b. The director or his designee shall preside over the appeal. With the exception of the director, no person whose regular duties include substantial involvement with the certification or licensing of the facilities shall preside over the appeal.

(1) The licensee or certificate holder may be represented by counsel.

(2) The licensee or certificate holder shall be entitled to present the testimony of witnesses, documents, factual data, arguments, or other submissions of proof.

4. The director or his designee shall have the authority to sustain, amend, or reverse the preliminary summary suspension order. If sustained or amended, the order is considered final. The director or his designee shall notify the licensee or certificate holder in writing of the results of the appeal and of the right to appeal the final order to the appropriate circuit court within 10 [ business ] days of the hearing decision. Notification of the results of the appeal before the director or his designee shall be mailed certified with return receipt to the licensee or certificate holder.

a. The chair of the board must be immediately notified when the director issues a final order of summary suspension order. In accordance with 6VAC35-20-65 6VAC35-20-36.1, the director shall report the action taken to the board no later than its next regularly scheduled meeting the action taken.

b. If the licensee or certificate holder is not satisfied, the licensee or certificate holder may dispute the noncompliance finding in accordance with 6VAC35-20-67 6VAC35-20-90.

Part II
Certification Audits of Programs and Facilities

6VAC35-20-50. Preaudit process for certification audits.

A. At least six months in advance of an a certification audit, personnel designated by the director the department shall notify each program or facility to be audited of the scheduled audit date and the name of the designated audit team leader.

B. Up until At least 90 [ calendar ] days before the scheduled audit, the program or facility administrator may request that the audit be rescheduled. Except as provided in 6VAC35-20-100, audits, even if rescheduled, must occur before the expiration of the current certification, unless specifically approved by the director.

C. Audit team members shall be appointed and notified of their appointment at least 30 days prior to the scheduled audit. The program administrator of the agency to be audited shall receive a list of the team members.

D. At least 10 days prior to the scheduled audit, C. The audit team leader shall provide the program or facility administrator with a list of audit team members as soon as practicable, but no later than 10 [ business ] days before the scheduled certification audit. Upon notification of the audit team members, the program or facility administrator may, for just cause, request that one or more members of the audit team be replaced. Every reasonable effort will be made to comply with the request. Any subsequent addition or substitution of the audit team members shall be communicated to the program or facility administrator as soon as practicable and may be made subject to the mutual agreement of the audit team leader and program or facility administrator.

E. In instances where several programs are operated under the administration of a single commission, the certification team and the program administrator may agree to an administrative review audit.

6VAC35-20-60. Monitoring visits of programs and facilities.

A. All state and local programs or facilities subject to standards regulations issued by the Board of Juvenile Justice board shall be subject to periodic, scheduled monitoring visits, scheduled and or monitoring reviews conducted in accordance with written department procedures. Whenever deemed necessary, the board may require that a monitoring visit be conducted of any program.

B. The department shall annually submit to the board develop a plan for monitoring programs and facilities subject to certification audits, which shall provide for at least the following:

1. All residential programs, court service units and offices on youth that are currently receiving state funding programs and facilities that are subject to certification audits shall receive at least one announced scheduled monitoring visit per year. A certification audit may shall satisfy the requirement of a scheduled monitoring visit. In addition, all residential programs and court service units shall receive at least one unannounced monitoring visit per year.

2. All nonresidential programs established under the Virginia Juvenile Community Crime Control Act (Article 12.1 of Title 16.1 of the Code of Virginia) shall be reviewed at least once every two years to determine compliance with the approved local plans and standards promulgated by the board. Additional monitoring visits or monitoring reviews may be conducted at the request of the board, department, or program or facility administrator.

3. Individual nonresidential programs shall receive monitoring visits according to the department's annual plan, which may provide for random sampling of programs in various categories. However, during each calendar year at least one nonresidential program in each Virginia Juvenile Community Crime Control Act (VJCCCA) plan shall receive a monitoring visit.

6VAC35-20-61. Self-audit of programs and facilities subject to certification audits.

A. All programs and facilities subject to certification audits shall, in accordance with [ department procedures the department's Guidance Document: Self-Audits/Evaluations, September 2013 ], conduct, except in the year the program or facility is subject to a certification audit, an annual self-audit for compliance with applicable regulatory requirements.

B. The self-audit reports shall be made available during the certification audit.

6VAC35-20-63. Reports of monitoring visits. (Repealed.)

The department shall report to the board in writing any significant deficiencies identified through monitoring visits or other means when a program has failed to take needed corrective action.

6VAC35-20-65. Reports required of life, health and safety violations. (Repealed.)

A. Whenever department personnel become aware of a life, health or safety violation, the department shall take immediate action to correct the situation if the program has not already done so. Such action may include but is not limited to reporting the situation to Child Protective Services, the State Police, or other enforcement authorities as appropriate, administrative probation, removal of residents or suspension of finding. The department shall report to the board no later than its next regularly scheduled meeting: (i) the nature and scope of the violation, and (ii) the action taken by the department or the program to correct the deficiency.

B. When a life, health or safety violation has not been adequately corrected, the board may take certification action up to and potentially including decertification.

6VAC35-20-67. Disputes of noncompliance findings. (Repealed.)

Any program that is cited for noncompliance with board-approved standards, policies or local VJCCCA plan may:

1. Request a variance in accordance with 6VAC35-20-92; or

2. Appeal the finding, in writing, within 10 days of receiving notice of the finding, in accordance with department procedures and 6VAC35-20-94.

6VAC35-20-69. New Newly opened facilities and new construction, expansion, or renovation of residential programs facilities.

A. When a newly opened facility seeks certification to allow the admission of residents, the facility administrator shall contact the director or designee to request a review of the facility for conditional certification.

B. The facility administrator and the department shall follow the requirements of this chapter and department procedures in reviewing a facility prior to admission of residents. New construction, expansions, and renovations in all juvenile residential programs facilities, whether or not the facility or its sponsor is seeking reimbursement for construction or operations, shall conform to applicable the governing provisions in of the board's Regulations for Local Juvenile Residential Facility Construction and Reimbursement of Local Construction Costs (6VAC35-30), and Standards for Interagency Regulation of Children's Residential Facilities (22VAC42-10). In addition, the department shall consider the facility's degree of compliance with the Guidelines for Minimum Standards in Design and Construction of Juvenile Facilities. following regulations [ and any applicable guidance documents related thereto ]:

1. Regulation Governing Juvenile Correctional Centers (6VAC35-71);

2. Regulation Governing Juvenile Secure Detention Centers (6VAC35-101);

3. Regulation Governing Juvenile Group Homes and Halfway Houses (6VAC35-41); and

4. Regulation Governing State Reimbursement of Local Juvenile Residential Facility Costs (6VAC35-30).

B. The department shall not approve the housing of juveniles in a newly opened facility if the facility does not meet the requirements for a conditional certification as provided in 6VAC35-20-100.

C. The department shall not approve the housing of juveniles in any portion of a facility that has been modified through expansion or renovation, until designated department staff visit the facility and verify that:

1. The facility or applicable portion thereof complies with all applicable mandatory standards and physical plant standards; and

2. The current certification issued by the board is appropriate to the status of its program and construction.

C. A newly constructed, expanded, or renovated facility shall, except as provided in subsection D of this section, obtain conditional certification as provided in 6VAC35-20-100 prior to the placement of residents in the new facility or portion of an existing facility subject to the expansion or renovation.

D. The director or designee shall consider the request for certification within 60 days of receiving the request and report of the basic audit findings. Actions taken by the director or designee shall be governed by the provisions of 6VAC35-20-100.

6VAC35-20-75. Certification of individual programs or facilities.

A. The board director or designee shall [ individually ] certify [ all each ] (i) juvenile residential [ facilities, facility ] and (ii) court service [ units unit ] and offices on youth that are currently receiving state funding.

B. The department shall schedule and conduct certification audits in sufficient time for the board to take action on the audit report before a program's current certification expires. The department shall publish procedures for naming audit team members, conducting on-site audits, determining compliance, conducting exit interviews, reviewing and approving corrective plans of action, and instructing programs how to request variances or appeal findings.

C. Upon the completion of the audit, the certification audit findings shall be reported to the program's administrator and sponsor and to appropriate department personnel. The program administrator or sponsor may appeal any of the certification audit findings in accordance with department procedures that shall specify (i) the timeframes for filing the appeal and for the department's response; and (ii) the department personnel responsible for considering the appeal.

D. Appeals of audit findings that cannot be resolved by the department shall be forwarded to the board for resolution as provided in 6VAC35-20-94.

E. Designated department personnel shall review and approve plans of action to address deficiencies identified in the audit report, and summaries of the approved plans of action shall be forwarded to the board along with the audit report.

F. Requests for variances shall be forwarded to the board along with the department's recommendation to approve or disapprove the variance.

B. The director or designee may extend a current certification for a specified period of time pending a certification audit and the completion of an administrative review, provided the department is not aware of any health, welfare, or safety violations.

C. If a program's or facility's certification expires prior to the director's or designee's consideration of the certification audit report, the program's or facility's current certification status shall continue in effect until the director or designee takes certification action.

D. The director or designee may, upon the request of a program or facility administrator or the department, modify during the term of the certificate the conditions of a certificate relating to a program's or facility's certification status or capacity, the residents' age range or sex, the facility's location, or changes in the services offered and provided.

E. A certificate is not transferrable and automatically expires when there is a change of ownership or sponsorship of the program or facility.

F. When the program or facility ceases to operate, the program or facility administrator shall return the certificate to the director or designee. The department shall notify the board of the change in the program's or facility's status.

6VAC35-20-80. On-site Certification audit procedures.

A. The burden of providing proof of compliance with standards rests with the program staff. Documentation created once the audit has begun shall not be accepted. The program or facility shall demonstrate [ substantial ] compliance as required in this chapter [ and by any applicable guidance documents that require ] that the program or facility [ have has ] no areas of noncompliance that pose an immediate and direct danger to residents.

B. The audit team shall (i) visit the program or facility and (ii) review and examine sufficient documentation to adequately render a determination of compliance as provided for in 6VAC35-20-85.

1. The burden of providing proof of compliance with regulatory requirements rests with the program or facility staff.

2. A program or facility with an approved variance or waiver shall provide such documentation to the certification audit team.

B. 3. It is permissible to provide additional documentation should the certification team request it; however, such documentation must already exist when the audit begins. Once the audit is concluded, any changes made by an agency will not change the compliance determination for a given standard but instead become part of the program's plan of action.

4. Compliance [ documentation ] shall be [ collected determined ] through documentation, interview, and observation.

6VAC35-20-85. Determining compliance with individual regulatory requirements.

A. During the audit process, the department shall determine whether the program or facility is compliant with each regulatory requirement. To be found in compliance, the following shall be shown:

1. The program or facility shall:

a. For critical regulatory requirements, demonstrate 100% compliance;

b. For noncritical regulatory requirements with multiple elements, the certification audit team will make a determination of compliance as [ indicated in the applicable compliance document provided in department procedures ] that shall require (i) an acceptable percentage of compliance with the [ provision and entire regulatory requirement or ] (ii) [ an absence of any systemic noncompliance in ] any single element; or

c. For all noncritical regulatory requirements, demonstrate an acceptable percentage compliance as provided [ for in the applicable guidance document in department procedures ].

2. The program or facility shall not have:

a. Any circumstance or condition constituting a pattern of action that presents a concern for the health, welfare, or safety of the residents, program participants, or staff; or

b. Any circumstance or condition that presents an immediate threat to the health, welfare, or safety of the residents, program participants, or staff.

B. The determination of noncompliance shall be a decision made by the entire certification team [ in accordance with the applicable guidance document ].

C. For purposes of calculating percentage of compliance, the determination of what constitutes individual regulatory requirements [ (i.e., (e.g., ] section, subsection, subdivision, or element in a list in the regulatory chapter) will be specified [ in the applicable guidance document as provided in department procedures ].

6VAC35-20-90. Certification audit reports findings.

A. Upon the completion of the audit, the certification audit findings shall be discussed with the program's or facility's administrator or designee.

A. B. A written report of the team's findings from the certification audit shall be submitted to the program administrator, within 10 working business days following the compliance certification audit, to (i) the program or facility administrator [ and ] (ii) [ the supervisory or governing authority over the program or facility administrator, and (iii) to ] the director or designee. Any finding of noncompliance with a regulatory requirement shall be documented.

B. The program administrator shall develop a plan of action to correct all noncompliance findings. The plan of action shall be submitted to the department personnel as designated in department procedures within 15 days of receipt of the report of the team's findings. In exceptional situations, the designated department personnel may grant a 30-day extension to a program administrator for the development of an action plan. C. Any program or facility that is cited for noncompliance with a regulatory requirement may within 10 business days of receiving the written report of the findings for the certification audit:

1. Request in writing a variance in accordance with 6VAC35-20-92; or

2. Appeal the finding of noncompliance in writing and in accordance with department procedures and 6VAC35-20-94.

C. The department shall issue guidelines, including timeframes, that provide a process for reviewing and approving plans of corrective action, including those that are initially deemed unacceptable and in need of refinement, in time for the plans to be included in the audit report to the board. If an acceptable plan of action is not submitted within the required time frame, the director or designee shall refer the matter to the board for action.

D. Each certification audit report submitted to the board shall contain:

1. The program's name, administrator, sponsor, location and purpose;

2. A summary of the program's target audience, its relation to other entities in the community and in the juvenile justice system, and other information relevant to its operation;

3. The date of the certification audit and the names of the audit team members;

4. Notation of all standards and policies for which noncompliance was found, including especially notation of any life, health or safety violations; a brief description of the circumstances, including extenuating and aggravating factors; and supplemented, when appropriate, with photographic evidence or other documentation; and

5. For each deficiency cited, a plan of corrective action that states:

a. The action taken or required to correct the deficiency and prevent its recurrence;

b. The person or agency responsible for the action; and

c. The deadline for taking the action.

6VAC35-20-91. Corrective action plans and certification audit reports.

A. For each finding of noncompliance, the program or facility administrator shall develop a corrective action plan.

1. The corrective action plan shall be submitted to the department within 30 [ calendar ] days of receipt of the written certification audit findings. For good cause, the department may grant a 30- [ calendar ] day extension to a program or facility administrator for the development of the corrective action plan.

2. The department shall issue guidelines that provide for (i) the format [ , (ii) any content not currently required by this section, ] and [ (iii) (ii) ] the process for the department's review and approval of corrective action plans.

3. The corrective action plan shall include the following:

a. A description of any extenuating or aggravating factors contributing to the noncompliant circumstances or conditions;

b. A description of each corrective action required or tasks required to correct the deficiency and prevent its recurrence;

c. The actual or proposed date of task completion; and

d. The identification of the person responsible for oversight of each element of the implementation of the corrective action plan.

If the corrective action proposed by the program or facility involves a request for a variance in accordance with 6VAC35-20-92, the corrective action plan must also state what action will be taken to meet or attempt to meet the regulatory requirement should the request for the variance be denied.

4. The program or facility administrator shall be responsible for developing and implementing a written corrective action plan.

5. If a finding of noncompliance results in a request for an appeal of the finding of noncompliance or a variance, documentation of the request for a variance or of the appeal of the finding of noncompliance should be attached to the corrective action plan.

B. Each certification audit report submitted to the director or designee shall contain:

1. The program's or facility's name, administrator, and location;

2. A summary of the program's or facility's population served, programs, and services provided;

3. The date of the certification audit and the names of the audit team leader and members; and

4. Notation of all regulatory requirements for which there was a finding of noncompliance as provided for in 6VAC35-20-85.

If there is a finding of noncompliance with a regulatory requirement, the report shall describe the noncompliance and incorporate the program's or facility's corrective action plan for each area of noncompliance. If a program or facility administrator fails to submit a corrective action plan within the time specified, the certification audit report, [ with audit team recommendations, ] shall be submitted to the director or designee for consideration.

C. The program or facility administrator shall submit to the audit team leader, upon completion of the corrective action plan, documentation confirming all corrective actions have been fully executed.

6VAC35-20-92. Variance request.

A. Any request for a variance must be submitted in writing and. If the request is submitted subsequent to a finding of noncompliance in a certification audit, the request must be submitted within 10 [ business ] days of receiving the written report of the findings from the certification audit. All requests shall include:

1. The nonmandatory standard noncritical regulatory requirement for which a variance is requested;

2. The justification for the request;

3. Any actions taken to come into compliance;

4. The person and agency responsible for such action;

5. The date at which time compliance is expected; and

6. The specific time period requested for this variance; and.

7. A draft plan of corrective action describing how the program would meet the standard should the variance not be granted.

The department's recommendation to the board as to the certification action to be taken shall address each of the program's variance requests.

B. Documentation of any variance requests stemming from a finding of noncompliance in a certification audit shall be submitted along with the corrective action plan for correcting any deficiencies cited during the certification audit as provided for in 6VAC35-20-91.

C. A requested variance shall not be implemented prior to obtaining the approval of the board.

D. Requests for variances shall be placed on the agenda for consideration at the next regularly scheduled board meeting. [ The requested variance shall be accompanied by the department's recommendation to approve or disapprove the variance. ]

E. In issuing variances, the board shall specify the scope and duration of the variance.

6VAC35-20-93. Waivers.

A. When a program or facility has submitted a formal variance request to the board concerning a nonmandatory standard noncritical regulatory requirement, the director may, but is not required to, grant a waiver temporarily excusing a program or facility from meeting the requirements of the standard regulation when (i) the standard regulatory requirement is not required by statute or by federal or state regulations other than those issued by the board of juvenile justice; (ii) noncompliance with the standard regulatory requirement will not result in a threat to the life, health, welfare, or safety of residents, the community, or staff; (iii) enforcement will create an undue hardship; and (iv) juveniles' care or services would not be adversely affected.

B. A waiver shall be granted only when the program or facility is presented with emergency conditions or circumstances making compliance with the regulatory requirement either impossible or impractical.

C. The waiver shall be in effect only until such time as the board acts on the variance request. The board will act on the matter at its first meeting following notice from the department director or designee that a waiver has been granted.

C. D. The director or designee shall promptly notify the board [ chair ] by first class mail [ in writing ] of waivers granted, and the rationale for so doing granting.

D. E. A program or facility will not be cited for noncompliance with the requirements of a standard regulatory requirement subject to a waiver during the time it operates pursuant to a waiver approved by the director or designee.

6VAC35-20-94. Appeal process for a finding of noncompliance [ with an individual regulatory requirement ].

If an appeal of any audit findings is being made, the program administrator shall attach the appeal request to any plan of action and submit the appeal to department personnel as designated in agency procedures within 15 days of written notification of the audit findings.

A. A program or facility administrator may appeal a finding of noncompliance of an audit by submitting the appeal to the director or designee within 10 [ business ] days of the [ receipt of ] written notification of the audit findings.

Department staff as designated in agency procedures B. The manager for the certification team or designee shall contact the program or facility administrator and make every effort to resolve the appeal with the program administrator within 15 10 [ business ] days of receiving the appeal receipt of the appeal. If the program administrator is not satisfied, he may submit a written request to department staff as designated in department procedures within five days to have the matter reviewed by the Board of Juvenile Justice at its next scheduled meeting. The matter will be placed on the board's agenda pursuant to timeframes adopted by the board for submission of agenda items.

C. If department personnel and the program or facility administrator are not able to informally resolve the issue on appeal, the request for an appeal shall be forwarded by the manager for the certification team or designee as soon as practicable to the director or designee.

1. The director or designee shall issue a decision on the appeal within 15 business days of receipt.

2. The program or facility administrator shall be informed as soon as practicable, but no later than the end of the next business day, of the director's or designee's decision.

D. If the appealed finding of noncompliance remains unresolved after exhaustion of the informal review and appeal to the director [ or ] designee, the program or facility administrator may appeal the director's or designee's decision to the board. Upon request, the department shall place the appealed finding of noncompliance on the board's agenda for consideration at its next regularly scheduled meeting.

E. If the appeal is granted [ and the finding overruled ], the finding of noncompliance shall be removed from the certification audit report.

F. An appeal pursuant to this section does not negate the requirement to submit a corrective action plan, as required by 6VAC35-20-91, on the disputed regulatory requirement.

6VAC35-20-100. Board certification Certification action.

A. The board may extend a current certification for a specified period of time, pending a certification audit and the completion of administrative reviews, provided the program meets all mandatory standards and the board and the department are not aware of any life, health or safety violations.

B. If a program's certification expires during a period when the board does not meet, the program's current certification status shall continue in effect until the board meets and takes certification action.

C. Once the board takes certification action, the board will issue a certificate or letter clearly identifying the program, the certification status, and the period of time during which the certification will be effective unless the certificate is revoked or surrendered sooner.

D. For purposes of calculating percentage of compliance, a standard will be identified either as a section of the Virginia Administrative Code or a subsection identified by an uppercase letter (A, B, C, etc.). Thus, whenever a section of a 6VAC35 regulation contains one or more subsections, each subsection constitutes a distinct standard. Subdivisions (identified by numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.) or lower case letters (a, b, c, etc.) are not separate standards but are elements of the standard. When any element a, b, c or 1, 2, 3 is not met, the standard in which it appears is not met.

E. A Conditional Certification for up to six months will be issued to a new program that:

1. Demonstrates 100% compliance with all mandatory standards;

2. Demonstrates at least 90% compliance with all nonmandatory standards;

3. Has acceptable plans of action for all noncompliances; and

4. Has no unresolved life, health or safety violations.

F. A One-year Certification will be issued when a program currently holds a Conditional Certification, a One-Year Certification, or a Three-Year Certification, and:

1. Is in 100 % compliance with all mandatory standards;

2. Demonstrates at least 90% compliance with all other standards;

3. Has acceptable plans of action for all noncompliance;

4. Has no unresolved life, health or safety violations; and

5. Has no more than one systemic deficiency.

G. A Three-year Certification will be issued when a program currently holds a One-year Certification or a Three-year Certification and the program:

1. Is in 100% compliance with all mandatory standards;

2. Demonstrates at least 95% compliance with all other standards;

3. Has acceptable plans of action for all noncompliance;

4. Has no unresolved life, health or safety violations; and

5. Has no systemic deficiencies.

H. Any program, in any certification status, will be placed on probation for up to six months when the program:

1. Is in less than 100% compliance with all mandatory standards but has acceptable plans of action to address deficiencies;

2. Demonstrates less than 90% compliance with all other standards;

3. Does not have acceptable plans of action for all noncompliance;

4. Has one or more unresolved life, health or safety violations; or

5. Has two or more systemic deficiencies.

I. Any program, regardless of current certification status, will be decertified or denied certification when:

1. The program is in less than 100% compliance with all mandatory standards without acceptable plans of action to address deficiencies;

2. The program demonstrates less than 90% compliance with all other standards and does not have acceptable plans of action to address deficiencies;

3. The program, if on probation or administrative probation, has not corrected the circumstances that were cited in placing the program on probation or administrative probation to the point that the program would qualify for at least conditional certification; or

4. The program's staff have (i) committed, permitted, aided or abetted any illegal act in the program; or (ii) violated child abuse or neglect laws; or (iii) deviated significantly from the program or services for which a certificate was issued without prior approval from the board; or (iv) failed to correct any such deviations within the time specified by the board; or (v) falsified records.

A. The department shall notify the program or facility administrator of [ (i) ] the date, time, and location the director or designee will take certification action relating to the program's or facility's certification audit [ and (ii) any recommendation of the audit team regarding the program's or facility's certification status. ] The program or facility administrator shall have the right to appear in person or by counsel or other qualified representative when the director or designee considers the audit report and makes a certification decision. [ The program or facility administrator shall be provided notice of the right to appear 10 business days prior to the director's or designee's consideration of the audit report and final certification determination. ]

B. A conditional certification for up to six months will be issued to a new program or a newly opened facility that:

1. Demonstrates 100% compliance with (i) all critical regulatory requirements and (ii) any physical plant regulatory requirements;

2. Demonstrates at least 90% compliance with all noncritical regulatory requirements [ and has an acceptable corrective action plan ]; [ and ]

[ 3. Has acceptable corrective action plans for all noncompliances; and

4. 3. ] Has no unresolved health, welfare, or safety violations.

C. Upon review of the audit findings and any acceptable corrective action plans, the director or designee [ may shall ] take the following certification actions:

1. If the certification audit finds the program or facility in [ (i) ] 100% compliance with all regulatory requirements [ or (ii) less than 100% with a corrective action plan demonstrating the program or facility is in 100% compliance ], the director or designee shall certify the facility for three years.

2. If the certification audit finds the program or facility in less than 100% compliance with all regulatory requirements and [ there (i) are no health, welfare, or safety violations and (ii) is an acceptable corrective action plan for any finding of deficiency a subsequent status report, completed prior to the certification action, finds 100% compliance on all regulatory requirements ], the director or designee shall certify the facility for a specific period of time, up to three years.

3. If the certification audit finds the program or facility in less than 100% compliance with all [ critical ] regulatory requirements [ and there is a health, welfare, or safety violation with an acceptable corrective action plan for any finding of deficiency, the director or designee shall continue the program's or facility's current certification for a specific period of time, with a status report to be provided within a specified period of time, not to exceed six months. or less than 90% on all noncritical regulatory requirements or both, and a subsequent status report, completed prior to the certification action, finds 100% compliance on all critical regulatory requirements and 90% or greater compliance on all noncritical regulatory requirements, the program or facility shall be certified for a specified period of time, up to three years. ]

[ a. If the status report indicates no continued areas of noncompliance, the director or designee shall certify the facility for up to three years, subject to the provisions of subdivision C 7 of this section.

b. If the status report indicates any continued area of noncompliance, none of which is a health, welfare, or safety violation, the director or designee shall continue the program's or facility's certification with a status report required within a specific period of time, not to exceed six months.

(1) If the status report indicates no continued areas of noncompliance, the director or designee shall certify the program or facility for up to three years, subject to the provisions of subdivision C 7 of this section.

(2) If any area of noncompliance continues thereafter, the program or facility shall be placed on probationary certification status, subject to the applicable provisions of subdivision C 5 of this section.

c. If the status report indicates any continued area of noncompliance, any of which are health, welfare, or safety violations, the director or designee shall place the program or facility on probationary certification status, subject to the provisions of subdivision C 5 of this section.

4. If the certification audit finds the program or facility in less than 100% compliance and there are health, welfare, or safety violations without an acceptable corrective action plan for any finding of deficiency, the director or designee shall place the program or facility on probationary certification status, subject to the provisions of subdivision C 5 of this section.

4. If the certification audit finds the program or facility in less than 100% compliance with all critical regulatory requirements or less than 90% on all noncritical regulatory requirements or both, and a subsequent status report, completed prior to the certification action, finds less than 100% compliance on all critical regulatory requirements or less than 90% compliance on all noncritical regulatory requirements or both, the program or facility shall be subject to the following actions:

a. If there is an acceptable corrective action plan and no conditions or practices exist in the program or facility that pose an immediate and substantial threat to the health, welfare, or safety of the residents, the program's or facility's certification shall be continued for a specified period of time up to one year with a status report completed for review prior to the extension of the certification period.

(1) If the status report results find the program or facility in 100% compliance on all critical regulatory requirements and 90% or greater compliance on all noncritical regulatory requirements, the program or facility shall be certified for a specified period of time, up to three years, retroactive to the date upon which the prior certification was scheduled to expire.

(2) If the status report results find that the program or facility continues to be at less than 100% compliance on the critical regulatory requirements or less than 90% compliance on all noncritical regulatory requirements, the program or facility shall be placed on probationary certification status for a specified period of time, up to one year.

b. If there is not an acceptable corrective action plan or there is a health, welfare, or safety violation or both, the program or facility shall be placed on probationary certification status for a specified period of time up to one year or decertified.

5. Whenever a program or facility is placed on probationary certification status, a status report shall be completed prior to the expiration of the probationary certification period.

a. If the status report results find the program or facility in 100% compliance on all critical regulatory requirements and 90% or greater compliance on all noncritical regulatory requirements, the program or facility shall be certified for a specified period of time, up to three years retroactive to the date upon which the prior certification was scheduled to expire.

b. If the status report results find the program or facility continues to be at less than 100% compliance on the critical regulatory requirements or less than 90% compliance on all noncritical regulatory requirements, the program or facility shall be decertified.

5. 6. ] When a program or facility is placed on probationary certification status, (i) the director or designee shall, taking into account the program's or facility's history of compliance with regulatory requirements, specify the duration of the probationary certification status and (ii) the department and program or facility shall provide a status report to the board at all meetings for the duration of this status.

a. If the status report indicates no continued areas of noncompliance, the director or designee shall certify the facility for up to three years, subject to the provisions of subdivision [ C 7 8 ] of this [ section subsection ].

b. If any area of noncompliance continues thereafter, the director or designee may (i) continue the probationary certification status, (ii) decertify the program or facility as provided for in 6VAC35-20-120, or (iii) take any other action provided for by law.

[ 6. 7. ] If the certification audit report indicates an immediate threat to the health, welfare, or safety to the residents of a facility, notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, the director or designee may decertify the program or facility as provided for in subsection [ E D ] of this section and 6VAC35-20-120 or take any other action provided for by law.

[ 7. 8. ] If a program's or facility's certification status is continued after the initial period expires, the subsequent certification will be retroactive to the date of expiration, unless the director or designee specifically issues a certification with different terms.

[ D. The director or designee may, at any time, change a program's or facility's certification status upon notification of any noncompliance with any regulatory requirements.

E. D. ] Any program or facility, regardless of current certification status, may be decertified or denied certification when:

1. The program or facility has an unacceptable level of compliance [ , ] as provided in [ the applicable guidance document department procedures, ] with applicable regulatory requirements without acceptable corrective action plans to address deficiencies;

2. The program or facility, if on probation or administrative probation, has not corrected the circumstances that were cited in placing the program or facility on probation or administrative probation to the point that the program or facility would qualify for at least conditional certification;

3. The program's or facility's staff have [ knowingly ] (i) committed, permitted, aided or abetted any illegal act in the program or facility [ resulting in a criminal conviction ]; (ii) violated child abuse or neglect laws; (iii) deviated significantly from the program or services for which a certificate was issued without prior approval from the director or designee; (iv) failed to correct any such deviations within the time specified by the director or designee; or (v) falsified records [ , and the facility administrators knew or should have known and have failed (i) to report the actions and (ii) to take immediate remediating actions ]; or

4. If the program or facility fails to adequately correct the health, welfare, or safety violation per 6VAC35-20-36.1.

[ F. E. Certification decisions may be issued outside the requirements of subsections C and D of this section under the following circumstances:

1. The director may consider any aggravating and mitigating circumstances affecting the facts resulting in any finding of noncompliance, including, but not limited to, the history of the facility and the ability of the facility to predict and control the conditions resulting in the noncompliance. In such circumstances, the director may operate outside the requirements of subsection C of this section.

2. When considering whether to place a facility on probationary certification status or to decertify a program or facility due to a finding of noncompliance on a critical regulatory requirement, the director may consider whether the facility (i) had control over and knowledge of the circumstances, behaviors, or conditions leading to the finding and (ii) took appropriate steps to immediately rectify the situation. In such cases, the director may continue the certification in lieu of taking those actions.

F. ] Once the director or designee takes certification action, the department shall issue a certificate or letter clearly identifying the program or facility, the certification status, and the period of time during which the certification will be effective unless the certificate is revoked or surrendered sooner. The program or facility administrator shall be informed, briefly and generally, of the factual or procedural basis when any program or facility is issued a probationary certification or is decertified.

G. A program's or facility's status shall remain in effect until subsequent action by the director or designee.

6VAC35-20-110. Notice of board certification action.

A. Within two weeks of any certification action, a designated officer or agent of the board the director or designee shall send formal notice of the board certification action to:

1. The program or facility administrator;

2. The program's sponsoring locality, commission or private operator, as applicable or facility's supervisory or governing authority; and

3. Designated department personnel; and

4. 3. Other state and local authorities, as appropriate to the specific circumstances.

B. The program shall post the certificate or letter issued by the board in a conspicuous place in the facility or program offices where it is visible to the public.

C. All variances approved by the board shall be made available at the program site to certification audit teams and department personnel conducting on-site visits.

6VAC35-20-115. Board review of programs and facilities found in noncompliance.

A. When a program or facility is found in noncompliance with one or more regulatory requirements, the audit report with a statement of the director's or designee's certification action taken shall be placed on the agenda at the next regularly scheduled board meeting for oversight and review. The department shall provide the program or facility administrator with notice of the date and time of the board meeting.

B. Whenever a facility is found in noncompliance with one or more regulatory requirements, the board may enter an order, pursuant to § 16.1-309.9 B of the Code of Virginia, prohibiting or limiting the placement of children in the program or facility or take any other action provided by law. In addition to the reports required by this section and 6VAC35-20-100, the board may request the department or the program or facility administrator to provide a status update or report at subsequent board meetings.

6VAC35-20-120. Actions following decertification or denial of certification.

A. When a program or facility operated by the department is decertified or denied certification, the program administrator will take whatever actions are necessary to qualify the program for at least a conditional certification within 90 days. If the program does not qualify for at least conditional certification within 90 days, the department [ shall take remedial action and ] may choose to close the program or facility or relocate the residents. The procedure for such action shall be in compliance with all board, department, state and federal regulations, policies, or requirements of law. If after 90 days the program has not met the requirements for at least conditional certification and the department has not closed the program, the board shall recommend to the Governor and the Secretary of Public Safety appropriate action to be taken under the circumstances.

1. A report shall be sent to the board within 90 [ calendar ] days after the decertification or denial detailing the actions taken by the department to (i) bring the program or facility into compliance with all regulatory requirements and (ii) protect the health, welfare, or safety of the residents.

2. If after 90 [ calendar ] days the program or facility has not met the requirements for at least conditional certification and the department has not closed the program or facility, the board shall recommend to the Governor and the Secretary of Public Safety appropriate action to be taken under the circumstances.

B. When a program or facility that is locally, regionally, or privately operated is decertified or denied certification, the board and the department may take any and all of the following actions as appropriate to the circumstances:

1. The [ sponsor facility supervisory and the governing authority ] may be required to reorganize the program structure or take necessary personnel action or any other steps as may be necessary to qualify the program or facility for at least a conditional certification within 90 [ calendar ] days; and.

2. The Director of the Department director or designee may, as applicable, reduce or suspend funding to the program or facility in accordance with §§ 16.1-322.1, § 16.1-309.9 C, or § 66-30 of the Code of Virginia or may withdraw the approval required by § 16.1-249 A (3) and (4) of the Code of Virginia; and.

3. The board may enter an order, pursuant to § 16.1-309.9 B of the Code of Virginia, prohibiting or limiting the placement of children in the program or facility.

4. The department [ may shall ] not utilize facilities [ for residential placements ] that are decertified or denied certification.

6VAC35-20-150. Mandatory standards Critical regulatory requirements for juvenile residential facilities.

The following standards, selected from Standards for Juvenile Residential Facilities (6VAC35-140) and Standards for Interdepartmental Regulation of Children's Residential Facilities (22VAC42), are designated as "mandatory" as defined in 6VAC35-20-10. Programs that are subject to these standards must be in 100% compliance with the following standards in order to be approved to operate. Failure to comply with these mandatory standards will result in enforcement actions in accordance with the Code of Virginia and as set forth in this chapter.

1. 6VAC35-140-190

2. 6VAC35-140-340

3. 6VAC35-140-460

4. 6VAC35-140-660

5. 6VAC35-140-680

6. 6VAC35-140-690

7. 22VAC42-10-190

8. 22VAC42-10-300

9. 22VAC42-10-330 A, B and E

10. 22VAC42-10-490 B and C

11. 22VAC42-10-700 A and B

12. 22VAC42-10-710 B through I

13. 22VAC42-10-720

14. 22VAC42-10-730 A and C

15. 22VAC42-10-800

16. 22VAC42-10-960 C and D

17. 22VAC42-10-970

18. 22VAC42-10-1000.

[ The board shall designate which regulatory requirements will be defined as critical regulatory requirements.

A. The board has the sole authority for designating critical regulatory requirements. The board shall identify the designated critical regulatory requirements at the first board meeting after the final regulation is published in the Virginia Register.

B. The designated critical regulatory requirements may be amended by a majority of the board at a regularly scheduled board meeting only when (i) the proposed change was raised at a board meeting but not voted upon and a date for final consideration and voting is set at that meeting; (ii) notice of the proposed change is posted with the notice of board meeting designated for discussion and voting; (iii) consideration of the change is placed on the board meeting agenda at which a vote is anticipated; and (iii) written notice is provided to the facility administrators prior to the board meeting at which the vote is anticipated.

C. A request to review the critical regulatory requirements can be made by any person at any time.

D. The list of designated critical regulatory requirements shall be posted on the department's website at http://www.djj.virginia.gov. ]

Part 3 III
VJCCCA Programs and Offices on Youth Program Audits

6VAC35-20-200. Monitoring of VJCCCA programs or offices on youth.

The department shall develop a schedule for monitoring all VJCCCA programs or offices on youth that shall provide for at least one scheduled on-site VJCCCA program or office on youth audit every two years. Whenever deemed necessary or appropriate, additional monitoring visits or reviews may be [ schdduled scheduled ].

6VAC35-20-210. VJCCCA programs and offices on youth self-evaluations.

