Vol. 29 Iss. 4 - October 22, 2012

Chapter 90
Final Regulation

REGISTRAR'S NOTICE: The following regulatory action is exempt from the Administrative Process Act in accordance with § 2.2-4006 A 4 c of the Code of Virginia, which excludes regulations that are necessary to meet the requirements of federal law or regulations provided such regulations do not differ materially from those required by federal law or regulation. The Safety and Health Codes Board will receive, consider, and respond to petitions by any interested person at any time with respect to reconsideration or revision.

Titles of Regulations: 16VAC25-90. Federal Identical General Industry Standards (amending 16VAC25-90-1910.135).

16VAC25-100. Federal Identical Shipyard Employment Standards (amending 16VAC25-100-1915.155).

16VAC25-120. Federal Identical Marine Terminals Standards (amending 16VAC25-120-1917.93).

16VAC25-130. Federal Identical Longshoring Standards for Hazard Communications (amending 16VAC25-130-1918.103).

16VAC25-175. Federal Identical Construction Industry Standards (adding 16VAC25-175-1926.100).

Statutory Authority: § 40.1-22 of the Code of Virginia.

Effective Date: January 1, 2013.

Agency Contact: John J. Crisanti, Planning and Evaluation Manager, Department of Labor and Industry, Main Street Centre, 600 East Street, Richmond, VA 23219, telephone (804) 786-4300, FAX (804) 786-8418, TTY (804) 786-2376, or email


On June 22, 2012, federal OSHA issued this Direct Final Rule to revise the personal protective equipment (PPE) sections of its General Industry, Shipyard Employment, Longshoring, and Marine Terminals standards regarding requirements for head protection, along with an identical proposed rule, at 77 FR 37617. OSHA updated the references in §§ 1910.135(b)(1), 1915.155(b)(1), 1917.93(b)(1), and 1918.103(b)(1) to recognize the 2009 edition of the American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection (ANSI Z89.1). The provisions in the 2009 edition permit optional testing for helmets worn in the backwards position ("reverse wearing"), optional testing for helmets at colder temperatures than provided in previous editions, and optional testing for the high-visibility coloring of helmets. Additionally, changes in the 2009 edition include: (1) removing the definition of "cap" and "hat" and inserting the definitions of "manufacturer" and "test plaque" in the 2009 edition; (2) permitting the testing facility to determine an appropriate size of the headform if the manufacturer did not specify the size; (3) requiring orientation of test samples in the normal wearing position when conducting various test procedures; and (4) removing vertical guard rails from the lists of necessary components for specified test equipment.

The 2009 revision to the General Industry and Maritime Industry personal protective equipment standards, however, did not address the construction standards requiring personal protective equipment. Therefore, the construction standards at § 1926.100 (b) and (c) still required compliance with the older ANSI Z89.1-1969 and ANSI Z89.2-1971, respectively. To bring the construction standard up to date and ensure consistency across all of its standards, federal OSHA amended § 1926.100 to permit compliance with ANSI Z89.1-1969 and ANSI Z89.2-1971, which set forth requirements regarding different types of helmets now addressed in ANSI Z89.1, and replaced these outdated head protection references with the same three most recent editions of ANSI Z89.1, referenced in the general industry and maritime industry standards: ANSI Z89.1-1997, ANSI Z89.1-2003, or ANSI Z89.1-2009.

The 2009 edition defines Type I and Type II helmets by the area of the head to which the helmets afford protection, rather than by whether the helmets have a brim. It also renames the classes of helmets tested for protection against electrical hazards (i.e., classes G, E, and C instead of A, B, and C), although it still bases helmet classification on the capacity of the helmet to protect employees from electrical hazards. In addition, the 2009 edition of ANSI Z89.1 eliminates a fourth class of helmets used in firefighting. Many requirements included in the 1969 and 1971 editions, such as requirements specifying the type of material manufacturers must use when making different components and specifications regarding helmet accessories, have been eliminated in the 2009 edition. Most importantly, ANSI revised the performance requirements and test methods. The 2009 edition includes fundamental updates such as more and different types of test methods and the use of different equipment for performing these test methods.

Additionally, on July 23, 2012, federal OSHA published a correction to the Direct Final Rule for Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection at 77 FR 42988. In this correction to the Direct Final Rule, OSHA corrected instruction number 16 of the Direct Final Rule (77 FR 37600) with respect to the Construction Industry head protection standards to eliminate confusion resulting from a drafting error in § 1926.100. The original instruction number 16 stated that § 1926.100 was amended by adding paragraph (b)(1) through (b)(3) and removed paragraph (c). The corrected instruction number 16 states that § 1926.100 was amended by removing paragraph (c) and revising paragraph (b).

This action incorporates these changes into the Virginia general industry, shipyard employment, marine terminals, longshoring, and construction industry standards.

Note on Incorporation by Reference: Pursuant to § 2.2-4103 of the Code of Virginia, 29 CFR Part 1910 (Occupational Safety and Health Standards), 29 CFR 1915 (Shipyard Employment Standards), 29 CFR 1917 (Marine Terminals Standards), 29 CFR 1918 (Safety and Health Regulations for Longshoring), and 29 CFR Part 1926 (Construction Industry Standards) are declared documents generally available to the public and appropriate for incorporation by reference. For this reason these documents will not be printed in the Virginia Register of Regulations. A copy of each document is available for inspection at the Department of Labor and Industry, Main Street Centre, 600 East Main Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219, and in the office of the Registrar of Regulations, General Assembly Building, 9th and Broad Streets, Richmond, Virginia 23219.

Statement of Final Agency Action: On September 12, 2012, the Safety and Health Codes Board adopted federal OSHA's Direct Final Rule for Updating OSHA Standards for Head Protection and the Correction to the Direct Final Rule, as published in 77 FR 37587 through 77 FR 37600 on June 22, 2012, and in 77 FR 42988 through 77 FR 42989 on July 23, 2012, respectively, with an effective date of January 1, 2013.

Federal Terms and State Equivalents: When the regulations as set forth in the revised final rule for Occupational Safety and Health Standards and Construction Industry Standards are applied to the Commissioner of the Department of Labor and Industry or to Virginia employers, the following federal terms shall be considered to read as follows:

Federal Terms

VOSH Equivalent

29 CFR

VOSH Standard

Assistant Secretary

Commissioner of Labor and Industry



September 20, 2012

January 1, 2013

VA.R. Doc. No. R13-3412; Filed September 28, 2012, 2:46 p.m.