Vol. 36 Iss. 6 - November 11, 2019

Chapter 90
Final Regulation

Title of Regulation: 1VAC20-90. Campaign Finance and Political Advertisements (adding 1VAC20-90-30).

Statutory Authority: § 24.2-103 of the Code of Virginia.

Effective Date: January 1, 2020.

Agency Contact: David Nichols, Director of Election Services, Department of Elections, 1100 Bank Street, Richmond, VA 23219, telephone (804) 864-8952, or email


The amendment adopts a definition of "express advocacy."

Summary of Public Comments and Agency's Response: No public comments were received by the promulgating agency.

1VAC20-90-30. Express advocacy.

When used in Chapter 9.3 (§ 24.2-945 et seq.) and Chapter 9.5 (§ 24.2-955 et seq.) of Title 24.2 of the Code of Virginia, "expressly advocating" or any variation thereof shall mean any communication that uses phrases such as "vote for," "elect," "support," "cast your ballot for," "Smith for Congress," "vote against," "defeat," "reject," or any variation thereof or any communication when taken as a whole and with limited reference to external events, such as the proximity to the election, that could only be interpreted by a reasonable person as containing advocacy of the election or defeat of one or more clearly identified candidates because (i) the electoral portion of the communication is unmistakable, unambiguous, and suggestive of only one meaning and (ii) reasonable minds could not differ as to whether it encourages actions to elect or defeat one or more clearly identified candidates.

VA.R. Doc. No. R19-5607; Filed October 23, 2019, 11:08 a.m.