A. All VJCCCA programs and offices on youth shall, in accordance with department procedures or manuals, do the following:

1. Conduct an annual self-evaluation; and

2. Provide the department with a written summary of (i) the self-evaluation process and (ii) the findings of the self-evaluation.

B. The department shall schedule each VJCCCA program or office on youth to conduct the self-evaluation and complete the report.

C. The department shall review each VJCCCA program's or office on youth's self-evaluation report and provide feedback to the VJCCCA program [ of or ] office on youth.

6VAC35-20-220. VJCCCA program and office on youth audits.

A. During the program audit, the VJCCCA program or office on youth shall demonstrate an acceptable level of compliance, as provided in this chapter, with all (i) statutory requirements; (ii) the approved local plan; (iii) applicable regulatory requirements; and (iv) applicable department procedures or manuals.

B. The burden of proving compliance with the applicable requirements rests with the program staff.

C. Any finding of noncompliance shall be documented.

6VAC35-20-230. VJCCCA program and office on youth audit findings.

A. Upon completion of the VJCCCA program or office on youth audit, the VJCCCA program or office on youth audit findings shall be reported to the VJCCCA program plan contact or office on youth program director along with a copy to the individual with supervisory authority over that individual.

B. The VJCCCA program plan contact or office on youth program director may appeal the VJCCCA program or office on youth audit findings to the director or designee.

C. The department will monitor the progress of the VJCCCA program or office on youth in correcting the identified noncompliance through subsequent documentation and monitoring visits.

6VAC35-20-240. Effect of VJCCCA program or office on youth noncompliance.

A. If the department determines that a VJCCCA program or office on youth is not in [ substantial ] compliance, it may suspend all or any portion of the VJCCCA program's or office on youth's funding until there is compliance as provided in subsection C of § 16.1-309.9 of the Code of Virginia.

B. The department shall notify the person responsible for the daily administration of the VJCCCA program or office on youth of the intent to withhold funding prior to such withholding. The notification shall include the justification for the intended withholding and any corrective actions the VJCCCA program or office on youth must complete.

C. The VJCCCA program or office on youth may appeal to the director or designee the withholding of funding, in writing, within 10 business days of receiving notice of the department's intent to withhold the funding.

[ DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (6VAC35-20)

Guidance Document: Self-Audits/Evaluations, September 2013, Department of Juvenile Justice ]

VA.R. Doc. No. R10-2208; Filed August 7, 2013, 9:52 a.m.
TITLE 9. ENVIRONMENT
STATE AIR POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD
Final Regulation

Titles of Regulations: 9VAC5-40. Existing Stationary Sources (Rev. J07) (amending 9VAC5-40-6970, 9VAC5-40-7050; adding 9VAC5-40-6975).

9VAC5-45. Consumer and Commercial Products (Rev. J07) (amending 9VAC5-45-60, 9VAC5-45-70, 9VAC5-45-90, 9VAC5-45-160, 9VAC5-45-170, 9VAC5-45-190, 9VAC5-45-200, 9VAC5-45-240, 9VAC5-45-280, 9VAC5-45-310, 9VAC5-45-320, 9VAC5-45-390, 9VAC5-45-400, 9VAC5-45-420, 9VAC5-45-430, 9VAC5-45-440, 9VAC5-45-460, 9VAC5-45-480, 9VAC5-45-510, 9VAC5-45-520, 9VAC5-45-530, 9VAC5-45-580, 9VAC5-45-620, 9VAC5-45-630, 9VAC5-45-640, 9VAC5-45-650, 9VAC5-45-700, 9VAC5-45-710).

Statutory Authority: § 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Effective Date: October 1, 2013.

Agency Contact: Gary Graham, Department of Environmental Quality, 629 East Main Street, P.O. Box 1105, Richmond, VA 23218, telephone (804) 698-4103, FAX (804) 698-4510, or email gary.graham@deq.virginia.gov.

Background:

A new chapter (9VAC5-45, Consumer and Commercial Products) was originally proposed as part of this regulatory action, consisting of general requirements and seven articles to control volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from several types of consumer and commercial products in the Northern Virginia, Fredericksburg, and Richmond VOC Emissions Control Areas. By separate regulatory action published in 26:12 VA.R. 1876-1978 February 15, 2010, the new chapter became an effective regulation on March 17, 2010, but it is applicable only in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg VOC Emission Control Areas. As previously proposed, this regulatory action is revised to include only those provisions that represent changes to the new effective regulation.

Summary:

The amendments apply the provisions of four of the original articles in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area; specifically, provisions pertaining to portable fuel containers manufactured on or after August 1, 2010; consumer and commercial products manufactured on or after August 1, 2010; architectural and industrial maintenance coatings; and adhesives, adhesive primers, sealants, and sealant primers. Additionally, Article 48 of Chapter 40 (9VAC5-40) is amended to apply provisions pertaining to mobile equipment repair and refinishing operations in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area.

Compliance dates for standards applicable in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area have been changed to a more reasonable date in the future. The compliance dates for a proposed phase-in of standards applicable to the use of single-ply roof membrane adhesives and sealants has been modified to include a separate compliance date for the phase-in in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area. A temporary exemption for the manufacture and distribution of single-ply roof membrane adhesives and sealants, which did not appear in the original proposal but already appears in the effective regulatory language, has been preserved.

Summary of Public Comments and Agency's Response: A summary of comments made by the public and the agency's response may be obtained from the promulgating agency or viewed at the office of the Registrar of Regulations.

Article 48
Emission Standards for Mobile Equipment Repair and Refinishing Operations (Rule 4-48)

9VAC5-40-6970. Applicability and designation of affected facility.

A. Except as provided in subsection C of this section 9VAC5-40-6975, the affected facility to which the provisions of this article apply is each mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation. Certain provisions also apply to each person providing or selling affected coatings.

B. The provisions of this article apply only to sources and persons in the Northern Virginia, and Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply under any of the following circumstances:

1. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 28 (9VAC5-40-3860 et seq.) of 9VAC5 Chapter 40 (Emission Standards for Automobile and Light Duty Truck Coating Application Systems).

2. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 34 (9VAC5-40-4760 et seq.) of 9VAC5 Chapter 40 (Emission Standards for Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products Coating Application Systems).

3. The person applying the coatings does not receive compensation for the application of the coatings.

4. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operations uses coatings required to meet military specifications (MILSPEC) where no other existing coating can be used that meets the provisions of this article.

9VAC5-40-6975. Exemptions.

The provisions of this article do not apply under any of the following circumstances:

1. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 28 (9VAC5-40-3860 et seq.) of 9VAC5-40 (Emission Standards for Automobile and Light Duty Truck Coating Application Systems).

2. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 34 (9VAC5-40-4760 et seq.) of 9VAC5-40 (Emission Standards for Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products Coating Application Systems).

3. The person applying the coatings does not receive compensation for the application of the coatings.

4. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation uses coatings required to meet military specifications (MILSPEC) where no other existing coating can be used that meets the provisions of this article.

9VAC5-40-7050. Compliance schedule schedules.

Affected persons and facilities shall comply with the provisions of this article as expeditiously as possible but in no case later than:

1. January 1, 2005, in the Northern Virginia VOC Emissions Control Area; or

2. January 1, 2008, in the Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Area.; or

3. [ May 1, 2010 March 1, 2014 ], in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area.

Part II
Emission Standards

Article 1
Emission Standards for Portable Fuel Containers and Spouts Manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-60. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-70, the provisions of this article apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010. The provisions of Article 2 (9VAC5-45-160 et seq.) of this part apply to portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-70, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale, or manufactures for sale portable fuel containers or spouts.

C. The provisions of this article apply only to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

9VAC5-45-70. Exemptions.

A. The provisions of this article do not apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured for shipment, sale, and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-60.

B. The provisions of this article do not apply to a manufacturer or distributor who sells, supplies, or offers for sale a portable fuel container or spout that does not comply with the emission standards specified in 9VAC5-45-90, as long as the manufacturer or distributor can demonstrate that: (i) the portable fuel container or spout is intended for shipment and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-60 C; and (ii) the manufacturer or distributor has taken reasonable prudent precautions to assure that the portable fuel container or spout is not distributed within the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-60 C. This subsection does not apply to portable fuel containers or spouts that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale to retail outlets.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply to safety cans meeting the requirements of subpart F of 29 CFR Part 1926 Subpart F.

D. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel containers with a nominal capacity less than or equal to one quart.

E. The provisions of this article do not apply to rapid refueling devices with nominal capacities greater than or equal to four gallons, provided (i) such devices are designed for use in officially sanctioned off-highway motor sports such as car racing or motorcycle competitions, and (ii) such devices either create a leak-proof seal against a stock target fuel tank, or are designed to operate in conjunction with a receiver permanently installed on the target fuel tank.

F. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel tanks manufactured specifically to deliver fuel through a hose attached between the portable fuel tank and the outboard engine for the purpose of operating the outboard engine.

G. The provisions of this article do not apply to closed-system portable fuel containers that are used exclusively for fueling remote control model airplanes.

H. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell, or otherwise provide, products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-90. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale any portable fuel container after the compliance dates specified in 9VAC5-45-120 A unless that portable fuel container meets all of the following standards for spill-proof systems:

1. Has an automatic shut-off that stops the fuel flow before the target fuel tank overflows.

2. Automatically closes and seals when removed from the target fuel tank and remains completely closed when not dispensing fuel.

3. Has only one opening for both filling and pouring.

4. Does not exceed a permeation rate of 0.4 grams per gallon per day.

5. Is warranted by the manufacturer for a period of not less than one year against defects in materials and workmanship.

B. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale any spout after the compliance dates specified in 9VAC5-45-120 unless that spout meets all of the following standards for spill-proof spouts:

1. Has an automatic shut-off that stops the fuel flow before the target fuel tank overflows.

2. Automatically closes and seals when removed from the target fuel tank and remains completely closed when not dispensing fuel.

3. Is warranted by the manufacturer for a period of not less than one year against defects in materials and workmanship.

C. The test procedures for determining compliance with the standards in this section are set forth in 9VAC5-45-130. The manufacturer of portable fuel containers or spouts shall perform the tests for determining compliance as set forth in 9VAC5-45-130 to show that its product meets the standards of this section prior to allowing the product to be offered for sale. The manufacturer shall maintain records of these compliance tests for as long as the product is available for sale and shall make those test results available within 60 days of request.

D. Compliance with the standards in this section does not exempt spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts from compliance with other applicable federal and state statutes and regulations such as state fire codes, safety codes, and other safety regulations, nor will the board test for or determine compliance with such other statutes or regulations.

E. The following provisions apply to sell through of portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010:

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections A and B of this section, a portable fuel container or spout manufactured before the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-120 A, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale after the applicable compliance date, if the date of manufacture or a date code representing the date of manufacture is clearly displayed on the portable fuel container or spout.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections A and B of this section, a portable fuel container or spout manufactured after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-120 A and before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale [ after May 1, 2010 on or after ] August 1, 2010, if it complies with all of the provisions of Article 2 (9VAC5-45-160 et seq.) of this part.

3. Except as provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, displaying the date of manufacture, or a code indicating the date of manufacture, on the product container or package does not exempt the owner or product from the provisions of this article.

Article 2
Emission Standards for Portable Fuel Containers and Spouts Manufactured [ On or After May 1, 2010 on or after ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-160. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-170, the provisions of this article apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010. The provisions of Article 1 (9VAC5-45-60 et seq.) of this part apply to portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-170, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale, advertises for sale, or manufactures for sale portable fuel containers or spouts.

C. The provisions of this article apply only to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and, Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

9VAC5-45-170. Exemptions.

A. The provisions of this article do not apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured for shipment, sale, and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-160 C.

B. The provisions of this article do not apply to a manufacturer or distributor who sells, supplies, or offers for sale a portable fuel container or spout that does not comply with the emission standards specified in 9VAC5-45-190, as long as the manufacturer or distributor can demonstrate that: (i) the portable fuel container or spout is intended for shipment and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-160 C; and (ii) the manufacturer or distributor has taken reasonable prudent precautions to assure that the portable fuel container or spout is not distributed within the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-160 C. This subsection does not apply to portable fuel containers or spouts that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale to retail outlets.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply to safety cans meeting the requirements of subpart F of 29 CFR Part 1926 Subpart F.

D. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel containers with a nominal capacity less than or equal to one quart.

E. The provisions of this article do not apply to rapid refueling devices with nominal capacities greater than or equal to four gallons provided (i) such devices are designed for use in officially sanctioned off-highway motor sports such as car racing or motorcycle competitions, and (ii) such devices either create a leak-proof seal against a stock target fuel tank, or are designed to operate in conjunction with a receiver permanently installed on the target fuel tank.

F. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel tanks manufactured specifically to deliver fuel through a hose attached between the portable fuel tank and the outboard engine for the purpose of operating the outboard engine.

G. The provisions of this article do not apply to closed-system portable fuel containers that are used exclusively for fueling remote control model airplanes.

H. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell, or otherwise provide, products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-190. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. The following provisions apply to portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010:

1. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or advertise for sale any portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, unless that portable container or spout is certified by the board to be a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout that is in compliance with the standards in subsection B of this section in accordance with the certification procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-200.

2. No owner or other person shall manufacture for sale any portable fuel container or spout on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, unless that portable container or spout is certified by the board to be a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout that is in compliance with the standards in subsection B of this section in accordance with the certification procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-200.

B. The following standards apply to each portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, that is subject to the provisions of this article:

1. Portable fuel containers shall be color coded and marked as follows:

a. Portable fuel containers shall be color coded for specific fuels:

(1) Gasoline – red;

(2) Diesel – yellow; and

(3) Kerosene – blue.

b. Each portable fuel container shall have identification markings on the container and on the spill-proof spout.

(1) Red containers shall be permanently identified with the embossed language or permanent durable label "GASOLINE" in minimum 34-point Arial font or a font of equivalent proportions.

(2) Yellow containers shall be permanently identified with the embossed language or permanent durable label "DIESEL" in minimum 34-point Arial font or a font of equivalent proportions.

(3) Blue containers shall be permanently identified with the embossed language or permanent durable label "KEROSENE" in minimum 34-point Arial font or a font of equivalent proportions.

2. Portable fuel containers shall comply with emissions standards as follows:

a. Portable fuel containers that are equipped with an intended spill-proof spout shall emit no more than 0.3 grams per gallon per day.

b. Compliance with emission standards in this subdivision shall be determined using the test procedure specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 2.

c. Portable fuel containers that share similar designs, that are constructed of identical materials, and that are manufactured using identical processes, but vary only in size or color may be considered for certification as a product family.

3. Portable fuel containers and spouts shall comply with the specifications for durability in subsection 7.4 of the test procedure specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 2.

4. There shall be no fluid leakage from any point in the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout as specified in the test procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 1 and 2.

5. The spill-proof system or spill-proof spout shall automatically close when the spill-proof spout is removed from the target tank, seal, and remain completely closed when not dispensing fuel, as specified in the test procedure specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 1. Also, no liquid, beyond wetted surfaces, shall be retained in the spill-proof spout after fueling that may evaporate into the atmosphere.

6. An applicant seeking certification of a portable fuel container or spout from the board pursuant to this article shall also:

a. Warrant that its spill-proof system or spill-proof spout is free from defects in materials and workmanship that cause such systems or spill-proof spouts to fail to conform with each of the certification and compliance standards specified in CARB "Certification Procedure 501 for Portable Fuel Containers and Spill-Proof Spouts, CP-501," for a period of one year from the date of sale; and

b. Supply a copy of the warranty language specified in subdivision a of this subdivision that is supplied to the buyer in the packaging for each spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale identifying the following minimum requirements:

(1) A statement of the terms and length of the warranty period;

(2) An unconditional statement that the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout is certified to the requirements in subdivision a of this subdivision (which may be referred to as being certified to California requirements); and

(3) A listing of the specific certification requirements or limitations to which it was certified.

7. An applicant shall supply a copy of the operating instructions intended for each spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, and fueling application, as supplied to the buyer in the packaging for each spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale. These instructions shall include, at a minimum, the following specifications:

a. A listing of any specific equipment types, such as passenger cars and trucks, lawn and garden equipment, off-road motorcycles and snowmobiles, industrial equipment, and marine vessels that the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, is not intended to refuel; and

b. Other instructions, such as the recommended fueling angle(s) or special instructions such as venting prior to use.

8. Spill-proof systems, spill-proof spouts and all components incorporated therein, such as gaskets, seals, or O-rings must demonstrate compliance with the requirements specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 3 and 4. Applicants may request limited certification for use with only specified fuel blends. Such fuel-specific certifications shall clearly specify the limits and restrictions of the certification.

9. A portable fuel container may incorporate a secondary opening or vent hole (i.e., an opening other than the opening needed for the spout) provided the secondary opening or vent hole is not easily tampered by a consumer, and it does not emit hydrocarbon vapors in excess of the amounts specified in this section during fueling, storage, transportation, or handling events.

C. The test procedures for determining compliance with the standards in this section are set forth in 9VAC5-45-250. The manufacturer of portable fuel containers or spouts shall perform the tests for determining compliance as set forth in 9VAC5-45-250 to show that its product meets the standards of this section prior to allowing the product to be offered for sale. The manufacturer shall maintain records of these compliance tests for as long as the product is available for sale and shall make those test results available within 60 days of request.

D. Compliance with the standards in this section does not exempt spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts from compliance with other applicable federal and state statutes and regulations such as state fire codes, safety codes, and other safety regulations, nor will the board test for or determine compliance with such other statutes or regulations.

9VAC5-45-200. Certification procedures.

A. Provisions follow concerning the requirements and process for board certification of a portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, as a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout.

B. To be considered by the board for certification, an application for certification shall be submitted in writing to the board by the manufacturer of the portable fuel container or spout.

1. Except as provided in subdivision D 2 of this section, the application shall contain the following information:

a. An identification of the names, addresses, and phone numbers of the company, owner or other persons that are submitting the application, and the names and phone numbers of contact persons that are knowledgeable concerning the application.

b. Model numbers and sizes of spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts for which certification is requested.

c. Test data that demonstrates that the spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts comply with each of the certification requirements identified in 9VAC5-45-190 B.

d. Engineering drawings of the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout detailing dimensions specific to each component. If an application is submitted for a spill-proof system (i.e., container and spout), separate dimensioned drawings for the portable fuel container and for the spill-proof spout are required. If more than one type or size of portable fuel container or more than one type of spill-proof spout is included in the application, separate dimensioned drawings are required for each component.

e. Test data from each of the test procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 1 and 2 demonstrating that the spill-proof system, spill-proof spout, or component meets the applicable criteria.

f. Any other test data that supports the requirements in subdivision e of this subsection and that would assist in the determination of certification.

g. The language, symbols, or patterns that will actually be permanently embossed on the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout. This shall include examples of date code wheels as well as all other permanent markings and their locations on the container and/or spill-proof spout. Once the board certifies a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, these permanent markings cannot be altered or modified in any way without first obtaining the board's approval.

h. The language or labels that may be affixed to the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale.

i. The manufacturer's recommended instructions, instruction decals, or any other type of placard attached to the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale. Include examples of actual decals or placards if available. Proposed placards or decals are sufficient if actual samples are not available. Once the board certifies a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, these decals or placards cannot be altered or modified in any way without first obtaining the board's approval.

j. The manufacturer warranty(s) as defined in 9VAC5-45-190 B 6.

k. A description of the materials used in the construction of the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout. Material compositions of gaskets, O-rings, and seals must be described.

l. If the applicant is not the manufacturer of all system components incorporated in a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, the applicant must include evidence that the component manufacturers have been notified of the applicant's intended use of the manufacturers' components in the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout for which the application is being made.

(1) If the applicant is requesting inclusion of one or more components not manufactured by it on the applicable spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, the applicant shall notify the component manufacturers and obtain the information required of the application as specified in this subsection.

(2) If the component design and material specifications requested for inclusion in the certification have not been previously incorporated in a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout that has been issued a CARB certification executive order or has been certified by the board pursuant to these procedures, then each of the components shall be subject to each of the application and test requirements specified in this article.

m. A sample of the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout is not required as part of the initial application for certification. The board may later require that a sample be provided if it is deemed necessary to make the proper certification determination.

n. The document certification statement required by 9VAC5-20-230, signed by a responsible official as defined in that section.

o. The information required by subdivision B 1 a of this section is public information that may not be claimed as confidential. Other information submitted to the board to meet the requirements of this article shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

2. In accordance with the time periods specified in subsection C of this section, the board will certify a portable fuel container or spout. The board will specify such terms and conditions as are necessary to ensure that the emissions from the portable fuel containers or spouts do not exceed the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-190. The certification shall also include operational terms, conditions, and data to be reported to the board to ensure that all requirements of this article are met.

C. Provisions follow concerning the portable fuel container or spout certification time frames.

1. The board will take appropriate action on an application within the following time periods:

a. Within 30 working days of receipt of an application, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The application is complete and accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

b. Within 30 working days of receipt of additional information provided in response to a determination that an application is deficient, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The additional information is sufficient to make the application complete, and the application is accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

c. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subsection B of this section, then it shall certify that the requirements have been met in accordance with the requirements of this article. The board will normally act to approve or disapprove a complete application within 90 working days after the application is deemed complete. The board may extend this time period if additional information is needed.

2. [ The board may extend the time period in subdivision 1 c of this subsection if additional information is needed. ] Before the end of each time period specified in this section, the board and the applicant may mutually agree to a longer time period for the board to take the appropriate action.

D. In accordance with the following procedures, the board will take into consideration whether the portable fuel container or spout has been certified by CARB.

1. In lieu of granting certification based upon review of an application as required under subsection B of this section, certification may be granted by the board as follows:

a. Certification may be granted solely on the basis of the effective CARB certification executive order, or

b. Certification may be granted on the basis of the effective CARB certification executive order, modified as necessary by the board to meet the requirements of this article.

2. An abbreviated application may be submitted by a manufacturer requesting certification by the board under subdivision 1 of this subsection. The abbreviated application shall include, as a minimum:

a. A request by the manufacturer that certification be granted by the board based upon an effective CARB certification executive order.

b. A copy of the effective CARB certification executive order, including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the CARB certification executive order.

c. A certification that the manufacturer will (i) comply with the applicable CARB certification executive order within the volatile organic compound emissions control areas specified in 9VAC5-45-160 C and (ii) comply with any additional terms and conditions that the board may specify in granting certification under this subsection.

d. Manufacturer and product information as specified in subdivisions B 1 a and b of this section.

e. The document certification statement required by 9VAC5-20-230 certifying the information in the application and signed by a responsible official.

[ 4. ] 3. The board's certification shall contain such terms and conditions as necessary to adapt terms and conditions in the CARB certification executive order to satisfy the provisions of this article.

[ 5. ] 4. Any board certification granted under this subsection is contingent upon the effective CARB certification executive order provided with the application. Board certification granted on the basis of this subsection automatically expires on the date that the CARB certification executive order upon which it was based is no longer effective.

9VAC5-45-240. Compliance schedules.

A. Affected persons shall comply with the provisions of this article as expeditiously as possible but in no case later than August 1, 2010 [ May 1, 2010.:

1. August 1, 2010, in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Areas; or

2. March 1, 2014, in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area. ]

B. Any owner or other person who cannot comply with the provisions of this article by the date specified in subsection A of this section, due to extraordinary reasons beyond that person's reasonable control, may apply in writing to the board for a waiver. The waiver application shall set forth:

1. The specific grounds upon which the waiver is sought, including the facts that support the extraordinary reasons that compliance is beyond the applicant's reasonable control;

2. The proposed date by which compliance with the provisions of this article will be achieved; and

3. A compliance report detailing the methods by which compliance will be achieved.

C. No waiver may be granted unless all of the following findings are made:

1. That, due to reasons beyond the reasonable control of the applicant, required compliance with this article would result in extraordinary economic hardship;

2. That the public interest in mitigating the extraordinary hardship to the applicant by issuing the waiver outweighs the public interest in avoiding any increased emissions of air contaminants that would result from issuing the waiver; and

3. That the compliance report proposed by the applicant can reasonably be implemented and shall achieve compliance as expeditiously as possible.

D. Any approval of a waiver shall specify a final compliance date by which compliance with the requirements of this article shall be achieved. Any approval of a waiver shall contain a condition that specifies the increments of progress necessary to assure timely compliance and such other conditions that the board finds necessary to carry out the purposes of this article.

E. A waiver shall cease to be effective upon the failure of the party to whom the waiver was granted to comply with any term or condition of the waiver.

F. Upon the application of any person, the board may review, and for good cause, modify or revoke a waiver from requirements of this article.

Article 3
Emission Standards for Consumer Products Manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-280. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-290, the provisions of this article apply to any consumer product manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, that contains volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The provisions of Article 4 (9VAC5-45-400 et seq.) of this part apply to consumer products manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-290, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale or manufactures for sale any consumer product.

C. The provisions of this article apply to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

D. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell, or otherwise provide, products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-310. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-290, 9VAC5-45-320, and 9VAC5-45-330, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale a consumer product manufactured on or after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360 or (ii) manufacture for sale a consumer product on or after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, that contains volatile organic compounds in excess of the limits specified in Table 45-3A.

TABLE 45-3A

Product Category

Percent VOC by Weight

Adhesives

Aerosol adhesives

Mist spray adhesive:

65%

Web spray adhesive:

55%

Special purpose spray adhesives

Automotive engine compartment adhesive:

70%

Automotive headliner adhesive:

65%

Flexible vinyl adhesive:

70%

Laminate repair or edgebanding adhesive:

60%

Mounting adhesive:

70%

Polystyrene foam adhesive:

65%

Polyolefin adhesive:

60%

Contact adhesive:

80%

Construction, panel, and floor covering adhesive:

15%

General purpose adhesive:

10%

Structural waterproof adhesive:

15%

Air fresheners

Single-phase aerosol:

30%

Double-phase aerosol:

25%

Liquid/Pump spray:

18%

Solid/Gel:

3%

Antiperspirants

Aerosol:

40% HVOC,
10% MVOC

Nonaerosol:

0% HVOC,
0% MVOC

Automotive brake cleaner:

45%

Automotive rubbing or polishing compound:

17%

Automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze

Hard paste wax:

45%

Instant detailer:

3%

All other forms:

15%

Automotive windshield washer fluid:

35%

Bathroom and tile cleaners

Aerosol:

7%

All other forms:

5%

Bug and tar remover:

40%

Carburetor or fuel-injection air intake cleaner:

45%

Carpet and upholstery cleaners

Aerosol:

7%

Nonaerosol (dilutable):

0.1%

Nonaerosol (ready-to-use):

3.0%

Charcoal lighter material:

See subsection
F of this section.

Cooking spray, aerosol:

18%

Deodorants

Aerosol:

0% HVOC,
10% MVOC

Nonaerosol:

0% HVOC,
0% MVOC

Dusting aids

Aerosol:

25%

All other forms:

7%

Engine degreasers

Aerosol:

35%

Nonaerosol:

5%

Fabric protectant:

60%

Floor polishes/Waxes

Products for flexible flooring materials:

7%

Products for nonresilient flooring:

10%

Wood floor wax:

90%

Floor wax stripper, nonaerosol:

See subsection
H of this section.

Furniture maintenance products

Aerosol:

17%

All other forms except solid or paste:

7%

General purpose cleaners

Aerosol:

10%

Nonaerosol:

4%

General purpose degreasers

Aerosol:

50%

Nonaerosol:

4%

Glass cleaners

Aerosol:

12%

Nonaerosol:

4%

Hair mousse:

6%

Hair shine:

55%

Hair spray:

55%

Hair styling gel:

6%

Heavy-duty hand cleaner or soap:

8%

Insecticides

Crawling bug (aerosol):

15%

Crawling bug (all other forms):

20%

Flea and tick:

25%

Flying bug (aerosol):

25%

Flying bug (all other forms):

35%

Fogger:

45%

Lawn and garden (all other forms):

20%

Lawn and garden (nonaerosol):

3%

Wasp and hornet:

40%

Laundry prewash

Aerosol/Solid:

22%

All other forms:

5%

Laundry starch product:

5%

Metal polish or cleanser:

30%

Multipurpose lubricant (excluding solid or semi-solid products):

50%

Nail polish remover:

75%

Nonselective terrestrial herbicide, nonaerosol:

3%

Oven cleaners

Aerosol/Pump spray:

8%

Liquid:

5%

Paint remover or stripper:

50%

Penetrant:

50%

Rubber and vinyl protectants

Nonaerosol:

3%

Aerosol:

10%

Sealant and caulking compound:

4%

Shaving cream:

5%

Silicone-based multipurpose lubricant (excluding solid or semi-solid products):

60%

Spot removers

Aerosol:

25%

Nonaerosol:

8%

Tire sealant and inflator:

20%

Undercoating, aerosol:

40%

B. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale an antiperspirant or a deodorant that contains a compound that has been defined as a toxic pollutant in 9VAC5-60-210 C.

C. Provisions follow concerning products that are diluted prior to use.

1. For consumer products for which the label, packaging, or accompanying literature specifically states that the product should be diluted with water or non-VOC solvent prior to use, the limits specified in Table 45-3A shall apply to the product only after the minimum recommended dilution has taken place. For purposes of this subsection, "minimum recommended dilution" shall not include recommendations for incidental use of a concentrated product to deal with limited special applications such as hard-to-remove soils or stains.

2. For consumer products for which the label, packaging, or accompanying literature states that the product should be diluted with a VOC solvent prior to use, the limits specified in Table 45-3A shall apply to the product only after the maximum recommended dilution has taken place.

D. The following provisions apply to sell through of consumer products manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010:

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of [ subsections subsection ] A [ and, ] G, H or I of this section, a consumer product manufactured before the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale after the applicable compliance date if the date of manufacture or a date code representing the date of manufacture is clearly displayed on the product container or package.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of [ subsections subsection ] A [ and, ] G, H, or I of this section, a consumer product manufactured after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360 and before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale [ after May 1, 2010 ] on or after August 1, 2010, if it complies with all of the provisions of Article 4 (9VAC5-45-400 et seq.) of this part.

3. Except as provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, displaying the date of manufacture, or a code indicating the date of manufacture, on the product container or package does not exempt the owner or product from the provisions of this article.

E. For those consumer products that are registered under FIFRA, the effective date of the VOC standards shall be one year after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360.

F. The following requirements shall apply to all charcoal lighter material products:

1. Effective as of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale a charcoal lighter material product manufactured on or after the applicable compliance date or (ii) manufacture for sale a charcoal lighter material product unless at the time of the transaction:

a. The manufacturer can demonstrate to the board's satisfaction that it has been issued a currently effective certification by CARB under the Consumer Products provisions under Subchapter 8.5, Article 2, § 94509(h), of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations (see 9VAC5-20-21). This certification remains in effect for as long as the CARB certification remains in effect. A manufacturer claiming such a certification on this basis must submit to the board a copy of the certification decision (i.e., the executive order), including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the certification.

b. The manufacturer or distributor of the charcoal lighter material has been issued a currently effective certification pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

c. The charcoal lighter material meets the formulation criteria and other conditions specified in the applicable ACP agreement issued pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

d. The product usage directions for the charcoal lighter material are the same as those provided to the board pursuant to subdivision 2 c of this subsection.

2. Provisions follow concerning certification requirements.

a. No charcoal lighter material formulation shall be certified under this subdivision unless the applicant for certification demonstrates to the board's satisfaction that the VOC emissions from the ignition of charcoal with the charcoal lighter material are less than or equal to 0.020 pound of VOC per start, using the procedures specified in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21). The provisions relating to LVP-VOC in 9VAC5-45-290 F and 9VAC5-45-300 C shall not apply to a charcoal lighter material subject to the requirements of 9VAC5-45-310 A and this subsection.

b. The board may approve alternative test procedures that are shown to provide equivalent results to those obtained using the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21).

c. A manufacturer or distributor of charcoal lighter material may apply to the board for certification of a charcoal lighter material formulation in accordance with this subdivision. The application shall be in writing and shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(1) The results of testing conducted pursuant to the procedures specified in South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21); and

(2) The exact text or graphics that will appear on the charcoal lighter material's principal display panel, label, or accompanying literature. The provided material shall clearly show the usage directions for the product. These directions shall accurately reflect the quantity of charcoal lighter material per pound of charcoal that was used in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) for that product, unless:

(a) The charcoal lighter material is intended to be used in fixed amounts independent of the amount of charcoal used, such as certain paraffin cubes, or

(b) The charcoal lighter material is already incorporated into the charcoal, such as certain "bag light," "instant light" or "match light" products.

(3) For a charcoal lighter material that meets the criteria specified in subdivision 2 c (2) (a) of this subsection, the usage instructions provided to the board will accurately reflect the quantity of charcoal lighter material used in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) for that product.

(4) Physical property data, formulation data, or other information required by the board for use in determining when a product modification has occurred and for use in determining compliance with the conditions specified on the ACP agreement issued pursuant to subdivision 2 e of this subsection.

d. Within 30 days of receipt of an application, the board will advise the applicant in writing either that it is complete or that specified additional information is required to make it complete. Within 30 days of receipt of additional information, the board will advise the applicant in writing either that the application is complete, or that specified additional information or testing is still required before it can be deemed complete.

e. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subdivision 2 of this subsection, then an ACP agreement shall be issued certifying the charcoal lighter material formulation and specifying such conditions as are necessary to insure that the requirements of this subsection are met. The board will act on a complete application within 90 days after the application is deemed complete.

3. For charcoal lighter material for which certification has been granted pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection, the applicant for certification shall notify the board in writing within 30 days of: (i) a change in the usage directions, or (ii) a change in product formulation, test results, or other information submitted pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection that may result in VOC emissions greater than 0.020 pound of VOC per start.

4. If the board determines that a certified charcoal lighter material formulation results in VOC emissions from the ignition of charcoal that are greater than 0.020 pound of VOC per start, as determined by the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) and the statistical analysis procedures contained therein, the board will revoke or modify the certification as is necessary to assure that the charcoal lighter material will result in VOC emissions of less than or equal to 0.020 pound of VOC per start.

G. Provisions follow concerning aerosol adhesives.

1. The standards for aerosol adhesives apply to all uses of aerosol adhesives, including consumer, industrial, and commercial uses. Except as otherwise provided in 9VAC5-45-290 and 9VAC5-45-330, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, use, or manufacture for sale an aerosol adhesive that, at the time of sale, use, or manufacture, contains VOCs in excess of the specified standard.

2. a. In order to qualify as a "special purpose spray adhesive," the product must meet one or more of the definitions for special purpose spray adhesive specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C, but if the product label indicates that the product is suitable for use on a substrate or application not listed in 9VAC5-45-300 C, then the product shall be classified as either a "web spray adhesive" or a "mist spray adhesive."

b. If a product meets more than one of the definitions specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C for "special purpose spray adhesive," and is not classified as a "web spray adhesive" or "mist spray adhesive" under subdivision 2 a of this subsection, then the VOC limit for the product shall be the lowest applicable VOC limit specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A.

3. Effective as of the applicable compliance dates specified in 9VAC5-45-360, no person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale an aerosol adhesive manufactured on or after the applicable compliance date or (ii) manufacture for sale an aerosol adhesive that contains any of the following compounds: methylene chloride, perchloroethylene, or trichloroethylene.

4. All aerosol adhesives must comply with the labeling requirements specified in 9VAC5-45-340 D.

H. Effective as of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for use a floor wax stripper unless the following requirements are met:

1. The label of each nonaerosol floor wax stripper must specify a dilution ratio for light or medium build-up of polish that results in an as-used VOC concentration of 3.0% by weight or less.

2. If a nonaerosol floor wax stripper is also intended to be used for removal of heavy build-up of polish, the label of that floor wax stripper must specify a dilution ratio for heavy build-up of polish that results in an as-used VOC concentration of 12% by weight or less.

3. The terms "light build-up," "medium build-up" or "heavy build-up" are not specifically required as long as comparable terminology is used.

I. For a consumer product for which standards are specified under subsection A of this section, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale a consumer product that contains any of the following ozone-depleting compounds:

CFC-11 (trichlorofluoromethane), CFC-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane);

CFC-113 (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane);

CFC-114 (1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethane);

CFC-115 (chloropentafluoroethane), halon 1211 (bromochlorodifluoromethane);

halon 1301 (bromotrifluoromethane), halon 2402 (dibromotetrafluoroethane);

HCFC-22 (chlorodifluoromethane), HCFC-123 (2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane);

HCFC-124 (2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane);

HCFC-141b (1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane), HCFC-142b (1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane);

1,1,1-trichloroethane; or

carbon tetrachloride.

J. The requirements of subsection I of this section shall not apply to an existing product formulation that complies with Table 45-3A or an existing product formulation that is reformulated to meet Table 45-3A, provided the ozone-depleting compound content of the reformulated product does not increase.

K. The requirements of subsection I of this section shall not apply to ozone-depleting compounds that may be present as impurities in a consumer product in an amount equal to or less than 0.01% by weight of the product.

9VAC5-45-320. Alternative control plan (ACP) for consumer products.

A. 1. Manufacturers of consumer products may seek an ACP agreement in accordance with subsections B through L of this section.

2. Only responsible ACP parties for consumer products may enter into an ACP agreement under the provisions of this section.

B. Provisions follow concerning the requirements and process for approval of an ACP.

1. To be considered by the board for approval, an application for a proposed ACP shall be submitted in writing to the board by the responsible ACP party and shall contain all of the following:

a. An identification of the contact persons, phone numbers, names, and addresses of the responsible ACP party that is submitting the ACP application and will be implementing the ACP requirements specified in the ACP agreement.

b. A statement of whether the responsible ACP party is a small business or a one-product business.

c. A listing of the exact product brand name, form, available variations (flavors, scents, colors, sizes, etc.), and applicable product category for each distinct ACP product that is proposed for inclusion in the ACP.

d. For each proposed ACP product identified in subdivision 1 c of this subsection, a demonstration to the satisfaction of the board that the enforceable sales records to be used by the responsible ACP party for tracking product sales meet the minimum criteria specified in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection. To provide this demonstration, the responsible ACP party shall either demonstrate to the satisfaction of the board that other records provided to the board in writing by the responsible ACP party meet the minimum criteria of subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection for tracking product sales of each ACP product, or do all of the following:

(1) Provide the contact persons, phone numbers, names, street and mail addresses of all persons and businesses who will provide information that will be used to determine the enforceable sales;

(2) Determine the enforceable sales of each product using enforceable sales records;

(3) Demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the board, the validity of the enforceable sales based on enforceable sales records provided by the contact persons or the responsible ACP party;

(4) Calculate the percentage of the gross sales that is composed of enforceable sales; and

(5) Determine which ACP products have enforceable sales that are 75% or more of the gross sales. Only ACP products meeting this criteria shall be allowed to be sold under an ACP.

e. For each of the ACP products identified in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection, the inclusion of the following:

(1) Legible copies of the existing labels for each product;

(2) The VOC content and LVP content for each product. The VOC content and LVP content shall be reported for two different periods as follows:

(a) The VOC and LVP contents of the product at the time the application for an ACP is submitted, and

(b) The VOC and LVP contents of the product that were used at any time within the four years prior to the date of submittal of the application for an ACP if either the VOC or LVP contents have varied by more than plus or minus 10% of the VOC or LVP contents reported in subdivision 1 e (2) (a) of this subsection.

f. A written commitment obligating the responsible ACP party to date-code every unit of each ACP product approved for inclusion in the ACP. The commitment shall require the responsible ACP party to display the date-code on each ACP product container or package no later than five working days after the date an ACP agreement approving an ACP is signed by the board.

g. An operational plan covering all the products identified under subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection for each compliance period that the ACP will be in effect. The operational plan shall contain all of the following:

(1) An identification of the compliance periods and dates for the responsible ACP party to report the information required by the board in the ACP agreement approving an ACP. The length of the compliance period shall be chosen by the responsible ACP party (not to exceed 365 days). The responsible ACP party shall also choose the dates for reporting information such that all required VOC content and enforceable sales data for all ACP products shall be reported to the board at the same time and at the same frequency .

(2) An identification of specific enforceable sales records to be provided to the board for enforcing the provisions of this article and the ACP agreement approving an ACP. The enforceable sales records shall be provided to the board no later than the compliance period dates specified in subdivision 1 g (1) of this subsection.

(3) For a small business or a one-product business that will be relying to some extent on surplus trading to meet its ACP limits, a written commitment from the responsible ACP party that they will transfer the surplus reductions to the small business or one-product business upon approval of the ACP.

(4) For each ACP product, all VOC content levels that will be applicable for the ACP product during each compliance period. The plan shall also identify the specific method by which the VOC content will be determined and the statistical accuracy and precision (repeatability and reproducibility) will be calculated for each specified method.

(5) The projected enforceable sales for each ACP product at each different VOC content for every compliance period that the ACP will be in effect.

(6) A detailed demonstration showing the combination of specific ACP reformulations or surplus trading (if applicable) that is sufficient to ensure that the ACP emissions will not exceed the ACP limit for each compliance period that the ACP will be in effect, the approximate date within each compliance period that such reformulations or surplus trading are expected to occur, and the extent to which the VOC contents of the ACP products will be reduced (i.e., by ACP reformulation). This demonstration shall use the equations specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C for projecting the ACP emissions and ACP limits during each compliance period. This demonstration shall also include all VOC content levels and projected enforceable sales for all ACP products to be sold during each compliance period.

(7) A certification that all reductions in the VOC content of a product will be real, actual reductions that do not result from changing product names, mischaracterizing ACP product reformulations that have occurred in the past, or other attempts to circumvent the provisions of this article.

(8) Written explanations of the date-codes that will be displayed on each ACP product's container or packaging.

(9) A statement of the approximate dates by which the responsible ACP party plans to meet the applicable ACP VOC standards for each product in the ACP.

(10) An operational plan ("reconciliation of shortfalls plan") that commits the responsible ACP party to completely reconcile shortfalls, even, to the extent permitted by law, if the responsible ACP party files for bankruptcy protection. The plan for reconciliation of shortfalls shall contain all of the following:

(a) A clear and convincing demonstration of how shortfalls of up to 5.0%, 10%, 15%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of the applicable ACP limit will be completely reconciled within 90 working days from the date the shortfall is determined;

(b) A listing of the specific records and other information that will be necessary to verify that the shortfalls were reconciled as specified in this subsection; and

(c) A commitment to provide a record or information requested by the board to verify that the shortfalls have been completely reconciled.

h. A declaration, signed by a legal representative for the responsible ACP party, that states that all information and operational plans submitted with the ACP application are true and correct.

2. a. In accordance with the time periods specified in subsection C of this section, the board will issue an ACP agreement approving an ACP that meets the requirements of this article. The board will specify such terms and conditions as are necessary to ensure that the emissions from the ACP products do not exceed the emissions that would have occurred if the ACP products subject to the ACP had met the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A. The ACP shall also include:

(1) Only those ACP products for which the enforceable sales are at least 75% of the gross sales as determined in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection;

(2) A reconciliation of shortfalls plan meeting the requirements of this article; and

(3) Operational terms, conditions, and data to be reported to the board to ensure that all requirements of this article are met.

b. The board will not approve an ACP submitted by a responsible ACP party if the board determines, upon review of the responsible ACP party's compliance history with past or current ACPs or the requirements for consumer products in this article, that the responsible ACP party has a recurring pattern of violations and has consistently refused to take the necessary steps to correct those violations.

C. Provisions follow concerning ACP approval time frames.

1. The board will take appropriate action on an ACP within the following time periods:

a. Within 30 working days of receipt of an ACP application, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The application is complete and accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

b. Within 30 working days of receipt of additional information provided in response to a determination that an ACP application is deficient, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The additional information is sufficient to make the application complete, and the application is accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

c. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subsection B of this section, then it shall issue an ACP agreement in accordance with the requirements of this article. The board will normally act to approve or disapprove a complete application within 90 working days after the application is deemed complete. The board may extend this time period if additional information is needed.

2. [ The board may extend the time period in subdivision 1 c of this subsection if additional information is needed. ] Before the end of each time period specified in this section, the board and the responsible ACP party may mutually agree to a longer time period for the board to take the appropriate action.

D. Provisions follow concerning recordkeeping and availability of requested information.

1. All information specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP shall be maintained by the responsible ACP party for a minimum of three years after such records are generated. Such records shall be clearly legible and maintained in good condition during this period.

2. The records specified in subdivision 1 of this subsection shall be made available to the board or its authorized representative:

a. Immediately upon request, during an on-site visit to a responsible ACP party,

b. Within five working days after receipt of a written request from the board, or

c. Within a time period mutually agreed upon by both the board and the responsible ACP party.

E. Provisions follow concerning violations.

1. Failure to meet a requirement of this article or a condition of an applicable ACP agreement shall constitute a single, separate violation of this article for each day until such requirement or condition is satisfied, except as otherwise provided in subdivisions 2 through 8 of this subsection.

2. False reporting of information in an ACP application or in any supporting documentation or amendments thereto shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day that the approved ACP is in effect.

3. An exceedance during the applicable compliance period of the VOC content specified for an ACP product in the ACP agreement approving an ACP shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each ACP product that exceeds the specified VOC content that is sold, supplied, offered for sale, or manufactured for use.

4. Any of the following actions shall each constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day after the applicable deadline until the requirement is satisfied:

a. Failure to report data or failure to report data accurately in writing to the board regarding the VOC content, LVP content, enforceable sales, or other information required by the deadline specified in the applicable ACP agreement;

b. False reporting of information submitted to the board for determining compliance with the ACP requirements;

c. Failure to completely implement the reconciliation of shortfalls plan that is set forth in the ACP agreement within 30 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board; or

d. Failure to completely reconcile the shortfall as specified in the ACP agreement within 90 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board.

5. False reporting or failure to report any of the information specified in subdivision F 2 i of this section or the sale or transfer of invalid surplus reductions shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day during the time period for which the surplus reductions are claimed to be valid.

6. Except as provided in subdivision 7 of this subsection, an exceedance of the ACP limit for a compliance period that the ACP is in effect shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day of the applicable compliance period. The board will determine whether an exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred as follows:

a. If the responsible ACP party has provided all required information for the applicable compliance period specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, then the board will determine whether an exceedance has occurred using the enforceable sales records and VOC content for each ACP product as reported by the responsible ACP party for the applicable compliance period.

b. If the responsible ACP party has failed to provide all the required information specified in the ACP agreement for an applicable compliance period, the board will determine whether an exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred as follows.

(1) For the missing data days, the board will calculate the total maximum historical emissions as specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C.

(2) For the remaining portion of the compliance period that are not missing data days, the board will calculate the emissions for each ACP product using the enforceable sales records and VOC content that were reported for that portion of the applicable compliance period.

(3) The ACP emissions for the entire compliance period shall be the sum of the total maximum historical emissions, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (1) of this subsection, and the emissions determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (2) of this subsection.

(4) The board will calculate the ACP limit for the entire compliance period using the ACP standards applicable to each ACP product and the enforceable sales records specified in subdivision 6 b (2) of this subsection. The enforceable sales for each ACP product during missing data days, as specified in subdivision 6 b (1) of this subsection, shall be zero.

(5) An exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred when the ACP emissions, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (3) of this subsection, exceeds the ACP limit, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (4) of this subsection.

7. If a violation specified in subdivision 6 of this subsection occurs, the responsible ACP party may, pursuant to this subdivision, establish the number of violations as calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432463416171DEQGG_files/image001.gif

where:

NEV = number of ACP limit violations.

ACP emissions = the ACP emissions for the compliance period.

ACP limit = the ACP limit for the compliance period.

40 pounds = number of pounds of emissions equivalent to one violation.

The responsible ACP party may determine the number of ACP limit violations pursuant to this subdivision only if it has provided all required information for the applicable compliance period, as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP. By choosing this option, the responsible ACP party waives all legal objections to the calculation of the ACP limit violations pursuant to this subdivision.

8. A cause of action against a responsible ACP party under this section shall be deemed to accrue on the date when the records establishing a violation are received by the board.

9. The responsible ACP party is fully liable for compliance with the requirements of this article, even if the responsible ACP party contracts with or otherwise relies on another person to carry out some or all of the requirements of this article.

F. Provisions follow concerning surplus reductions and surplus trading.

1. The board will issue surplus reduction certificates that establish and quantify, to the nearest pound of VOC reduced, the surplus reductions achieved by a responsible ACP party operating under an ACP. The surplus reductions can be bought from, sold to, or transferred to a responsible ACP party operating under an ACP, as provided in subdivision 2 of this subsection. All surplus reductions shall be calculated by the board at the end of each compliance period within the time specified in the approved ACP. Surplus reduction certificates shall not constitute instruments, securities, or another form of property.

2. The issuance, use, and trading of all surplus reductions shall be subject to the following provisions:

a. For the purposes of this article, VOC reductions from sources of VOCs other than consumer products subject to the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A may not be used to generate surplus reductions.

b. Surplus reductions are valid only when generated by a responsible ACP party and only while that responsible ACP party is operating under an approved ACP.

c. Surplus reductions are valid only after the board has issued an ACP agreement pursuant to subdivision 1 of this subsection.

d. Surplus reductions issued by the board may be used by the responsible ACP party who generated the surplus until the reductions expire, are traded, or until the ACP is canceled pursuant to subdivision J 2 of this section.

e. Surplus reductions cannot be applied retroactively to a compliance period prior to the compliance period in which the reductions were generated.

f. Except as provided in subdivision 2 g (2) of this subsection, only small or one-product businesses selling products under an approved ACP may purchase surplus reductions. An increase in the size of a small business or one-product business shall have no effect on surplus reductions purchased by that business prior to the date of the increase.

g. While valid, surplus reductions can be used only for the following purposes:

(1) To adjust the ACP emissions of either the responsible ACP party who generated the reductions or the responsible ACP party to which the reductions were traded, provided the surplus reductions are not to be used by a responsible ACP party to further lower its ACP emissions when its ACP emissions are equal to or less than the ACP limit during the applicable compliance period; or

(2) To be traded for the purpose of reconciling another responsible ACP party's shortfalls, provided such reconciliation is part of the reconciliation of shortfalls plan approved by the board pursuant to subdivision B 1 g (10) of this section.

h. A valid surplus reduction shall be in effect starting five days after the date of issuance by the board for a continuous period equal to the number of days in the compliance period during which the surplus reduction was generated. The surplus reduction shall then expire at the end of its effective period.

i. At least five working days prior to the effective date of transfer of surplus reductions, both the responsible ACP party that is selling surplus reductions and the responsible ACP party that is buying the surplus reductions shall, either together or separately, notify the board in writing of the transfer. The notification shall include all of the following:

(1) The date the transfer is to become effective.

(2) The date the surplus reductions being traded are due to expire.

(3) The amount (in pounds of VOCs) of surplus reductions that is being transferred.

(4) The total purchase price paid by the buyer for the surplus reductions.

(5) The contact persons, names of the companies, street and mail addresses, and phone numbers of the responsible ACP parties involved in the trading of the surplus reductions.

(6) A copy of the board-issued surplus reductions certificate, signed by both the seller and buyer of the certificate, showing transfer of all or a specified portion of the surplus reductions. The copy shall show the amount of any remaining nontraded surplus reductions, if applicable, and shall show their expiration date. The copy shall indicate that both the buyer and seller of the surplus reductions fully understand the conditions and limitations placed upon the transfer of the surplus reductions and accept full responsibility for the appropriate use of such surplus reductions as provided in this section.

j. Surplus reduction credits shall only be traded between ACP products.

3. Provisions follow concerning limited-use surplus reduction credits for early reformulations of ACP products.

a. For the purposes of this subdivision, "early reformulation" means an ACP product that is reformulated to result in a reduction in the product's VOC content, and that is sold, supplied, or offered for sale for the first time during the one-year (365 day) period immediately prior to the date on which the application for a proposed ACP is submitted to the board. Early reformulation does not include reformulated ACP products that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale more than one year prior to the date on which the ACP application is submitted to the board.

b. If requested in the application for a proposed ACP, the board will, upon approval of the ACP, issue surplus reduction credits for early reformulation of ACP products, provided that all of the following documentation has been provided by the responsible ACP party to the satisfaction of the board:

(1) Accurate documentation showing that the early reformulation reduced the VOC content of the ACP product to a level that is below the pre-ACP VOC content of the product or below the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC 5-45-310 A, whichever is the lesser of the two;

(2) Accurate documentation demonstrating that the early reformulated ACP product was sold in retail outlets within the time period specified in subdivision 3 a of this subsection;

(3) Accurate sales records for the early reformulated ACP product that meet the definition of enforceable sales records and that demonstrate that the enforceable sales for the ACP product are at least 75% of the gross sales for the product, as specified in subdivision B 1 d of this section; and

(4) Accurate documentation for the early reformulated ACP product that meets the requirements specified in subdivisions B 1 c and d and B 1 g (7) and (8) of this section and that identifies the specific test methods for verifying the claimed early reformulation and the statistical accuracy and precision of the test methods as specified in subdivision B 1 g (4) of this section.

c. Surplus reduction credits issued pursuant to this subsection shall be calculated separately for each early reformulated ACP product by the board according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432468586536DEQGG_files/image001.gif

where:

SR = surplus reductions for the ACP product, expressed to the nearest pound.

Enforceable sales = the enforceable sales for the early reformulated ACP product, expressed to the nearest pound of ACP product.

VOC contentinitial = the pre-ACP VOC content of the ACP product, or the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A, whichever is the lesser of the two, expressed to the nearest 0.1 pounds of VOC per 100 pounds of ACP product.

VOC contentfinal = the VOC content of the early reformulated ACP product after the early reformulation is achieved, expressed to the nearest 0.1 pounds of VOC per 100 pounds of ACP product.

d. The use of limited use surplus reduction credits issued pursuant to this subdivision shall be subject to all of the following provisions:

(1) Limited use surplus reduction credits shall be used solely to reconcile the responsible ACP party's shortfalls, if any, generated during the first compliance period occurring immediately after the issuance of the ACP agreement approving an ACP, and may not be used for another purpose;

(2) Limited use surplus reduction credits may not be transferred to, or used by, another responsible ACP party; and

(3) Except as provided in this subdivision, limited use surplus reduction credits shall be subject to all requirements applicable to surplus reductions and surplus trading as specified in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection.

G. Provisions follow concerning the reconciliation of shortfalls.

1. At the end of each compliance period, the responsible ACP party shall make an initial calculation of shortfalls occurring in that compliance period as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP. Upon receipt of this information, the board will determine the amount of a shortfall that has occurred during the compliance period and shall notify the responsible ACP party of this determination.

2. The responsible ACP party shall implement the reconciliation of shortfalls plan as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP within 30 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board.

3. All shortfalls shall be completely reconciled within 90 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board by implementing the reconciliation of shortfalls plan specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP.

4. All requirements specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, including all applicable ACP limits, shall remain in effect while shortfalls are in the process of being reconciled.

H. Provisions follow concerning the notification of modifications to an ACP by the responsible ACP party.

1. Board pre-approval is not required for modifications that are a change to an ACP product's: (i) product name, (ii) product formulation, (iii) product form, (iv) product function, (v) applicable product category, (vi) VOC content, (vii) LVP content, (viii) date-codes, or (ix) recommended product usage directions. The responsible ACP party shall notify the board of such changes, in writing, no later than 15 working days from the date such a change occurs. For each modification, the notification shall fully explain the following:

a. The nature of the modification;

b. The extent to which the ACP product formulation, VOC content, LVP content, or recommended usage directions will be changed;

c. The extent to which the ACP emissions and ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement will be changed for the applicable compliance period; and

d. The effective date and corresponding date-codes for the modification.

2. The responsible ACP party may propose modifications to the enforceable sales records or the reconciliation of shortfalls plan specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP, however, such modifications require board pre-approval. Any such proposed modifications shall be fully described in writing and forwarded to the board. The responsible ACP party shall clearly demonstrate that the proposed modifications will meet the requirements of this article. The board will act on the proposed modifications using the procedure set forth in subsection C of this section. The responsible ACP party shall meet all applicable requirements of the existing ACP until such time as a proposed modification is approved in writing by the board.

3. Except as otherwise provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, the responsible ACP party shall notify the board, in writing, of information known by the responsible ACP party that may alter the information submitted pursuant to the requirements of subsection B of this section. The responsible ACP party shall provide such notification to the board no later than 15 working days from the date such information is known to the responsible ACP party.

I. Provisions follow concerning the modification of an ACP by the board.

1. If the board determines that: (i) the enforceable sales for an ACP product are no longer at least 75% of the gross sales for that product, (ii) the information submitted pursuant to the approval process set forth in subsection C of this section is no longer valid, or (iii) the ACP emissions are exceeding the ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, then the board will modify the ACP as necessary to ensure that the ACP meets all requirements of this article and that the ACP emissions will not exceed the ACP limit.

2. If any applicable VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A are modified by the board in a future rulemaking, the board will modify the ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP to reflect the modified ACP VOC standards as of their effective dates.

J. Provisions follow concerning the cancellation of an ACP.

1. An ACP shall remain in effect until:

a. The ACP reaches the expiration date specified in the ACP agreement;

b. The ACP is modified by the responsible ACP party and approved by the board as provided in subsection H of this section;

c. The ACP is modified by the board as provided in subsection I of this section;

d. The ACP includes a product for which the VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A is modified by the board in a future rulemaking, and the responsible ACP party informs the board in writing that the ACP will terminate on the effective date of the modified standard; or

e. The ACP is cancelled pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

2. The board will cancel an ACP if any of the following circumstances occur:

a. The responsible ACP party demonstrates to the satisfaction of the board that the continuation of the ACP will result in an extraordinary economic hardship.

b. The responsible ACP party violates the requirements of the approved ACP, and the violation results in a shortfall that is 20% or more of the applicable ACP limit (i.e., the ACP emissions exceed the ACP limit by 20% or more).

c. The responsible ACP party fails to meet the requirements of subsection G of this section within the time periods specified in that subsection.

d. The responsible ACP party has demonstrated a recurring pattern of violations and has consistently failed to take the necessary steps to correct those violations.

3. Cancellations of ACPs are considered case decisions and will be processed using the procedures prescribed in 9VAC5-170-40 A 2 and applicable provisions of Article 3 (§ 2.2-4018 et seq.) of the Administrative Process Act.

4. The responsible ACP party for an ACP that is canceled pursuant to this section and who does not have a valid ACP to immediately replace the canceled ACP shall meet all of the following requirements:

a. All remaining shortfalls in effect at the time of ACP cancellation shall be reconciled in accordance with the requirements of subsection G of this section, and

b. All ACP products subject to the ACP shall be in compliance with the applicable VOC standards in 9VAC5-45-310 A immediately upon the effective date of ACP cancellation.

5. Violations incurred pursuant to subsection E of this section shall not be cancelled or affected by the subsequent cancellation or modification of an ACP pursuant to subsection H, I, or J of this section.

K. The information required by subdivisions B 1 a and b and F 2 i of this section is public information that may not be claimed as confidential. Other information submitted to the board to meet the requirements of this section shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

L. A responsible ACP party may transfer an ACP to another responsible ACP party, provided that all of the following conditions are met:

1. The board will be notified, in writing, by both responsible ACP parties participating in the transfer of the ACP and its associated ACP agreement. The written notifications shall be postmarked at least five working days prior to the effective date of the transfer and shall be signed and submitted separately by both responsible parties. The written notifications shall clearly identify the contact persons, business names, mail and street addresses, and phone numbers of the responsible parties involved in the transfer.

2. The responsible ACP party to which the ACP is being transferred shall provide a written declaration stating that the transferee shall fully comply with all requirements of the ACP agreement approving the ACP and this article.

M. In approving agreements under subsections B through L of this section, the board will take into consideration whether the applicant has been granted an ACP by CARB. A manufacturer of consumer products that has been granted an ACP agreement by the CARB under the provisions in Subchapter 8.5, Article 4, Sections 94540-94555, of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations (see 9VAC5-20-21) may be exempt from Table 45-3A for the period of time that the CARB ACP agreement remains in effect provided that all ACP products used for emission credits within the CARB ACP agreement are contained in Table 45-3A. A manufacturer claiming such an ACP agreement on this basis must submit to the board a copy of the CARB ACP decision (i.e., the executive order), including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the exemption and certification that the manufacturer will comply with the CARB ACP decision for those ACP products in the areas specified in 9VAC5-45-280 C.

9VAC5-45-390. Notification, records and reporting.

A. The provisions of 9VAC5-45-50 (Notification, records and reporting) apply.

B. Upon 90 days written notice, the board may require a responsible party to report information for a consumer product the board may specify, including, but not limited to, all or part of the following information:

1. The company name of the responsible party and the party's address, telephone number, and designated contact person.

2. A showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B and C that supports any claim of confidentiality made pursuant to 9VAC5-170-60, §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Virginia Air Pollution Control Law, and other applicable state confidentiality requirements.

3. The product brand name for each consumer product subject to registration and, upon request by the board, the product label.

4. The product category to which the consumer product belongs.

5. The applicable product forms listed separately.

6. An identification of each product brand name and form as a "Household Product," "I&I Product," or both.

7. Separate sales in pounds per year, to the nearest pound, and the method used to calculate sales for each product form.

8. For registrations submitted by two companies, an identification of the company that is submitting relevant data separate from that submitted by the responsible party. All registration information from both companies shall be submitted by the date specified in this subsection.

9. For each product brand name and form, the net percent by weight of the total product, less container and packaging, composed of the following, rounded to the nearest one-tenth of a percent (0.1%):

a. Total exempt compounds.

b. Total LVP-VOCs that are not fragrances.

c. Total all other carbon-containing compounds that are not fragrances.

d. Total all noncarbon-containing compounds.

e. Total fragrance.

f. For products containing greater than 2.0% by weight fragrance:

(1) The percent of fragrances that are LVP-VOCs; and

(2) The percent of fragrances that are all other carbon-containing compounds [ ; and ].

g. Total paradichlorobenzene.

10. For each product brand name and form, the identity, including the specific chemical name and associated Chemical Abstract Services (CAS) number, of the following:

a. Each exempt compound; and

b. Each LVP-VOC that is not a fragrance.

11. If applicable, the weight percent composed of propellant for each product.

12. If applicable, an identification of the type of propellant.

C. In addition to the requirements of subdivision B 10 of this section, the responsible party shall report to the board the net percentage by weight of each ozone-depleting compound that is:

1. Listed in 9VAC5-45-310 I; and

2. Contained in a product subject to registration under subsection B of this section in an amount greater than 1.0% by weight.

D. Information submitted by responsible parties pursuant to this section shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

E. Provisions follow concerning special recordkeeping and reporting requirements for consumer products that contain perchloroethylene or methylene chloride.

1. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to all responsible parties for consumer products that are subject to 9VAC5-45-310 A and contain perchloroethylene or methylene chloride. For the purposes of this subsection, a product contains perchloroethylene or methylene chloride if the product contains 1.0% or more by weight (exclusive of the container or packaging) of either perchloroethylene or methylene chloride.

2. For each consumer product that contains perchloroethylene or methylene chloride, the responsible party shall keep records of the following information for products sold during each calendar year, beginning with the year of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, and ending with the year 2010:

a. The product brand name and a copy of the product label with legible usage instructions;

b. The product category to which the consumer product belongs;

c. The applicable product form, listed separately;

d. For each product form listed in subdivision 2 c of this subsection, the total sales during the calendar year to the nearest pound (exclusive of the container or packaging), and the method used for calculating sales;

e. The weight percentage, to the nearest 0.10% of perchloroethylene and methylene chloride in the consumer product;

3. Upon 90 days written notice, the board may require a responsible party to report the information specified in subdivision 2 of this subsection.

4. Records required by subdivision 2 of this subsection shall be maintained by the responsible party for three calendar years from the date such records were created.

5. Alternative control plan notifications, records, and reporting shall be made as required by 9VAC5-45-320 and as required in the ACP agreement.

6. Innovative product notifications, records, and reporting shall be made as required by 9VAC5-45-330 and as required in the innovative products exemption notification letter.

Article 4
Emission Standards for Consumer Products Manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-400. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-410, the provisions of this article apply to any consumer product manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, that contains volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The provisions of Article 3 (9VAC5-45-280 et seq.) of this part apply to consumer products manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-410, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale or manufactures for sale any consumer product.

C. The provisions of this article apply to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and, Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

D. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell or otherwise provide products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-420. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of applying this article in the context of the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution and related uses, the words or terms shall have the meanings given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined herein shall have the meanings given them in 9VAC5-10 (General Definitions), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms defined.

"ACP" or "alternative control plan" means any emissions averaging program approved by the board pursuant to the provisions of this article.

"ACP agreement" means the document signed by the board that includes the conditions and requirements of the board and that allows manufacturers to sell ACP products pursuant to the requirements of this article.

"ACP emissions" means the sum of the VOC emissions from every ACP product subject to an ACP agreement approving an ACP, during the compliance period specified in the ACP agreement, expressed to the nearest pound of VOC and calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image001.gif

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image002.gif

where:

1, 2,...N = each product in an ACP up to the maximum N.

Enforceable sales = (see definition in this section).

VOC content = one of the following:

1. For all products except for charcoal lighter material products:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image003.gif

where:

A = total net weight of unit (excluding container and packaging).

B = total weight of all VOCs per unit.

C = total weight of all exempted VOCs per unit, as specified in 9VAC5-45-410.

2. For charcoal lighter material products only:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image004.gif

where:

Certified emissions = (see definition in this section).

Certified use rate = (see definition in this section).

"ACP limit" means the maximum allowable ACP emissions during the compliance period specified in an ACP agreement approving an ACP, expressed to the nearest pound of VOC, and calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image005.gif

where:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image006.gif

where:

Enforceable sales = (see definition in this section).

ACP standard = (see definition in this section).

1, 2,...N = each product in an ACP up to the maximum N.

"ACP product" means any consumer product subject to the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, except those products that have been exempted as innovative products under 9VAC5-45-450.

"ACP reformulation" or "ACP reformulated" means the process of reducing the VOC content of an ACP product within the period that an ACP is in effect to a level that is less than the current VOC content of the product.

"ACP standard" means either the ACP product's pre-ACP VOC content or the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, whichever is the lesser of the two.

"ACP VOC standard" means the maximum allowable VOC content for an ACP product, determined as follows:

1. The applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A for all ACP products except for charcoal lighter material;

2. For charcoal lighter material products only, the VOC standard for the purposes of this article shall be calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image007.gif

where:

0.020 = the certification emissions level for the product, as specified in9VAC5-45-430 E.

Certified use rate = (see definition in this section).

"Adhesive" means any product that is used to bond one surface to another by attachment. Adhesive does not include products used on humans and animals, adhesive tape, contact paper, wallpaper, shelf liners, or any other product with an adhesive incorporated onto or in an inert substrate. For contact adhesive only, adhesive also does not include units of product, less packaging, that consist of more than one gallon. In addition, for construction, panel, and floor covering adhesive and general purpose adhesive only, adhesive does not include units of product, less packaging, that weigh more than one pound and consist of more than 16 fluid ounces. The package size limitations do not apply to aerosol adhesives.

"Adhesive remover" means a product designed to remove adhesive from either a specific substrate or a variety of substrates. Adhesive remover does not include products that remove adhesives intended exclusively for use on humans or animals. For the purpose of this definition and the following adhesive remover subcategories in subdivisions 1 through 4 of this definition, adhesive shall mean a substance used to bond one or more materials. Adhesives include, but are not limited to, caulk, sealant, glue, or similar substances used for the purpose of forming a bond.

1. "Floor and wall covering adhesive remover" means a product designed or labeled to remove floor or wall coverings and associated adhesive from the underlying substrate.

2. "Gasket or thread locking adhesive remover" means a product designed or labeled to remove gaskets or thread locking adhesives. Products labeled for dual use as a paint stripper and as a gasket remover or thread locking adhesive remover are considered gasket or thread locking adhesive remover.

3. "General purpose adhesive remover" means a product designed or labeled to remove cyanoacrylate adhesives and nonreactive adhesives or residue from a variety of substrates. General purpose adhesive remover includes, but is not limited to, products that remove thermoplastic adhesives, pressure sensitive adhesives, dextrin-based or starch-based adhesives, casein glues, rubber-based or latex-based adhesives, as well as products that remove stickers, decals, stencils, or similar materials. General purpose adhesive remover does not include floor or wall covering adhesive remover.

4. "Specialty adhesive remover" means a product designed to remove reactive adhesives from a variety of substrates. Reactive adhesives include adhesives that require a hardener or catalyst in order for the bond to occur. Examples of reactive adhesives include, but are not limited to, epoxies, urethanes, and silicones. Specialty adhesive remover does not include gasket or thread locking adhesive remover.

"Aerosol adhesive" means an aerosol product in which the spray mechanism is permanently housed in a nonrefillable can designed for hand-held application without the need for ancillary hoses or spray equipment. Aerosol adhesives include special purpose spray adhesives, mist spray adhesives, and web spray adhesives.

"Aerosol cooking spray" means any aerosol product designed either to reduce sticking on cooking and baking surfaces or to be applied on food, or both.

"Aerosol product" means a pressurized spray system that dispenses product ingredients by means of a propellant contained in a product or a product's carrier, or by means of a mechanically induced force. Aerosol product does not include pump sprays.

"Agricultural use" means the use of any pesticide or method or device for the control of pests in connection with the commercial production, storage, or processing of any animal or plant crop. Agricultural use does not include the sale or use of pesticides in properly labeled packages or containers that are intended for home use, use in structural pest control, industrial use, or institutional use. For the purposes of this definition only:

1. "Home use" means use in a household or its immediate environment.

2. "Industrial use" means use for or in a manufacturing, mining, or chemical process or use in the operation of factories, processing plants, and similar sites.

3. "Institutional use" means use within the perimeter of, or on property necessary for the operation of, buildings such as hospitals, schools, libraries, auditoriums, and office complexes.

4. "Structural pest control" means a use requiring a license under the applicable state pesticide licensing requirement.

"Air freshener" means any consumer product including, but not limited to, sprays, wicks, powders, and crystals, designed for the purpose of masking odors or freshening, cleaning, scenting, or deodorizing the air. Air fresheners do not include products that are used on the human body, products that function primarily as cleaning products (as indicated on a product label) or as toilet/urinal care products, disinfectant products claiming to deodorize by killing germs on surfaces, or institutional or industrial disinfectants when offered for sale solely through institutional and industrial channels of distribution. Air fresheners do include spray disinfectants and other products that are expressly represented for use as air fresheners, except institutional and industrial disinfectants when offered for sale through institutional and industrial channels of distribution. To determine whether a product is an air freshener, all verbal and visual representations regarding product use on the label or packaging and in the product's literature and advertising may be considered. The presence of, and representations about, a product's fragrance and ability to deodorize (resulting from surface application) shall not constitute a claim of air freshening.

"All other carbon-containing compounds" means all other compounds that contain at least one carbon atom and are not an "exempt compound" or an "LVP-VOC."

"All other forms" means all consumer product forms for which no form-specific VOC standard is specified. Unless specified otherwise by the applicable VOC standard, all other forms include, but are not limited to, solids, liquids, wicks, powders, crystals, and cloth or paper wipes (towelettes).

"Alternative control plan" or "ACP" means any emissions averaging program approved by the board pursuant to the provisions of this article.

"Antimicrobial hand or body cleaner or soap" means a cleaner or soap that is designed to reduce the level of microorganisms on the skin through germicidal activity. Antimicrobial hand or body cleaner or soap includes, but is not limited to, antimicrobial hand or body washes or cleaners, food handler hand washes, healthcare personnel hand washes, pre-operative skin preparations, and surgical scrubs. Antimicrobial hand or body cleaner or soap does not include prescription drug products, antiperspirants, astringent or toner, deodorant, facial cleaner or soap, general-use hand or body cleaner or soap, hand dishwashing detergent (including antimicrobial), heavy-duty hand cleaner or soap, medicated astringent or medicated toner, and rubbing alcohol.

"Antiperspirant" means any product including, but not limited to, aerosols, roll-ons, sticks, pumps, pads, creams, and squeeze-bottles, that is intended by the manufacturer to be used to reduce perspiration in the human axilla by at least 20% in at least 50% of a target population.

"Anti-static product" means a product that is labeled to eliminate, prevent, or inhibit the accumulation of static electricity. Anti-static products do not include electronic cleaners, floor polish or waxes, floor coatings, and products that meet the definition of aerosol coating products or architectural coatings.

"Architectural coating" means a coating applied to stationary structures and their appurtenances, to mobile homes, to pavements, or to curbs.

"ASTM" means the American Society for Testing and Materials.

"Astringent or toner" means any product not regulated as a drug by the United States Food and Drug Administration that is applied to the skin for the purpose of cleaning or tightening pores. This category also includes clarifiers and substrate-impregnated products. This category does not include any hand, face, or body cleaner or soap product, medicated astringent or medicated toner, cold cream, lotion, or antiperspirant.

"Automotive brake cleaner" means a cleaning product designed to remove oil, grease, brake fluid, brake pad material, or dirt from motor vehicle brake mechanisms.

"Automotive hard paste wax" means an automotive wax or polish that is:

1. Designed to protect and improve the appearance of automotive paint surfaces;

2. A solid at room temperature; and

3. Contains no water.

"Automotive instant detailer" means a product designed for use in a pump spray that is applied to the painted surface of automobiles and wiped off prior to the product being allowed to dry.

"Automotive rubbing or polishing compound" means a product designed primarily to remove oxidation, old paint, scratches or swirl marks, and other defects from the painted surfaces of motor vehicles without leaving a protective barrier.

"Automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze" means a product designed to seal out moisture, increase gloss, or otherwise enhance a motor vehicle's painted surfaces. Automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze includes, but is not limited to, products designed for use in auto body repair shops and drive-through car washes, as well as products designed for the general public. Automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze does not include automotive rubbing or polishing compounds, automotive wash and wax products, surfactant-containing car wash products, and products designed for use on unpainted surfaces such as bare metal, chrome, glass, or plastic.

"Automotive windshield washer fluid" means any liquid designed for use in a motor vehicle windshield washer system either as an antifreeze or for the purpose of cleaning, washing, or wetting the windshield. Automotive windshield washer fluid also includes liquids that are (i) packaged as a pre-wetted, single-use manual wipe and (ii) designed exclusively for cleaning, washing, or wetting automotive glass surfaces for the purpose of restoring or maintaining visibility for the driver. Glass cleaners that are intended for use on other glass surfaces are not included in this definition. Automotive windshield washer fluid does not include fluids placed by the manufacturer in a new vehicle.

"Bathroom and tile cleaner" means a product designed to clean tile or surfaces in bathrooms. Bathroom and tile cleaners do not include products designed primarily to clean toilet bowls, toilet tanks, or urinals.

"Bug and tar remover" means a product labeled to remove either or both of the following from painted motor vehicle surfaces without causing damage to the finish: (i) biological residues, such as insect carcasses and tree sap, and (ii) road grime, such as road tar, roadway paint markings, and asphalt.

"CARB" means the California Air Resources Board.

"Carburetor or fuel-injection air intake cleaner" means a product designed to remove fuel deposits, dirt, or other contaminants from a carburetor, choke, throttle body of a fuel-injection system, or associated linkages. Carburetor or fuel-injection air intake cleaner does not include products designed exclusively to be introduced directly into the fuel lines or fuel storage tank prior to introduction into the carburetor or fuel injectors.

"Carpet and upholstery cleaner" means a cleaning product designed for the purpose of eliminating dirt and stains on rugs, carpeting, and the interior of motor vehicles or on household furniture or objects upholstered or covered with fabrics such as wool, cotton, nylon, or other synthetic fabrics. Carpet and upholstery cleaners include, but are not limited to, products that make fabric protectant claims. Carpet and upholstery cleaners do not include general purpose cleaners, spot removers, vinyl or leather cleaners, dry cleaning fluids, or products designed exclusively for use at industrial facilities engaged in furniture or carpet manufacturing.

"Certified emissions" means the emissions level for products approved under 9VAC5-45-430 E, as determined pursuant to South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21), expressed to the nearest 0.001 pound VOC per start.

"Certified use rate" means the usage level for products approved under 9VAC5-45-430 E, as determined pursuant to South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21), expressed to the nearest 0.001 pound certified product used per start.

"Charcoal lighter material" means any combustible material designed to be applied on, incorporated in, added to, or used with charcoal to enhance ignition. Charcoal lighter material does not include any of the following:

1. Electrical starters and probes;

2. Metallic cylinders using paper tinder;

3. Natural gas;

4. Propane; or

5. Fat wood.

"Colorant" means any pigment or coloring material used in a consumer product for an aesthetic effect or to dramatize an ingredient.

"Compliance period" means the period of time, not to exceed one year, for which the ACP limit and ACP emissions are calculated and for which compliance with the ACP limit is determined, as specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP.

"Construction, panel, and floor covering adhesive" means any one-component adhesive that is designed exclusively for the installation, remodeling, maintenance, or repair of:

1. Structural and building components that include, but are not limited to, beams, trusses, studs, paneling (drywall or drywall laminates, fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP), plywood, particle board, insulation board, predecorated hardboard or tileboard, etc.), ceiling and acoustical tile, molding, fixtures, countertops or countertop laminates, cove or wall bases, and flooring or subflooring; or

2. Floor or wall coverings that include, but are not limited to, wood or simulated wood covering, carpet, carpet pad or cushion, vinyl-backed carpet, flexible flooring material, nonresilient flooring material, mirror tiles and other types of tiles, and artificial grass.

Construction, panel, and floor covering adhesive does not include floor seam sealer.

"Consumer" means a person who purchases or acquires a consumer product for personal, family, household, or institutional use. Persons acquiring a consumer product for resale are not consumers for that product.

"Consumer product" means a chemically formulated product used by household and institutional consumers including, but not limited to, detergents; cleaning compounds; polishes; floor finishes; cosmetics; personal care products; home, lawn, and garden products; disinfectants; sanitizers; aerosol paints; and automotive specialty products, but does not include other paint products, furniture coatings, or architectural coatings. As used in this article, consumer products shall also refer to aerosol adhesives, including aerosol adhesives used for consumer, industrial, or commercial uses.

"Contact adhesive" means an adhesive that:

1. Is designed for application to both surfaces to be bonded together;

2. Is allowed to dry before the two surfaces are placed in contact with each other;

3. Forms an immediate bond that is impossible, or difficult, to reposition after both adhesive-coated surfaces are placed in contact with each other; and

4. Does not need sustained pressure or clamping of surfaces after the adhesive-coated surfaces have been brought together using sufficient momentary pressure to establish full contact between both surfaces.

Contact adhesive does not include rubber cements that are primarily intended for use on paper substrates. Contact adhesive also does not include vulcanizing fluids that are designed and labeled for tire repair only.

"Contact adhesive - general purpose" means any contact adhesive that is not a contact adhesive - special purpose.

"Contact adhesive - special purpose" means a contact adhesive that is used as follows:

1. To bond melamine-covered board, unprimed metal, unsupported vinyl, Teflon®, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, rubber, high pressure laminate or wood veneer 1/16 inch or less in thickness to any porous or nonporous surface, and is sold in units of product, less packaging, that contain more than eight fluid ounces; or

2. In automotive applications that are either:

a. Automotive under-the-hood applications requiring heat, oil, or gasoline resistance; or

b. Body-side molding, automotive weatherstrip, or decorative trim.

"Container or packaging" means the part or parts of the consumer or institutional product that serve only to contain, enclose, incorporate, deliver, dispense, wrap, or store the chemically formulated substance or mixture of substances that is solely responsible for accomplishing the purposes for which the product was designed or intended. Containers or packaging include any article onto or into which the principal display panel and other accompanying literature or graphics are incorporated, etched, printed, or attached.

"Contact person" means a representative that has been designated by the responsible ACP party for the purpose of reporting or maintaining information specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP.

"Crawling bug insecticide" means an insecticide product that is designed for use against ants, cockroaches, or other household crawling arthropods, including, but not limited to, mites, silverfish or spiders. Crawling bug insecticide does not include products designed to be used exclusively on humans or animals or a house dust mite product. For the purposes of this definition only:

1. "House dust mite product" means a product whose label, packaging, or accompanying literature states that the product is suitable for use against house dust mites, but does not indicate that the product is suitable for use against ants, cockroaches, or other household crawling arthropods.

2. "House dust mite" means mites that feed primarily on skin cells shed in the home by humans and pets and that belong to the phylum Arthropoda, the subphylum Chelicerata, the class Arachnida, the subclass Acari, the order Astigmata, and the family Pyroglyphidae.

"Date-code" means the day, month, and year on which the consumer product was manufactured, filled, or packaged, or a code indicating such a date.

"Deodorant" means any product including, but not limited to, aerosols, roll-ons, sticks, pumps, pads, creams, and squeeze-bottles, that indicates or depicts on the container or packaging, or on any sticker or label affixed thereto, that the product can be used on or applied to the human axilla to provide a scent or minimize odor. A deodorant body spray product that indicates or depicts on the container or packaging, or on any sticker or label affixed thereto, that it can be used on or applied to the human axilla, is a deodorant.

"Deodorant body spray" means a personal fragrance product with 20% or less fragrance that is designed for application all over the human body to provide a scent. A deodorant body spray product that indicates or depicts on the container or packaging, or on any sticker or label affixed thereto, that it can be used on or applied to the human axilla, is a deodorant.

"Device" means an instrument or contrivance (other than a firearm) that is designed for trapping, destroying, repelling, or mitigating a pest or other form of plant or animal life (other than human and other than bacterium, virus, or another microorganism on or in living humans or other living animals); but not including equipment used for the application of pesticides when sold separately therefrom.

"Disinfectant" means a product intended to destroy or irreversibly inactivate infectious or other undesirable bacteria, pathogenic fungi, or viruses on surfaces or inanimate objects and whose label is registered under the FIFRA. Disinfectant does not include any of the following:

1. Products designed solely for use on humans or animals;

2. Products designed for agricultural use;

3. Products designed solely for use in swimming pools, therapeutic tubs, or hot tubs; or

4. Products that, as indicated on the principal display panel or label, are designed primarily for use as bathroom and tile cleaners, glass cleaners, general purpose cleaners, toilet bowl cleaners, or metal polishes.

"Distributor" means a person to whom a consumer product is sold or supplied for the purposes of resale or distribution in commerce, except that manufacturers, retailers, and consumers are not distributors.

"Double phase aerosol air freshener" means an aerosol air freshener with the liquid contents in two or more distinct phases that require the product container to be shaken before use to mix the phases, producing an emulsion.

"Dry cleaning fluid" means a nonaqueous liquid product designed and labeled exclusively for use on:

1. Fabrics that are labeled "for dry clean only," such as clothing or drapery; or

2. S-coded fabrics.

Dry cleaning fluid includes, but is not limited to, those products used by commercial dry cleaners and commercial businesses that clean fabrics such as draperies at the customer's residence or work place. Dry cleaning fluid does not include spot remover or carpet and upholstery cleaner. For the purposes of this definition, "S-coded fabric" means an upholstery fabric designed to be cleaned only with water-free spot cleaning products as specified by the American Furniture Manufacturers Association Joint Industry Fabrics Standards Committee, Woven and Knit Residential Upholstery Fabric Standards and Guidelines (see 9VAC5-20-21).

"Dusting aid" means a product designed to assist in removing dust and other soils from floors and other surfaces without leaving a wax or silicone-based coating. Dusting aid does not include pressurized gas dusters.

"Electrical cleaner" means a product labeled to remove heavy soils such as grease, grime, or oil from electrical equipment, including, but not limited to, electric motors, armatures, relays, electric panels, or generators. Electrical cleaner does not include general purpose cleaners, general purpose degreasers, dusting aids, electronic cleaners, energized electrical cleaners, pressurized gas dusters, engine degreasers, anti-static products, or products designed to clean the casings or housings of electrical equipment.

"Electronic cleaner" means a product labeled for the removal of dirt, moisture, dust, flux or oxides from the internal components of electronic or precision equipment such as circuit boards, and the internal components of electronic devices, including but not limited to, radios, compact disc (CD) players, digital video disc (DVD) players, and computers. Electronic cleaner does not include general purpose cleaners, general purpose degreasers, dusting aids, pressurized gas dusters, engine degreasers, electrical cleaners, energized electrical cleaners, anti-static products, or products designed to clean the casings or housings of electronic equipment.

"Energized electrical cleaner" means a product that meets both of the following criteria:

1. The product is labeled to clean or degrease electrical equipment, where cleaning or degreasing is accomplished when electrical current exists, or when there is a residual electrical potential from a component, such as a capacitor;

2. The product label clearly displays the statements: "Energized equipment use only. Not to be used for motorized vehicle maintenance, or their parts."

Energized electrical cleaner does not include electronic cleaner.

"Enforceable sales" means the total amount of an ACP product sold for use in the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-400 C during the applicable compliance period specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, as determined through enforceable sales records (expressed to the nearest pound, excluding product container and packaging).

"Enforceable sales record" means a written, point-of-sale record or another board-approved system of documentation from which the mass, in pounds (less product container and packaging), of an ACP product sold to the end user in the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-400 C during the applicable compliance period can be accurately documented. For the purposes of this article, enforceable sales records include, but are not limited to, the following types of records:

1. Accurate records of direct retail or other outlet sales to the end user during the applicable compliance period;

2. Accurate compilations, made by independent market surveying services, of direct retail or other outlet sales to the end users for the applicable compliance period, provided that a detailed method that can be used to verify data composing such summaries is submitted by the responsible ACP party and approved by the board; and

3. Other accurate product sales records acceptable to the board.

"Engine degreaser" means a cleaning product designed to remove grease, grime, oil, and other contaminants from the external surfaces of engines and other mechanical parts.

"Exempt compound" means acetone, ethane, methyl acetate, parachlorobenzotrifluoride (1-chloro-4-trifluoromethyl benzene), or perchloroethylene (tetrachloroethylene).

"Existing product" means any formulation of the same product category and form sold, supplied, manufactured, or offered for sale prior to March 9, 2005, or any subsequently introduced identical formulation.

"Fabric protectant" means a product designed to be applied to fabric substrates to protect the surface from soiling from dirt and other impurities or to reduce absorption of liquid into the fabric's fibers. Fabric protectant does not include waterproofers, products designed for use solely on leather, or products designed for use solely on fabrics that are labeled "for dry clean only" and sold in containers of 10 fluid ounces or less.

"Fabric refresher" means a product labeled to neutralize or eliminate odors on nonlaundered fabric including, but not limited to, soft household surfaces, rugs, carpeting, draperies, bedding, automotive interiors, footwear, athletic equipment, clothing or on household furniture or objects upholstered or covered with fabrics such as, but not limited to, wool, cotton, or nylon. Fabric refresher does not include anti-static products, carpet and upholstery cleaners, soft household surface sanitizers, footwear or leather care products, spot removers, or disinfectants, or products labeled for application to both fabric and human skin. For the purposes of this definition only, soft household surface sanitizer means a product labeled to neutralize or eliminate odors on surfaces listed above whose label is registered as a sanitizer under FIFRA.

"Facial cleaner or soap" means a cleaner or soap designed primarily to clean the face. Facial cleaner or soap includes, but is not limited to, facial cleansing creams, semisolids, liquids, lotions, and substrate-impregnated forms. Facial cleaner or soap does not include prescription drug products, antimicrobial hand or body cleaner or soap, astringent or toner, general-use hand or body cleaner or soap, medicated astringent or medicated toner, or rubbing alcohol.

"Fat wood" means pieces of wood kindling with high [ naturally-occurring naturally occurring ] levels of sap or resin that enhance ignition of the kindling. Fat wood does not include kindling with substances added to enhance flammability, such as wax-covered or wax-impregnated wood-based products.

"FIFRA" means the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 USC § 136-136y).

"Flea and tick insecticide" means an insecticide product that is designed for use against fleas, ticks, their larvae, or their eggs. Flea and tick insecticide does not include products that are designed to be used exclusively on humans or animals and their bedding.

"Flexible flooring material" means asphalt, cork, linoleum, no-wax, rubber, seamless vinyl, and vinyl composite flooring.

"Floor coating" means an opaque coating that is labeled and designed for application to flooring, including but not limited to, decks, porches, steps, and other horizontal surfaces that may be subject to foot traffic.

"Floor polish or wax" means a wax, polish, or other product designed to polish, protect, or enhance floor surfaces by leaving a protective coating that is designed to be periodically replenished. Floor polish or wax does not include spray buff products, products designed solely for the purpose of cleaning floors, floor finish strippers, products designed for unfinished wood floors, and coatings subject to architectural coatings regulations.

"Floor seam sealer" means a product designed and labeled exclusively for bonding, fusing, or sealing (coating) seams between adjoining rolls of installed flexible sheet flooring.

"Floor wax stripper" means a product designed to remove natural or synthetic floor polishes or waxes through breakdown of the polish or wax polymers or by dissolving or emulsifying the polish or wax. Floor wax stripper does not include aerosol floor wax strippers or products designed to remove floor wax solely through abrasion.

"Flying bug insecticide" means an insecticide product that is designed for use against flying insects or other flying arthropods, including but not limited to flies, mosquitoes, moths, or gnats. Flying bug insecticide does not include wasp and hornet insecticide, products that are designed to be used exclusively on humans or animals, or a moth-proofing product. For the purposes of this definition only, "moth-proofing product" means a product whose label, packaging, or accompanying literature indicates that the product is designed to protect fabrics from damage by moths, but does not indicate that the product is suitable for use against flying insects or other flying arthropods.

"Footwear or leather care product" means any product designed or labeled to be applied to footwear or to other leather articles or components, to maintain, enhance, clean, protect, or modify the appearance, durability, fit, or flexibility of the footwear, leather article or component. Footwear includes both leather and nonleather foot apparel. Footwear or leather care product does not include fabric protectants; general purpose adhesives; contact adhesives; vinyl/fabric/leather/polycarbonate coatings; rubber and vinyl protectants; fabric refreshers; products solely for deodorizing; or sealant products with adhesive properties used to create external protective layers greater than 2 millimeters thick.

"Fragrance" means a substance or complex mixture of aroma chemicals, natural essential oils, and other functional components with a combined vapor pressure not in excess of 2 mm of Hg at 20ºC, the sole purpose of which is to impart an odor or scent, or to counteract a malodor.

"Furniture coating" means a paint designed for application to room furnishings including, but not limited to, cabinets (kitchen, bath and vanity), tables, chairs, beds, and sofas.

"Furniture maintenance product" means a wax, polish, conditioner, or other product designed for the purpose of polishing, protecting, or enhancing finished wood surfaces other than floors. Furniture maintenance products do not include dusting aids, wood cleaners and products designed solely for the purpose of cleaning, and products designed to leave a permanent finish such as stains, sanding sealers, and lacquers.

"Gel" means a colloid in which the disperse phase has combined with the continuous phase to produce a semisolid material, such as jelly.

"General purpose adhesive" means a nonaerosol adhesive designed for use on a variety of substrates. General purpose adhesive does not include:

1. Contact adhesives;

2. Construction, panel, and floor covering adhesives;

3. Adhesives designed exclusively for application on one specific category of substrates (i.e., substrates that are composed of similar materials, such as different types of metals, paper products, ceramics, plastics, rubbers, or vinyls); or

4. Adhesives designed exclusively for use on one specific category of articles (i.e., articles that may be composed of different materials but perform a specific function, such as gaskets, automotive trim, weather-stripping, or carpets).

"General purpose cleaner" means a product designed for general all-purpose cleaning, in contrast to cleaning products designed to clean specific substrates in certain situations. General purpose cleaner includes products designed for general floor cleaning, kitchen or countertop cleaning, and cleaners designed to be used on a variety of hard surfaces and does not include general purpose degreasers and electronic cleaners.

"General purpose degreaser" means a product labeled to remove or dissolve grease, grime, oil, and other oil-based contaminants from a variety of substrates, including automotive or miscellaneous metallic parts. General purpose degreaser does not include engine degreaser, general purpose cleaner, adhesive remover, electronic cleaner, electrical cleaner, energized electrical cleaner, metal polish or cleanser, products used exclusively in solvent cleaning tanks or related equipment, or products that are (i) sold exclusively to establishments that manufacture or construct goods or commodities; and (ii) labeled "not for retail sale." Solvent cleaning tanks or related equipment includes, but is not limited to, cold cleaners, vapor degreasers, conveyorized degreasers, film cleaning machines, or products designed to clean miscellaneous metallic parts by immersion in a container.

"General-use hand or body cleaner or soap" means a cleaner or soap designed to be used routinely on the skin to clean or remove typical or common dirt and soils. General-use hand or body cleaner or soap includes, but is not limited to, hand or body washes, dual-purpose shampoo-body cleaners, shower or bath gels, and moisturizing cleaners or soaps. General-use hand or body cleaner or soap does not include prescription drug products, antimicrobial hand or body cleaner or soap, astringent or toner, facial cleaner or soap, hand dishwashing detergent (including antimicrobial), heavy-duty hand cleaner or soap, medicated astringent or medicated toner, or rubbing alcohol.

"Glass cleaner" means a cleaning product designed primarily for cleaning surfaces made of glass. Glass cleaner does not include products designed solely for the purpose of cleaning optical materials used in eyeglasses, photographic equipment, scientific equipment, and photocopying machines.

"Graffiti remover" means a product labeled to remove spray paint, ink, marker, crayon, lipstick, nail polish, or shoe polish, from a variety of noncloth or nonfabric substrates. Graffiti remover does not include paint remover or stripper, nail polish remover, or spot remover. Products labeled for dual use as both a paint stripper and graffiti remover are considered graffiti removers.

"Gross sales" means the estimated total sales of an ACP product in the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-400 C during a specific compliance period (expressed to the nearest pound), based on either of the following methods, whichever the responsible ACP party demonstrates to the satisfaction of the board will provide an accurate sales estimate:

1. Apportionment of national or regional sales of the ACP product to sales, determined by multiplying the average national or regional sales of the product by the fraction of the national or regional population, respectively, that is represented by the current population of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-400 C; or

2. Another documented method that provides an accurate estimate of the total current sales of the ACP product.

"Hair mousse" means a hairstyling foam designed to facilitate styling of a coiffure and provide limited holding power.

"Hair shine" means a product designed for the primary purpose of creating a shine when applied to the hair. Hair shine includes, but is not limited to, dual-use products designed primarily to impart a sheen to the hair. Hair shine does not include hair spray, hair mousse, hair styling product, hair styling gel, or products whose primary purpose is to condition or hold the hair.

"Hair spray" means a consumer product that is applied to styled hair, and is designed or labeled to provide sufficient rigidity to hold, retain and/or finish the style of the hair for a period of time. Hair spray includes aerosol hair sprays, pump hair sprays, spray waxes; color, glitter, or sparkle hairsprays that make finishing claims; and products that are both a styling and finishing product. Hair spray does not include spray products that are intended to aid in styling but does not provide finishing of a hairstyle. For the purposes of this article, "finish" or "finishing" means the maintaining or holding of previously styled hair for a period of time. For the purposes of this article, "styling" means the forming, sculpting, or manipulating the hair to temporarily alter the hair's shape.

"Hair styling product" means a consumer product that is designed or labeled for the application to wet, damp or dry hair to aid in defining, shaping, lifting, styling and or sculpting of the hair. Hair styling product includes, but is not limited to hair balm; clay; cream; creme; curl straightener; gel; liquid; lotion; paste; pomade; putty; root lifter; serum; spray gel; stick; temporary hair straightener; wax; spray products that aid in styling but do not provide finishing of a hairstyle; and leave-in volumizers, detanglers or conditioners that make styling claims. Hair styling product does not include hair mousse, hair shine, hair spray, or shampoos or conditioners that are rinsed from the hair prior to styling. For the purposes of this article, "finish" or "finishing" means the maintaining or holding of previously styled hair for a period of time. For the purposes of this article, "styling" means the forming, sculpting, or manipulating the hair to temporarily alter the hair's shape.

"Heavy-duty hand cleaner or soap" means a product designed to clean or remove difficult dirt and soils such as oil, grease, grime, tar, shellac, putty, printer's ink, paint, graphite, cement, carbon, asphalt, or adhesives from the hand with or without the use of water. Heavy-duty hand cleaner or soap does not include prescription drug products, antimicrobial hand or body cleaner or soap, astringent or toner, facial cleaner or soap, general-use hand or body cleaner or soap, medicated astringent or medicated toner, or rubbing alcohol.

"Herbicide" means a pesticide product designed to kill or retard a plant's growth, but excludes products that are (i) for agricultural use, or (ii) restricted materials that require a permit for use and possession.

"High volatility organic compound" or "HVOC" means a volatile organic compound that exerts a vapor pressure greater than 80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) when measured at 20ºC.

"Household product" means a consumer product that is primarily designed to be used inside or outside of living quarters or residences that are occupied or intended for occupation by people, including the immediate surroundings.

"Insecticide" means a pesticide product that is designed for use against insects or other arthropods, but excluding products that are:

1. For agricultural use;

2. For a use that requires a structural pest control license under applicable state laws or regulations; or

3. Materials classified for restricted use pursuant to 40 CFR 152.75 and require a pesticide business license from the Virginia Pesticide Control Board pursuant to 2VAC20-40-20 for use and possession.

"Insecticide fogger" means an insecticide product designed to release all or most of its content as a fog or mist into indoor areas during a single application.

"Institutional product" or "industrial and institutional (I&I) product" means a consumer product that is designed for use in the maintenance or operation of an establishment that:

1. Manufactures, transports, or sells goods or commodities, or provides services for profit; or

2. Is engaged in the nonprofit promotion of a particular public, educational, or charitable cause.

Establishments include, but are not limited to, government agencies, factories, schools, hospitals, sanitariums, prisons, restaurants, hotels, stores, automobile service and parts centers, health clubs, theaters, or transportation companies. Institutional product does not include household products and products that are incorporated into or used exclusively in the manufacture or construction of the goods or commodities at the site of the establishment.

"Label" means written, printed, or graphic matter affixed to, applied to, attached to, blown into, formed, molded into, embossed on, or appearing upon a consumer product or consumer product package, for purposes of branding, identifying, or giving information with respect to the product or to the contents of the package.

"Laundry prewash" means a product that is designed for application to a fabric prior to laundering and that supplements and contributes to the effectiveness of laundry detergents or provides specialized performance.

"Laundry starch product" means a product that is designed for application to a fabric, either during or after laundering, to impart and prolong a crisp, fresh look and may also act to help ease ironing of the fabric. Laundry starch product includes, but is not limited to, fabric finish, sizing, and starch.

"Lawn and garden insecticide" means an insecticide product labeled primarily to be used in household lawn and garden areas to protect plants from insects or other arthropods. Notwithstanding the requirements of 9VAC5-45-460 C, aerosol lawn and garden insecticides may claim to kill insects or other arthropods.

"Liquid" means a substance or mixture of substances that is capable of a visually detectable flow as determined under ASTM "Standard Test Method for Determining Whether a Material is a Liquid or a Solid" (see 9VAC5-20-21). Liquid does not include powders or other materials that are composed entirely of solid particles.

"Lubricant" means a product designed to reduce friction, heat, noise, or wear between moving parts, or to loosen rusted or immovable parts or mechanisms. Lubricant does not include automotive power steering fluids; products for use inside power generating motors, engines, and turbines, and their associated power-transfer gearboxes; two-cycle oils or other products designed to be added to fuels; products for use on the human body or animals; or products that are:

1. Sold exclusively to establishments that manufacture or construct goods or commodities; and

2. Labeled "not for retail sale."

"LVP content" means the total weight, in pounds, of LVP-VOC in an ACP product multiplied by 100 and divided by the product's total net weight (in pounds, excluding container and packaging), expressed to the nearest 0.1.

"LVP-VOC" means a chemical compound or mixture that contains at least one carbon atom and meets one of the following:

1. Has a vapor pressure less than 0.1 mm Hg at 20ºC, as determined by CARB Method 310 (see 9VAC5-20-21);

2. Is a chemical compound with more than 12 carbon atoms, or a chemical mixture composed solely of compounds with more than 12 carbon atoms as verified by formulation data, and the vapor pressure and boiling point are unknown;

3. Is a chemical compound with a boiling point greater than 216ºC, as determined by CARB Method 310 (see 9VAC5-20-21); or

4. Is the weight percent of a chemical mixture that boils above 216ºC, as determined by CARB Method 310 (see 9VAC5-20-21).

For the purposes of the definition of LVP-VOC, "chemical compound" means a molecule of definite chemical formula and isomeric structure, and "chemical mixture" means a substrate composed of two or more chemical compounds.

"Manufacturer" means a person who imports, manufactures, assembles, produces, packages, repackages, or relabels a consumer product.

"Medicated astringent or medicated toner" means a product regulated as a drug by the United States Food and Drug Administration that is applied to the skin for the purpose of cleaning or tightening pores. Medicated astringent or medicated toner includes, but is not limited to, clarifiers and substrate-impregnated products. Medicated astringent or medicated toner does not include hand, face, or body cleaner or soap products, astringent or toner, cold cream, lotion, antiperspirants, or products that must be purchased with a doctor's prescription.

"Medium volatility organic compound" or "MVOC" means a volatile organic compound that exerts a vapor pressure greater than 2 mm Hg and less than or equal to 80 mm Hg when measured at 20ºC.

"Metal polish or cleanser" means a product designed primarily to improve the appearance of finished metal, metallic, or metallized surfaces by physical or chemical action. To "improve the appearance" means to remove or reduce stains, impurities, or oxidation from surfaces or to make surfaces smooth and shiny. Metal polish or cleanser includes, but is not limited to, metal polishes used on brass, silver, chrome, copper, stainless steel, and other ornamental metals. Metal polish or cleanser does not include automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze, wheel cleaner, paint remover or stripper, products designed and labeled exclusively for automotive and marine detailing, or products designed for use in degreasing tanks.

"Missing data days" means the number of days in a compliance period for which the responsible ACP party has failed to provide the required enforceable sales or VOC content data to the board, as specified in the ACP agreement.

"Mist spray adhesive" means an aerosol that is not a special purpose spray adhesive and that delivers a particle or mist spray, resulting in the formation of fine, discrete particles that yield a generally uniform and smooth application of adhesive to the substrate.

"Multipurpose dry lubricant" means a lubricant that is:

1. Designed and labeled to provide lubricity by depositing a thin film of graphite, molybdenum disulfide ("moly"), or polytetrafluoroethylene or closely related fluoropolymer ("teflon") on surfaces; and

2. Designed for general purpose lubrication, or for use in a wide variety of applications.

"Multipurpose lubricant" means a lubricant designed for general purpose lubrication, or for use in a wide variety of applications. Multipurpose lubricant does not include multipurpose dry lubricants, penetrants, or silicone-based multipurpose lubricants.

"Multipurpose solvent" means an organic liquid designed to be used for a variety of purposes, including cleaning or degreasing of a variety of substrates, or thinning, dispersing, or dissolving other organic materials. Multipurpose solvent includes solvents used in institutional facilities, except for laboratory reagents used in analytical, educational, research, scientific, or other laboratories. Multipurpose solvent does not include solvents used in cold cleaners, vapor degreasers, conveyorized degreasers or film cleaning machines, or solvents that are incorporated into, or used exclusively in the manufacture or construction of, the goods or commodities at the site of the establishment.

"Nail polish" means a clear or colored coating designed for application to the fingernails or toenails and including but not limited to, lacquers, enamels, acrylics, base coats, and top coats.

"Nail polish remover" means a product designed to remove nail polish and coatings from fingernails or toenails.

"Nonaerosol product" means a consumer product that is not dispensed by a pressurized spray system.

"Noncarbon containing compound" means a compound that does not contain carbon atoms.

"Nonresilient flooring" means flooring of a mineral content that is not flexible. Nonresilient flooring includes but is not limited to terrazzo, marble, slate, granite, brick, stone, ceramic tile, and concrete.

"Nonselective terrestrial herbicide" means a terrestrial herbicide product that is toxic to plants without regard to species.

"One-product business" means a responsible ACP party that sells, supplies, offers for sale, or manufactures for use in the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-400:

1. Only one distinct ACP product, sold under one product brand name, which is subject to the requirements of 9VAC5-45-430; or

2. Only one distinct ACP product line subject to the requirements of 9VAC5-45-430, in which all the ACP products belong to the same product category and the VOC contents in the products are within 98.0% and 102.0% of the arithmetic mean of the VOC contents over the entire product line.

"Oven cleaner" means a cleaning product designed to clean and to remove dried food deposits from oven walls.

"Paint" means a pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition designed for application to a substrate in a thin layer that is converted to an opaque solid film after application and is used for protection, decoration or identification, or to serve some functional purpose such as the filling or concealing of surface irregularities or the modification of light and heat radiation characteristics.

"Paint remover or stripper" means a product designed to strip or remove paints or other related coatings, by chemical action, from a substrate without markedly affecting the substrate. Paint remover or stripper does not include multipurpose solvents, paint brush cleaners, products designed and labeled exclusively as graffiti removers, and hand cleaner products that claim to remove paints and other related coatings from skin.

"Penetrant" means a lubricant designed and labeled primarily to loosen metal parts that have bonded together due to rusting, oxidation, or other causes. Penetrant does not include multipurpose lubricants that claim to have penetrating qualities but are not labeled primarily to loosen bonded parts.

"Personal fragrance product" means any product that is applied to the human body or clothing for the primary purpose of adding a scent or masking a malodor, including cologne, perfume, aftershave, and toilet water. Personal fragrance product does not include: (i) deodorant; (ii) medicated products designed primarily to alleviate fungal or bacterial growth on feet or other areas of the body; (iii) mouthwashes, breath fresheners and deodorizers; (iv) lotions, moisturizers, powders or other skin care products used primarily to alleviate skin conditions such as dryness and irritations; (v) products designed exclusively for use on human genitalia; (vi) soaps, shampoos, and products primarily used to clean the human body; and (vii) fragrance products designed to be used exclusively on nonhuman animals.

"Pesticide" means and includes a substance or mixture of substances labeled, designed, or intended for use in preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating a pest, or a substance or mixture of substances labeled, designed, or intended for use as a defoliant, desiccant, or plant regulator, provided that the term "pesticide" will not include a substance, mixture of substances, or device that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency does not consider to be a pesticide.

"Pre-ACP VOC content" means the lowest VOC content of an ACP product between January 1, 1990, and the date on which the application for a proposed ACP is submitted to the board, based on the data obtained from accurate records available to the board that yields the lowest VOC content for the product.

"Pressurized gas duster" means a pressurized product labeled to remove dust from a surface solely by means of mass air or gas flow, including surfaces such as photographs, photographic film negatives, computer keyboards, and other types of surfaces that cannot be cleaned with solvents. Pressurized gas duster does not include dusting aids.

"Principal display panel" means that part of a label that is so designed as to most likely be displayed, presented, shown, or examined under normal and customary conditions of display or purchase. Whenever a principal display panel appears more than once, all requirements pertaining to the principal display panel shall pertain to all such principal display panels.

"Product brand name" means the name of the product exactly as it appears on the principal display panel of the product.

"Product category" means the applicable category that best describes the product as listed in this section and in Table 45-4A in 9VAC5-45-430 A.

"Product form," for the purpose of complying with 9VAC5-45-510 (notification, records and reporting) only, means the applicable form that most accurately describes the product's dispensing form as follows:

A = Aerosol Product.

S = Solid.

P = Pump Spray.

L = Liquid.

SS = Semisolid.

O = Other.

"Product line" means a group of products of identical form and function belonging to the same product category.

"Propellant" means a liquefied or compressed gas that is used in whole or in part, such as a cosolvent, to expel a liquid or other material from the same self-pressurized container or from a separate container.

"Pump spray" means a packaging system in which the product ingredients within the container are not under pressure and in which the product is expelled only while a pumping action is applied to a button, trigger, or other actuator.

"Reconcile" or "reconciliation" means to provide sufficient VOC emission reductions to completely offset shortfalls generated under the ACP during an applicable compliance period.

"Reconciliation of shortfalls plan" means the plan to be implemented by the responsible ACP party when shortfalls have occurred, as approved by the board pursuant to 9VAC5-45-440 B 1 g (10).

"Responsible ACP party" means the company, firm, or establishment that is listed on the ACP product's label. If the label lists two or more companies, firms, or establishments, the responsible ACP party is the party that the ACP product was "manufactured for" or "distributed by," as noted on the label.

"Responsible party" means the company, firm, or establishment that is listed on the product's label. If the label lists two companies, firms, or establishments, the responsible party is the party that the product was "manufactured for" or "distributed by," as noted on the label.

"Restricted materials" means pesticides established as restricted materials under Chapter 39 (§ 3.2-3900 et seq.) of Title 3.2 of the Code of Virginia.

"Retail outlet" means an establishment at which consumer products are sold, supplied, or offered for sale directly to consumers.

"Retailer" means a person who sells, supplies, or offers consumer products for sale directly to consumers.

"Roll-on product" means an antiperspirant or deodorant that dispenses active ingredients by rolling a wetted ball or wetted cylinder on the affected area.

"Rubber and vinyl protectant" means a product designed to protect, preserve, or renew vinyl, rubber, and plastic on vehicles, tires, luggage, furniture, and household products such as vinyl covers, clothing, and accessories. Rubber and vinyl protectant does not include products primarily designed to clean the wheel rim, such as aluminum or magnesium wheel cleaners, and tire cleaners that do not leave an appearance-enhancing or protective substance on the tire.

"Rubbing alcohol" means a product containing isopropyl alcohol (also called isopropanol) or denatured ethanol and labeled for topical use, usually to decrease germs in minor cuts and scrapes, to relieve minor muscle aches, as a rubefacient, and for massage.

"Sealant and caulking compound" means a product with adhesive properties that is designed to fill, seal, waterproof, or weatherproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Sealant and caulking compound does not include roof cements and roof sealants; insulating foams; removable caulking compounds; clear or paintable or water resistant caulking compounds; floor seam sealers; products designed exclusively for automotive uses; or sealers that are applied as continuous coatings. Sealant and caulking compound also does not include units of product, less packaging, which weigh more than one pound and consist of more than 16 fluid ounces. For the purposes of this definition only, "removable caulking compound" means a compound that temporarily seals windows or doors for three- to six-month time intervals; and "clear or paintable or water resistant caulking compound" means a compound that contains no appreciable level of opaque fillers or pigments, transmits most or all visible light through the caulk when cured, is paintable, and is immediately resistant to precipitation upon application.

"Semisolid" means a product that, at room temperature, will not pour, but will spread or deform easily, including, but not limited to gels, pastes, and greases.

"Shaving cream" means an aerosol product that dispenses a foam lather intended to be used with a blade or cartridge razor or other wet-shaving system, in the removal of facial or other bodily hair. Shaving cream does not include shaving gel.

"Shaving gel" means an aerosol product that dispenses a post-foaming semisolid designed to be used with a blade, cartridge razor, or other shaving system in the removal of facial or other bodily hair. Shaving gel does not include shaving cream.

"Shortfall" means the ACP emissions minus the ACP limit when the ACP emissions were greater than the ACP limit during a specified compliance period, expressed to the nearest pound of VOC. Shortfall does not include emissions occurring prior to the date that the ACP agreement approving an ACP is signed by the board.

"Silicone-based multipurpose lubricant" means a lubricant that is:

1. Designed and labeled to provide lubricity primarily through the use of silicone compounds including, but not limited to, polydimethylsiloxane; and

2. Designed and labeled for general purpose lubrication, or for use in a wide variety of applications.

Silicone-based multipurpose lubricant does not include products designed and labeled exclusively to release manufactured products from molds.

"Single phase aerosol air freshener" means an aerosol air freshener with the liquid contents in a single homogeneous phase and that does not require that the product container be shaken before use.

"Small business" means any stationary source that is owned or operated by a person that employs 100 or fewer individuals; is a small business concern as defined in the federal Small Business Act; is not a major stationary source; does not emit 50 tons or more per year of any regulated pollutant; and emits less than 75 tons per year of all regulated pollutants.

"Solid" means a substance or mixture of substances that, either whole or subdivided (such as the particles composing a powder), is not capable of visually detectable flow as determined under ASTM "Standard Test Method for Determining Whether a Material is a Liquid or a Solid" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

"Special purpose spray adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive that meets any of the following definitions:

1. "Mounting adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive designed to permanently mount photographs, artwork, or other drawn or printed media to a backing (paper, board, cloth, etc.) without causing discoloration to the artwork.

2. "Flexible vinyl adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive designed to bond flexible vinyl to substrates. "Flexible vinyl" means a nonrigid polyvinyl chloride plastic with at least 5.0%, by weight, of plasticizer content. A plasticizer is a material, such as a high boiling point organic solvent, that is incorporated into a plastic to increase its flexibility, workability, or distensibility, and may be determined using ASTM "Standard Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography" (see 9VAC5-20-21) or from product formulation data.

3. "Polystyrene foam adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive designed to bond polystyrene foam to substrates.

4. "Automobile headliner adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive designed to bond together layers in motor vehicle headliners.

5. "Polyolefin adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive designed to bond polyolefins to substrates.

6. "Laminate repair or edgebanding adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive designed for:

a. The touch-up or repair of items laminated with high pressure laminates (e.g., lifted edges, delaminates, etc.); or

b. The touch-up, repair, or attachment of edgebonding materials, including but not limited to, other laminates, synthetic marble, veneers, wood molding, and decorative metals.

For the purposes of this definition, "high pressure laminate" means sheet materials that consist of paper, fabric, or other core material that have been laminated at temperatures exceeding 265°F and at pressures between 1,000 and 1,400 psi.

7. "Automotive engine compartment adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive designed for use in motor vehicle under-the-hood applications that require oil and plasticizer resistance, as well as high shear strength, at temperatures of 200-275°F.

"Spot remover" means a product labeled to clean localized areas or remove localized spots or stains on cloth or fabric, such as drapes, carpets, upholstery, and clothing, that does not require subsequent laundering to achieve stain removal. Spot remover does not include dry cleaning fluid, laundry prewash, or multipurpose solvent.

"Spray buff product" means a product designed to restore a worn floor finish in conjunction with a floor buffing machine and special pad.

"Stick product" means an antiperspirant or a deodorant that contains active ingredients in a solid matrix form, and that dispenses the active ingredients by frictional action on the affected area.

"Structural waterproof adhesive" means an adhesive whose bond lines are resistant to conditions of continuous immersion in fresh or salt water and that conforms with the definition in the federal consumer products regulation, 40 CFR 59 Subpart C.

"Surplus reduction" means the ACP limit minus the ACP emissions when the ACP limit was greater than the ACP emissions during a given compliance period, expressed to the nearest pound of VOC. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-440 F 3, surplus reduction does not include emissions occurring prior to the date that the ACP agreement approving an ACP is signed by the board.

"Surplus trading" means the buying, selling, or transfer of surplus reductions between responsible ACP parties.

"Terrestrial" means to live on or grow from land.

"Tire sealant and inflator" means a pressurized product that is designed to temporarily inflate and seal a leaking tire.

"Toilet/urinal care product" means any product designed or labeled to clean or to deodorize toilet bowls, toilet tanks, or urinals. Toilet bowls, toilet tanks, or urinals includes, but is not limited to, toilets or urinals connected to permanent plumbing in buildings and other structures, portable toilets or urinals placed at temporary or remote locations, and toilet or urinals in vehicles such as buses, recreational motor homes, boats, ships, and aircraft. Toilet/urinal care product does not include bathroom and tile cleaner or general purpose cleaner.

"Total maximum historical emissions" or "TMHE" means the total VOC emissions from all ACP products for which the responsible ACP party has failed to submit the required VOC content or enforceable sales records. The TMHE shall be calculated for each ACP product during each portion of a compliance period for which the responsible ACP party has failed to provide the required VOC content or enforceable sales records. The TMHE shall be expressed to the nearest pound and calculated according to the following calculation:

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where:

Highest VOC content = the maximum VOC content that the ACP product has contained in the previous five years, if the responsible ACP party has failed to meet the requirements for reporting VOC content data (for any portion of the compliance period), as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP, or the current actual VOC content, if the responsible ACP party has provided all required VOC Content data (for the entire compliance period), as specified in the ACP agreement.

Highest sales = the maximum one-year gross sales of the ACP product in the previous five years, if the responsible ACP party has failed to meet the requirements for reporting enforceable sales records (for any portion of the compliance period), as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP, or the current actual one-year enforceable sales for the product, if the responsible ACP party has provided all required enforceable sales records (for the entire compliance period), as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP.

Missing data days = (see definition in this section).

1, 2,..., N = each product in an ACP, up to the maximum N, for which the responsible ACP party has failed to submit the required enforceable sales or VOC content data as specified in the ACP agreement.

"Type A propellant" means a compressed gas such as CO2, N2, N2O, or compressed air that is used as a propellant and is either incorporated with the product or contained in a separate chamber within the product's packaging.

"Type B propellant" means a halocarbon that is used as a propellant including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

"Type C propellant" means a propellant that is not a Type A or Type B propellant, including propane, isobutane, n-butane, and dimethyl ether (also known as dimethyl oxide).

"Undercoating" means an aerosol product designed to impart a protective, nonpaint layer to the undercarriage, trunk interior, or firewall of motor vehicles to prevent the formation of rust or to deaden sound. Undercoating includes, but is not limited to, rubberized, mastic, or asphaltic products.

"Usage directions" means the text or graphics on the product's principal display panel, label, or accompanying literature that describes to the end user how and in what quantity the product is to be used.

"Vinyl/fabric/leather/polycarbonate coating" means a coating designed and labeled exclusively to coat vinyl, fabric, leather, or polycarbonate substrates.

"VOC content" means, except for charcoal lighter products, the total weight of VOC in a product expressed as a percentage of the product weight (exclusive of the container or packaging), as determined pursuant to 9VAC5-45-490 B and C.

For charcoal lighter material products only,

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where:

Certified emissions = (see definition in this section).

Certified use rate = (see definition in this section).

"Volatile organic compound" or "VOC" means volatile organic compound as defined in 9VAC5-10-20.

"Wasp and hornet insecticide" means an insecticide product that is designed for use against wasps, hornets, yellow jackets or bees by allowing the user to spray from a distance a directed stream or burst at the intended insects or their hiding place.

"Waterproofer" means a product designed and labeled exclusively to repel water from fabric or leather substrates. Waterproofer does not include fabric protectants.

"Wax" means a material or synthetic thermoplastic substance generally of high molecular weight hydrocarbons or high molecular weight esters of fatty acids or alcohols, except glycerol and high polymers (plastics). Wax includes, but is not limited to, substances derived from the secretions of plants and animals such as carnauba wax and beeswax, substances of a mineral origin such as ozocerite and paraffin, and synthetic polymers such as polyethylene.

"Web spray adhesive" means an aerosol adhesive that is not a mist spray or special purpose spray adhesive.

"Wood cleaner" means a product labeled to clean wooden materials including but not limited to decking, fences, flooring, logs, cabinetry, and furniture. Wood cleaner does not include dusting aids, general purpose cleaners, furniture maintenance products, floor wax strippers, floor polish or waxes, or products designed and labeled exclusively to preserve or color wood.

"Wood floor wax" means wax-based products for use solely on wood floors.

"Working day" means a day between Monday through Friday, inclusive, except for federal holidays.

9VAC5-45-430. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-410, 9VAC5-45-440, and 9VAC5-45-450, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale a consumer product manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, or (ii) manufacture for sale a consumer product on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, that contains volatile organic compounds in excess of the limits specified in Table 45-4A.

TABLE 45-4A

Product Category [ : ]

Percent VOC by Weight

Adhesive Removers

Floor or wall covering adhesive remover

5%

Gasket or thread locking adhesive remover

50%

General purpose adhesive remover

20%

Specialty adhesive remover

70%

Adhesives

Aerosol adhesives

Mist spray adhesive:

65%

Web spray adhesive:

55%

Special purpose spray adhesives

Automotive engine compartment adhesive:

70%

Automotive headliner adhesive:

65%

Flexible vinyl adhesive:

70%

Laminate repair or edgebanding adhesive:

60%

Mounting adhesive:

70%

Polystyrene foam adhesive:

65%

Polyolefin adhesive:

60%

Contact adhesives

General purpose contact adhesive:

55%

Special purpose contact adhesive:

80%

Construction, panel, and floor covering adhesive:

15%

General purpose adhesive:

10%

Structural waterproof adhesive:

15%

Air fresheners

Single-phase aerosol:

30%

Double-phase aerosol:

25%

Liquid/Pump spray:

18%

Solid/Semisolid:

3%

Antiperspirants

Aerosol:

40% HVOC,
10% MVOC

Nonaerosol:

0% HVOC,
0% MVOC

Anti-static product, nonaerosol:

11%

Automotive brake cleaner:

45%

Automotive rubbing or polishing compound:

17%

Automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze

Hard paste wax:

45%

Instant detailer:

3%

All other forms:

15%

Automotive windshield washer fluid:

35%

Bathroom and tile cleaners

Aerosol:

7%

All other forms:

5%

Bug and tar remover:

40%

Carburetor or fuel-injection air intake cleaner:

45%

Carpet and upholstery cleaners

Aerosol:

7%

Nonaerosol (dilutable):

0.1%

Nonaerosol (ready-to-use):

3.0%

Charcoal lighter material:

See subsection
E of this section.

Cooking spray, aerosol:

18%

Deodorants

Aerosol:

0% HVOC,
10% MVOC

Nonaerosol:

0% HVOC,
0% MVOC

Dusting aids

Aerosol:

25%

All other forms:

7%

Electrical cleaner

45%

Electronic cleaner

75%

Engine degreasers

Aerosol:

35%

Nonaerosol:

5%

Fabric protectant:

60%

Fabric refreshers

Aerosol:

15%

Nonaerosol:

6%

Floor polishes/Waxes

Products for flexible flooring materials:

7%

Products for nonresilient flooring:

10%

Wood floor wax:

90%

Floor wax stripper, nonaerosol:

See subsection
G of this section.

Footwear or leather care products

Aerosol:

75%

Solid:

55%

All other forms:

15%

Furniture maintenance products

Aerosol:

17%

All other forms except solid or paste:

7%

General purpose cleaners

Aerosol:

10%

Nonaerosol:

4%

General purpose degreasers

Aerosol:

50%

Nonaerosol:

4%

Glass cleaners

Aerosol:

12%

Nonaerosol:

4%

Graffiti removers

Aerosol:

50%

Nonaerosol:

30%

Hair mousse:

6%

Hair shine:

55%

Hair spray:

55%

Hair styling products

Aerosol and pump spray:

6%

All other forms:

2%

Heavy-duty hand cleaner or soap:

8%

Insecticides

Crawling bug (aerosol):

15%

Crawling bug (all other forms):

20%

Flea and tick:

25%

Flying bug (aerosol):

25%

Flying bug (all other forms):

35%

Fogger:

45%

Lawn and garden (all other forms):

20%

Lawn and garden (nonaerosol):

3%

Wasp and hornet:

40%

Laundry prewash

Aerosol/Solid:

22%

All other forms:

5%

Laundry starch product:

5%

Metal polish or cleanser:

30%

Multipurpose lubricant (excluding solid or semi-solid products):

50%

Nail polish remover:

75%

Nonselective terrestrial herbicide, nonaerosol:

3%

Oven cleaners

Aerosol/Pump spray:

8%

Liquid:

5%

Paint remover or stripper:

50%

Penetrant:

50%

Rubber and vinyl protectants

Nonaerosol:

3%

Aerosol:

10%

Sealant and caulking compound:

4%

Shaving cream:

5%

Shaving gel:

7%

Silicone-based multipurpose lubricant (excluding solid or semi-solid products):

60%

Spot removers

Aerosol:

25%

Nonaerosol:

8%

Tire sealant and inflator:

20%

Toile/urinal care products

Aerosol:

10%

Nonaerosol:

3%

Undercoating, aerosol:

40%

Wood cleaners

Aerosol:

17%

Nonaerosol:

4%

B. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale an antiperspirant or a deodorant that contains a compound that has been defined as a toxic pollutant in 9VAC5-60-210 C.

C. Provisions follow concerning products that are diluted prior to use.

1. For consumer products for which the label, packaging, or accompanying literature specifically states that the product should be diluted with water or non-VOC solvent prior to use, the limits specified in Table 45-4A shall apply to the product only after the minimum recommended dilution has taken place. For purposes of this subsection, "minimum recommended dilution" shall not include recommendations for incidental use of a concentrated product to deal with limited special applications such as hard-to-remove soils or stains.

2. For consumer products for which the label, packaging, or accompanying literature states that the product should be diluted with a VOC solvent prior to use, the limits specified in Table 45-4A shall apply to the product only after the maximum recommended dilution has taken place.

D. For those consumer products that are registered under FIFRA, the effective date of the VOC standards in Table 45-4A shall be [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2011. Prior to that date, the standards of Table 45-3A in 9VAC5-45-430 A shall apply unless the product is exempt under the provisions of 9VAC5-45-410.

E. The following requirements shall apply to all charcoal lighter material products:

1. Effective as of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-480, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale a charcoal lighter material product manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, or (ii) manufacture for sale a charcoal lighter material product on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, unless at the time of the transaction:

a. The manufacturer can demonstrate to the board's satisfaction that it has been issued a currently effective certification by CARB under the Consumer Products provisions under Subchapter 8.5, Article 2, § 94509(h), of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations (see 9VAC5-20-21). This certification remains in effect for as long as the CARB certification remains in effect. A manufacturer claiming such a certification on this basis must submit to the board a copy of the certification decision (i.e., the executive order), including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the certification.

b. The manufacturer or distributor of the charcoal lighter material has been issued a currently effective certification pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

c. The charcoal lighter material meets the formulation criteria and other conditions specified in the applicable ACP agreement issued pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

d. The product usage directions for the charcoal lighter material are the same as those provided to the board pursuant to subdivision 2 c of this subsection.

2. Provisions follow concerning certification requirements.

a. No charcoal lighter material formulation shall be certified under this subdivision unless the applicant for certification demonstrates to the board's satisfaction that the VOC emissions from the ignition of charcoal with the charcoal lighter material are less than or equal to 0.020 pound of VOC per start, using the procedures specified in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21). The provisions relating to LVP-VOC in 9VAC5-45-410 F and 9VAC5-45-420 C shall not apply to a charcoal lighter material subject to the requirements of 9VAC5-45-430 A and this subsection.

b. The board may approve alternative test procedures that are shown to provide equivalent results to those obtained using the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21).

c. A manufacturer or distributor of charcoal lighter material may apply to the board for certification of a charcoal lighter material formulation in accordance with this subdivision. The application shall be in writing and shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(1) The results of testing conducted pursuant to the procedures specified in South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21); and

(2) The exact text or graphics that will appear on the charcoal lighter material's principal display panel, label, or accompanying literature. The provided material shall clearly show the usage directions for the product. These directions shall accurately reflect the quantity of charcoal lighter material per pound of charcoal that was used in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) for that product, unless:

(a) The charcoal lighter material is intended to be used in fixed amounts independent of the amount of charcoal used, such as certain paraffin cubes, or

(b) The charcoal lighter material is already incorporated into the charcoal, such as certain "bag light," "instant light" or "match light" products.

(3) For a charcoal lighter material that meets the criteria specified in subdivision 2 c (2) (a) of this subsection, the usage instructions provided to the board will accurately reflect the quantity of charcoal lighter material used in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) for that product.

(4) Physical property data, formulation data, or other information required by the board for use in determining when a product modification has occurred and for use in determining compliance with the conditions specified on the ACP agreement issued pursuant to subdivision 2 e of this subsection.

d. Within 30 days of receipt of an application, the board will advise the applicant in writing either that it is complete or that specified additional information is required to make it complete. Within 30 days of receipt of additional information, the board will advise the applicant in writing either that the application is complete, or that specified additional information or testing is still required before it can be deemed complete.

e. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subdivision 2 of this subsection, then an ACP agreement shall be issued certifying the charcoal lighter material formulation and specifying such conditions as are necessary to insure that the requirements of this subsection are met. The board will act on a complete application within 90 days after the application is deemed complete.

3. For charcoal lighter material for which certification has been granted pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection, the applicant for certification shall notify the board in writing within 30 days of: (i) a change in the usage directions, or (ii) a change in product formulation, test results, or other information submitted pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection that may result in VOC emissions greater than 0.020 pound of VOC per start.

4. If the board determines that a certified charcoal lighter material formulation results in VOC emissions from the ignition of charcoal that are greater than 0.020 pound of VOC per start, as determined by the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) and the statistical analysis procedures contained therein, the board will revoke or modify the certification as is necessary to assure that the charcoal lighter material will result in VOC emissions of less than or equal to 0.020 pound of VOC per start.

F. [ Requirements for Provisions follow concerning ] aerosol adhesives.

1. The standards for aerosol adhesives apply to all uses of aerosol adhesives, including consumer, industrial, and commercial uses. Except as otherwise provided in 9VAC5-45-410 and 9VAC5-45-450, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply, offer for sale, or use an aerosol adhesive manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, or (ii) manufacture for sale an aerosol adhesive [ after May 1, 2010 on or after ] August 1, 2010, that contains VOCs in excess of the specified standard.

2. a. In order to qualify as a "special purpose spray adhesive," the product must meet one or more of the definitions for special purpose spray adhesive specified in 9VAC5-45-420 C, but if the product label indicates that the product is suitable for use on a substrate or application not listed in 9VAC5-45-420 C, then the product shall be classified as either a "web spray adhesive" or a "mist spray adhesive."

b. If a product meets more than one of the definitions specified in 9VAC5-45-420 C for "special purpose spray adhesive," and is not classified as a "web spray adhesive" or "mist spray adhesive" under subdivision 2 a of this subsection, then the VOC limit for the product shall be the lowest applicable VOC limit specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A.

3. No person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale an aerosol adhesive manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, or (ii) manufacture for sale on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, an aerosol adhesive, that contains any of the following compounds: methylene chloride, perchloroethylene, or trichloroethylene.

4. All aerosol adhesives must comply with the labeling requirements specified in 9VAC5-45-460 D.

G. Effective as of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-480, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for use a floor wax stripper unless the following requirements are met:

1. The label of each nonaerosol floor wax stripper must specify a dilution ratio for light or medium build-up of polish that results in an as-used VOC concentration of 3.0% by weight or less.

2. If a nonaerosol floor wax stripper is also intended to be used for removal of heavy build-up of polish, the label of that floor wax stripper must specify a dilution ratio for heavy build-up of polish that results in an as-used VOC concentration of 12% by weight or less.

3. The terms "light build-up," "medium build-up," or "heavy build-up" are not specifically required as long as comparable terminology is used.

H. For a consumer product for which standards are specified under subsection A of this section, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale a consumer product that contains any of the following ozone-depleting compounds:

CFC-11 (trichlorofluoromethane), CFC-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane);

CFC-113 (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane);

CFC-114 (1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethane);

CFC-115 (chloropentafluoroethane), halon 1211 (bromochlorodifluoromethane);

halon 1301 (bromotrifluoromethane), halon 2402 (dibromotetrafluoroethane);

HCFC-22 (chlorodifluoromethane), HCFC-123 (2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane);

HCFC-124 (2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane);

HCFC-141b (1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane), HCFC-142b (1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane);

1,1,1-trichloroethane; or

carbon tetrachloride.

I. The requirements of subsection H of this section shall not apply to an existing product formulation that complies with Table 45-4A or an existing product formulation that is reformulated to meet Table 45-4A, provided the ozone-depleting compound content of the reformulated product does not increase.

J. The requirements of subsection H of this section shall not apply to ozone-depleting compounds that may be present as impurities in a consumer product in an amount equal to or less than 0.01% by weight of the product.

9VAC5-45-440. Alternative control plan (ACP) for consumer products.

A. 1. Manufacturers of consumer products may seek an ACP agreement in accordance with subsections B through L of this section.

2. Only responsible ACP parties for consumer products may enter into an ACP agreement under the provisions of this section.

B. Provisions follow concerning the requirements and process for approval of an ACP.

1. To be considered by the board for approval, an application for a proposed ACP shall be submitted in writing to the board by the responsible ACP party and shall contain all of the following:

a. An identification of the contact persons, phone numbers, names, and addresses of the responsible ACP party that is submitting the ACP application and will be implementing the ACP requirements specified in the ACP agreement.

b. A statement of whether the responsible ACP party is a small business or a one-product business.

c. A listing of the exact product brand name, form, available variations (flavors, scents, colors, sizes, etc.), and applicable product category for each distinct ACP product that is proposed for inclusion in the ACP.

d. For each proposed ACP product identified in subdivision 1 c of this subsection, a demonstration to the satisfaction of the board that the enforceable sales records to be used by the responsible ACP party for tracking product sales meet the minimum criteria specified in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection. To provide this demonstration, the responsible ACP party shall either demonstrate to the satisfaction of the board that other records provided to the board in writing by the responsible ACP party meet the minimum criteria of subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection for tracking product sales of each ACP product, or do all of the following:

(1) Provide the contact persons, phone numbers, names, street and mail addresses of all persons and businesses who will provide information that will be used to determine the enforceable sales;

(2) Determine the enforceable sales of each product using enforceable sales records;

(3) Demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the board, the validity of the enforceable sales based on enforceable sales records provided by the contact persons or the responsible ACP party;

(4) Calculate the percentage of the gross sales that is composed of enforceable sales; and

(5) Determine which ACP products have enforceable sales that are 75% or more of the gross sales. Only ACP products meeting this criteria shall be allowed to be sold under an ACP.

e. For each of the ACP products identified in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection, the inclusion of the following:

(1) Legible copies of the existing labels for each product; and

(2) The VOC content and LVP content for each product. The VOC content and LVP content shall be reported for two different periods as follows:

(a) The VOC and LVP contents of the product at the time the application for an ACP is submitted, and

(b) The VOC and LVP contents of the product that were used at any time within the four years prior to the date of submittal of the application for an ACP if either the VOC or LVP contents have varied by more than plus or minus 10% of the VOC or LVP contents reported in subdivision 1 e (2) (a) of this subsection.

f. A written commitment obligating the responsible ACP party to date-code every unit of each ACP product approved for inclusion in the ACP. The commitment shall require the responsible ACP party to display the date-code on each ACP product container or package no later than five working days after the date an ACP agreement approving an ACP is signed by the board.

g. An operational plan covering all the products identified under subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection for each compliance period that the ACP will be in effect. The operational plan shall contain all of the following:

(1) An identification of the compliance periods and dates for the responsible ACP party to report the information required by the board in the ACP agreement approving an ACP. The length of the compliance period shall be chosen by the responsible ACP party (not to exceed 365 days). The responsible ACP party shall also choose the dates for reporting information such that all required VOC content and enforceable sales data for all ACP products shall be reported to the board at the same time and at the same frequency.

(2) An identification of specific enforceable sales records to be provided to the board for enforcing the provisions of this article and the ACP agreement approving an ACP. The enforceable sales records shall be provided to the board no later than the compliance period dates specified in subdivision 1 g (1) of this subsection.

(3) For a small business or a one-product business that will be relying to some extent on surplus trading to meet its ACP limits, a written commitment from the responsible ACP party that they will transfer the surplus reductions to the small business or one-product business upon approval of the ACP.

(4) For each ACP product, all VOC content levels that will be applicable for the ACP product during each compliance period. The plan shall also identify the specific method by which the VOC content will be determined and the statistical accuracy and precision (repeatability and reproducibility) will be calculated for each specified method.

(5) The projected enforceable sales for each ACP product at each different VOC content for every compliance period that the ACP will be in effect.

(6) A detailed demonstration showing the combination of specific ACP reformulations or surplus trading (if applicable) that is sufficient to ensure that the ACP emissions will not exceed the ACP limit for each compliance period that the ACP will be in effect, the approximate date within each compliance period that such reformulations or surplus trading are expected to occur, and the extent to which the VOC contents of the ACP products will be reduced (i.e., by ACP reformulation). This demonstration shall use the equations specified in 9VAC5-45-420 C for projecting the ACP emissions and ACP limits during each compliance period. This demonstration shall also include all VOC content levels and projected enforceable sales for all ACP products to be sold during each compliance period.

(7) A certification that all reductions in the VOC content of a product will be real, actual reductions that do not result from changing product names, mischaracterizing ACP product reformulations that have occurred in the past, or other attempts to circumvent the provisions of this article.

(8) Written explanations of the date-codes that will be displayed on each ACP product's container or packaging.

(9) A statement of the approximate dates by which the responsible ACP party plans to meet the applicable ACP VOC standards for each product in the ACP.

(10) An operational plan ("reconciliation of shortfalls plan") that commits the responsible ACP party to completely reconcile shortfalls, even, to the extent permitted by law, if the responsible ACP party files for bankruptcy protection. The plan for reconciliation of shortfalls shall contain all of the following:

(a) A clear and convincing demonstration of how shortfalls of up to 5.0%, 10%, 15%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of the applicable ACP limit will be completely reconciled within 90 working days from the date the shortfall is determined;

(b) A listing of the specific records and other information that will be necessary to verify that the shortfalls were reconciled as specified in this subsection; and

(c) A commitment to provide a record or information requested by the board to verify that the shortfalls have been completely reconciled.

h. A declaration, signed by a legal representative for the responsible ACP party, that states that all information and operational plans submitted with the ACP application are true and correct.

2. a. In accordance with the time periods specified in subsection C of this section, the board will issue an ACP agreement approving an ACP that meets the requirements of this article. The board will specify such terms and conditions as are necessary to ensure that the emissions from the ACP products do not exceed the emissions that would have occurred if the ACP products subject to the ACP had met the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A. The ACP shall also include:

(1) Only those ACP products for which the enforceable sales are at least 75% of the gross sales as determined in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection;

(2) A reconciliation of shortfalls plan meeting the requirements of this article; and

(3) Operational terms, conditions, and data to be reported to the board to ensure that all requirements of this article are met.

b. The board will not approve an ACP submitted by a responsible ACP party if the board determines, upon review of the responsible ACP party's compliance history with past or current ACPs or the requirements for consumer products in this article, that the responsible ACP party has a recurring pattern of violations and has consistently refused to take the necessary steps to correct those violations.

C. Provisions follow concerning ACP approval time frames.

1. The board will take appropriate action on an ACP within the following time periods:

a. Within 30 working days of receipt of an ACP application, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The application is complete and accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

b. Within 30 working days of receipt of additional information provided in response to a determination that an ACP application is deficient, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The additional information is sufficient to make the application complete, and the application is accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

c. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subsection B of this section, then it shall issue an ACP agreement in accordance with the requirements of this article. The board will normally act to approve or disapprove a complete application within 90 working days after the application is deemed complete. The board may extend this time period if additional information is needed.

2. [ The board may extend the time period in subdivision 1 c of this subsection if additional information is needed. ] Before the end of each time period specified in this section, the board and the responsible ACP party may mutually agree to a longer time period for the board to take the appropriate action.

D. Provisions follow concerning recordkeeping and availability of requested information.

1. All information specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP shall be maintained by the responsible ACP party for a minimum of three years after such records are generated. Such records shall be clearly legible and maintained in good condition during this period.

2. The records specified in subdivision 1 of this subsection shall be made available to the board or its authorized representative:

a. Immediately upon request, during an on-site visit to a responsible ACP party,

b. Within five working days after receipt of a written request from the board, or

c. Within a time period mutually agreed upon by both the board and the responsible ACP party.

E. Provisions follow concerning violations.

1. Failure to meet a requirement of this article or a condition of an applicable ACP agreement shall constitute a single, separate violation of this article for each day until such requirement or condition is satisfied, except as otherwise provided in subdivisions 2 through 8 of this subsection.

2. False reporting of information in an ACP application or in any supporting documentation or amendments thereto shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day that the approved ACP is in effect.

3. An exceedance during the applicable compliance period of the VOC content specified for an ACP product in the ACP agreement approving an ACP shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each ACP product that exceeds the specified VOC content that is sold, supplied, offered for sale, or manufactured for use.

4. Any of the following actions shall each constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day after the applicable deadline until the requirement is satisfied:

a. Failure to report data or failure to report data accurately in writing to the board regarding the VOC content, LVP content, enforceable sales, or other information required by the deadline specified in the applicable ACP agreement;

b. False reporting of information submitted to the board for determining compliance with the ACP requirements;

c. Failure to completely implement the reconciliation of shortfalls plan that is set forth in the ACP agreement within 30 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board; or

d. Failure to completely reconcile the shortfall as specified in the ACP agreement within 90 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board.

5. False reporting or failure to report any of the information specified in subdivision F 2 i of this section or the sale or transfer of invalid surplus reductions shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day during the time period for which the surplus reductions are claimed to be valid.

6. Except as provided in subdivision 7 of this subsection, an exceedance of the ACP limit for a compliance period that the ACP is in effect shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day of the applicable compliance period. The board will determine whether an exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred as follows:

a. If the responsible ACP party has provided all required information for the applicable compliance period specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, then the board will determine whether an exceedance has occurred using the enforceable sales records and VOC content for each ACP product as reported by the responsible ACP party for the applicable compliance period.

b. If the responsible ACP party has failed to provide all the required information specified in the ACP agreement for an applicable compliance period, the board will determine whether an exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred as follows:

(1) For the missing data days, the board will calculate the total maximum historical emissions as specified in 9VAC5-45-420 C.

(2) For the remaining portion of the compliance period that are not missing data days, the board will calculate the emissions for each ACP product using the enforceable sales records and VOC content that were reported for that portion of the applicable compliance period.

(3) The ACP emissions for the entire compliance period shall be the sum of the total maximum historical emissions determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (1) of this subsection, and the emissions determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (2) of this subsection.

(4) The board will calculate the ACP limit for the entire compliance period using the ACP standards applicable to each ACP product and the enforceable sales records specified in subdivision 6 b (2) of this subsection. The enforceable sales for each ACP product during missing data days, as specified in subdivision 6 b (1) of this subsection, shall be zero.

(5) An exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred when the ACP emissions, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (3) of this subsection, exceeds the ACP limit, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (4) of this subsection.

7. If a violation specified in subdivision 6 of this subsection occurs, the responsible ACP party may, pursuant to this subdivision, establish the number of violations as calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432634564273DEQGG_files/image001.gif

where:

NEV = number of ACP limit violations.

ACP emissions = the ACP emissions for the compliance period.

ACP limit = the ACP limit for the compliance period.

40 pounds = number of pounds of emissions equivalent to one violation.

The responsible ACP party may determine the number of ACP limit violations pursuant to this subdivision only if it has provided all required information for the applicable compliance period, as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP. By choosing this option, the responsible ACP party waives all legal objections to the calculation of the ACP limit violations pursuant to this subdivision.

8. A cause of action against a responsible ACP party under this section shall be deemed to accrue on the date when the records establishing a violation are received by the board.

9. The responsible ACP party is fully liable for compliance with the requirements of this article, even if the responsible ACP party contracts with or otherwise relies on another person to carry out some or all of the requirements of this article.

F. Provisions follow concerning surplus reductions and surplus trading.

1. The board will issue surplus reduction certificates that establish and quantify, to the nearest pound of VOC reduced, the surplus reductions achieved by a responsible ACP party operating under an ACP. The surplus reductions can be bought from, sold to, or transferred to a responsible ACP party operating under an ACP, as provided in subdivision 2 of this subsection. All surplus reductions shall be calculated by the board at the end of each compliance period within the time specified in the approved ACP. Surplus reduction certificates shall not constitute instruments, securities, or another form of property.

2. The issuance, use, and trading of all surplus reductions shall be subject to the following provisions:

a. For the purposes of this article, VOC reductions from sources of VOCs other than consumer products subject to the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A may not be used to generate surplus reductions .

b. Surplus reductions are valid only when generated by a responsible ACP party and only while that responsible ACP party is operating under an approved ACP.

c. Surplus reductions are valid only after the board has issued an ACP agreement pursuant to subdivision 1 of this subsection.

d. Surplus reductions issued by the board may be used by the responsible ACP party who generated the surplus until the reductions expire, are traded, or until the ACP is canceled pursuant to subdivision J 2 of this section.

e. Surplus reductions cannot be applied retroactively to a compliance period prior to the compliance period in which the reductions were generated.

f. Except as provided in subdivision 2 g (2) of this subsection, only small or one-product businesses selling products under an approved ACP may purchase surplus reductions. An increase in the size of a small business or one-product business shall have no effect on surplus reductions purchased by that business prior to the date of the increase.

g. While valid, surplus reductions can be used only for the following purposes:

(1) To adjust the ACP emissions of either the responsible ACP party who generated the reductions or the responsible ACP party to which the reductions were traded, provided the surplus reductions are not to be used by a responsible ACP party to further lower its ACP emissions when its ACP emissions are equal to or less than the ACP limit during the applicable compliance period; or

(2) To be traded for the purpose of reconciling another responsible ACP party's shortfalls, provided such reconciliation is part of the reconciliation of shortfalls plan approved by the board pursuant to subdivision B 1 g (10) of this section.

h. A valid surplus reduction shall be in effect starting five days after the date of issuance by the board for a continuous period equal to the number of days in the compliance period during which the surplus reduction was generated. The surplus reduction shall then expire at the end of its effective period.

i. At least five working days prior to the effective date of transfer of surplus reductions, both the responsible ACP party that is selling surplus reductions and the responsible ACP party that is buying the surplus reductions shall, either together or separately, notify the board in writing of the transfer. The notification shall include all of the following:

(1) The date the transfer is to become effective;.

(2) The date the surplus reductions being traded are due to expire;.

(3) The amount (in pounds of VOCs) of surplus reductions that are is being transferred;.

(4) The total purchase price paid by the buyer for the surplus reductions;.

(5) The contact persons, names of the companies, street and mail addresses, and phone numbers of the responsible ACP parties involved in the trading of the surplus reductions; and.

(6) A copy of the board-issued surplus reductions certificate, signed by both the seller and buyer of the certificate, showing transfer of all or a specified portion of the surplus reductions. The copy shall show the amount of any remaining nontraded surplus reductions, if applicable, and shall show their expiration date. The copy shall indicate that both the buyer and seller of the surplus reductions fully understand the conditions and limitations placed upon the transfer of the surplus reductions and accept full responsibility for the appropriate use of such surplus reductions as provided in this section.

j. Surplus reduction credits shall only be traded between ACP products.

3. Provisions follow concerning limited-use surplus reduction credits for early reformulations of ACP products.

a. For the purposes of this subdivision, "early reformulation" means an ACP product that is reformulated to result in a reduction in the product's VOC content, and that is sold, supplied, or offered for sale for the first time during the one-year (365 day) period immediately prior to the date on which the application for a proposed ACP is submitted to the board. Early reformulation does not include reformulated ACP products that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale more than one year prior to the date on which the ACP application is submitted to the board.

b. If requested in the application for a proposed ACP, the board will, upon approval of the ACP, issue surplus reduction credits for early reformulation of ACP products, provided that all of the following documentation has been provided by the responsible ACP party to the satisfaction of the board:

(1) Accurate documentation showing that the early reformulation reduced the VOC content of the ACP product to a level that is below the pre-ACP VOC content of the product or below the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC 5-45-430 A, whichever is the lesser of the two;

(2) Accurate documentation demonstrating that the early reformulated ACP product was sold in retail outlets within the time period specified in subdivision 3 a of this subsection;

(3) Accurate sales records for the early reformulated ACP product that meet the definition of enforceable sales records and that demonstrate that the enforceable sales for the ACP product are at least 75% of the gross sales for the product, as specified in subdivision B 1 d of this section; and

(4) Accurate documentation for the early reformulated ACP product that meets the requirements specified in subdivisions B 1 c and d and B 1 g (7) and (8) of this section and that identifies the specific test methods for verifying the claimed early reformulation and the statistical accuracy and precision of the test methods as specified in subdivision B 1 g (4) of this section.

c. Surplus reduction credits issued pursuant to this subsection shall be calculated separately for each early reformulated ACP product by the board according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432634564273DEQGG_files/image002.gif

where:

SR = surplus reductions for the ACP product, expressed to the nearest pound.

Enforceable sales = the enforceable sales for the early reformulated ACP product, expressed to the nearest pound of ACP product.

VOC contentinitial = the pre-ACP VOC content of the ACP product, or the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, whichever is the lesser of the two, expressed to the nearest 0.1 pounds of VOC per 100 pounds of ACP product.

VOC contentfinal = the VOC content of the early reformulated ACP product after the early reformulation is achieved, expressed to the nearest 0.1 pounds of VOC per 100 pounds of ACP product.

d. The use of limited use surplus reduction credits issued pursuant to this subdivision shall be subject to all of the following provisions:

(1) Limited use surplus reduction credits shall be used solely to reconcile the responsible ACP party's shortfalls, if any, generated during the first compliance period occurring immediately after the issuance of the ACP agreement approving an ACP, and may not be used for another purpose;

(2) Limited use surplus reduction credits may not be transferred to, or used by, another responsible ACP party; and

(3) Except as provided in this subdivision, limited use surplus reduction credits shall be subject to all requirements applicable to surplus reductions and surplus trading as specified in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection.

G. Provisions follow concerning the reconciliation of shortfalls.

1. At the end of each compliance period, the responsible ACP party shall make an initial calculation of shortfalls occurring in that compliance period as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP. Upon receipt of this information, the board will determine the amount of a shortfall that has occurred during the compliance period and shall notify the responsible ACP party of this determination.

2. The responsible ACP party shall implement the reconciliation of shortfalls plan as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP within 30 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board.

3. All shortfalls shall be completely reconciled within 90 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board by implementing the reconciliation of shortfalls plan specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP.

4. All requirements specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, including all applicable ACP limits, shall remain in effect while shortfalls are in the process of being reconciled.

H. Provisions follow concerning the notification of modifications to an ACP by the responsible ACP party.

1. Board pre-approval is not required for modifications that are a change to an ACP product's: (i) product name, (ii) product formulation, (iii) product form, (iv) product function, (v) applicable product category, (vi) VOC content, (vii) LVP content, (viii) date-codes, or (ix) recommended product usage directions. The responsible ACP party shall notify the board of such changes, in writing, no later than 15 working days from the date such a change occurs. For each modification, the notification shall fully explain the following:

a. The nature of the modification;

b. The extent to which the ACP product formulation, VOC content, LVP content, or recommended usage directions will be changed;

c. The extent to which the ACP emissions and ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement will be changed for the applicable compliance period; and

d. The effective date and corresponding date-codes for the modification.

2. The responsible ACP party may propose modifications to the enforceable sales records or the reconciliation of shortfalls plan specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP, however, such modifications require board pre-approval. Any such proposed modifications shall be fully described in writing and forwarded to the board. The responsible ACP party shall clearly demonstrate that the proposed modifications will meet the requirements of this article. The board will act on the proposed modifications using the procedure set forth in subsection C of this section. The responsible ACP party shall meet all applicable requirements of the existing ACP until such time as a proposed modification is approved in writing by the board.

3. Except as otherwise provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, the responsible ACP party shall notify the board, in writing, of information known by the responsible ACP party that may alter the information submitted pursuant to the requirements of subsection B of this section. The responsible ACP party shall provide such notification to the board no later than 15 working days from the date such information is known to the responsible ACP party.

I. Provisions follow concerning the modification of an ACP by the board.

1. If the board determines that: (i) the enforceable sales for an ACP product are no longer at least 75% of the gross sales for that product, (ii) the information submitted pursuant to the approval process set forth in subsection C of this section is no longer valid, or (iii) the ACP emissions are exceeding the ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, then the board will modify the ACP as necessary to ensure that the ACP meets all requirements of this article and that the ACP emissions will not exceed the ACP limit.

2. If any applicable VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A are modified by the board in a future rulemaking, the board will modify the ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP to reflect the modified ACP VOC standards as of their effective dates.

J. Provisions follow concerning the cancellation of an ACP.

1. An ACP shall remain in effect until:

a. The ACP reaches the expiration date specified in the ACP agreement;

b. The ACP is modified by the responsible ACP party and approved by the board as provided in subsection H of this section;

c. The ACP is modified by the board as provided in subsection I of this section;

d. The ACP includes a product for which the VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A is modified by the board in a future rule-making, and the responsible ACP party informs the board in writing that the ACP will terminate on the effective date of the modified standard; or

e. The ACP is cancelled pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

2. The board will cancel an ACP if any of the following circumstances occur:

a. The responsible ACP party demonstrates to the satisfaction of the board that the continuation of the ACP will result in an extraordinary economic hardship;.

b. The responsible ACP party violates the requirements of the approved ACP, and the violation results in a shortfall that is 20% or more of the applicable ACP limit (i.e., the ACP emissions exceed the ACP limit by 20% or more);.

c. The responsible ACP party fails to meet the requirements of subsection G of this section within the time periods specified in that subsection; or.

d. The responsible ACP party has demonstrated a recurring pattern of violations and has consistently failed to take the necessary steps to correct those violations.

3. Cancellations of ACPs are considered case decisions and will be processed using the procedures prescribed in 9VAC5-170-40 A 2 and applicable provisions of Article 3 (§ 2.2-4018 et seq.) of the Administrative Process Act.

4. The responsible ACP party for an ACP that is canceled pursuant to this section and who does not have a valid ACP to immediately replace the canceled ACP shall meet all of the following requirements:

a. All remaining shortfalls in effect at the time of ACP cancellation shall be reconciled in accordance with the requirements of subsection G of this section, and

b. All ACP products subject to the ACP shall be in compliance with the applicable VOC standards in 9VAC5-45-430 A immediately upon the effective date of ACP cancellation.

5. Violations incurred pursuant to subsection E of this section shall not be cancelled or affected by the subsequent cancellation or modification of an ACP pursuant to subsection H, I, or J of this section.

K. The information required by subdivisions B 1 a and b and F 2 i of this section is public information that may not be claimed as confidential. Other information submitted to the board to meet the requirements of this section shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

L. A responsible ACP party may transfer an ACP to another responsible ACP party, provided that all of the following conditions are met:

1. The board will be notified, in writing, by both responsible ACP parties participating in the transfer of the ACP and its associated ACP agreement. The written notifications shall be postmarked at least five working days prior to the effective date of the transfer and shall be signed and submitted separately by both responsible parties. The written notifications shall clearly identify the contact persons, business names, mail and street addresses, and phone numbers of the responsible parties involved in the transfer.

2. The responsible ACP party to which the ACP is being transferred shall provide a written declaration stating that the transferee shall fully comply with all requirements of the ACP agreement approving the ACP and this article.

M. In approving agreements under subsections B through L of this section, the board will take into consideration whether the applicant has been granted an ACP by CARB. A manufacturer of consumer products that has been granted an ACP agreement by the CARB under the provisions in Subchapter 8.5, Article 4, Sections 94540-94555, of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations (see 9VAC5-20-21) may be exempt from Table 45-4A for the period of time that the CARB ACP agreement remains in effect provided that all ACP products used for emission credits within the CARB ACP agreement are contained in Table 45-4A. A manufacturer claiming such an ACP agreement on this basis must submit to the board a copy of the CARB ACP decision (i.e., the executive order), including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the exemption and certification that the manufacturer will comply with the CARB ACP decision for those ACP products in the areas specified in 9VAC5-45-400 B.

9VAC5-45-460. Administrative requirements.

A. Provisions follow concerning product dating.

1. Each manufacturer of a consumer product subject to 9VAC5-45-430 shall clearly display on each consumer product container or package, the day, month, and year on which the product was manufactured or a code indicating such date.

2. A manufacturer who uses the following code to indicate the date of manufacture shall not be subject to the requirements of subdivision B 1 of this section, if the code is represented separately from other codes on the product container so that it is easily recognizable:

YY DDD = year year day day day

where:

YY = two digits representing the year in which the product was manufactured, and

DDD = three digits representing the day of the year on which the product was manufactured, with 001 representing the first day of the year, 002 representing the second day of the year, and so forth (i.e., the Julian date).

3. The date or date code shall be located on the container or inside the cover or cap so that it is readily observable or obtainable (by simply removing the cap or cover) without irreversibly disassembling a part of the container or packaging. For the purposes of this subdivision, information may be displayed on the bottom of a container as long as it is clearly legible without removing any product packaging.

4. This date or date code shall be displayed on each consumer product container or package no later than the effective date of the applicable standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A.

5. The requirements of this section shall not apply to products containing no VOCs or containing VOCs at 0.10% by weight or less.

B. Additional provisions follow concerning product dating.

1. If a manufacturer uses a code indicating the date of manufacture for a consumer product subject to 9VAC5-45-430, an explanation of the date portion of the code must be filed with the board upon request by the board.

2. If a manufacturer changes any code indicating the date of manufacture for any consumer product subject to 9VAC5-45-430 and the board has requested an explanation of any previous product dating code for that consumer product, then an explanation of the modified code shall be submitted to the board before any products displaying the modified code are sold, supplied, or offered for sale within the areas designated in 9VAC5-45-400 B.

3. No person shall erase, alter, deface, or otherwise remove or make illegible any date or code indicating the date of manufacture from any regulated product container without the express authorization of the manufacturer.

4. Date code explanations for codes indicating the date of manufacture are public information and may not be claimed as confidential.

C. Additional provisions follow concerning the most restrictive limit that applies to a product.

1. For FIFRA-registered insecticides manufactured before [ May 1, 2011 ] August 1, 2011, notwithstanding the definition of "product category" in 9VAC5-45-420 C, if anywhere on the principal display panel, a representation is made that the product may be used as or is suitable for use as a consumer product for which a lower VOC limit is specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, then the lowest VOC limit shall apply. This requirement does not apply to general purpose cleaners, antiperspirant or deodorant products, and insecticide foggers.

2. For consumer products manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, and FIFRA-registered insecticides manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2011 ] August 1, 2011, notwithstanding the definition of "product category" in 9VAC5-45-420 C, if anywhere on the container or packaging, or on any sticker or label affixed thereto, any representation is made that the product may be used as, or is suitable for use as a consumer product for which a lower VOC limit is specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, then the lowest VOC limit shall apply. This requirement does not apply to general purpose cleaners, antiperspirant or deodorant products, and insecticide foggers.

D. Provisions follow concerning additional labeling requirements for aerosol adhesives, adhesive removers, electronic cleaner, electrical cleaner, energized electrical cleaner, and contact adhesives.

1. In addition to the requirements specified in subsections A and C of this section and in 9VAC5-45-510, both the manufacturer and responsible party for each aerosol adhesive, adhesive remover, electronic cleaner, electrical cleaner, energized electrical cleaner, and contact adhesive product subject to this article shall ensure that all products clearly display the following information on each product container that is manufactured on or after the effective date for the product category specified in Table 45-4A.

a. The product category as specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A or an abbreviation of the category shall be displayed;

b. (1) The applicable VOC standard for the product that is specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, except for energized electrical cleaner, expressed as a percentage by weight, shall be displayed unless the product is included in an alternative control plan approved by the board, as provided in 9VAC5-45-440, and the product exceeds the applicable VOC standard;

(2) If the product is included in an alternative control plan approved by the board, and the product exceeds the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, the product shall be labeled with the term "ACP" or "ACP product";

c. If the product is classified as a special purpose spray adhesive, the applicable substrate or application or an abbreviation of the substrate or application that qualifies the product as special purpose shall be displayed;

d. If the manufacturer or responsible party uses an abbreviation as allowed by this subsection, an explanation of the abbreviation must be filed with the board before the abbreviation is used.

2. The information required in subdivision 1 of this subsection shall be displayed on the product container such that it is readily observable without removing or disassembling a portion of the product container or packaging. For the purposes of this subsection, information may be displayed on the bottom of a container as long as it is clearly legible without removing product packaging.

3. No person shall remove, alter, conceal, or deface the information required in subdivision 1 of this subsection prior to final sale of the product.

9VAC5-45-480. Compliance schedule schedules.

Affected owners or other persons shall comply with the provisions of this article as expeditiously as possible but in no case later than August 1, 2010 [ May 1, 2010.:

1. August 1, 2010, in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Areas; or

2. March 1, 2014, in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area. ]

9VAC5-45-510. Notification, records and reporting.

A. The provisions of 9VAC5-45-50 (Notification, records and reporting) apply.

B. Upon 90 days written notice, the board may require a responsible party to register and report information for a consumer product the board may specify, including, but not limited to, all or part of the information specified in subdivisions 1 through 12 of this subsection. If the responsible party does not have or does not provide the information requested by the board, the board may require the reporting of this information by another owner or other person that has the information, including, but not limited to, any formulator, manufacturer, supplier, parent company, private labeler, distributor, or repackager.

1. The company name of the responsible party and the party's address, telephone number, and designated contact person.

2. A showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B and C that supports any claim of confidentiality made pursuant to 9VAC5-170-60, §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Virginia Air Pollution Control Law, and other applicable state confidentiality requirements .

3. The product brand name for each consumer product subject to registration and, upon request by the board, the product label.

4. The product category to which the consumer product belongs.

5. The applicable product forms listed separately.

6. An identification of each product brand name and form as a "Household Product," "I&I Product," or both.

7. Separate sales in pounds per year, to the nearest pound, and the method used to calculate sales for each product form.

8. For registrations submitted by two companies, an identification of the company that is submitting relevant data separate from that submitted by the responsible party. All registration information from both companies shall be submitted by the date specified in this subsection.

9. For each product brand name and form, the net percent by weight of the total product, less container and packaging, composed of the following, rounded to the nearest one-tenth of a percent (0.1%):

a. Total exempt compounds.

b. Total LVP-VOCs that are not fragrances.

c. Total all other carbon-containing compounds that are not fragrances.

d. Total all noncarbon-containing compounds.

e. Total fragrance.

f. For products containing greater than 2.0% by weight fragrance:

(1) The percent of fragrances that are LVP-VOCs; and

(2) The percent of fragrances that are all other carbon-containing compounds.

g. Total paradichlorobenzene.

10. For each product brand name and form, the identity, including the specific chemical name and associated Chemical Abstract Services (CAS) number, of the following:

a. Each exempt compound; and

b. Each LVP-VOC that is not a fragrance.

11. If applicable, the weight percent composed of propellant for each product.

12. If applicable, an identification of the type of propellant.

C. In addition to the requirements of subdivision B 10 of this section, the responsible party shall report to the board the net percentage by weight of each ozone-depleting compound that is:

1. Listed in 9VAC5-45-430 H; and

2. Contained in a product subject to registration under subsection B of this section in an amount greater than 1.0% by weight.

D. Information submitted by responsible parties pursuant to this section shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

E. Provisions follow concerning special recordkeeping and reporting requirements for consumer products that contain perchloroethylene or methylene chloride.

1. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to all responsible parties for consumer products that are subject to 9VAC5-45-430 A and contain perchloroethylene or methylene chloride. For the purposes of this subsection, a product contains perchloroethylene or methylene chloride if the product contains 1.0% or more by weight (exclusive of the container or packaging) of either perchloroethylene or methylene chloride.

2. For each consumer product that contains perchloroethylene or methylene chloride, the responsible party shall keep records of the following information for products sold during each calendar year, beginning with the year of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-480, and ending with the year 2010:

a. The product brand name and a copy of the product label with legible usage instructions;

b. The product category to which the consumer product belongs;

c. The applicable product form, listed separately;

d. For each product form listed in subdivision 2 c of this subsection, the total sales during the calendar year, to the nearest pound (exclusive of the container or packaging), and the method used for calculating sales;

e. The weight percentage, to the nearest 0.10% of perchloroethylene and methylene chloride in the consumer product;

3. Upon 90 days written notice, the board may require a responsible party to report the information specified in subdivision 2 of this subsection.

4. Records required by subdivision 2 of this subsection shall be maintained by the responsible party for three calendar years from the date such records were created.

5. Alternative control plan notifications, records, and reporting shall be made as required by 9VAC5-45-440 and as required in the ACP agreement.

6. Innovative product notifications, records, and reporting shall be made as required by 9VAC5-45-450 and as required in the innovative products exemption notification letter.

Article 5
Emission Standards for Architectural and Industrial Maintenance Coatings

9VAC5-45-520. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-530, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who supplies, sells, offers for sale, or manufactures any architectural coating for use, as well as any owner or other person who applies or solicits the application of any architectural coating.

B. The provisions of this article apply only to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and, Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

9VAC5-45-530. Exemptions.

A. The provisions of this article do not apply to:

1. Any architectural coating that is sold or manufactured for use exclusively outside of the Northern Virginia and, Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas or for shipment to other manufacturers for reformulation or repackaging.

2. Any aerosol coating product.

3. Any architectural coating that is sold in a container with a volume of one liter (1.057 quart) or less.

B. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell, or otherwise provide, products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-580. Compliance schedules.

Affected persons shall comply with the provisions of this article as expeditiously as possible but in no case later than:

1. January 1, 2005, in the Northern Virginia VOC Emissions Control Area; [ or ]

2. January 1, 2008, in the Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Area [ .; or ]

3. [ May 1, 2010 March 1, 2014 ], in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area.

Article 6
Emission Standards for Adhesives and Sealants

9VAC5-45-620. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-630, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who supplies, sells, offers for sale, or manufactures for sale any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer, or sealant primer that contains volatile organic compounds (VOC).

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-630, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who uses, applies for compensation, solicits the use of, requires the use of, or specifies the application of, any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer, or sealant primer that contains volatile organic compounds.

C. The provisions of this article apply only to owners or other persons in the Northern Virginia and, Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

9VAC5-45-630. Exemptions.

A. The provisions of this article do not apply to a manufacturer or distributor who sells, supplies, or offers for sale an adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer or sealant primer that does not comply with the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-650 A provided that such manufacturer or distributor makes and keeps records demonstrating (i) that the adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer or sealant primer is intended for shipment and use outside of the volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-620 C, and (ii) that the manufacturer or distributor has taken reasonable prudent precautions to assure that the adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer or sealant primer is not distributed to or within those applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas. This exemption does not apply to any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer or sealant primer that is sold, supplied, or offered for sale by any owner or other person to a retail outlet in those applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas.

B. The provisions of this article do not apply to the sale or use of the following compounds:

1. Adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers or sealant primers being tested or evaluated in any research and development, quality assurance or analytical laboratory, provided records are maintained as required in 9VAC5-45-730 of this article;

2. Adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers and sealant primers that are subject to standards for volatile organic compounds pursuant to Article 3 (9VAC5-45-280 et seq.), Article 4 (9VAC5-45-400 et seq.) or Article 5 (9VAC5-45-520 et seq.) of this part;

3. Adhesives and sealants that contain less than 20 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive or sealant, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied;

4. Cyanoacrylate adhesives;

5. Adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers or sealant primers (except for plastic cement welding adhesives and contact adhesives) that are sold or supplied by the manufacturer or supplier in containers with a net volume of 16 fluid ounces or less, or a net weight of one pound or less; and

6. Contact adhesives that are sold or supplied by the manufacturer or supplier in containers with a net volume of one gallon or less.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply to the use of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, sealant primers, surface preparation and cleanup solvents as follows:

1. Tire repair operations, provided the label of the adhesive states "For tire repair only";

2. Assembly, repair and manufacturing operations for aerospace or undersea-based weapon systems;

3. Medical equipment manufacturing operations; and

4. Plaque laminating operations in which adhesives are used to bond clear, polyester acetate laminate to wood with lamination equipment installed prior to July 1, 1992. Any owner or other person claiming exemption pursuant to this subdivision shall record and maintain monthly operational records sufficient to demonstrate compliance with this exemption in accordance with 9VAC5-45-730 of this article.

D. Except for the requirements listed in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, the provisions of this article do not apply if the total VOC emissions from all adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers and sealant primers used at the stationary source are less than 200 pounds per calendar year, or an equivalent volume.

1. The following requirements still apply:

a. 9VAC5-45-620 (Applicability);

b. [ 9VAC5-45-620 9VAC5-45-650 ] A (concerning prohibition from selling, supplying, offering for sale, or manufacturing for sale, noncompliant adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers or sealant primers);

c. 9VAC5-45-690 (Compliance); and

d. 9VAC5-45-700 (Compliance schedules).

2. Any owner or other person claiming exemption pursuant to this subsection shall record and maintain monthly operational records sufficient to demonstrate compliance and in accordance with 9VAC5-45-730 of this article.

E. The provisions of 9VAC5-45-650 B and 9VAC5-45-650 D do not apply to the use of any adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, sealant primers, cleanup solvents and surface preparation solvents, provided that the total volume of noncompliant adhesives, sealants, primers, cleanup and surface preparation solvents applied facility-wide does not exceed 55 gallons per calendar year. Any owner or other person claiming exemption pursuant to this subsection shall record and maintain monthly operational records sufficient to demonstrate compliance with this exemption in accordance with 9VAC5-45-730.

F. The provisions of 9VAC5-45-650 A do not apply to the sale of any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer or sealant primer to an owner or other person using add-on air pollution control equipment pursuant to the provisions of 9VAC5-45-660 to comply with the requirements of this article, provided that the seller makes and keeps records in accordance with 9VAC5-45-730 E.

9VAC5-45-640. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of applying this article in the context of the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution and related uses, the words or terms shall have the meanings given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined herein shall have the meanings given them in 9VAC5-10 (General Definitions), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms Defined.

"Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene or ABS welding adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to weld acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene pipe, which is made by reacting monomers of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene.

"Adhesive" means any chemical substance that is applied for the purpose of bonding two surfaces together other than by mechanical means.

"Adhesive primer" means any product intended by the manufacturer for application to a substrate, prior to the application of an adhesive, to provide a bonding surface.

"Aerosol adhesive" means an adhesive packaged as an aerosol product in which the spray mechanism is permanently housed in a nonrefillable can designed for handheld application without the need for ancillary hoses or spray equipment.

"Aerospace component" means for the purposes of this article, the fabricated part, assembly of parts or completed unit of any aircraft, helicopter, missile, or space vehicle, including passenger safety equipment.

"Architectural sealant or primer" means any sealant or sealant primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to stationary structures, including mobile homes, and their appurtenances. Appurtenances to an architectural structure include, but are not limited to, hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain gutters and downspouts, and windows.

"ASTM" means the American Society for Testing and Materials.

"Automotive glass adhesive primer" means an adhesive primer labeled by the manufacturer to be applied to automotive glass prior to installation of the glass using an adhesive/sealant. This primer improves the adhesion to pinch weld and blocks ultraviolet light.

"CARB" means the California Air Resources Board.

"Ceramic tile installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation of ceramic tiles.

"Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride plastic" or "CPVC plastic" means a polymer of the vinyl chloride monomer that contains 67% chlorine and is normally identified with a CPVC marking.

"Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride welding adhesive" or "CPVC welding adhesive" means an adhesive labeled for welding of chlorinated polyvinyl chloride plastic.

"Cleanup solvent" means a VOC-containing material used to remove a loosely held uncured (i.e., not dry to the touch) adhesive or sealant from a substrate, or clean equipment used in applying a material.

"Computer diskette jacket manufacturing adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to glue the fold-over flaps to the body of a vinyl computer diskette jacket.

"Contact bond adhesive" means an adhesive that: (i) is designed for application to both surfaces to be bonded together, (ii) is allowed to dry before the two surfaces are placed in contact with each other, (iii) forms an immediate bond that is impossible, or difficult, to reposition after both adhesive-coated surfaces are placed in contact with each other, and (iv) does not need sustained pressure or clamping of surfaces after the adhesive-coated surfaces have been brought together using sufficient momentary pressure to establish full contact between both surfaces. Contact bond adhesive does not include rubber cements that are primarily intended for use on paper substrates. Contact bond adhesive also does not include vulcanizing fluids that are designed and labeled for tire repair only.

"Cove base" means a flooring trim unit, generally made of vinyl or rubber, having a concave radius on one edge and a convex radius on the opposite edge that is used in forming a junction between the bottom wall course and the floor or to form an inside corner.

"Cove base installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to be used for the installation of cove base or wall base on a wall or vertical surface at floor level.

"Cyanoacrylate adhesive" means any adhesive with a cyanoacrylate content of at least 95% by weight.

"Dry wall installation" means the installation of gypsum dry wall to studs or solid surfaces using an adhesive formulated for that purpose.

"Fiberglass" means a material consisting of extremely fine glass fibers.

"Flexible vinyl" means nonrigid polyvinyl chloride plastic with at least 5.0% by weight plasticizer content.

"Indoor floor covering installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation of wood flooring, carpet, resilient tile, vinyl tile, vinyl backed carpet, resilient sheet and roll, or artificial grass. Adhesives used to install ceramic tile and perimeter bonded sheet flooring with vinyl backing onto a nonporous substrate, such as flexible vinyl, are excluded from this category.

"Laminate" means a product made by bonding together two or more layers of material.

"Low-solids adhesive, sealant or primer" means any product that contains 120 grams or less of solids per liter of material.

"Marine deck sealant" or "marine deck sealant primer" means any sealant or sealant primer labeled for application to wooden marine decks.

"Medical equipment manufacturing" means the manufacture of medical devices, such as, but not limited to, catheters, heart valves, blood cardioplegia machines, tracheostomy tubes, blood oxygenators, and cardiatory reservoirs.

"Metal to urethane/rubber molding or casting adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to bond metal to high density or elastomeric urethane or molded rubber materials, in heater molding or casting processes, to fabricate products such as rollers for computer printers or other paper handling equipment.

"Multipurpose construction adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation or repair of various construction materials, including but not limited to, drywall, subfloor, panel, fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP), ceiling tile, and acoustical tile.

"Nonmembrane roof installation/repair adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation or repair of nonmembrane roofs and that is not intended for the installation of prefabricated single-ply flexible roofing membrane, including, but not limited to, plastic or asphalt roof cement, asphalt roof coating, and cold application cement.

"Outdoor floor covering installation adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the installation of floor covering that is not in an enclosure and that is exposed to ambient weather conditions during normal use.

[ "Ozone season" means the period beginning May 1 of a calendar year and ending on September 30 of the same year, inclusive. ]

"Panel installation" means the installation of plywood, predecorated hardboard (or tileboard), fiberglass reinforced plastic, and similar predecorated or nondecorated panels to studs or solid surfaces using an adhesive formulated for that purpose.

"Perimeter bonded sheet flooring installation" means the installation of sheet flooring with vinyl backing onto a nonporous substrate using an adhesive designed to be applied only to a strip of up to four inches wide around the perimeter of the sheet flooring.

"Plastic cement welding adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use to dissolve the surface of plastic to form a bond between mating surfaces.

"Plastic cement welding adhesive primer" means any primer intended by the manufacturer for use to prepare plastic substrates prior to bonding or welding.

"Plastic foam" means foam constructed of plastics.

"Plasticizer" means a material, such as a high boiling point organic solvent, that is incorporated into a vinyl to increase its flexibility, workability, or distensibility.

"Plastics" means synthetic materials chemically formed by the polymerization of organic (carbon-based) substances. Plastics are usually compounded with modifiers, extenders, and/or reinforcers and are capable of being molded, extruded, cast into various shapes and films or drawn into filaments.

"Polyvinyl chloride plastic" or "PVC plastic" means a polymer of the chlorinated vinyl monomer that contains 57% chlorine.

"Polyvinyl chloride welding adhesive" or "PVC welding adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in the welding of PVC plastic pipe.

"Porous material" means a substance that has tiny openings, often microscopic, in which fluids may be absorbed or discharged, including, but not limited to, wood, paper, and corrugated paperboard.

"Propellant" means a fluid under pressure that expels the contents of a container when a valve is opened.

"Reactive diluent" means a liquid that is a reactive organic compound during application and one in that, through chemical and/or physical reactions, such as polymerization, 20% or more of the reactive organic compound becomes an integral part of a finished material.

"Roadway sealant" means any sealant intended by the manufacturer for application to public streets, highways and other surfaces including, but not limited to, curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.

"Rubber" means any natural or manmade rubber substrate, including but not limited to, styrene-butadiene rubber, polychloroprene (neoprene), butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene and ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.

"SCAQMD" means the South Coast Air Quality Management District, a part of the California Air Resources Board, which is responsible for the regulation of air quality in the state of California.

"Sealant" means any material with adhesive properties that is formulated primarily to fill, seal, waterproof or weatherproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Sealants include sealant primers and caulks.

"Sealant primer" means any product intended by the manufacturer for application to a substrate, prior to the application of a sealant, to enhance the bonding surface.

"Sheet-applied rubber installation" means the process of applying sheet rubber liners by hand to metal or plastic substrates to protect the underlying substrate from corrosion or abrasion. These operations also include laminating sheet rubber to fabric by hand.

"Single-ply roof membrane" means a prefabricated single sheet of rubber, normally ethylene propylene diene terpolymer, that is field applied to a building roof using one layer of membrane material.

"Single-ply roof membrane installation and repair adhesive" means any adhesive labeled for use in the installation or repair of single-ply roof membrane. Installation includes, as a minimum, attaching the edge of the membrane to the edge of the roof and applying flashings to vents, pipes and ducts that protrude through the membrane. Repair includes gluing the edges of torn membrane together, attaching a patch over a hole and reapplying flashings to vents, pipes or ducts installed through the membrane.

"Single-ply roof membrane adhesive primer" means any primer labeled for use to clean and promote adhesion of the single-ply roof membrane seams or splices prior to bonding.

"Single-ply roof membrane sealant" means any sealant labeled for application to single-ply roof membrane.

"Solvent" means organic compounds that are used as diluents, thinners, dissolvers, viscosity reducers, cleaning agents or other related uses.

"Structural glazing adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to apply glass, ceramic, metal, stone or composite panels to exterior building frames.

"Subfloor installation" means the installation of subflooring material over floor joists, including the construction of any load bearing joists. Subflooring is covered by a finish surface material.

"Surface preparation solvent" means a solvent used to remove dirt, oil and other contaminants from a substrate prior to the application of a primer, adhesive or sealant.

"Thin metal laminating adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for use in bonding multiple layers of metal to metal or metal to plastic in the production of electronic or magnetic components in which the thickness of the bond line is less than 0.25 mils.

"Tire repair" means a process that includes expanding a hole, tear, fissure or blemish in a tire casing by grinding or gouging, applying adhesive, and filling the hole or crevice with rubber.

"Tire tread adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for application to the back of precure tread rubber and to the casing and cushion rubber. Tire tread adhesive may also be used to seal buffed tire casings to prevent oxidation while the tire is being prepared for a new tread.

"Traffic marking tape" means preformed reflective film intended by the manufacturer for application to public streets, highways and other surfaces, including but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.

"Traffic marking tape adhesive primer" means any primer intended by the manufacturer for application to surfaces prior to installation of traffic marking tape.

"Undersea-based weapons systems components" means the fabrication of parts, assembly of parts or completed units of any portion of a missile launching system used on undersea ships.

"Volatile organic compound" or "VOC" means volatile organic compound as defined in 9VAC5-10-20.

"Waterproof resorcinol glue" means a two-part resorcinol-resin-based adhesive designed for applications where the bond line must be resistant to conditions of continuous immersion in fresh or salt water.

9VAC5-45-650. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-630 and subsection H of this section, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply or offer for sale any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer, or sealant primer manufactured on or after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-700, or (ii) manufacture for sale any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer, or sealant primer on or after the date specified in 9VAC5-45-700, which contains volatile organic compounds in excess of the limits specified in Table 45-6A.

Table 45-6A

VOC Content Limits for Adhesives, Sealants, Adhesive Primers, Sealant Primers and Adhesives Applied to Particular Substrates

Adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer
or sealant primer category

VOC content limit
(grams VOC per liter*)

Adhesives

ABS welding

400

Ceramic tile installation

130

Computer diskette jacket manufacturing

850

Contact bond

250

Cove base installation

150

CPVC welding

490

Indoor floor covering installation

150

Metal to urethane/rubber molding or casting

850

Multipurpose construction

200

Nonmembrane roof installation/repair

300

Other plastic cement welding

510

Outdoor floor covering installation

250

PVC welding

510

Single-ply roof membrane installation/repair

250

Structural glazing

100

Thin metal laminating

780

Tire retread

100

Perimeter bonded sheet vinyl flooring installation

660

Waterproof resorcinol glue

170

Sheet-applied rubber installation

850

Sealants

Architectural

250

Marine deck

760

Nonmembrane roof installation/repair

300

Roadway

250

Single-ply roof membrane

450

Other

420

Adhesive Primers

Automotive glass

700

Plastic cement welding

650

Single-ply roof membrane

250

Traffic marking tape

150

Other

250

Sealant Primers

Non-porous architectural

250

Porous architectural

775

Marine deck

760

Other

750

Adhesives Applied to the Listed Substrate

Flexible vinyl

250

Fiberglass

200

Metal

30

Porous material

120

Rubber

250

Other substrates

250

*The VOC content is determined using the weight of volatile compounds, less water and exempt compounds, as specified in 9VAC5-45-710 of this article.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-630 B through E, in subsection G of this section, and in 9VAC5-45-660, no person shall use, or apply for compensation, any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer or sealant primer in excess of the applicable VOC content limits specified in Table 45-6A.

C. The VOC content limits in Table 45-6A for adhesives applied to particular substrates shall apply as follows.

1. If an owner or other person uses an adhesive or sealant subject to a specific VOC content limit for such adhesive or sealant in Table 45-6A, such specific limit is applicable rather than an adhesive-to-substrate limit.

2. If an adhesive is used to bond dissimilar substrates together, the applicable substrate category with the highest VOC content shall be the limit for such use.

D. No owner or other person shall use a surface preparation or cleanup solvent containing VOC unless:

1. The VOC content of the surface preparation solvent is less than 70 grams per liter, except as provided for single-ply roofing in subdivision 2 of this subsection;

2. The composite vapor pressure, excluding water and exempt compounds, of the surface preparation solvent used for applying single-ply roofing does not exceed 45 mm Hg at 20°C;

3. The composite vapor pressure of the solvent used for the removal of adhesives, sealants, or adhesive or sealant primers from surfaces other than spray application equipment is less than 45 mm Hg at 20°C, except as provided in subdivision 4 of this subsection; and

4. For the removal of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers or sealant primers from parts of spray application equipment, the removal is performed as follows:

a. In an enclosed cleaning system, or equivalent cleaning system as determined by the test method identified in 9VAC5-45-710 I;

b. Using a solvent with a VOC content less than or equal to 70 grams of VOC per liter of material; or

c. Parts containing dried adhesive may be soaked in a solvent if (i) the composite vapor pressure of the solvent, excluding water and exempt compounds, is less than or equal to 9.5 mm Hg at 20°C, and (ii) the parts and solvent are in a closed container that remains closed except when adding parts to or removing parts from the container.

E. Any owner or other person using adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, sealant primers, surface preparation or clean-up solvents subject to the provisions of this article shall store or dispose of all absorbent materials, such as cloth or paper, that are moistened with adhesives, sealants, primers or solvents subject to the provisions of this article, in nonabsorbent containers that shall be closed except when placing materials in or removing materials from the container.

F. No owner or other person shall solicit the use, require the use or specify the application of any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer, sealant primer, surface preparation or clean-up solvent if such use or application results in a violation of the provisions of this article. This prohibition shall apply to all written or oral contracts under which any adhesive, sealant, adhesive primer, sealant primer, surface preparation or clean-up solvent subject to this article is to be used at any location within the areas designated in 9VAC5-45-620 C.

G. The standards for single-ply [ roofing ] roof membrane installation and repair adhesive, single-ply [ roofing ] roof membrane sealant, and single-ply [ roofing ] roof membrane adhesive primer in Table 45-6A shall only apply [ according to the following schedule ] as follows:

1. During the ozone seasons, or portions thereof, between August 1, 2010, and September 30, 2011, inclusive; and [ From May 1, 2010 to September 30, 2010, inclusive; In the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Areas: during the ozone seasons, or portions thereof, between August 1, 2010, and September 30, 2011, and on and after January 1, 2012; and ]

2. On and after January 1, 2012. [ From May 1, 2011, to September 30, 2011; and (insert a date corresponding to the first day of the fifth month after the month of the effective date) and September 30, 2011; and In the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area: during the ozone season, or portion thereof, between March 1, 2014, and September 30, 2014, and [ 3. On and ] after January 1, [ 2012 2015 ].

H. The provisions of subsection A of this section and the provisions of 9VAC5-45-730 E do not apply to the sale, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale of single-ply roof membrane installation and repair adhesive, single-ply roof membrane sealant, and single-ply roof membrane adhesive primer prior to January 1, 2012.

9VAC5-45-700. Compliance schedule schedules.

Affected owners or other persons shall comply with the provisions of this article as expeditiously as possible but in no case later than [ August 1, 2010 [ May 1, 2010.:

1. August 1, 2010, in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Areas; or

2. March 1, 2014, in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area. ]

9VAC5-45-710. Test methods and procedures.

A. The provisions of 9VAC5-45-30 (Emission testing) apply.

B. Except as provided in subsections D, E and F of this section, the VOC and solids content of all nonaerosol adhesives, adhesive primers and cleanup solvents shall be determined using either Reference Method 24 or SCAQMD "Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) In Various Materials" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

C. The organic content of exempt organic compounds shall be determined using ASTM "Standard Test Method for Determination of Dichloromethane and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatograph" (see 9VAC5-20-21), as applicable.

D. The VOC content of any plastic welding cement adhesive or primer shall be determined using SCAQMD "Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in Materials Used for Pipes and Fittings" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

E. To determine if a diluent is a reactive diluent, the percentage of the reactive organic compound that becomes an integral part of the finished materials shall be determined using SCAQMD "Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in Materials Used for Pipes and Fittings" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

F. The composite vapor pressure of organic compounds in cleaning materials shall be determined by quantifying the amount of each compound in the blend using [ gas chromatographic analysis (ASTM "Standard Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography") ] ASTM "Standard Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography" for organics and ASTM "Standard Test Method for Water Content of Coatings by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph" for water content (see 9VAC5-20-21), as applicable, and the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432985562712DEQGG_files/image001.gif

where:

Ppc = VOC composite partial pressure at 20ºC, in mm Hg.

Wi = Weight of the "i"th VOC compound, in grams, as determined by ASTM "Standard Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

Ww = Weight of water, in grams as determined by ASTM "Standard Test Method for Water Content of Coatings by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

We = Weight of the "i"th exempt compound, in grams, as determined by ASTM "Standard Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

Mwi = Molecular weight of the "i"th VOC compound, in grams per g-mole, as given in chemical reference literature.

Mww = Molecular weight of water, 18 grams per g-mole.

Mwe = Molecular weight of the "i"th exempt compound, in grams per g-mole, as given in chemical reference literature.

Vpi = Vapor pressure of the "i"th VOC compound at 20ºC, in mm Hg, as determined by subsection G of this section.

G. The vapor pressure of each single component compound may be determined from ASTM "Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure-Temperature Relationship and Initial Decomposition Temperature of Liquids by Isoteniscope " (see 9VAC5-20-21), from chemical reference literature or from additional sources acceptable to the board.

H. If air pollution control equipment is used to meet the requirements of 9VAC5-45-650, the owner or operator shall make the following determinations:

1. The measurement of capture efficiency shall be conducted and reported in accordance with the EPA Technical Document "Guidelines for Determining Capture Efficiency" (see 9VAC5-20-21).

2. The control efficiency shall be determined in accordance with Reference Methods 25, 25A, 25B or CARB Method 100 (see 9VAC5-20-21), as appropriate.

I. The active and passive solvent losses from spray gun cleaning systems shall be determined using SCAQMD's "General Test Method for Determining Solvent Losses from Spray Gun Cleaning Systems" (see 9VAC5-20-21). The test solvent for this determination shall be any lacquer thinner with a minimum vapor pressure of 105 mm of Hg at 20ºC, and the minimum test temperature shall be 15ºC.

J. For adhesives that do not contain reactive diluents, the VOC content of adhesive in grams per liter, less water and exempt compounds, shall be calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432985562712DEQGG_files/image002.gif

where:

VOC = VOC content of adhesive, in grams per liter.

Ws = weight of volatile compounds, in grams.

Ww = weight of water, in grams.

We = weight of exempt compounds, in grams.

Vm = volume of material, in liters.

Vw = volume of water, in liters.

Ve = volume of exempt compounds, in liters.

K. For adhesives that contain reactive diluents, the VOC content of the adhesive is determined after curing. The VOC content of adhesive in grams per liter, less water and exempt compounds, shall be calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432985562712DEQGG_files/image003.gif

where:

VOC = VOC content of adhesive, in grams per liter.

Wrs = weight of volatile compounds not consumed during curing, in grams.

Wrw = weight of water not consumed during curing, in grams.

Wre = weight of exempt compounds not consumed during curing, in grams.

Vrm = volume of material not consumed during curing, in liters.

Vrw = volume of water not consumed during curing, in liters.

Vre = volume of exempt compounds not consumed during curing, in liters.

L. The VOC content of materials, in grams per liter, shall be calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432985562712DEQGG_files/image004.gif

where:

VOC = VOC content of materials, in grams per liter.

Ws = weight of volatile compounds, in grams.

Ww = weight of water, in grams.

We = weight of exempt compounds, in grams.

Vm = volume of material, in liters.

M. Percent VOC by weight shall be calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432985562712DEQGG_files/image005.gif

where:

Wv = weight of VOC in grams.

W = weight of material in grams.

VA.R. Doc. No. R08-1111; Filed August 7, 2013, 8:33 a.m.
TITLE 9. ENVIRONMENT
STATE AIR POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD
Final Regulation

Titles of Regulations: 9VAC5-40. Existing Stationary Sources (Rev. J07) (amending 9VAC5-40-6970, 9VAC5-40-7050; adding 9VAC5-40-6975).

9VAC5-45. Consumer and Commercial Products (Rev. J07) (amending 9VAC5-45-60, 9VAC5-45-70, 9VAC5-45-90, 9VAC5-45-160, 9VAC5-45-170, 9VAC5-45-190, 9VAC5-45-200, 9VAC5-45-240, 9VAC5-45-280, 9VAC5-45-310, 9VAC5-45-320, 9VAC5-45-390, 9VAC5-45-400, 9VAC5-45-420, 9VAC5-45-430, 9VAC5-45-440, 9VAC5-45-460, 9VAC5-45-480, 9VAC5-45-510, 9VAC5-45-520, 9VAC5-45-530, 9VAC5-45-580, 9VAC5-45-620, 9VAC5-45-630, 9VAC5-45-640, 9VAC5-45-650, 9VAC5-45-700, 9VAC5-45-710).

Statutory Authority: § 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Effective Date: October 1, 2013.

Agency Contact: Gary Graham, Department of Environmental Quality, 629 East Main Street, P.O. Box 1105, Richmond, VA 23218, telephone (804) 698-4103, FAX (804) 698-4510, or email gary.graham@deq.virginia.gov.

Background:

A new chapter (9VAC5-45, Consumer and Commercial Products) was originally proposed as part of this regulatory action, consisting of general requirements and seven articles to control volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from several types of consumer and commercial products in the Northern Virginia, Fredericksburg, and Richmond VOC Emissions Control Areas. By separate regulatory action published in 26:12 VA.R. 1876-1978 February 15, 2010, the new chapter became an effective regulation on March 17, 2010, but it is applicable only in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg VOC Emission Control Areas. As previously proposed, this regulatory action is revised to include only those provisions that represent changes to the new effective regulation.

Summary:

The amendments apply the provisions of four of the original articles in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area; specifically, provisions pertaining to portable fuel containers manufactured on or after August 1, 2010; consumer and commercial products manufactured on or after August 1, 2010; architectural and industrial maintenance coatings; and adhesives, adhesive primers, sealants, and sealant primers. Additionally, Article 48 of Chapter 40 (9VAC5-40) is amended to apply provisions pertaining to mobile equipment repair and refinishing operations in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area.

Compliance dates for standards applicable in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area have been changed to a more reasonable date in the future. The compliance dates for a proposed phase-in of standards applicable to the use of single-ply roof membrane adhesives and sealants has been modified to include a separate compliance date for the phase-in in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area. A temporary exemption for the manufacture and distribution of single-ply roof membrane adhesives and sealants, which did not appear in the original proposal but already appears in the effective regulatory language, has been preserved.

Summary of Public Comments and Agency's Response: A summary of comments made by the public and the agency's response may be obtained from the promulgating agency or viewed at the office of the Registrar of Regulations.

Article 48
Emission Standards for Mobile Equipment Repair and Refinishing Operations (Rule 4-48)

9VAC5-40-6970. Applicability and designation of affected facility.

A. Except as provided in subsection C of this section 9VAC5-40-6975, the affected facility to which the provisions of this article apply is each mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation. Certain provisions also apply to each person providing or selling affected coatings.

B. The provisions of this article apply only to sources and persons in the Northern Virginia, and Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply under any of the following circumstances:

1. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 28 (9VAC5-40-3860 et seq.) of 9VAC5 Chapter 40 (Emission Standards for Automobile and Light Duty Truck Coating Application Systems).

2. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 34 (9VAC5-40-4760 et seq.) of 9VAC5 Chapter 40 (Emission Standards for Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products Coating Application Systems).

3. The person applying the coatings does not receive compensation for the application of the coatings.

4. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operations uses coatings required to meet military specifications (MILSPEC) where no other existing coating can be used that meets the provisions of this article.

9VAC5-40-6975. Exemptions.

The provisions of this article do not apply under any of the following circumstances:

1. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 28 (9VAC5-40-3860 et seq.) of 9VAC5-40 (Emission Standards for Automobile and Light Duty Truck Coating Application Systems).

2. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation is subject to Article 34 (9VAC5-40-4760 et seq.) of 9VAC5-40 (Emission Standards for Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products Coating Application Systems).

3. The person applying the coatings does not receive compensation for the application of the coatings.

4. The mobile equipment repair and refinishing operation uses coatings required to meet military specifications (MILSPEC) where no other existing coating can be used that meets the provisions of this article.

9VAC5-40-7050. Compliance schedule schedules.

Affected persons and facilities shall comply with the provisions of this article as expeditiously as possible but in no case later than:

1. January 1, 2005, in the Northern Virginia VOC Emissions Control Area; or

2. January 1, 2008, in the Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Area.; or

3. [ May 1, 2010 March 1, 2014 ], in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area.

Part II
Emission Standards

Article 1
Emission Standards for Portable Fuel Containers and Spouts Manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-60. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-70, the provisions of this article apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010. The provisions of Article 2 (9VAC5-45-160 et seq.) of this part apply to portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-70, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale, or manufactures for sale portable fuel containers or spouts.

C. The provisions of this article apply only to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

9VAC5-45-70. Exemptions.

A. The provisions of this article do not apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured for shipment, sale, and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-60.

B. The provisions of this article do not apply to a manufacturer or distributor who sells, supplies, or offers for sale a portable fuel container or spout that does not comply with the emission standards specified in 9VAC5-45-90, as long as the manufacturer or distributor can demonstrate that: (i) the portable fuel container or spout is intended for shipment and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-60 C; and (ii) the manufacturer or distributor has taken reasonable prudent precautions to assure that the portable fuel container or spout is not distributed within the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-60 C. This subsection does not apply to portable fuel containers or spouts that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale to retail outlets.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply to safety cans meeting the requirements of subpart F of 29 CFR Part 1926 Subpart F.

D. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel containers with a nominal capacity less than or equal to one quart.

E. The provisions of this article do not apply to rapid refueling devices with nominal capacities greater than or equal to four gallons, provided (i) such devices are designed for use in officially sanctioned off-highway motor sports such as car racing or motorcycle competitions, and (ii) such devices either create a leak-proof seal against a stock target fuel tank, or are designed to operate in conjunction with a receiver permanently installed on the target fuel tank.

F. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel tanks manufactured specifically to deliver fuel through a hose attached between the portable fuel tank and the outboard engine for the purpose of operating the outboard engine.

G. The provisions of this article do not apply to closed-system portable fuel containers that are used exclusively for fueling remote control model airplanes.

H. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell, or otherwise provide, products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-90. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale any portable fuel container after the compliance dates specified in 9VAC5-45-120 A unless that portable fuel container meets all of the following standards for spill-proof systems:

1. Has an automatic shut-off that stops the fuel flow before the target fuel tank overflows.

2. Automatically closes and seals when removed from the target fuel tank and remains completely closed when not dispensing fuel.

3. Has only one opening for both filling and pouring.

4. Does not exceed a permeation rate of 0.4 grams per gallon per day.

5. Is warranted by the manufacturer for a period of not less than one year against defects in materials and workmanship.

B. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale any spout after the compliance dates specified in 9VAC5-45-120 unless that spout meets all of the following standards for spill-proof spouts:

1. Has an automatic shut-off that stops the fuel flow before the target fuel tank overflows.

2. Automatically closes and seals when removed from the target fuel tank and remains completely closed when not dispensing fuel.

3. Is warranted by the manufacturer for a period of not less than one year against defects in materials and workmanship.

C. The test procedures for determining compliance with the standards in this section are set forth in 9VAC5-45-130. The manufacturer of portable fuel containers or spouts shall perform the tests for determining compliance as set forth in 9VAC5-45-130 to show that its product meets the standards of this section prior to allowing the product to be offered for sale. The manufacturer shall maintain records of these compliance tests for as long as the product is available for sale and shall make those test results available within 60 days of request.

D. Compliance with the standards in this section does not exempt spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts from compliance with other applicable federal and state statutes and regulations such as state fire codes, safety codes, and other safety regulations, nor will the board test for or determine compliance with such other statutes or regulations.

E. The following provisions apply to sell through of portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010:

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections A and B of this section, a portable fuel container or spout manufactured before the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-120 A, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale after the applicable compliance date, if the date of manufacture or a date code representing the date of manufacture is clearly displayed on the portable fuel container or spout.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections A and B of this section, a portable fuel container or spout manufactured after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-120 A and before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale [ after May 1, 2010 on or after ] August 1, 2010, if it complies with all of the provisions of Article 2 (9VAC5-45-160 et seq.) of this part.

3. Except as provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, displaying the date of manufacture, or a code indicating the date of manufacture, on the product container or package does not exempt the owner or product from the provisions of this article.

Article 2
Emission Standards for Portable Fuel Containers and Spouts Manufactured [ On or After May 1, 2010 on or after ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-160. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-170, the provisions of this article apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010. The provisions of Article 1 (9VAC5-45-60 et seq.) of this part apply to portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-170, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale, advertises for sale, or manufactures for sale portable fuel containers or spouts.

C. The provisions of this article apply only to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and, Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

9VAC5-45-170. Exemptions.

A. The provisions of this article do not apply to any portable fuel container or spout manufactured for shipment, sale, and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-160 C.

B. The provisions of this article do not apply to a manufacturer or distributor who sells, supplies, or offers for sale a portable fuel container or spout that does not comply with the emission standards specified in 9VAC5-45-190, as long as the manufacturer or distributor can demonstrate that: (i) the portable fuel container or spout is intended for shipment and use outside of the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-160 C; and (ii) the manufacturer or distributor has taken reasonable prudent precautions to assure that the portable fuel container or spout is not distributed within the applicable volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-45-160 C. This subsection does not apply to portable fuel containers or spouts that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale to retail outlets.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply to safety cans meeting the requirements of subpart F of 29 CFR Part 1926 Subpart F.

D. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel containers with a nominal capacity less than or equal to one quart.

E. The provisions of this article do not apply to rapid refueling devices with nominal capacities greater than or equal to four gallons provided (i) such devices are designed for use in officially sanctioned off-highway motor sports such as car racing or motorcycle competitions, and (ii) such devices either create a leak-proof seal against a stock target fuel tank, or are designed to operate in conjunction with a receiver permanently installed on the target fuel tank.

F. The provisions of this article do not apply to portable fuel tanks manufactured specifically to deliver fuel through a hose attached between the portable fuel tank and the outboard engine for the purpose of operating the outboard engine.

G. The provisions of this article do not apply to closed-system portable fuel containers that are used exclusively for fueling remote control model airplanes.

H. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell, or otherwise provide, products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-190. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. The following provisions apply to portable fuel containers and spouts manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010:

1. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or advertise for sale any portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, unless that portable container or spout is certified by the board to be a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout that is in compliance with the standards in subsection B of this section in accordance with the certification procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-200.

2. No owner or other person shall manufacture for sale any portable fuel container or spout on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, unless that portable container or spout is certified by the board to be a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout that is in compliance with the standards in subsection B of this section in accordance with the certification procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-200.

B. The following standards apply to each portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, that is subject to the provisions of this article:

1. Portable fuel containers shall be color coded and marked as follows:

a. Portable fuel containers shall be color coded for specific fuels:

(1) Gasoline – red;

(2) Diesel – yellow; and

(3) Kerosene – blue.

b. Each portable fuel container shall have identification markings on the container and on the spill-proof spout.

(1) Red containers shall be permanently identified with the embossed language or permanent durable label "GASOLINE" in minimum 34-point Arial font or a font of equivalent proportions.

(2) Yellow containers shall be permanently identified with the embossed language or permanent durable label "DIESEL" in minimum 34-point Arial font or a font of equivalent proportions.

(3) Blue containers shall be permanently identified with the embossed language or permanent durable label "KEROSENE" in minimum 34-point Arial font or a font of equivalent proportions.

2. Portable fuel containers shall comply with emissions standards as follows:

a. Portable fuel containers that are equipped with an intended spill-proof spout shall emit no more than 0.3 grams per gallon per day.

b. Compliance with emission standards in this subdivision shall be determined using the test procedure specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 2.

c. Portable fuel containers that share similar designs, that are constructed of identical materials, and that are manufactured using identical processes, but vary only in size or color may be considered for certification as a product family.

3. Portable fuel containers and spouts shall comply with the specifications for durability in subsection 7.4 of the test procedure specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 2.

4. There shall be no fluid leakage from any point in the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout as specified in the test procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 1 and 2.

5. The spill-proof system or spill-proof spout shall automatically close when the spill-proof spout is removed from the target tank, seal, and remain completely closed when not dispensing fuel, as specified in the test procedure specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 1. Also, no liquid, beyond wetted surfaces, shall be retained in the spill-proof spout after fueling that may evaporate into the atmosphere.

6. An applicant seeking certification of a portable fuel container or spout from the board pursuant to this article shall also:

a. Warrant that its spill-proof system or spill-proof spout is free from defects in materials and workmanship that cause such systems or spill-proof spouts to fail to conform with each of the certification and compliance standards specified in CARB "Certification Procedure 501 for Portable Fuel Containers and Spill-Proof Spouts, CP-501," for a period of one year from the date of sale; and

b. Supply a copy of the warranty language specified in subdivision a of this subdivision that is supplied to the buyer in the packaging for each spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale identifying the following minimum requirements:

(1) A statement of the terms and length of the warranty period;

(2) An unconditional statement that the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout is certified to the requirements in subdivision a of this subdivision (which may be referred to as being certified to California requirements); and

(3) A listing of the specific certification requirements or limitations to which it was certified.

7. An applicant shall supply a copy of the operating instructions intended for each spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, and fueling application, as supplied to the buyer in the packaging for each spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale. These instructions shall include, at a minimum, the following specifications:

a. A listing of any specific equipment types, such as passenger cars and trucks, lawn and garden equipment, off-road motorcycles and snowmobiles, industrial equipment, and marine vessels that the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, is not intended to refuel; and

b. Other instructions, such as the recommended fueling angle(s) or special instructions such as venting prior to use.

8. Spill-proof systems, spill-proof spouts and all components incorporated therein, such as gaskets, seals, or O-rings must demonstrate compliance with the requirements specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 3 and 4. Applicants may request limited certification for use with only specified fuel blends. Such fuel-specific certifications shall clearly specify the limits and restrictions of the certification.

9. A portable fuel container may incorporate a secondary opening or vent hole (i.e., an opening other than the opening needed for the spout) provided the secondary opening or vent hole is not easily tampered by a consumer, and it does not emit hydrocarbon vapors in excess of the amounts specified in this section during fueling, storage, transportation, or handling events.

C. The test procedures for determining compliance with the standards in this section are set forth in 9VAC5-45-250. The manufacturer of portable fuel containers or spouts shall perform the tests for determining compliance as set forth in 9VAC5-45-250 to show that its product meets the standards of this section prior to allowing the product to be offered for sale. The manufacturer shall maintain records of these compliance tests for as long as the product is available for sale and shall make those test results available within 60 days of request.

D. Compliance with the standards in this section does not exempt spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts from compliance with other applicable federal and state statutes and regulations such as state fire codes, safety codes, and other safety regulations, nor will the board test for or determine compliance with such other statutes or regulations.

9VAC5-45-200. Certification procedures.

A. Provisions follow concerning the requirements and process for board certification of a portable fuel container or spout manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, as a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout.

B. To be considered by the board for certification, an application for certification shall be submitted in writing to the board by the manufacturer of the portable fuel container or spout.

1. Except as provided in subdivision D 2 of this section, the application shall contain the following information:

a. An identification of the names, addresses, and phone numbers of the company, owner or other persons that are submitting the application, and the names and phone numbers of contact persons that are knowledgeable concerning the application.

b. Model numbers and sizes of spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts for which certification is requested.

c. Test data that demonstrates that the spill-proof systems or spill-proof spouts comply with each of the certification requirements identified in 9VAC5-45-190 B.

d. Engineering drawings of the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout detailing dimensions specific to each component. If an application is submitted for a spill-proof system (i.e., container and spout), separate dimensioned drawings for the portable fuel container and for the spill-proof spout are required. If more than one type or size of portable fuel container or more than one type of spill-proof spout is included in the application, separate dimensioned drawings are required for each component.

e. Test data from each of the test procedures specified in 9VAC5-45-250 B 1 and 2 demonstrating that the spill-proof system, spill-proof spout, or component meets the applicable criteria.

f. Any other test data that supports the requirements in subdivision e of this subsection and that would assist in the determination of certification.

g. The language, symbols, or patterns that will actually be permanently embossed on the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout. This shall include examples of date code wheels as well as all other permanent markings and their locations on the container and/or spill-proof spout. Once the board certifies a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, these permanent markings cannot be altered or modified in any way without first obtaining the board's approval.

h. The language or labels that may be affixed to the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale.

i. The manufacturer's recommended instructions, instruction decals, or any other type of placard attached to the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout at the time of sale. Include examples of actual decals or placards if available. Proposed placards or decals are sufficient if actual samples are not available. Once the board certifies a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, these decals or placards cannot be altered or modified in any way without first obtaining the board's approval.

j. The manufacturer warranty(s) as defined in 9VAC5-45-190 B 6.

k. A description of the materials used in the construction of the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout. Material compositions of gaskets, O-rings, and seals must be described.

l. If the applicant is not the manufacturer of all system components incorporated in a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, the applicant must include evidence that the component manufacturers have been notified of the applicant's intended use of the manufacturers' components in the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout for which the application is being made.

(1) If the applicant is requesting inclusion of one or more components not manufactured by it on the applicable spill-proof system or spill-proof spout, the applicant shall notify the component manufacturers and obtain the information required of the application as specified in this subsection.

(2) If the component design and material specifications requested for inclusion in the certification have not been previously incorporated in a spill-proof system or spill-proof spout that has been issued a CARB certification executive order or has been certified by the board pursuant to these procedures, then each of the components shall be subject to each of the application and test requirements specified in this article.

m. A sample of the spill-proof system or spill-proof spout is not required as part of the initial application for certification. The board may later require that a sample be provided if it is deemed necessary to make the proper certification determination.

n. The document certification statement required by 9VAC5-20-230, signed by a responsible official as defined in that section.

o. The information required by subdivision B 1 a of this section is public information that may not be claimed as confidential. Other information submitted to the board to meet the requirements of this article shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

2. In accordance with the time periods specified in subsection C of this section, the board will certify a portable fuel container or spout. The board will specify such terms and conditions as are necessary to ensure that the emissions from the portable fuel containers or spouts do not exceed the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-190. The certification shall also include operational terms, conditions, and data to be reported to the board to ensure that all requirements of this article are met.

C. Provisions follow concerning the portable fuel container or spout certification time frames.

1. The board will take appropriate action on an application within the following time periods:

a. Within 30 working days of receipt of an application, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The application is complete and accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

b. Within 30 working days of receipt of additional information provided in response to a determination that an application is deficient, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The additional information is sufficient to make the application complete, and the application is accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

c. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subsection B of this section, then it shall certify that the requirements have been met in accordance with the requirements of this article. The board will normally act to approve or disapprove a complete application within 90 working days after the application is deemed complete. The board may extend this time period if additional information is needed.

2. [ The board may extend the time period in subdivision 1 c of this subsection if additional information is needed. ] Before the end of each time period specified in this section, the board and the applicant may mutually agree to a longer time period for the board to take the appropriate action.

D. In accordance with the following procedures, the board will take into consideration whether the portable fuel container or spout has been certified by CARB.

1. In lieu of granting certification based upon review of an application as required under subsection B of this section, certification may be granted by the board as follows:

a. Certification may be granted solely on the basis of the effective CARB certification executive order, or

b. Certification may be granted on the basis of the effective CARB certification executive order, modified as necessary by the board to meet the requirements of this article.

2. An abbreviated application may be submitted by a manufacturer requesting certification by the board under subdivision 1 of this subsection. The abbreviated application shall include, as a minimum:

a. A request by the manufacturer that certification be granted by the board based upon an effective CARB certification executive order.

b. A copy of the effective CARB certification executive order, including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the CARB certification executive order.

c. A certification that the manufacturer will (i) comply with the applicable CARB certification executive order within the volatile organic compound emissions control areas specified in 9VAC5-45-160 C and (ii) comply with any additional terms and conditions that the board may specify in granting certification under this subsection.

d. Manufacturer and product information as specified in subdivisions B 1 a and b of this section.

e. The document certification statement required by 9VAC5-20-230 certifying the information in the application and signed by a responsible official.

[ 4. ] 3. The board's certification shall contain such terms and conditions as necessary to adapt terms and conditions in the CARB certification executive order to satisfy the provisions of this article.

[ 5. ] 4. Any board certification granted under this subsection is contingent upon the effective CARB certification executive order provided with the application. Board certification granted on the basis of this subsection automatically expires on the date that the CARB certification executive order upon which it was based is no longer effective.

9VAC5-45-240. Compliance schedules.

A. Affected persons shall comply with the provisions of this article as expeditiously as possible but in no case later than August 1, 2010 [ May 1, 2010.:

1. August 1, 2010, in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg VOC Emissions Control Areas; or

2. March 1, 2014, in the Richmond VOC Emissions Control Area. ]

B. Any owner or other person who cannot comply with the provisions of this article by the date specified in subsection A of this section, due to extraordinary reasons beyond that person's reasonable control, may apply in writing to the board for a waiver. The waiver application shall set forth:

1. The specific grounds upon which the waiver is sought, including the facts that support the extraordinary reasons that compliance is beyond the applicant's reasonable control;

2. The proposed date by which compliance with the provisions of this article will be achieved; and

3. A compliance report detailing the methods by which compliance will be achieved.

C. No waiver may be granted unless all of the following findings are made:

1. That, due to reasons beyond the reasonable control of the applicant, required compliance with this article would result in extraordinary economic hardship;

2. That the public interest in mitigating the extraordinary hardship to the applicant by issuing the waiver outweighs the public interest in avoiding any increased emissions of air contaminants that would result from issuing the waiver; and

3. That the compliance report proposed by the applicant can reasonably be implemented and shall achieve compliance as expeditiously as possible.

D. Any approval of a waiver shall specify a final compliance date by which compliance with the requirements of this article shall be achieved. Any approval of a waiver shall contain a condition that specifies the increments of progress necessary to assure timely compliance and such other conditions that the board finds necessary to carry out the purposes of this article.

E. A waiver shall cease to be effective upon the failure of the party to whom the waiver was granted to comply with any term or condition of the waiver.

F. Upon the application of any person, the board may review, and for good cause, modify or revoke a waiver from requirements of this article.

Article 3
Emission Standards for Consumer Products Manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-280. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-290, the provisions of this article apply to any consumer product manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, that contains volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The provisions of Article 4 (9VAC5-45-400 et seq.) of this part apply to consumer products manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-290, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale or manufactures for sale any consumer product.

C. The provisions of this article apply to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and Fredericksburg Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

D. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell, or otherwise provide, products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-310. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-290, 9VAC5-45-320, and 9VAC5-45-330, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale a consumer product manufactured on or after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360 or (ii) manufacture for sale a consumer product on or after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, that contains volatile organic compounds in excess of the limits specified in Table 45-3A.

TABLE 45-3A

Product Category

Percent VOC by Weight

Adhesives

Aerosol adhesives

Mist spray adhesive:

65%

Web spray adhesive:

55%

Special purpose spray adhesives

Automotive engine compartment adhesive:

70%

Automotive headliner adhesive:

65%

Flexible vinyl adhesive:

70%

Laminate repair or edgebanding adhesive:

60%

Mounting adhesive:

70%

Polystyrene foam adhesive:

65%

Polyolefin adhesive:

60%

Contact adhesive:

80%

Construction, panel, and floor covering adhesive:

15%

General purpose adhesive:

10%

Structural waterproof adhesive:

15%

Air fresheners

Single-phase aerosol:

30%

Double-phase aerosol:

25%

Liquid/Pump spray:

18%

Solid/Gel:

3%

Antiperspirants

Aerosol:

40% HVOC,
10% MVOC

Nonaerosol:

0% HVOC,
0% MVOC

Automotive brake cleaner:

45%

Automotive rubbing or polishing compound:

17%

Automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze

Hard paste wax:

45%

Instant detailer:

3%

All other forms:

15%

Automotive windshield washer fluid:

35%

Bathroom and tile cleaners

Aerosol:

7%

All other forms:

5%

Bug and tar remover:

40%

Carburetor or fuel-injection air intake cleaner:

45%

Carpet and upholstery cleaners

Aerosol:

7%

Nonaerosol (dilutable):

0.1%

Nonaerosol (ready-to-use):

3.0%

Charcoal lighter material:

See subsection
F of this section.

Cooking spray, aerosol:

18%

Deodorants

Aerosol:

0% HVOC,
10% MVOC

Nonaerosol:

0% HVOC,
0% MVOC

Dusting aids

Aerosol:

25%

All other forms:

7%

Engine degreasers

Aerosol:

35%

Nonaerosol:

5%

Fabric protectant:

60%

Floor polishes/Waxes

Products for flexible flooring materials:

7%

Products for nonresilient flooring:

10%

Wood floor wax:

90%

Floor wax stripper, nonaerosol:

See subsection
H of this section.

Furniture maintenance products

Aerosol:

17%

All other forms except solid or paste:

7%

General purpose cleaners

Aerosol:

10%

Nonaerosol:

4%

General purpose degreasers

Aerosol:

50%

Nonaerosol:

4%

Glass cleaners

Aerosol:

12%

Nonaerosol:

4%

Hair mousse:

6%

Hair shine:

55%

Hair spray:

55%

Hair styling gel:

6%

Heavy-duty hand cleaner or soap:

8%

Insecticides

Crawling bug (aerosol):

15%

Crawling bug (all other forms):

20%

Flea and tick:

25%

Flying bug (aerosol):

25%

Flying bug (all other forms):

35%

Fogger:

45%

Lawn and garden (all other forms):

20%

Lawn and garden (nonaerosol):

3%

Wasp and hornet:

40%

Laundry prewash

Aerosol/Solid:

22%

All other forms:

5%

Laundry starch product:

5%

Metal polish or cleanser:

30%

Multipurpose lubricant (excluding solid or semi-solid products):

50%

Nail polish remover:

75%

Nonselective terrestrial herbicide, nonaerosol:

3%

Oven cleaners

Aerosol/Pump spray:

8%

Liquid:

5%

Paint remover or stripper:

50%

Penetrant:

50%

Rubber and vinyl protectants

Nonaerosol:

3%

Aerosol:

10%

Sealant and caulking compound:

4%

Shaving cream:

5%

Silicone-based multipurpose lubricant (excluding solid or semi-solid products):

60%

Spot removers

Aerosol:

25%

Nonaerosol:

8%

Tire sealant and inflator:

20%

Undercoating, aerosol:

40%

B. No owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale an antiperspirant or a deodorant that contains a compound that has been defined as a toxic pollutant in 9VAC5-60-210 C.

C. Provisions follow concerning products that are diluted prior to use.

1. For consumer products for which the label, packaging, or accompanying literature specifically states that the product should be diluted with water or non-VOC solvent prior to use, the limits specified in Table 45-3A shall apply to the product only after the minimum recommended dilution has taken place. For purposes of this subsection, "minimum recommended dilution" shall not include recommendations for incidental use of a concentrated product to deal with limited special applications such as hard-to-remove soils or stains.

2. For consumer products for which the label, packaging, or accompanying literature states that the product should be diluted with a VOC solvent prior to use, the limits specified in Table 45-3A shall apply to the product only after the maximum recommended dilution has taken place.

D. The following provisions apply to sell through of consumer products manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010:

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of [ subsections subsection ] A [ and, ] G, H or I of this section, a consumer product manufactured before the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale after the applicable compliance date if the date of manufacture or a date code representing the date of manufacture is clearly displayed on the product container or package.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of [ subsections subsection ] A [ and, ] G, H, or I of this section, a consumer product manufactured after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360 and before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale [ after May 1, 2010 ] on or after August 1, 2010, if it complies with all of the provisions of Article 4 (9VAC5-45-400 et seq.) of this part.

3. Except as provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, displaying the date of manufacture, or a code indicating the date of manufacture, on the product container or package does not exempt the owner or product from the provisions of this article.

E. For those consumer products that are registered under FIFRA, the effective date of the VOC standards shall be one year after the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360.

F. The following requirements shall apply to all charcoal lighter material products:

1. Effective as of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, no owner or other person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale a charcoal lighter material product manufactured on or after the applicable compliance date or (ii) manufacture for sale a charcoal lighter material product unless at the time of the transaction:

a. The manufacturer can demonstrate to the board's satisfaction that it has been issued a currently effective certification by CARB under the Consumer Products provisions under Subchapter 8.5, Article 2, § 94509(h), of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations (see 9VAC5-20-21). This certification remains in effect for as long as the CARB certification remains in effect. A manufacturer claiming such a certification on this basis must submit to the board a copy of the certification decision (i.e., the executive order), including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the certification.

b. The manufacturer or distributor of the charcoal lighter material has been issued a currently effective certification pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

c. The charcoal lighter material meets the formulation criteria and other conditions specified in the applicable ACP agreement issued pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

d. The product usage directions for the charcoal lighter material are the same as those provided to the board pursuant to subdivision 2 c of this subsection.

2. Provisions follow concerning certification requirements.

a. No charcoal lighter material formulation shall be certified under this subdivision unless the applicant for certification demonstrates to the board's satisfaction that the VOC emissions from the ignition of charcoal with the charcoal lighter material are less than or equal to 0.020 pound of VOC per start, using the procedures specified in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21). The provisions relating to LVP-VOC in 9VAC5-45-290 F and 9VAC5-45-300 C shall not apply to a charcoal lighter material subject to the requirements of 9VAC5-45-310 A and this subsection.

b. The board may approve alternative test procedures that are shown to provide equivalent results to those obtained using the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Ignition Method Compliance Certification Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21).

c. A manufacturer or distributor of charcoal lighter material may apply to the board for certification of a charcoal lighter material formulation in accordance with this subdivision. The application shall be in writing and shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(1) The results of testing conducted pursuant to the procedures specified in South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21); and

(2) The exact text or graphics that will appear on the charcoal lighter material's principal display panel, label, or accompanying literature. The provided material shall clearly show the usage directions for the product. These directions shall accurately reflect the quantity of charcoal lighter material per pound of charcoal that was used in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) for that product, unless:

(a) The charcoal lighter material is intended to be used in fixed amounts independent of the amount of charcoal used, such as certain paraffin cubes, or

(b) The charcoal lighter material is already incorporated into the charcoal, such as certain "bag light," "instant light" or "match light" products.

(3) For a charcoal lighter material that meets the criteria specified in subdivision 2 c (2) (a) of this subsection, the usage instructions provided to the board will accurately reflect the quantity of charcoal lighter material used in the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) for that product.

(4) Physical property data, formulation data, or other information required by the board for use in determining when a product modification has occurred and for use in determining compliance with the conditions specified on the ACP agreement issued pursuant to subdivision 2 e of this subsection.

d. Within 30 days of receipt of an application, the board will advise the applicant in writing either that it is complete or that specified additional information is required to make it complete. Within 30 days of receipt of additional information, the board will advise the applicant in writing either that the application is complete, or that specified additional information or testing is still required before it can be deemed complete.

e. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subdivision 2 of this subsection, then an ACP agreement shall be issued certifying the charcoal lighter material formulation and specifying such conditions as are necessary to insure that the requirements of this subsection are met. The board will act on a complete application within 90 days after the application is deemed complete.

3. For charcoal lighter material for which certification has been granted pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection, the applicant for certification shall notify the board in writing within 30 days of: (i) a change in the usage directions, or (ii) a change in product formulation, test results, or other information submitted pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection that may result in VOC emissions greater than 0.020 pound of VOC per start.

4. If the board determines that a certified charcoal lighter material formulation results in VOC emissions from the ignition of charcoal that are greater than 0.020 pound of VOC per start, as determined by the South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1174 Testing Protocol (see 9VAC5-20-21) and the statistical analysis procedures contained therein, the board will revoke or modify the certification as is necessary to assure that the charcoal lighter material will result in VOC emissions of less than or equal to 0.020 pound of VOC per start.

G. Provisions follow concerning aerosol adhesives.

1. The standards for aerosol adhesives apply to all uses of aerosol adhesives, including consumer, industrial, and commercial uses. Except as otherwise provided in 9VAC5-45-290 and 9VAC5-45-330, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, use, or manufacture for sale an aerosol adhesive that, at the time of sale, use, or manufacture, contains VOCs in excess of the specified standard.

2. a. In order to qualify as a "special purpose spray adhesive," the product must meet one or more of the definitions for special purpose spray adhesive specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C, but if the product label indicates that the product is suitable for use on a substrate or application not listed in 9VAC5-45-300 C, then the product shall be classified as either a "web spray adhesive" or a "mist spray adhesive."

b. If a product meets more than one of the definitions specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C for "special purpose spray adhesive," and is not classified as a "web spray adhesive" or "mist spray adhesive" under subdivision 2 a of this subsection, then the VOC limit for the product shall be the lowest applicable VOC limit specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A.

3. Effective as of the applicable compliance dates specified in 9VAC5-45-360, no person shall (i) sell, supply, or offer for sale an aerosol adhesive manufactured on or after the applicable compliance date or (ii) manufacture for sale an aerosol adhesive that contains any of the following compounds: methylene chloride, perchloroethylene, or trichloroethylene.

4. All aerosol adhesives must comply with the labeling requirements specified in 9VAC5-45-340 D.

H. Effective as of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for use a floor wax stripper unless the following requirements are met:

1. The label of each nonaerosol floor wax stripper must specify a dilution ratio for light or medium build-up of polish that results in an as-used VOC concentration of 3.0% by weight or less.

2. If a nonaerosol floor wax stripper is also intended to be used for removal of heavy build-up of polish, the label of that floor wax stripper must specify a dilution ratio for heavy build-up of polish that results in an as-used VOC concentration of 12% by weight or less.

3. The terms "light build-up," "medium build-up" or "heavy build-up" are not specifically required as long as comparable terminology is used.

I. For a consumer product for which standards are specified under subsection A of this section, no owner or other person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale a consumer product that contains any of the following ozone-depleting compounds:

CFC-11 (trichlorofluoromethane), CFC-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane);

CFC-113 (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane);

CFC-114 (1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethane);

CFC-115 (chloropentafluoroethane), halon 1211 (bromochlorodifluoromethane);

halon 1301 (bromotrifluoromethane), halon 2402 (dibromotetrafluoroethane);

HCFC-22 (chlorodifluoromethane), HCFC-123 (2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane);

HCFC-124 (2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane);

HCFC-141b (1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane), HCFC-142b (1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane);

1,1,1-trichloroethane; or

carbon tetrachloride.

J. The requirements of subsection I of this section shall not apply to an existing product formulation that complies with Table 45-3A or an existing product formulation that is reformulated to meet Table 45-3A, provided the ozone-depleting compound content of the reformulated product does not increase.

K. The requirements of subsection I of this section shall not apply to ozone-depleting compounds that may be present as impurities in a consumer product in an amount equal to or less than 0.01% by weight of the product.

9VAC5-45-320. Alternative control plan (ACP) for consumer products.

A. 1. Manufacturers of consumer products may seek an ACP agreement in accordance with subsections B through L of this section.

2. Only responsible ACP parties for consumer products may enter into an ACP agreement under the provisions of this section.

B. Provisions follow concerning the requirements and process for approval of an ACP.

1. To be considered by the board for approval, an application for a proposed ACP shall be submitted in writing to the board by the responsible ACP party and shall contain all of the following:

a. An identification of the contact persons, phone numbers, names, and addresses of the responsible ACP party that is submitting the ACP application and will be implementing the ACP requirements specified in the ACP agreement.

b. A statement of whether the responsible ACP party is a small business or a one-product business.

c. A listing of the exact product brand name, form, available variations (flavors, scents, colors, sizes, etc.), and applicable product category for each distinct ACP product that is proposed for inclusion in the ACP.

d. For each proposed ACP product identified in subdivision 1 c of this subsection, a demonstration to the satisfaction of the board that the enforceable sales records to be used by the responsible ACP party for tracking product sales meet the minimum criteria specified in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection. To provide this demonstration, the responsible ACP party shall either demonstrate to the satisfaction of the board that other records provided to the board in writing by the responsible ACP party meet the minimum criteria of subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection for tracking product sales of each ACP product, or do all of the following:

(1) Provide the contact persons, phone numbers, names, street and mail addresses of all persons and businesses who will provide information that will be used to determine the enforceable sales;

(2) Determine the enforceable sales of each product using enforceable sales records;

(3) Demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the board, the validity of the enforceable sales based on enforceable sales records provided by the contact persons or the responsible ACP party;

(4) Calculate the percentage of the gross sales that is composed of enforceable sales; and

(5) Determine which ACP products have enforceable sales that are 75% or more of the gross sales. Only ACP products meeting this criteria shall be allowed to be sold under an ACP.

e. For each of the ACP products identified in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection, the inclusion of the following:

(1) Legible copies of the existing labels for each product;

(2) The VOC content and LVP content for each product. The VOC content and LVP content shall be reported for two different periods as follows:

(a) The VOC and LVP contents of the product at the time the application for an ACP is submitted, and

(b) The VOC and LVP contents of the product that were used at any time within the four years prior to the date of submittal of the application for an ACP if either the VOC or LVP contents have varied by more than plus or minus 10% of the VOC or LVP contents reported in subdivision 1 e (2) (a) of this subsection.

f. A written commitment obligating the responsible ACP party to date-code every unit of each ACP product approved for inclusion in the ACP. The commitment shall require the responsible ACP party to display the date-code on each ACP product container or package no later than five working days after the date an ACP agreement approving an ACP is signed by the board.

g. An operational plan covering all the products identified under subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection for each compliance period that the ACP will be in effect. The operational plan shall contain all of the following:

(1) An identification of the compliance periods and dates for the responsible ACP party to report the information required by the board in the ACP agreement approving an ACP. The length of the compliance period shall be chosen by the responsible ACP party (not to exceed 365 days). The responsible ACP party shall also choose the dates for reporting information such that all required VOC content and enforceable sales data for all ACP products shall be reported to the board at the same time and at the same frequency .

(2) An identification of specific enforceable sales records to be provided to the board for enforcing the provisions of this article and the ACP agreement approving an ACP. The enforceable sales records shall be provided to the board no later than the compliance period dates specified in subdivision 1 g (1) of this subsection.

(3) For a small business or a one-product business that will be relying to some extent on surplus trading to meet its ACP limits, a written commitment from the responsible ACP party that they will transfer the surplus reductions to the small business or one-product business upon approval of the ACP.

(4) For each ACP product, all VOC content levels that will be applicable for the ACP product during each compliance period. The plan shall also identify the specific method by which the VOC content will be determined and the statistical accuracy and precision (repeatability and reproducibility) will be calculated for each specified method.

(5) The projected enforceable sales for each ACP product at each different VOC content for every compliance period that the ACP will be in effect.

(6) A detailed demonstration showing the combination of specific ACP reformulations or surplus trading (if applicable) that is sufficient to ensure that the ACP emissions will not exceed the ACP limit for each compliance period that the ACP will be in effect, the approximate date within each compliance period that such reformulations or surplus trading are expected to occur, and the extent to which the VOC contents of the ACP products will be reduced (i.e., by ACP reformulation). This demonstration shall use the equations specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C for projecting the ACP emissions and ACP limits during each compliance period. This demonstration shall also include all VOC content levels and projected enforceable sales for all ACP products to be sold during each compliance period.

(7) A certification that all reductions in the VOC content of a product will be real, actual reductions that do not result from changing product names, mischaracterizing ACP product reformulations that have occurred in the past, or other attempts to circumvent the provisions of this article.

(8) Written explanations of the date-codes that will be displayed on each ACP product's container or packaging.

(9) A statement of the approximate dates by which the responsible ACP party plans to meet the applicable ACP VOC standards for each product in the ACP.

(10) An operational plan ("reconciliation of shortfalls plan") that commits the responsible ACP party to completely reconcile shortfalls, even, to the extent permitted by law, if the responsible ACP party files for bankruptcy protection. The plan for reconciliation of shortfalls shall contain all of the following:

(a) A clear and convincing demonstration of how shortfalls of up to 5.0%, 10%, 15%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of the applicable ACP limit will be completely reconciled within 90 working days from the date the shortfall is determined;

(b) A listing of the specific records and other information that will be necessary to verify that the shortfalls were reconciled as specified in this subsection; and

(c) A commitment to provide a record or information requested by the board to verify that the shortfalls have been completely reconciled.

h. A declaration, signed by a legal representative for the responsible ACP party, that states that all information and operational plans submitted with the ACP application are true and correct.

2. a. In accordance with the time periods specified in subsection C of this section, the board will issue an ACP agreement approving an ACP that meets the requirements of this article. The board will specify such terms and conditions as are necessary to ensure that the emissions from the ACP products do not exceed the emissions that would have occurred if the ACP products subject to the ACP had met the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A. The ACP shall also include:

(1) Only those ACP products for which the enforceable sales are at least 75% of the gross sales as determined in subdivision 1 d (5) of this subsection;

(2) A reconciliation of shortfalls plan meeting the requirements of this article; and

(3) Operational terms, conditions, and data to be reported to the board to ensure that all requirements of this article are met.

b. The board will not approve an ACP submitted by a responsible ACP party if the board determines, upon review of the responsible ACP party's compliance history with past or current ACPs or the requirements for consumer products in this article, that the responsible ACP party has a recurring pattern of violations and has consistently refused to take the necessary steps to correct those violations.

C. Provisions follow concerning ACP approval time frames.

1. The board will take appropriate action on an ACP within the following time periods:

a. Within 30 working days of receipt of an ACP application, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The application is complete and accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

b. Within 30 working days of receipt of additional information provided in response to a determination that an ACP application is deficient, the board will inform the applicant in writing that either:

(1) The additional information is sufficient to make the application complete, and the application is accepted for filing, or

(2) The application is deficient, and identify the specific information required to make the application complete.

c. If the board finds that an application meets the requirements of subsection B of this section, then it shall issue an ACP agreement in accordance with the requirements of this article. The board will normally act to approve or disapprove a complete application within 90 working days after the application is deemed complete. The board may extend this time period if additional information is needed.

2. [ The board may extend the time period in subdivision 1 c of this subsection if additional information is needed. ] Before the end of each time period specified in this section, the board and the responsible ACP party may mutually agree to a longer time period for the board to take the appropriate action.

D. Provisions follow concerning recordkeeping and availability of requested information.

1. All information specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP shall be maintained by the responsible ACP party for a minimum of three years after such records are generated. Such records shall be clearly legible and maintained in good condition during this period.

2. The records specified in subdivision 1 of this subsection shall be made available to the board or its authorized representative:

a. Immediately upon request, during an on-site visit to a responsible ACP party,

b. Within five working days after receipt of a written request from the board, or

c. Within a time period mutually agreed upon by both the board and the responsible ACP party.

E. Provisions follow concerning violations.

1. Failure to meet a requirement of this article or a condition of an applicable ACP agreement shall constitute a single, separate violation of this article for each day until such requirement or condition is satisfied, except as otherwise provided in subdivisions 2 through 8 of this subsection.

2. False reporting of information in an ACP application or in any supporting documentation or amendments thereto shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day that the approved ACP is in effect.

3. An exceedance during the applicable compliance period of the VOC content specified for an ACP product in the ACP agreement approving an ACP shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each ACP product that exceeds the specified VOC content that is sold, supplied, offered for sale, or manufactured for use.

4. Any of the following actions shall each constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day after the applicable deadline until the requirement is satisfied:

a. Failure to report data or failure to report data accurately in writing to the board regarding the VOC content, LVP content, enforceable sales, or other information required by the deadline specified in the applicable ACP agreement;

b. False reporting of information submitted to the board for determining compliance with the ACP requirements;

c. Failure to completely implement the reconciliation of shortfalls plan that is set forth in the ACP agreement within 30 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board; or

d. Failure to completely reconcile the shortfall as specified in the ACP agreement within 90 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board.

5. False reporting or failure to report any of the information specified in subdivision F 2 i of this section or the sale or transfer of invalid surplus reductions shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day during the time period for which the surplus reductions are claimed to be valid.

6. Except as provided in subdivision 7 of this subsection, an exceedance of the ACP limit for a compliance period that the ACP is in effect shall constitute a single, separate violation of the requirements of this article for each day of the applicable compliance period. The board will determine whether an exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred as follows:

a. If the responsible ACP party has provided all required information for the applicable compliance period specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, then the board will determine whether an exceedance has occurred using the enforceable sales records and VOC content for each ACP product as reported by the responsible ACP party for the applicable compliance period.

b. If the responsible ACP party has failed to provide all the required information specified in the ACP agreement for an applicable compliance period, the board will determine whether an exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred as follows.

(1) For the missing data days, the board will calculate the total maximum historical emissions as specified in 9VAC5-45-300 C.

(2) For the remaining portion of the compliance period that are not missing data days, the board will calculate the emissions for each ACP product using the enforceable sales records and VOC content that were reported for that portion of the applicable compliance period.

(3) The ACP emissions for the entire compliance period shall be the sum of the total maximum historical emissions, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (1) of this subsection, and the emissions determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (2) of this subsection.

(4) The board will calculate the ACP limit for the entire compliance period using the ACP standards applicable to each ACP product and the enforceable sales records specified in subdivision 6 b (2) of this subsection. The enforceable sales for each ACP product during missing data days, as specified in subdivision 6 b (1) of this subsection, shall be zero.

(5) An exceedance of the ACP limit has occurred when the ACP emissions, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (3) of this subsection, exceeds the ACP limit, determined pursuant to subdivision 6 b (4) of this subsection.

7. If a violation specified in subdivision 6 of this subsection occurs, the responsible ACP party may, pursuant to this subdivision, establish the number of violations as calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432463416171DEQGG_files/image001.gif

where:

NEV = number of ACP limit violations.

ACP emissions = the ACP emissions for the compliance period.

ACP limit = the ACP limit for the compliance period.

40 pounds = number of pounds of emissions equivalent to one violation.

The responsible ACP party may determine the number of ACP limit violations pursuant to this subdivision only if it has provided all required information for the applicable compliance period, as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP. By choosing this option, the responsible ACP party waives all legal objections to the calculation of the ACP limit violations pursuant to this subdivision.

8. A cause of action against a responsible ACP party under this section shall be deemed to accrue on the date when the records establishing a violation are received by the board.

9. The responsible ACP party is fully liable for compliance with the requirements of this article, even if the responsible ACP party contracts with or otherwise relies on another person to carry out some or all of the requirements of this article.

F. Provisions follow concerning surplus reductions and surplus trading.

1. The board will issue surplus reduction certificates that establish and quantify, to the nearest pound of VOC reduced, the surplus reductions achieved by a responsible ACP party operating under an ACP. The surplus reductions can be bought from, sold to, or transferred to a responsible ACP party operating under an ACP, as provided in subdivision 2 of this subsection. All surplus reductions shall be calculated by the board at the end of each compliance period within the time specified in the approved ACP. Surplus reduction certificates shall not constitute instruments, securities, or another form of property.

2. The issuance, use, and trading of all surplus reductions shall be subject to the following provisions:

a. For the purposes of this article, VOC reductions from sources of VOCs other than consumer products subject to the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A may not be used to generate surplus reductions.

b. Surplus reductions are valid only when generated by a responsible ACP party and only while that responsible ACP party is operating under an approved ACP.

c. Surplus reductions are valid only after the board has issued an ACP agreement pursuant to subdivision 1 of this subsection.

d. Surplus reductions issued by the board may be used by the responsible ACP party who generated the surplus until the reductions expire, are traded, or until the ACP is canceled pursuant to subdivision J 2 of this section.

e. Surplus reductions cannot be applied retroactively to a compliance period prior to the compliance period in which the reductions were generated.

f. Except as provided in subdivision 2 g (2) of this subsection, only small or one-product businesses selling products under an approved ACP may purchase surplus reductions. An increase in the size of a small business or one-product business shall have no effect on surplus reductions purchased by that business prior to the date of the increase.

g. While valid, surplus reductions can be used only for the following purposes:

(1) To adjust the ACP emissions of either the responsible ACP party who generated the reductions or the responsible ACP party to which the reductions were traded, provided the surplus reductions are not to be used by a responsible ACP party to further lower its ACP emissions when its ACP emissions are equal to or less than the ACP limit during the applicable compliance period; or

(2) To be traded for the purpose of reconciling another responsible ACP party's shortfalls, provided such reconciliation is part of the reconciliation of shortfalls plan approved by the board pursuant to subdivision B 1 g (10) of this section.

h. A valid surplus reduction shall be in effect starting five days after the date of issuance by the board for a continuous period equal to the number of days in the compliance period during which the surplus reduction was generated. The surplus reduction shall then expire at the end of its effective period.

i. At least five working days prior to the effective date of transfer of surplus reductions, both the responsible ACP party that is selling surplus reductions and the responsible ACP party that is buying the surplus reductions shall, either together or separately, notify the board in writing of the transfer. The notification shall include all of the following:

(1) The date the transfer is to become effective.

(2) The date the surplus reductions being traded are due to expire.

(3) The amount (in pounds of VOCs) of surplus reductions that is being transferred.

(4) The total purchase price paid by the buyer for the surplus reductions.

(5) The contact persons, names of the companies, street and mail addresses, and phone numbers of the responsible ACP parties involved in the trading of the surplus reductions.

(6) A copy of the board-issued surplus reductions certificate, signed by both the seller and buyer of the certificate, showing transfer of all or a specified portion of the surplus reductions. The copy shall show the amount of any remaining nontraded surplus reductions, if applicable, and shall show their expiration date. The copy shall indicate that both the buyer and seller of the surplus reductions fully understand the conditions and limitations placed upon the transfer of the surplus reductions and accept full responsibility for the appropriate use of such surplus reductions as provided in this section.

j. Surplus reduction credits shall only be traded between ACP products.

3. Provisions follow concerning limited-use surplus reduction credits for early reformulations of ACP products.

a. For the purposes of this subdivision, "early reformulation" means an ACP product that is reformulated to result in a reduction in the product's VOC content, and that is sold, supplied, or offered for sale for the first time during the one-year (365 day) period immediately prior to the date on which the application for a proposed ACP is submitted to the board. Early reformulation does not include reformulated ACP products that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale more than one year prior to the date on which the ACP application is submitted to the board.

b. If requested in the application for a proposed ACP, the board will, upon approval of the ACP, issue surplus reduction credits for early reformulation of ACP products, provided that all of the following documentation has been provided by the responsible ACP party to the satisfaction of the board:

(1) Accurate documentation showing that the early reformulation reduced the VOC content of the ACP product to a level that is below the pre-ACP VOC content of the product or below the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC 5-45-310 A, whichever is the lesser of the two;

(2) Accurate documentation demonstrating that the early reformulated ACP product was sold in retail outlets within the time period specified in subdivision 3 a of this subsection;

(3) Accurate sales records for the early reformulated ACP product that meet the definition of enforceable sales records and that demonstrate that the enforceable sales for the ACP product are at least 75% of the gross sales for the product, as specified in subdivision B 1 d of this section; and

(4) Accurate documentation for the early reformulated ACP product that meets the requirements specified in subdivisions B 1 c and d and B 1 g (7) and (8) of this section and that identifies the specific test methods for verifying the claimed early reformulation and the statistical accuracy and precision of the test methods as specified in subdivision B 1 g (4) of this section.

c. Surplus reduction credits issued pursuant to this subsection shall be calculated separately for each early reformulated ACP product by the board according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432468586536DEQGG_files/image001.gif

where:

SR = surplus reductions for the ACP product, expressed to the nearest pound.

Enforceable sales = the enforceable sales for the early reformulated ACP product, expressed to the nearest pound of ACP product.

VOC contentinitial = the pre-ACP VOC content of the ACP product, or the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A, whichever is the lesser of the two, expressed to the nearest 0.1 pounds of VOC per 100 pounds of ACP product.

VOC contentfinal = the VOC content of the early reformulated ACP product after the early reformulation is achieved, expressed to the nearest 0.1 pounds of VOC per 100 pounds of ACP product.

d. The use of limited use surplus reduction credits issued pursuant to this subdivision shall be subject to all of the following provisions:

(1) Limited use surplus reduction credits shall be used solely to reconcile the responsible ACP party's shortfalls, if any, generated during the first compliance period occurring immediately after the issuance of the ACP agreement approving an ACP, and may not be used for another purpose;

(2) Limited use surplus reduction credits may not be transferred to, or used by, another responsible ACP party; and

(3) Except as provided in this subdivision, limited use surplus reduction credits shall be subject to all requirements applicable to surplus reductions and surplus trading as specified in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection.

G. Provisions follow concerning the reconciliation of shortfalls.

1. At the end of each compliance period, the responsible ACP party shall make an initial calculation of shortfalls occurring in that compliance period as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP. Upon receipt of this information, the board will determine the amount of a shortfall that has occurred during the compliance period and shall notify the responsible ACP party of this determination.

2. The responsible ACP party shall implement the reconciliation of shortfalls plan as specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP within 30 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board.

3. All shortfalls shall be completely reconciled within 90 working days from the date of written notification of a shortfall by the board by implementing the reconciliation of shortfalls plan specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP.

4. All requirements specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, including all applicable ACP limits, shall remain in effect while shortfalls are in the process of being reconciled.

H. Provisions follow concerning the notification of modifications to an ACP by the responsible ACP party.

1. Board pre-approval is not required for modifications that are a change to an ACP product's: (i) product name, (ii) product formulation, (iii) product form, (iv) product function, (v) applicable product category, (vi) VOC content, (vii) LVP content, (viii) date-codes, or (ix) recommended product usage directions. The responsible ACP party shall notify the board of such changes, in writing, no later than 15 working days from the date such a change occurs. For each modification, the notification shall fully explain the following:

a. The nature of the modification;

b. The extent to which the ACP product formulation, VOC content, LVP content, or recommended usage directions will be changed;

c. The extent to which the ACP emissions and ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement will be changed for the applicable compliance period; and

d. The effective date and corresponding date-codes for the modification.

2. The responsible ACP party may propose modifications to the enforceable sales records or the reconciliation of shortfalls plan specified in the ACP agreement approving the ACP, however, such modifications require board pre-approval. Any such proposed modifications shall be fully described in writing and forwarded to the board. The responsible ACP party shall clearly demonstrate that the proposed modifications will meet the requirements of this article. The board will act on the proposed modifications using the procedure set forth in subsection C of this section. The responsible ACP party shall meet all applicable requirements of the existing ACP until such time as a proposed modification is approved in writing by the board.

3. Except as otherwise provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, the responsible ACP party shall notify the board, in writing, of information known by the responsible ACP party that may alter the information submitted pursuant to the requirements of subsection B of this section. The responsible ACP party shall provide such notification to the board no later than 15 working days from the date such information is known to the responsible ACP party.

I. Provisions follow concerning the modification of an ACP by the board.

1. If the board determines that: (i) the enforceable sales for an ACP product are no longer at least 75% of the gross sales for that product, (ii) the information submitted pursuant to the approval process set forth in subsection C of this section is no longer valid, or (iii) the ACP emissions are exceeding the ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP, then the board will modify the ACP as necessary to ensure that the ACP meets all requirements of this article and that the ACP emissions will not exceed the ACP limit.

2. If any applicable VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A are modified by the board in a future rulemaking, the board will modify the ACP limit specified in the ACP agreement approving an ACP to reflect the modified ACP VOC standards as of their effective dates.

J. Provisions follow concerning the cancellation of an ACP.

1. An ACP shall remain in effect until:

a. The ACP reaches the expiration date specified in the ACP agreement;

b. The ACP is modified by the responsible ACP party and approved by the board as provided in subsection H of this section;

c. The ACP is modified by the board as provided in subsection I of this section;

d. The ACP includes a product for which the VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-310 A is modified by the board in a future rulemaking, and the responsible ACP party informs the board in writing that the ACP will terminate on the effective date of the modified standard; or

e. The ACP is cancelled pursuant to subdivision 2 of this subsection.

2. The board will cancel an ACP if any of the following circumstances occur:

a. The responsible ACP party demonstrates to the satisfaction of the board that the continuation of the ACP will result in an extraordinary economic hardship.

b. The responsible ACP party violates the requirements of the approved ACP, and the violation results in a shortfall that is 20% or more of the applicable ACP limit (i.e., the ACP emissions exceed the ACP limit by 20% or more).

c. The responsible ACP party fails to meet the requirements of subsection G of this section within the time periods specified in that subsection.

d. The responsible ACP party has demonstrated a recurring pattern of violations and has consistently failed to take the necessary steps to correct those violations.

3. Cancellations of ACPs are considered case decisions and will be processed using the procedures prescribed in 9VAC5-170-40 A 2 and applicable provisions of Article 3 (§ 2.2-4018 et seq.) of the Administrative Process Act.

4. The responsible ACP party for an ACP that is canceled pursuant to this section and who does not have a valid ACP to immediately replace the canceled ACP shall meet all of the following requirements:

a. All remaining shortfalls in effect at the time of ACP cancellation shall be reconciled in accordance with the requirements of subsection G of this section, and

b. All ACP products subject to the ACP shall be in compliance with the applicable VOC standards in 9VAC5-45-310 A immediately upon the effective date of ACP cancellation.

5. Violations incurred pursuant to subsection E of this section shall not be cancelled or affected by the subsequent cancellation or modification of an ACP pursuant to subsection H, I, or J of this section.

K. The information required by subdivisions B 1 a and b and F 2 i of this section is public information that may not be claimed as confidential. Other information submitted to the board to meet the requirements of this section shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

L. A responsible ACP party may transfer an ACP to another responsible ACP party, provided that all of the following conditions are met:

1. The board will be notified, in writing, by both responsible ACP parties participating in the transfer of the ACP and its associated ACP agreement. The written notifications shall be postmarked at least five working days prior to the effective date of the transfer and shall be signed and submitted separately by both responsible parties. The written notifications shall clearly identify the contact persons, business names, mail and street addresses, and phone numbers of the responsible parties involved in the transfer.

2. The responsible ACP party to which the ACP is being transferred shall provide a written declaration stating that the transferee shall fully comply with all requirements of the ACP agreement approving the ACP and this article.

M. In approving agreements under subsections B through L of this section, the board will take into consideration whether the applicant has been granted an ACP by CARB. A manufacturer of consumer products that has been granted an ACP agreement by the CARB under the provisions in Subchapter 8.5, Article 4, Sections 94540-94555, of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations (see 9VAC5-20-21) may be exempt from Table 45-3A for the period of time that the CARB ACP agreement remains in effect provided that all ACP products used for emission credits within the CARB ACP agreement are contained in Table 45-3A. A manufacturer claiming such an ACP agreement on this basis must submit to the board a copy of the CARB ACP decision (i.e., the executive order), including all conditions established by CARB applicable to the exemption and certification that the manufacturer will comply with the CARB ACP decision for those ACP products in the areas specified in 9VAC5-45-280 C.

9VAC5-45-390. Notification, records and reporting.

A. The provisions of 9VAC5-45-50 (Notification, records and reporting) apply.

B. Upon 90 days written notice, the board may require a responsible party to report information for a consumer product the board may specify, including, but not limited to, all or part of the following information:

1. The company name of the responsible party and the party's address, telephone number, and designated contact person.

2. A showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B and C that supports any claim of confidentiality made pursuant to 9VAC5-170-60, §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Virginia Air Pollution Control Law, and other applicable state confidentiality requirements.

3. The product brand name for each consumer product subject to registration and, upon request by the board, the product label.

4. The product category to which the consumer product belongs.

5. The applicable product forms listed separately.

6. An identification of each product brand name and form as a "Household Product," "I&I Product," or both.

7. Separate sales in pounds per year, to the nearest pound, and the method used to calculate sales for each product form.

8. For registrations submitted by two companies, an identification of the company that is submitting relevant data separate from that submitted by the responsible party. All registration information from both companies shall be submitted by the date specified in this subsection.

9. For each product brand name and form, the net percent by weight of the total product, less container and packaging, composed of the following, rounded to the nearest one-tenth of a percent (0.1%):

a. Total exempt compounds.

b. Total LVP-VOCs that are not fragrances.

c. Total all other carbon-containing compounds that are not fragrances.

d. Total all noncarbon-containing compounds.

e. Total fragrance.

f. For products containing greater than 2.0% by weight fragrance:

(1) The percent of fragrances that are LVP-VOCs; and

(2) The percent of fragrances that are all other carbon-containing compounds [ ; and ].

g. Total paradichlorobenzene.

10. For each product brand name and form, the identity, including the specific chemical name and associated Chemical Abstract Services (CAS) number, of the following:

a. Each exempt compound; and

b. Each LVP-VOC that is not a fragrance.

11. If applicable, the weight percent composed of propellant for each product.

12. If applicable, an identification of the type of propellant.

C. In addition to the requirements of subdivision B 10 of this section, the responsible party shall report to the board the net percentage by weight of each ozone-depleting compound that is:

1. Listed in 9VAC5-45-310 I; and

2. Contained in a product subject to registration under subsection B of this section in an amount greater than 1.0% by weight.

D. Information submitted by responsible parties pursuant to this section shall be available to the public except where the owner makes a showing satisfactory to the board under 9VAC5-170-60 B that the information meets the criteria in 9VAC5-170-60 C, in which case the information shall be handled in accordance with the procedures specified in §§ 10.1-1314 and 10.1-1314.1 of the Air Pollution Control Law of Virginia.

E. Provisions follow concerning special recordkeeping and reporting requirements for consumer products that contain perchloroethylene or methylene chloride.

1. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to all responsible parties for consumer products that are subject to 9VAC5-45-310 A and contain perchloroethylene or methylene chloride. For the purposes of this subsection, a product contains perchloroethylene or methylene chloride if the product contains 1.0% or more by weight (exclusive of the container or packaging) of either perchloroethylene or methylene chloride.

2. For each consumer product that contains perchloroethylene or methylene chloride, the responsible party shall keep records of the following information for products sold during each calendar year, beginning with the year of the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-360, and ending with the year 2010:

a. The product brand name and a copy of the product label with legible usage instructions;

b. The product category to which the consumer product belongs;

c. The applicable product form, listed separately;

d. For each product form listed in subdivision 2 c of this subsection, the total sales during the calendar year to the nearest pound (exclusive of the container or packaging), and the method used for calculating sales;

e. The weight percentage, to the nearest 0.10% of perchloroethylene and methylene chloride in the consumer product;

3. Upon 90 days written notice, the board may require a responsible party to report the information specified in subdivision 2 of this subsection.

4. Records required by subdivision 2 of this subsection shall be maintained by the responsible party for three calendar years from the date such records were created.

5. Alternative control plan notifications, records, and reporting shall be made as required by 9VAC5-45-320 and as required in the ACP agreement.

6. Innovative product notifications, records, and reporting shall be made as required by 9VAC5-45-330 and as required in the innovative products exemption notification letter.

Article 4
Emission Standards for Consumer Products Manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010

9VAC5-45-400. Applicability.

A. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-410, the provisions of this article apply to any consumer product manufactured on or after [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010, that contains volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The provisions of Article 3 (9VAC5-45-280 et seq.) of this part apply to consumer products manufactured before [ May 1, 2010 ] August 1, 2010.

B. Except as provided in 9VAC5-45-410, the provisions of this article apply to any owner or other person who sells, supplies, offers for sale or manufactures for sale any consumer product.

C. The provisions of this article apply to owners and other persons in the Northern Virginia and, Fredericksburg, and Richmond Volatile Organic Compound Emissions Control Areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

D. For purposes of this article, the terms "supply" or "supplied" do not include internal transactions within a business or governmental entity. These terms only apply to transactions between manufacturers/commercial distributors that sell or otherwise provide products to businesses/governmental entities/individuals.

9VAC5-45-420. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of applying this article in the context of the Regulations for the Control and Abatement of Air Pollution and related uses, the words or terms shall have the meanings given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined herein shall have the meanings given them in 9VAC5-10 (General Definitions), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms defined.

"ACP" or "alternative control plan" means any emissions averaging program approved by the board pursuant to the provisions of this article.

"ACP agreement" means the document signed by the board that includes the conditions and requirements of the board and that allows manufacturers to sell ACP products pursuant to the requirements of this article.

"ACP emissions" means the sum of the VOC emissions from every ACP product subject to an ACP agreement approving an ACP, during the compliance period specified in the ACP agreement, expressed to the nearest pound of VOC and calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image001.gif

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image002.gif

where:

1, 2,...N = each product in an ACP up to the maximum N.

Enforceable sales = (see definition in this section).

VOC content = one of the following:

1. For all products except for charcoal lighter material products:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image003.gif

where:

A = total net weight of unit (excluding container and packaging).

B = total weight of all VOCs per unit.

C = total weight of all exempted VOCs per unit, as specified in 9VAC5-45-410.

2. For charcoal lighter material products only:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image004.gif

where:

Certified emissions = (see definition in this section).

Certified use rate = (see definition in this section).

"ACP limit" means the maximum allowable ACP emissions during the compliance period specified in an ACP agreement approving an ACP, expressed to the nearest pound of VOC, and calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image005.gif

where:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image006.gif

where:

Enforceable sales = (see definition in this section).

ACP standard = (see definition in this section).

1, 2,...N = each product in an ACP up to the maximum N.

"ACP product" means any consumer product subject to the VOC standards specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, except those products that have been exempted as innovative products under 9VAC5-45-450.

"ACP reformulation" or "ACP reformulated" means the process of reducing the VOC content of an ACP product within the period that an ACP is in effect to a level that is less than the current VOC content of the product.

"ACP standard" means either the ACP product's pre-ACP VOC content or the applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A, whichever is the lesser of the two.

"ACP VOC standard" means the maximum allowable VOC content for an ACP product, determined as follows:

1. The applicable VOC standard specified in 9VAC5-45-430 A for all ACP products except for charcoal lighter material;

2. For charcoal lighter material products only, the VOC standard for the purposes of this article shall be calculated according to the following equation:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/432474281332DEQGG_files/image007.gif

where:

0.020 = the certification emissions level for the product, as specified in9VAC5-45-430 E.

Certified use rate = (see definition in this section).

"Adhesive" means any product that is used to bond one surface to another by attachment. Adhesive does not include products used on humans and animals, adhesive tape, contact paper, wallpaper, shelf liners, or any other product with an adhesive incorporated onto or in an inert substrate. For contact adhesive only, adhesive also does not include units of product, less packaging, that consist of more than one gallon. In addition, for construction, panel, and floor covering adhesive and general purpose adhesive only, adhesive does not include units of product, less packaging, that weigh more than one pound and consist of more than 16 fluid ounces. The package size limitations do not apply to aerosol adhesives.

"Adhesive remover" means a product designed to remove adhesive from either a specific substrate or a variety of substrates. Adhesive remover does not include products that remove adhesives intended exclusively for use on humans or animals. For the purpose of this definition and the following adhesive remover subcategories in subdivisions 1 through 4 of this definition, adhesive shall mean a substance used to bond one or more materials. Adhesives include, but are not limited to, caulk, sealant, glue, or similar substances used for the purpose of forming a bond.

1. "Floor and wall covering adhesive remover" means a product designed or labeled to remove floor or wall coverings and associated adhesive from the underlying substrate.

2. "Gasket or thread locking adhesive remover" means a product designed or labeled to remove gaskets or thread locking adhesives. Products labeled for dual use as a paint stripper and as a gasket remover or thread locking adhesive remover are considered gasket or thread locking adhesive remover.

3. "General purpose adhesive remover" means a product designed or labeled to remove cyanoacrylate adhesives and nonreactive adhesives or residue from a variety of substrates. General purpose adhesive remover includes, but is not limited to, products that remove thermoplastic adhesives, pressure sensitive adhesives, dextrin-based or starch-based adhesives, casein glues, rubber-based or latex-based adhesives, as well as products that remove stickers, decals, stencils, or similar materials. General purpose adhesive remover does not include floor or wall covering adhesive remover.

4. "Specialty adhesive remover" means a product designed to remove reactive adhesives from a variety of substrates. Reactive adhesives include adhesives that require a hardener or catalyst in order for the bond to occur. Examples of reactive adhesives include, but are not limited to, epoxies, urethanes, and silicones. Specialty adhesive remover does not include gasket or thread locking adhesive remover.

"Aerosol adhesive" means an aerosol product in which the spray mechanism is permanently housed in a nonrefillable can designed for hand-held application without the need for ancillary hoses or spray equipment. Aerosol adhesives include special purpose spray adhesives, mist spray adhesives, and web spray adhesives.

"Aerosol cooking spray" means any aerosol product designed either to reduce sticking on cooking and baking surfaces or to be applied on food, or both.

"Aerosol product" means a pressurized spray system that dispenses product ingredients by means of a propellant contained in a product or a product's carrier, or by means of a mechanically induced force. Aerosol product does not include pump sprays.

"Agricultural use" means the use of any pesticide or method or device for the control of pests in connection with the commercial production, storage, or processing of any animal or plant crop. Agricultural use does not include the sale or use of pesticides in properly labeled packages or containers that are intended for home use, use in structural pest control, industrial use, or institutional use. For the purposes of this definition only:

1. "Home use" means use in a household or its immediate environment.

2. "Industrial use" means use for or in a manufacturing, mining, or chemical process or use in the operation of factories, processing plants, and similar sites.

3. "Institutional use" means use within the perimeter of, or on property necessary for the operation of, buildings such as hospitals, schools, libraries, auditoriums, and office complexes.

4. "Structural pest control" means a use requiring a license under the applicable state pesticide licensing requirement.

"Air freshener&quo